Toronto Pearson International Airport

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Toronto Pearson International Airport
Toronto Pearson Airport Logo.svg
YYZ Aerial 2.jpg
IATA: YYZICAO: CYYZ
WMO: 71624
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerTransport Canada
OperatorGreater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA)
ServesGreater Toronto Area
LocationMississauga, Ontario
Hub for
Time zoneEST (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−04:00)
Elevation AMSL569 ft / 173 m
Coordinates43°40′36″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056Coordinates: 43°40′36″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056
Websitewww.torontopearson.com
Map
CYYZ is located in Ontario
CYYZ
Location within Ontario
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
05/2311,1203,389Asphalt/Concrete
15L/33R11,0503,368Asphalt
06L/24R9,6972,956Asphalt
06R/24L9,0002,743Asphalt
15R/33L9,0882,770Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Number of Passengers34,912,456
Aircraft movements435,592
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[1]
Environment Canada[2]
Transport Canada[3]
Movements from Statistics Canada[4]
Passengers and Movements from Airports Council International[5]
 
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Toronto Pearson International Airport
Toronto Pearson Airport Logo.svg
YYZ Aerial 2.jpg
IATA: YYZICAO: CYYZ
WMO: 71624
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerTransport Canada
OperatorGreater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA)
ServesGreater Toronto Area
LocationMississauga, Ontario
Hub for
Time zoneEST (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−04:00)
Elevation AMSL569 ft / 173 m
Coordinates43°40′36″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056Coordinates: 43°40′36″N 079°37′50″W / 43.67667°N 79.63056°W / 43.67667; -79.63056
Websitewww.torontopearson.com
Map
CYYZ is located in Ontario
CYYZ
Location within Ontario
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
05/2311,1203,389Asphalt/Concrete
15L/33R11,0503,368Asphalt
06L/24R9,6972,956Asphalt
06R/24L9,0002,743Asphalt
15R/33L9,0882,770Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Number of Passengers34,912,456
Aircraft movements435,592
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[1]
Environment Canada[2]
Transport Canada[3]
Movements from Statistics Canada[4]
Passengers and Movements from Airports Council International[5]

Toronto Pearson International Airport (also known as Lester B. Pearson International Airport or simply Pearson Airport or Toronto Pearson) (IATA: YYZICAO: CYYZ) is an international airport serving Toronto, Ontario, Canada, its metropolitan area, and the Golden Horseshoe, an urban agglomeration that is home to 8.7 million people.[6] The airport is located 22.5 km (14.0 mi) northwest of downtown Toronto, in the adjacent city of Mississauga.[7] The airport is named in honour of Lester B. Pearson, the 14th Prime Minister of Canada.

Pearson is the largest and busiest airport in Canada.[4][8] In 2012, it handled 34,912,456 passengers[5] and 435,592 aircraft movements.[4] It is currently the world's 35th-busiest airport by total passenger traffic, 23rd-busiest airport by international passenger traffic, and 18th-busiest airport by flights.

The airport is the largest hub for Air Canada with over 660 daily flights, which makes it a major Star Alliance hub airport.[9][10][11][12] It is also a hub for passenger airline WestJet, as well as cargo airline FedEx Express. The airport is also an operating base for Air Transat, CanJet and Sunwing Airlines. The airport is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System[13] and is one of eight Canadian airports with facilities for United States border preclearance. Toronto Pearson directly generates 106,000 full-time jobs, with an additional 80,000 people employed indirectly in the community.[14]

An extensive network of nonstop domestic flights is operated from Toronto Pearson by several airlines to all major and many secondary cities across all provinces of Canada.[15] There are over 75 airlines that operate at Toronto Pearson to connect the airport to over 155 international destinations worldwide. Pearson is one of only two airports in North America, the other being John F. Kennedy International Airport, with scheduled direct flights to all six inhabited continents in the world.[16]

History[edit]

1937–1938[edit]

Malton Airport in 1939. View looking north on Sixth Line, now Airport Road.[17]

In February 1935, the Government of Canada announced its intention to build an airport in Toronto. A site near Malton, Ontario, northwest of Toronto, was chosen as the location for the new airport.[17]

In April 1937, land agents representing the Toronto Harbour Commission approached farmers in Malton who owned Lots 6-10 on Concession 5 and 6 to acquire land for Malton Airport. The agreements were drawn up for a total purchase of 1,410.8 acres.[17] The farmers who sold their land under the purchase agreements were:

The F. Chapman Farm House - the first terminal and office at Malton Airport[17][18]

The Chapman farm house was the first office and airport terminal[17][18]

1938-1949[edit]

The second terminal, a standard wood frame building, was built in 1938. The airport at the time covered 420 acres (1.7 km2) with full lighting, radio, weather reporting equipment, two hard surface runways, and one grass landing strip. The first scheduled passenger flight to Malton Airport was a Trans-Canada Airlines DC-3 that landed on August 29, 1939.[19]

The second terminal and administration building at Malton Airport C1943. The Toronto Harbour Commission constructed this wood frame terminal in 1939.[18] This terminal was a twin of the terminal on Toronto Island.

From June 1940 to July 1942, during the Second World War, the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) operated No. 1 Elementary Service Flying School (EFTS) at Malton Airport.[20]

1949-1964[edit]

A third "TCA" terminal was built to the west side of second wood frame terminal in 1949.[18] It could handle 400,000 passengers per year and had an observation deck on the roof. In front of the old terminal was a set of stairs leading to a ramp to allow visitors to access the rooftop observation deck. Further expansion saw the expropriation of land near the hamlet of Elmbank. The runways were 11,050 ft (3,368 m) runway 5/23 (used for test flights of the CF-105 Arrow (Avro Arrow) fighter from the Avro Canada plant); 14/32, a 11,475 ft (3,498 m) runway (replaced by 15L/33R); and 10/28, a 7,425 ft (2,263 m) runway that now is a taxiway.[21]

In November 1958, the City of Toronto sold the airport to the federal Department of Transport; in 1960, it was renamed Toronto International Airport.[22]

Malton "TCA" Airport 1960. This was the third terminal at Malton Airport and was built in 1948-49. It was demolished after "Aeroquay One" came on-stream in 1964. The crowd of people is watching the planes come and go from the observation deck.

The 1939 and 1949 addition (and surrounding structures) were torn down in 1964 with the area developed for Air Canada's hangar with the terminal site now occupied by the Vista Cargo Centres (Cargo Area 5).

U.S. border preclearance[edit]

Preclearance was invented at Pearson in 1952 as a convenience to allow it to connect as a domestic airport to the many smaller airports in the United States that at the time lacked customs and immigration facilities. It was at first a service performed by U.S. Customs agents at the gate. U.S. federal government concerns over smuggling between precleared and non-cleared passengers at Toronto Pearson (who at that time shared mixed terminal space) nearly ended the program in the 1970s, until a compromise was reached that called for segregated facilities. Today, Pearson handles 8 million passengers through its U.S. customs and immigration preclearance facilities per year, which is roughly one quarter of all passenger traffic at the airport.[23]

1964-2004 (original Terminal 1)[edit]

The airport's next terminal was built further south of the original site along Airport Road. The third "TCA" terminal was demolished in the late 1960s and replaced by the Terminal 1 (T1) building. The original T1 (also called Aeroquay One) had a square central structure housing ticketing and baggage facilities topped by a parking garage with about eight levels and ringed by a two-storey passenger concourse leading to the gates. It was designed by John B. Parkin, and construction took place between 1957 and 1964. Aeroquay One was officially opened on February 28, 1964 by Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson.[18]

A view of Toronto International Airport in 1973, showing the original Terminal 1 or Aeroquay One (now demolished)

Aeroquay One (the original Terminal 1) ceased operations on April 5, 2004.

1972–2007 (Terminal 2)[edit]

Considered state-of-the-art in the 1960s, Terminal 1 became overloaded by the early 1970s. Terminal 2, originally intended as a freight terminal, opened as a passenger airline terminal on June 15, 1972. Initially, it served only charter airlines, but it became the hub for Air Canada passenger flights on April 29, 1973.

Terminal 2 had a facility for United States border preclearance and handled both domestic and international trans-border traffic. Domestic traffic was moved to the new Terminal 1 when it became operational, leaving Terminal 2 to handle international traffic to the United States for Air Canada and its Star Alliance partner United Airlines.

The airport was renamed Lester B. Pearson International Airport in 1984, in honour of Lester B. Pearson, the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. Operationally, the airport is often referred to as Toronto Pearson.

A passenger tunnel with moving walkways at the northwest corner of Terminal 2 connected it with Terminal 1.

Terminal 2 saw its last day in operation as a passenger terminal January 29, 2007. On the following day, airlines moved to the newly completed Pier F, or Hammerhead Pier at Terminal 1.

Demolition of Terminal 2 began in April 2007 and concluded in November 2008.[24]

1991–present (Terminal 3)[edit]

Runway 06R

Terminal 3 opened in 1991 to offset traffic from Terminals 1 and 2.

As part of the National Airports Policy, management responsibilities of the Toronto Pearson were transferred from Transport Canada to the Greater Toronto Airports Authority in 1996. The GTAA commenced a C$4.4 billion Airport Development Program with focus on terminal development, airside development, infield development, utilities, and airport support facilities to occur over a 10-year period. Work began to replace Terminals 1 and 2 with a new Terminal 1, which along with a Terminal 3 would become the two passenger terminal facilities at Toronto Pearson.

In order to accommodate its growing aircraft volume, substantial redevelopment of the airside and infield systems took place. Cargo facilities were added to the centre of the airport between the parallel north–south runways in order to increase capabilities and to offset the loss of the cargo facilities that were removed for the new terminal.[25] Two new runways were built to increase the number of aircraft that Toronto Pearson could process. A north–south runway, 15R/33L, was added and completed in 1997. Another east–west runway, 06R/24L, was completed in 2002.[26] The continued increase of air traffic at Toronto Pearson resulted in a 2013 decision by Transport Canada to proceed with the planning and construction of Toronto Pickering International Airport[27] (following a 2001 decision to simply revive plans for the airport), which would be approximately 50 km (31 mi) east of Toronto Pearson and handle up to 11.9 million passengers per year by 2032 with its three runways.[28]

During the September 11 attacks in 2001, Toronto Pearson was part of Operation Yellow Ribbon, as it received 19 of the diverted flights that were coming into the United States, although Transport Canada and Nav Canada instructed pilots to avoid the airport as a security measure.

2004–present (new Terminal 1)[edit]

The new Terminal 1 opened its piers D and E April 6, 2004.

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1 seen from the ramp

Toronto Pearson International Airport currently has two operating terminals, Terminals 1 and 3. T1 opened on April 6, 2004. The old Terminal 1, which closed simultaneously with the opening, was demolished to make room for additional gates at Pier E. Pier F at Terminal 1, which has an enlarged end called "Hammerhead F", opened on January 30, 2007 to replace Terminal 2. This pier accommodates international traffic and adds 7 million passengers per year to the airport's total capacity. Redevelopment of the airport was a logistical challenge, as the existing terminals remained operational throughout construction and demolition.

As of August 2010, free high-speed Wi-Fi internet access is available throughout all passenger terminals at Toronto Pearson.[29]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 Check-in Hall
Mississauga skyline viewed from terminal 1
Inuksuk sculptures stand in front of the departures entrance at Terminal 1.

Terminal 1 is designed to handle domestic, international, and trans-border flights in one facility. The terminal features three piers: Piers D and E with 38 gates and Pier F with 23 gates. Pier F serves transborder and international flights, replacing Terminal 2 and the Infield Terminal (IFT). A Pier G is slated to be built in the future if demand warrants.[30]

The terminal was designed by joint venture Airports Architects Canada (Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP; Adamson Associates Architects; and Moshe Safdie and Associates).[31]

Air Canada and all other Star Alliance airlines that serve Toronto operate out of Terminal 1; however, the terminal is also used by airlines that are not members of Star Alliance. Terminal 1 contains 58 gates: 101, 103, 105, 107–112, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 131–145, 151, 153, 155, 157, 160–163, 164A–164B, 165, 166A–166B, 167–181, 191, and 193. Two of the gates are able to handle the Airbus A380 aircraft. Currently, Emirates is the only operator of this type of airplane at Toronto Pearson.

Measuring over 567,000 square metres (6,000,000 sq ft), Terminal 1 is the 11th-largest airport terminal in the world in terms of floor area.

Along with the standard border facilities, the terminal also contains a few customs "B" checkpoints along the international arrivals walkway. Passengers that are connecting from an international or trans-border arrival to another international (non-U.S.) departure in Terminal 1 go to one of these checkpoints for passport control and immigration checks, then are directed to Pier F. This alleviates the need to recheck bags, pass through security screening, and relieves congestion in the primary customs hall.[30]

The infield terminal was built to handle traffic displaced during the Terminal 1 development. The IFT has 11 gates (521 to 531). It is planned to be reactivated once passenger demand exceeds the capacity of Terminal 1. It has also been used as a location to film motion pictures and television.

Terminal 1 is also home to the ThyssenKrupp Express Walkway, the world's fastest moving walkway.[32]

Terminal 3[edit]

The Grand Hall of Terminal 3

Terminal 3, which opened on February 21, 1991, was built to offset traffic from the old Terminals 1 and 2. Terminal 3 was initially advertised as "Trillium Terminal 3" and the "Trillium Terminal". It was built as a private venture and was a state-of-the-art terminal containing a U.S. customs preclearance facility, among other things. A parking garage and hotel is located across from the terminal and is connected by an elevated pedestrian walkway. At the time of the opening, the hotel was managed by Swissôtel. However, it was rebranded as a Sheraton property in October 1993.[33] In 1997, the GTAA purchased Terminal 3 and shortly thereafter implemented a C$350 million expansion.[34]

A team of coordinators known as T3RD oversaw the redevelopment and expansion of Terminal 3.[35] In 2004, the Pier C Expansion opened, followed by the East Processor Extension (EPE) in June 2006, adding 40 new check-in counters, new retail space, additional secure 'hold-screening' for baggage, and a huge picture window that offers one of the most convenient apron viewing locations at the airport. This phase of the expansion also included improved Canadian Border services and a more open arrivals hall. Phase II of the EPE was completed in 2007 and includes larger security screening areas and additional international baggage claim areas. The West Processor Expansion Shell was completed in early 2008.

All SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines that serve Pearson operate from Terminal 3, along with WestJet, Air Transat, and most other airlines that are unaffiliated with an airline alliance. Terminal 3 has 39 gates: A1–A6, B7–B22, and C24–C41.

Infrastructure and services[edit]

LINK Train[edit]

LINK Train
Terminal 1
Terminal 3
Viscount Station (GTAA Low Cost Parking)

In July 2006, the automated LINK Train people mover opened, with two 6-car trains that run between Terminal 1, Terminal 3, and the Sheraton Gateway Hotel, where a reduced rate and airport staff parking lot exists between Airport Road and Viscount Road.[36] A new parking garage was constructed at 6B parking lot, opposite the 6A Station and linked via a bridge across Viscount Road. It opened in December 2009 with a capacity of 8,500 vehicles. This is a mixed-use building that accommodates long term parking, employee parking, and rental car operations.

Tenants[edit]

There are two supplies of aviation fuel at the airport:

Lounges[edit]

The platform of the LINK Train's Terminal 3 station

There are several airport lounges at Pearson Airport. Star Alliance, SkyTeam, and Oneworld airlines all maintain lounges within the airport, and there are also several "Pay-In" lounges open for use by all passengers, regardless of airline, frequent flyer status, or class of travel.

Terminal 1
Terminal 3

Airfield maintenance[edit]

The airport's 115-member airfield maintenance unit is responsible for general maintenance and repairs at the airport.

From mid-November to mid-April, the unit is in winter mode armed with a $38 million snow removal budget.[43]

The airport employs 11 Vammas PSB series [43] and 4 Oshkosh HT-Series [44] snowplow units.

De-icing[edit]

Pearson Airport's Central De-icing Facility is the largest in the world, servicing about 10,500 aircraft each winter. The six de-icing bays can handle up to 12 aircraft at a time, taking between 2 and 19 minutes per aircraft.[45]

During de-icing, a heated glycol and water mixture is applied to the aircraft to remove frozen contamination adhering to critical flight control surfaces. During anti-icing, additional chemicals are applied to provide long-term protection against icing.[46]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Scheduled airlines and destinations[edit]

Air France Airbus A330-200 on final landing
KLM Boeing 747-400 taking off
AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
Dublin (begins April 14, 2014)[47]3
AeroflotMoscow-Sheremetyevo3
Air CanadaAntigua, Barbados, Beijing-Capital, Bermuda, Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Calgary, Caracas, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Cozumel, Deer Lake, Denver, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort McMurray, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Geneva, George Town/Exuma (ends March 1, 2014), Grand Cayman, Halifax, Havana, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kelowna, Lima, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Malpensa (resumes June 18, 2014),[48] Montréal-Trudeau, Munich, Nassau, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Ottawa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phoenix, Providenciales, Puerto Vallarta, Regina, St. John's (NL), St. Lucia, San Diego, San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney (Australia), Tampa, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Haneda (begins July 1, 2014),[49] Tokyo-Narita, Vancouver, Victoria, Winnipeg, Zürich
Seasonal: Aruba, Curaçao (ends February 21, 2014), Eagle/Vail,[50] Gander, Grenada (ends February 25, 2014), Madrid, Rome-Fiumicino, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, San José del Cabo, San Juan, Seoul-Incheon, West Palm Beach
1
Detroit, Harrisburg, Hartford, Kingston (ON), Rochester (NY), Sarnia, Syracuse1
Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Charlotte, Charlottetown, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus (OH), Detroit, Fredericton, Hartford, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Kingston (ON), London (ON), Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal-Trudeau, Nashville, New Orleans, New York-JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, North Bay, Pittsburgh, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Regina, Saint John (NB), St. Louis, Saskatoon, Sault Ste. Marie (ON), Sudbury, Sydney (NS), Thunder Bay, Timmins, Windsor, Winnipeg1
Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Montréal-Trudeau, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Ottawa, Philadelphia, Washington–National1
Air Canada RougeCancun, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Dublin (begins May 1, 2014),[51] Holguin, Kingston (Jamaica), Las Vegas, Liberia (Costa Rica), Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Samaná, San José de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Athens, Barcelona (begins May 9, 2014), Curacao (begins February 28, 2014), Edinburgh, George Town/Exuma (begins March 2, 2014), Grenada (begins March 3, 2014), Huatulco, La Romana, Lisbon (begins 21 June 2014), Manchester (UK) (begins 26 June 2014),[52] Sarasota, St. Kitts, Venice-Marco Polo
1
Air FranceParis-Charles de Gaulle3
Air TransatCancún, Glasgow-International, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Manchester (UK), Montego Bay, Montréal-Trudeau, Orlando, Porto, Punta Cana, Quebec City, Varadero
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Birmingham (UK), Brussels, Camaguey, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Dublin, Faro, Fort Lauderdale, Istanbul-Atatürk, Lamezia Terme, Madrid, Marseille, Panama City, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague (begins June 17, 2014),[53] Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Rome-Fiumicino, Santa Clara, Samaná, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador, Shannon, Venice-Marco Polo
3
AlitaliaRome-Fiumicino3
American AirlinesDallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami3
American Eagle
operated by American Eagle Airlines
Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia3
American Eagle
operated by Republic Airlines
Chicago-O'Hare3
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna1
AviancaSan José de Costa Rica, San Salvador1
British AirwaysLondon-Heathrow3
Caribbean AirlinesGeorgetown-Cheddi Jagan, Grenada, Kingston (Jamaica), Port of Spain, St. Kitts3
Cathay PacificHong Kong3
CondorSeasonal: Frankfurt3
Copa AirlinesPanama City1
Cubana de AviaciónCamaguey, Cienfuegos, Havana, Holguin, Varadero, Santa Clara3
Delta Air LinesAtlanta3
Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK3
Atlanta3
EgyptAirCairo1
El AlTel Aviv-Ben Gurion3
EmiratesDubai-International1
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis Ababa1
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi1
EVA AirTaipei-Taoyuan1
FinnairSeasonal: Helsinki3
Fly Jamaica AirwaysGeorgetown-Cheddi Jagan, Kingston (Jamaica)3
Hainan AirlinesBeijing-Capital3
IcelandairReykjavík-Keflavík3
Jet AirwaysBrussels, Delhi1
KLMAmsterdam3
Korean AirSeoul-Incheon3
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw-Chopin1
LufthansaFrankfurt
Seasonal: Munich (begins June 5, 2014)[54]
1
Pakistan International AirlinesIslamabad, Karachi, Lahore3
Philippine AirlinesManila3
SATA InternationalLisbon, Ponta Delgada, Porto
Seasonal: Terceira
3
SaudiaJeddah, Riyadh[55]3
Sunwing AirlinesCancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Freeport,[56] Grenada, Halifax, Holguin, Las Vegas, Mazatlan, Montego Bay, Orlando, Panama City, Port of Spain, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Aruba, Belize City, Cozumel, Camaguey, Cienfuegos, Curaçao,[57] Fort Lauderdale, Gander, Huatulco, La Romana, Liberia, Manzanillo, Nassau, Porto, Roatán, San Juan, St. Maarten, St. Petersburg/Clearwater, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Cuba, Stephenville, Vancouver
1
Transaero AirlinesMoscow-Vnukovo[58]3
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk1
United AirlinesChicago-O'Hare1
Cleveland1
Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, Washington-Dulles1
Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Washington-Dulles1
Newark, Washington-Dulles1
Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Newark, Washington-Dulles1
Cleveland, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Washington-Dulles1
Washington–Dulles1
Charlotte, Philadelphia, Washington-National1
Charlotte, Philadelphia1
WestJetAntigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Calgary, Cancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Charlottetown, Deer Lake, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Fort McMurray, Fort Myers, Grand Cayman, Halifax, Kelowna, Las Vegas, Liberia (Costa Rica), Moncton, Montego Bay, Montréal-Trudeau, Nassau, New York-LaGuardia, Orlando, Ottawa, Port of Spain, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Québec City, Regina, San Juan, Santa Clara, St. John's (NL), St. Lucia, St. Maarten, Samaná, Saskatoon, Tampa, Thunder Bay (ends June 26, 2014), Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Cozumel, Curaçao, Dublin (begins 15 June 2014), Freeport, Holguin, La Romana, Miami, Myrtle Beach, Palm Springs, Sydney (NS)
3
Thunder Bay (begins June 27, 2014)3

Charter airlines and destinations[edit]

CanJet Boeing 737-200 landing
AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
ArkeflySeasonal: Amsterdam1
CanJetCancún, Cayo Coco/Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Largo del Sur, Fort Lauderdale, Montego Bay, Montréal-Trudeau, Orlando, Panama City, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, St. Lucia, St. Petersburg/Clearwater, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero
Seasonal: Acapulco, Antigua, Cartagena, Grenada, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Romana, Liberia, Manzanillo, Roatán, Samaná, San Salvador
3
Miami Air InternationalOrlando3
Sky KingAtlantic City3

Cargo airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlineDestinationCargo Centre
AeroLogicLeipzig/HalleVISTA
Cathay Pacific CargoAnchorage, Hong Kong, New York-JFKVISTA
FedEx ExpressMemphis, Indianapolis, Minneapolis/St. PaulFedEx
FedEx Express
operated by Morningstar Air Express
Calgary, Edmonton, Montreal, Vancouver, WinnipegFedEx
Korean Air CargoAnchorage, Seoul-IncheonCargo West
Lufthansa CargoFrankfurtVISTA
UPS AirlinesLouisvilleVISTA

Air traffic control role[edit]

Pearson is home to Toronto Area Control Centre, one of seven Air Control Centres in Canada, all of which are operated by Nav Canada.

Pearson is one of two airports in Canada with a Traffic Management Unit (TMU) to help control planes on the taxiways and apron areas.[59] The TMU is located in the tower at Terminal 1. The airport's main control tower is located within the infield operations area.

Cargo operations[edit]

Pearson operates two primary cargo facilities. The Cargo West Facilities are located between runways 15L/33R and 15R/33L, and the Cargo Area 5 or VISTA Cargo Centres Incorporated are located north of Terminal 3. A third facility dedicted to FedEx operations occupies facilities at the north side of the airport near runway 05/23.[60]

Tenants using the Cargo West Facilities
American AirlinesCanada Border Services Agency
CAS Canada Inc.Korean Air Cargo
WestJet Air SupplyWorldwide Flight Services
Tenants using the Cargo Area 5/VISTA Cargo Centre[61]
Air Canada CargoACE FreightAeroLogicAir France CargoAirline Cargo SalesAir-Ship InternationalAir Time ExpressAlitaliaAll Trade ShippingAmerican Aviation Parts & ServiceAirport Terminal Services
Austrian AirlinesCanada Border Services AgencyCanada PostCargo Sales ResourcesCargo ZoneCAS Cargo and TravelCathay PacificDelta Air LinesDHL Express
El AlEVA AirExcel CargoExp-Air CargoFreight Systems IncorporatedAir IndiaHandlex IncorporatedInternational CargoInternational Fastline ForwardingJapan AirlinesKLM Cargo
LAN ChileLOT Polish AirlinesLufthansa CargoMayfield CargoFinnairOnward TransportationOrbit BrokersSATA CargoPine Tree ExpressPlatinum Air Cargo
Prestige InternationalSecure Maple FreightSwiss International AirlinesSwissportTurkish Airlines CargoTBIU Freight InternationalUPS AirlinesVCC Cargo Services
Tenants using the cargo area north of the aviation facilities
Shell Aerocentre Hangars and Flight LoungeAll Cargo Airlines Ltd

Access[edit]

Motor vehicle[edit]

The airport is accessible from Highway 427 (just north of the Highway 401 spaghetti interchange) or from Highway 409, a spur off Highway 401 that leads directly into the airport. Airport Road to the north and Dixon Road to the east both provide local access to the airport.[62]

Restricted road access from Courtney Park Drive and Britannia Road to the west of the airport are for authorized vehicles only. Various roads to the cargo area to the north are also restricted. Other roads that travel along the airport grounds and runways are blocked off by fencing and gates. When drivers pick up or drop off guests at Toronto Pearson, they are permitted to stop momentarily outside the Arrivals and Departure areas at both terminals.

Public transit[edit]

Bus services that connect Toronto and the surrounding region to Pearson Airport include the Toronto Transit Commission (public transit), GO Transit (public regional transit), MiWay (public transit), Brampton Transit (public transit), Toronto Airport Express Coach (private airport coach service), and Can-ar Coach Service (private airport coach service):[63]

RouteDestinationService TimesTerminals ServedSchedule
Toronto Transit Commission (TTC)
192 Airport RocketExpress service to Kipling Station on the

     Bloor–Danforth Subway Line

All-day1 and 3[64]
58A/58D MaltonLocal service serving Dixon Road and Lawrence Avenue to Lawrence West Station on the

     Yonge–University–Spadina Subway Line

All-day1 and 3[65]
300A Bloor-DanforthRuns express from the airport to Burnhamthorpe Road at Highway 427, then serves Bloor Street and Danforth Avenue to Warden AvenueOvernight only

(approximately 2:00 a.m.–6:00 a.m. daily)

1 and 3[66]
307 Eglinton WestLocal service along Eglinton Avenue to Yonge StreetOvernight only

(approximately 2:00 a.m.–6:00 a.m. daily)

1 and 3[67]
GO Transit
34 Brampton LocalEastbound: Semi-express service to York Mills and Yorkdale TTC subway stations on the

     Yonge–University–Spadina Subway Line

Westbound: Local service to Brampton and Bramalea bus terminals

All-day1 only[68]
40 Pearson AirportExpress service to Richmond Hill Centre bus terminal.All-day1 only[69]
MiWay
7 AirportLocal service to:

Southbound: Square One. Northbound: Westwood Mall.

All-day1 only[70]
107 Malton ExpressExpress service to:

Southbound: Square One. Northbound: Westwood Mall and Humber College North Campus.

Access from the airport's offsite parking is made via Viscount LINK Station.

This route will become one of the branches of Mississauga's BRT system.

Weekdays

(approximately 5:00 a.m.–8:00 p.m.)

Viscount LINK Station[70]
24 NorthwestLocal service to:

Southbound: Skymark Hub. Northbound: Westwood Mall.

Rush hourViscount LINK Station[70]
57 CourtneyparkLocal service from the airport's Infield Cargo area to:

Northbound: Meadowvale Town Centre

Southbound: Islington Station on the      Bloor–Danforth Subway Line

Rush hourNone[70]
59 InfieldLocal service from Westwood Mall to the airport's Infield Cargo areaOne trip dailyNone[70]
Brampton Transit
115 Airport ExpressSemi-express service to Bramalea bus terminalAll-day1 only[71]
Toronto Airport Express Coach
Pacific Western Transportation operates airport shuttle coach buses between downtown locations and Pearson Airport under the Toronto Airport Express brand.All-day1 and 3[72]
Can-ar Coach Service
Operates a once-a-day coach service to Port Elgin, Ontario, serving communities in Dufferin, Grey, and Bruce counties.[1]

Taxis, limousines, and shuttle vehicles[edit]

Toronto Pearson International Airport has pick-up locations for taxis, limousines, out-of-town bus, and/or shuttle services, all of which offer transportation to downtown Toronto, cities throughout Ontario, and into Detroit, Michigan, USA. Taxis are licensed by the City of Mississauga, not from the City of Toronto. Taxis that are licensed in Toronto can deliver to Pearson, but only airport-licensed taxis and limos can pick up at Pearson legally. Rides can also be prearranged through GTA Airport Taxi or GTA Airport Limo at the Airport, providing prompt pick-up outside of the terminal.[73] Pearson Airport Limousine companies use GTAA authorized out-of-town flat rates for pick-ups from Pearson Airport.[74]

Toronto Pearson International Airport supports many out-of-town small bus, van, and shuttle operators, offering transportation from the airport to cities, towns, and villages throughout Southern Ontario. Some operators offer connections to other airports in Ontario (John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport in Hamilton and London International Airport in London) or in the United States (Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport in Detroit, Michigan and Buffalo Niagara International Airport in Buffalo, New York).[75]

Future transit connections[edit]

Toronto Pearson Terminal 1 Station is currently under construction to serve the future Union Pearson Express, which is expected to begin service before the 2015 Pan American Games.[76] The airport is not currently served by trains even though it is near an existent railway line. The closest rail station is Malton GO Station, at Derry Road east of Airport Road. As of June 2013, MiWay routes 7, 58, and 115 connect the station to the airport in 10 minutes.

The Eglinton Crosstown light rail line was originally projected to connect Pearson to Scarborough by 2018 as part of the Transit City plan.[77] However, when the four Transit City lines were found to be $2.4 billion over their funding envelope in January 2010, parts of the network were deferred, including the western section of the Eglinton Crosstown LRT.[78]

One of the routes in GO Transit's proposed Highway 407 BRT system would reach the airport. As a precursor, GO as of June 2013 operates the 40 Airport Express route between Richmond Hill Centre Terminal and Pearson Airport. This route formerly served Mississauga City Centre, but was shortened due to MiWay's launch of its own Airport Express route. A bus rapid transit route is planned to use the Mississauga Transitway, which is currently under construction. Mississauga Transit's 107 Malton Express has been in service since March 2010, connecting Mississauga City Centre, Malton, and Pearson Airport via the LINK Train's Viscount Station during peak hours only. After the completion of the transitway in late 2013, travel times between these destinations would be cut down to 19 minutes (compared to 7 Airport's 41 minutes and to the current 107's 29 minutes). Also, an all-day, all-week connection between the two destinations would be established.[79]

Observation Areas[edit]

Toronto Pearson International Airport no longer has an officially designated observation deck for the public, unlike the one at the parking garage roof of the previous original Terminal 1. There are however, many key aircraft spotting locations surrounding the airport that are frequented by aviation enthusiasts and the general public. The most popular of these locations is the Runway 23 approach path along Airport Road in Mississauga. There is a Wendy's Restaurant along with an auto service centre to the left of the approach path and a Petro Canada gas station to the right of the approach path along Airport Road. This location provides a vantage points of arriving aircraft to Runway 23 as well as departing aircraft taking off from Runway 05.

Management[edit]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]