Tooele, Utah

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Tooele, Utah
City
Tooele City Hall
Tooele City Hall
Nickname(s): The Greatest City in Utah[1]
Location in Tooele County and the state of Utah
Location in Tooele County and the state of Utah
Location of Utah in the United States
Location of Utah in the United States
Coordinates: 40°32′11″N 112°17′52″W / 40.53639°N 112.29778°W / 40.53639; -112.29778Coordinates: 40°32′11″N 112°17′52″W / 40.53639°N 112.29778°W / 40.53639; -112.29778
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyTooele
Settled1851
Government
 • TypeMayor/City Council
 • MayorPatrick Dunlavy
Area
 • Total21.2 sq mi (54.8 km2)
 • Land21.1 sq mi (54.8 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation5,043 ft (1,537 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total32,115
 • Density1,064.4/sq mi (411.0/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code84074
Area code(s)435
FIPS code49-76680[2]
GNIS feature ID1433590[3]
Website[4] http://tooelecity.org/
 
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Tooele, Utah
City
Tooele City Hall
Tooele City Hall
Nickname(s): The Greatest City in Utah[1]
Location in Tooele County and the state of Utah
Location in Tooele County and the state of Utah
Location of Utah in the United States
Location of Utah in the United States
Coordinates: 40°32′11″N 112°17′52″W / 40.53639°N 112.29778°W / 40.53639; -112.29778Coordinates: 40°32′11″N 112°17′52″W / 40.53639°N 112.29778°W / 40.53639; -112.29778
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyTooele
Settled1851
Government
 • TypeMayor/City Council
 • MayorPatrick Dunlavy
Area
 • Total21.2 sq mi (54.8 km2)
 • Land21.1 sq mi (54.8 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation5,043 ft (1,537 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total32,115
 • Density1,064.4/sq mi (411.0/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code84074
Area code(s)435
FIPS code49-76680[2]
GNIS feature ID1433590[3]
Website[4] http://tooelecity.org/

Tooele (Listeni/tˈɛlə/ too-EL) is a city in Tooele County in the U.S. state of Utah. The population was 22,502 at the 2000 census, and 32,115 at the 2010 census.[4] It is the county seat of Tooele County.[5] The city is known for Tooele Army Depot and for privately owned waste-disposal facilities in the valley west of Tooele Valley.

History[edit]

The Tooele Valley had no permanent settlement when Mormon pioneers entered the Great Salt Lake Valley in July 1847; it was covered with abundant tall grass. The Mormons first used the valley as wintering grounds for their herds.[6] In September 1849, three families settled on a small stream south of present Tooele City. Other families slowly joined them, and by 1853 Tooele City Corporation was organized.

During the latter nineteenth century, the town was primarily an agricultural community; its population was about 1,200 at the turn of the century.

The 20th century brought more industrialization; a railroad between Stockton and the lake passed close to the city, and a smelter was opened in Carr Fork Canyon east of the city ("International Smelting and Refining Company"). The Tooele Valley Railroad, a seven mile line, ran from the smelter west to the Union Pacific Railroad main line. This line brought ore from the Bingham Canyon Mine to the smelter; later a 20,000 ft aerial tramway was also used to transport ore from the mine to the smelter. By 1941 a 22,000 ft tunnel had been completed through the mountain, to move ore to the smelter entirely underground. The smelter began processing copper in 1910, with lead and zinc processing commencing in 1912. In 1946 the copper smelter ceased operation, the zinc operation halted in 1968, and the lead processing was halted in 1972. The entire site was demolished during 1972-74. However, consideration was being given during this latter period to extracting ore from Carr Fork Canyon, rather than relying on the ore from the east face of the mountain range. In 1969 the mining company began exploration drilling. In 1974 a copper mine and mill ("Carr Fork Operations") was started; it began processing ore in 1979, and ran until 1981. The Tooele Valley Railway was used to haul away the scrap when the International smelter was torn down, and remained to serve the Pine Canyon mill. It was shut down and abandoned when the Pine Canyon “Carr Fork” mine and mill shut down; its last day of operation was 28 August 1982.[7]

In the eastern section of Tooele, “New Town” was built for many of the 1,000 smelter workers. Families from the Balkans, Italy, Greece, and Asia Minor lived in this area and formed their own community. New Town included its own school, church, culture and numerous languages.[8]

When World War II started, the Federal Government obtained 25,000 acres in the SW part of the Tooele Valley to establish an ordnance depot ("Tooele Ordnance Depot").[9]

In 1993 the scope and mission of the Tooele Army Depot (as the previous Ordnance Depot was now called) was reduced, and about 1,700 acres of its area including many buildings were annexed to Tooele City. The US Army conveyed 40 acres of land, including a newly constructed large-vehicle maintenance structure ("Consolidated Maintenance Facility") to the City, who converted it into an industrial complex ("Utah Industrial Depot"). In 2013 the UID was purchased by another company and is presently known as "Ninigret Depot".

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.2 square miles (54.8 km²), of which 21.1 square miles (54.8 km²) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) (0.09%) is water.

Tooele is located on the western slopes of the Oquirrh Mountains in the Tooele Valley, the next valley west of the well-known Salt Lake Valley. Many popular camping and picnic areas surround the city.

The unusual name for the town is thought by some to have evolved from an old Ute Indian word for tumbleweed. This is one of many unverified explanations, as the name's usage predated the introduction of the Russian thistle to the United States. Other explanations include that the name derives from a Native American chief, but controversy exists about whether such a chief lived. Others hypothesize that the name comes from "tu-wanda", the Goshute word for "bear", or from "tule", a Spanish word of Aztec origin, meaning "bulrush".

Climate[edit]

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dsa" (Dry-summer continental climate).

Climate data for Tooele, Utah (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)39.2
(4)
44.3
(6.8)
53.8
(12.1)
62.4
(16.9)
72.2
(22.3)
82.6
(28.1)
91.7
(33.2)
90.1
(32.3)
79.4
(26.3)
65.3
(18.5)
49.7
(9.8)
39.3
(4.1)
64.2
(17.9)
Average low °F (°C)20.6
(−6.3)
24.1
(−4.4)
31.7
(−0.2)
38.2
(3.4)
46.5
(8.1)
55.4
(13)
63.5
(17.5)
61.9
(16.6)
51.9
(11.1)
40.2
(4.6)
29.3
(−1.5)
21.3
(−5.9)
40.4
(4.7)
Precipitation inches (mm)1.47
(37.3)
1.72
(43.7)
2.45
(62.2)
2.29
(58.2)
2.43
(61.7)
1.16
(29.5)
0.89
(22.6)
0.90
(22.9)
1.41
(35.8)
1.85
(47)
1.89
(48)
1.69
(42.9)
20.15
(511.8)
Snowfall inches (cm)14.6
(37.1)
16.3
(41.4)
12.7
(32.3)
7.1
(18)
1.1
(2.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
2.3
(5.8)
12.2
(31)
17.4
(44.2)
83.8
(212.9)
Source: NOAA[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860415
1870958130.8%
18801,09614.4%
18901,008−8.0%
19001,26125.1%
19102,841125.3%
19203,61927.4%
19305,13541.9%
19405,001−2.6%
19507,26945.4%
19609,13325.6%
197012,53937.3%
198014,33514.3%
199013,887−3.1%
200022,50262.0%
201031,60540.5%
Est. 201232,1551.7%

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 22,502 people, 7,459 households, and 5,825 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,064.4 people per square mile (411.0/km²). There were 7,923 housing units at an average density of 374.8 per square mile (144.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.96% White, 0.74% African American, 1.32% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 3.84% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.09% of the population.

The historic Tooele County Courthouse and City Hall in Tooele
The Tooele Valley Railroad Complex historic site
Motorcycle racing at the Miller Motorsports Park

There were 7,459 households, of which 46.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.9% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.39.

The city's population had 34.1% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,862, and the median income for a family was $48,490. Males had a median income of $37,373 versus $24,175 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,580. About 5.0% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Tooele is located in the Tooele County School District,[11] which contains 16 elementary schools (Anna Smith, Copper Canyon, Dugway, East, Grantsville, Harris, Ibapah, Middle Canyon, Northlake, Overlake, Rose Springs, Settlement Canyon, Stansbury Park, Vernon, West and Willow), three junior high schools (Grantsville, Tooele and Clarke N. Johnsen) and six high schools (Grantsville,[12] Tooele,[13] Blue Peak, Dugway, Stansbury,[14] and Wendover.[15]) There is a regional campus of Utah State University and the Tooele Applied Technology College, a campus of the Utah College of Applied Technology within city boundaries.

Tooele is also served by Scholar Academy Charter School.[16]

Infrastructure[edit]

Industry[edit]

Arts festival[edit]

The Tooele Arts Festival, an annual 3-day event, hosts vendors of one-of-a-kind artwork, including paintings, jewelry, ceramics, photographs, sculptures. The event includes live musical entertainment. Children's playground equipment and entertainments are provided. There is no admission fee for this festival, which is held at a city-owned park west of the city center. It began in 1985; for the first several years of its existence the Festival was held near the end of May, but it seemed to coincide with late-spring cold spells, which were disastrous since all the Festival's activities are held out of doors. Due to this unpredictability, sponsors decided in 1998 to move it to the final weekend of June, although this puts it in direct competition with the much larger Utah Arts Festival, held in Salt Lake City on the same dates. The 2011 Tooele Arts Festival was cancelled due to lack of volunteers, which was the first time since 1985 that no arts festival was held in Tooele City; however the festival was held again in 2012.

County fair[edit]

Until 2000 the annual Tooele County Fair was held during the first week of August at the Tooele County Fairgrounds, inside Tooele City. After that date it has been held at the Deseret Peak Complex, located in the Tooele Valley midway between Tooele City and Grantsville City.

Sister cities[edit]

Tooele has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tooele City website
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  4. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2008-49.csv
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  6. ^ As reported by Capt. Howard Stansbury, who surveyed the Great Salt Lake Valley and surrounding areas for the US Army beginning in 1849. He entered "Tuilla Valley" on 6 November 1849 ([1], Exploration and survey of the valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah, p. 118) and departed on the following day.
  7. ^ [2] International Smelter at Tooele Anaconda In Utah, UtahRails.net (accessed 23 November 2014)
  8. ^ [3] History of Tooele (Tooele City website; accessed 23 November 2014)
  9. ^ In the same year, a storage depot for chemical weapons was also begun 20 miles south of Tooele City; the "Deseret Chemical Depot".
  10. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Tooele County School District website
  12. ^ Grantsville High School
  13. ^ Tooele High School
  14. ^ Stansbury High School
  15. ^ Wendover High School
  16. ^ Academy website
  17. ^ Greenberg, Peter. "Newsmax Magazine Rates the Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities And Towns". Retrieved 18 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

Prison Break