Tom Doherty (born April 23, 1935) is an American publisher, and the founder of science fiction and fantasy book publisher Tor Books. After working as a book salesman in the 1950s and 1960s, Doherty became publisher of Tempo Books in 1972; in 1975, he became, in addition, publisher of another company also owned by Grosset & Dunlap, the science fiction imprint Ace Books. In 1980 he left Ace to found his own company, Tor Books.
Tor became a subsidiary of St. Martin's Press in 1987; both are now subsidiaries of Holtzbrinck Publishers. Doherty continues as president and publisher of Tom Doherty Associates, LLC, publishing under the Tor, Forge, Orb, Starscape, and Tor Teen imprints.