Tom Clancy

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Tom Clancy
Tom Clancy at Burns Library cropped.jpg
Clancy at Boston College's Burns Library in November 1989
BornThomas Leo Clancy, Jr.
(1947-04-12)April 12, 1947
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
DiedOctober 1, 2013(2013-10-01) (aged 66)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
OccupationNovelist
NationalityAmerican
Period1984–2013
Genres
Spouse(s)
  • Wanda Thomas King (m. 1969; div. 1999)
  • Alexandra Marie Llewellyn (m. 1999; wid. 2013)
ChildrenFive
 
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Tom Clancy
Tom Clancy at Burns Library cropped.jpg
Clancy at Boston College's Burns Library in November 1989
BornThomas Leo Clancy, Jr.
(1947-04-12)April 12, 1947
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
DiedOctober 1, 2013(2013-10-01) (aged 66)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
OccupationNovelist
NationalityAmerican
Period1984–2013
Genres
Spouse(s)
  • Wanda Thomas King (m. 1969; div. 1999)
  • Alexandra Marie Llewellyn (m. 1999; wid. 2013)
ChildrenFive

Thomas Leo "Tom" Clancy, Jr. (April 12, 1947 – October 1, 2013) was an American author and historian best known for his technically detailed espionage and military science storylines set during and in the aftermath of the Cold War, and for video games that bear his name for licensing and promotional purposes. Seventeen of his novels were bestsellers, and more than 100 million copies of his books are in print.[1] His name was also a brand for similar movie scripts written by ghost writers and non-fiction books on military subjects. He was a part-owner of the Baltimore Orioles and Vice Chairman of their Community Activities and Public Affairs committees.

Early life[edit]

Tom Clancy was born at Franklin Square Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, on April 12, 1947,[2] and grew up in the Northwood neighborhood.[2][3][4] He was the second of three children to Thomas Clancy, who worked for the United States Postal Service, and Catherine Clancy, who worked in a store's credit department.[5][6] His mother worked in order to send him to the private Catholic Loyola Blakefield in Towson, Maryland, from which he graduated in 1965.[2][4][5] He then attended Loyola College (now Loyola University) in Baltimore, graduating in 1969 with a degree in English literature.[2][6] While at university, he was president of the chess club.[5] He joined the Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps; however he was ineligible to serve due to his nearsightedness, which required him to wear thick eyeglasses.[1][5] After graduating he worked for an insurance company in Hartford, Connecticut.[7] In 1973, he joined the O. F. Bowen Agency, a small insurance agency based in Owings, Maryland, founded by his wife's grandfather.[1][5][6][7] In 1980, he purchased the insurance agency from his wife's grandmother, and wrote novels in his spare time.[6][8] While working at the insurance agency, he wrote The Hunt For Red October.[1]

Literary career[edit]

Clancy's literary career began in 1982 when he started writing The Hunt for Red October which in 1984 he sold for publishing to the Naval Institute Press for $5,000.[1][3] The publisher was impressed with the work; Deborah Grosvenor, the Naval Institute Press editor who read through the work, said later that she convinced the publisher: "I think we have a potential best seller here, and if we don’t grab this thing, somebody else would," and considered that Clancy had an "innate storytelling ability, and his characters had this very witty dialogue".[1] The publisher requested Clancy to cut numerous technical details, amounting to about 100 pages.[1] Clancy, who had wanted to sell 5,000 copies, ended up selling over 45,000.[3][8] After publication, the book received praise from President Ronald Reagan, calling the work "my kind of yarn", subsequently boosting sales to 300,000 hardcover and 2 million paperback copies of the book, making it a national bestseller.[1][3][7] The book was critically praised for its technical accuracy, which led to Clancy's meeting several high-ranking officers in the U.S. military.[1]

Clancy's fiction works, The Hunt for Red October (1984), Patriot Games (1987), Clear and Present Danger (1989), and The Sum of All Fears (1991), have been turned into commercially successful films with actors Alec Baldwin, Harrison Ford, and Ben Affleck as Clancy's most famous fictional character Jack Ryan, while his second most famous character, John Clark, has been played by actors Willem Dafoe and Liev Schreiber. All but two of Clancy's solely written novels feature Jack Ryan or John Clark.

The first NetForce novel (titled Net Force and published in 1999) was adapted as a television movie, starring Scott Bakula and Joanna Going. The first Op-Center novel was released to coincide with a 1995 NBC television mini-series of the same name (Tom Clancy's Op-Center published in 1995) starring Harry Hamlin and a cast of stars. Though the mini-series did not continue, the book series did, but it had little in common with the first mini-series other than the title and the names of the main characters.

With the release of The Teeth of the Tiger (2003), Clancy introduced Jack Ryan's son and two nephews as main characters; these characters continued in his last four novels, Dead or Alive (2010), Locked On (2011), Threat Vector (2012), and Command Authority (2013).

Clancy wrote several nonfiction books about various branches of the U.S. Armed Forces (see non-fiction listing, below). Clancy also branded several lines of books and video games with his name that are written by other authors, following premises or storylines generally in keeping with Clancy's works. These are sometimes referred to by fans as "apostrophe" books; Clancy did not initially acknowledge that these series were being authored by others; he only thanked the actual authors in the headnotes for their "invaluable contribution to the manuscript".

By 1988, Clancy had earned $1.3 million for The Hunt for Red October and had signed a $3 million contract for his next three books.[9] By 1997, it was reported that Penguin Putnam Inc. (part of Pearson Education) would pay Clancy $50 million for world rights to two new books, and another $25 million to Red Storm Entertainment for a four-year book/multimedia deal.[10] Clancy followed this up with an agreement with Penguin's Berkley Books for 24 paperbacks to tie in with the ABC television miniseries Tom Clancy's Net Force aired in the fall/winter of 1998. The Op-Center universe has laid the ground for the series of books written by Jeff Rovin, which was in an agreement worth $22 million, bringing the total value of the package to $97 million.[10]

In 1993, Clancy joined a group of investors that included Peter Angelos and bought the Baltimore Orioles from Eli Jacobs.[11][12] In 1998, he reached an agreement to purchase the Minnesota Vikings but had to abandon the deal because of a divorce settlement cost.[13][14]

In 2008, the French video game manufacturer Ubisoft purchased the use of Clancy's name for an undisclosed sum. It has been used in conjunction with video games and related products such as movies and books.[15] Based on his interest in private spaceflight and his US$1 million investment in the launch vehicle company Rotary Rocket,[16] Clancy was interviewed in 2007 for the documentary film Orphans of Apollo (2008).

Political views[edit]

A longtime holder of conservative and Republican views, Clancy's books bear dedications to American conservative political figures, most notably Ronald Reagan. A week after the September 11, 2001 attacks, on The O'Reilly Factor, Clancy suggested that left-wing politicians in the United States were partly responsible for September 11 due to their "gutting" of the Central Intelligence Agency.[17]

On September 11, 2001, Clancy was interviewed by Judy Woodruff on CNN.[18] During the interview, he asserted "Islam does not permit suicide" (see Islam and suicide). Among other observations during this interview, Clancy cited discussions he had with military experts on the lack of planning to handle a hijacked plane being used in a suicide attack and criticized the news media's treatment of the United States Intelligence Community. Clancy appeared again on PBS's Charlie Rose, to discuss the implications of the day's events with Richard Holbrooke, New York Times journalist Judith Miller, and Senator John Edwards, among others.[19] Clancy was interviewed on these shows because his 1994 book Debt of Honor included a scenario where a disgruntled Japanese airline pilot crashes a fueled Boeing 747 into the U.S. Capitol dome during an address by the President to a joint session of Congress, killing the President and most of Congress. This plot device bore strong similarities to the attacks of September 11, 2001.

In later years, Clancy associated himself with General Anthony Zinni, a critic of the George W. Bush administration, and was also critical of former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld.[20]

Clancy had been a Lifetime Member of the National Rifle Association since 1978.[21]

Personal life[edit]

Clancy and his first wife Wanda Thomas King, a nursing student who became an eye surgeon,[6][22] married in 1969, separated briefly in 1995, and permanently separated in December 1996.[23] Clancy filed for divorce in November 1997,[24] which became final in January 1999.[25]

On June 26, 1999, Clancy married freelance journalist Alexandra Marie Llewellyn, whom he had met in 1997.[26] Llewellyn is the daughter of J. Bruce Llewellyn and a family friend of Colin Powell, who originally introduced the couple to each other.[17] They remained together until Clancy's death in October 2013.[27]

Clancy's estate, which was once a summer camp, is located in Calvert County, Maryland. It is 80 acres (32 ha) and has a panoramic view of the Chesapeake Bay.[28] The stone mansion, which cost US$2 million, has twenty-four rooms and features a shooting range in the basement.[22][28] The property also features a World War II-era M4 Sherman tank, a Christmas gift from his first wife.[28][29]

Clancy also purchased a 17,000 square feet (1,600 m2) penthouse condominium in the Ritz-Carlton in Baltimore's Inner Harbor for US$16 million.[7]

Death[edit]

Clancy died on October 1, 2013, of an undisclosed illness[30] at Johns Hopkins Hospital, near his Baltimore home. Clancy is survived by his wife, Alexandra; their daughter, Alexis; and four children from his marriage to Wanda King: Michelle Bandy, Christine Blocksidge, Kathleen Clancy, and Thomas Clancy III.[1] The Chicago Tribune quoted Pulitzer Prize-winning author Stephen Hunter as saying, "When he published The Hunt for Red October he redefined and expanded the genre and as a consequence of that, a lot of people were able to publish such books who had previously been unable to do so."[31]

John Gresham, a co-author and researcher with Clancy on several books attributed Clancy's death to heart problems: "Five or six years ago Tom suffered a heart attack and he went through bypass surgery. It wasn’t that he had another heart attack, [his heart] just wore out."[32]

Bibliography[edit]

Works by year of publication[edit]

The Hunt for Red October (1984)
Clancy's first published novel. CIA analyst Jack Ryan assists in the defection of a respected Soviet naval captain, along with the most advanced ballistic missile submarine of the Soviet fleet. The movie (1990) stars Alec Baldwin as Ryan and Sean Connery as Captain Ramius. U.S, submarine commander Bart Mancuso is introduced in this novel, and nearly every subsequent book has Mancuso in ever increasing command of U.S. submarine forces. U.S. naval aviator Robby Jackson is also introduced and eventually succeeds Jack Ryan as President of the United States.
Red Storm Rising (1986)
War between NATO and USSR. The basis of the combat game of the same name, this book is not a member of the Ryan story series (although the protagonist of the story has many similarities with Jack Ryan). Cowritten with Larry Bond.
Patriot Games (1987)
Patriot Games chronologically predates the first book that Clancy wrote, The Hunt for Red October. Jack Ryan foils an attack in London on the Prince and Princess of Wales by the "Ulster Liberation Army". The ULA then attacks Ryan's Maryland home while he is hosting the Prince and Princess for dinner. The movie stars Harrison Ford as Ryan and Samuel L. Jackson as Robby Jackson.
The Cardinal of the Kremlin (1988)
The sequel to "The Hunt for Red October." First appearance of John Clark and Sergey Golovko. Ryan leads a CIA operation which forces the head of the KGB to defect. Other elements include anti-satellite lasers and other SDI-type weapons, and the Soviet war in Afghanistan. Major Alan Gregory is introduced here. (He appears later, updating SAM software in The Bear and the Dragon). Colonel Bondarenko also is introduced here. (He appears in later books offering advice to Golovko in "Executive Orders" and commanding the Russian Army defenses against China in its sequel "The Bear and the Dragon".)
Clear and Present Danger (1989)
The President authorizes the CIA to use American military forces in a covert war against cocaine producers in Colombia. The operation is betrayed. Ryan meets John Clark as they lead a mission to rescue abandoned soldiers. Domingo "Ding" Chavez (Clark's protege in later novels) is one of the rescued soldiers. The 1994 film stars Harrison Ford as Ryan, Willem Dafoe as Clark, and Raymond Cruz as Chavez.
The Sum of All Fears (1991)
Arab terrorists find a nuclear weapon that had been lost by Israel, and use it to attack the United States. This nearly triggers a war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, due to the incompetence of the new President and his mistress with an anti-Ryan agenda. Ryan intervenes to avert the war. The 2002 film stars Ben Affleck as Ryan and Liev Schreiber as Clark, and changes the identity and motivation of the terrorists to neo-Nazis.
Without Remorse (1993)
Without Remorse takes place during the Vietnam War, when Jack Ryan was a teenager. Ex-SEAL John Clark (then John Kelly) fights a one-man war against drug dealers in Baltimore, attracting the attention of Jack's father Emmett, a Baltimore police detective. He also helps plan and execute a raid on a prisoner-of-war camp in North Vietnam. Clark joins the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Debt of Honor (1994)
A secret cabal of extreme nationalists gains control of Japan (having developed some nuclear weapons), and start a war with the U.S. Ryan, now National Security Advisor, and Clark and Chavez, agents in Japan, help win the war. The Vice President resigns in a scandal, and the President appoints Ryan to replace him. A vengeful, die-hard Japanese airline pilot then crashes a jetliner into the U.S. Capitol during a joint session of Congress attended by most senior U.S. government officials, including the President. Ryan thus becomes the new President through succession.
Executive Orders (1996)
This is the immediate sequel to Debt of Honor. President Ryan survives press hazing, an assassination attempt, and a biological warfare attack on the United States. Clark and Chavez trace the virus to a Middle Eastern madman, and the U.S. military goes to work.
SSN: Strategies for Submarine Warfare (1996)
Follows the missions of USS Cheyenne in a future war with China precipitated by China's invasion of the disputed Spratly Islands. Also not a Ryan universe book, SSN is actually a loosely connected collection of "scenario" chapters in support of the eponymous video game.
Rainbow Six (1998)
Released to coincide with the video game of the same name. John Clark and Ding, who is now Clark's son-in-law, lead an elite multinational anti-terrorist unit that combats a worldwide genocide attempt by eco-terrorists. Ryan is the U.S. President and only mentioned or referred to as either 'The President' or 'Jack'.
The Bear and the Dragon (2000)
War between Russia and China. Ryan recognizes the independence of Taiwan, Chinese police officers kill a Roman Catholic Cardinal, and American armed forces help Russia defeat a Chinese invasion of Siberia.
Red Rabbit (2002)
In the early 1980s, CIA analyst Ryan aids in the defection of a Soviet officer who knows of a plan to assassinate Pope John Paul II.
The Teeth of the Tiger (2003)
Jack Ryan's son, Jack Ryan, Jr., becomes an intelligence analyst, and then a field consultant, for The Campus, an off-the-books intelligence agency with the freedom to discreetly assassinate individuals "who threaten national security", following the end of the Jack Ryan Sr. presidential administration. This book of the Jack Ryan series by Tom Clancy introduces Ryan's son and two nephews as heirs to his spook-legacy.
Dead or Alive (2010, with Grant Blackwood)
The story picks up where The Teeth of the Tiger left off with Jack Ryan, Jr. and The Campus trying to catch a terrorist known as "The Emir".
Against All Enemies (2011, with Peter Telep)
A terrorist bombing in Pakistan wipes out Max Moore’s entire CIA team. As the only survivor, the former Navy SEAL plunges deeper into the treacherous tribal lands to find the terrorist cell, but what he discovers there leads him to a much darker conspiracy in an unexpected part of the globe — the United States/Mexico border.
Locked On (Dec 2011, with Mark Greaney)
While Jack Ryan Jr. trains to become a field operative within The Campus, his father campaigns for re-election as President of the United States. A devout enemy of Jack Sr. launches a privately funded vendetta to discredit him, while a corrupt Pakistani general has entered into a deadly pact with a fanatical terrorist to procure nuclear warheads.
Search and Destroy (July 2012, with Peter Telep) (Cancelled)
Threat Vector (Dec 2012, with Mark Greaney)
Jack Ryan has only just moved back into the Oval Office when he is faced with a new international threat. An aborted coup in the People's Republic of China has left President Wei Zhen Lin with no choice but to agree with the expansionist policies of General Su Ke Qiang. They have declared the South China Sea a protectorate and are planning an invasion of Taiwan. The Ryan administration is determined to thwart China’s ambitions, but the stakes are dangerously high as a new breed of powerful Chinese anti-ship missiles endanger the US Navy's plans to protect the island. Meanwhile, Chinese cyber warfare experts have launched a devastating attack on American infrastructure.
Command Authority (novel) (December 2013, with Mark Greaney)
There is a new strong man in Russia but his rise to power is based on a dark secret hidden decades in the past. The clue to the mystery lies with a most unexpected source, President Jack Ryan.[33]

Novels not in a series[edit]

Jack Ryan/John Clark universe chronology[edit]

In the order in which they occur in the storyline (and when they occur):

Starting with the following novel, the series becomes distinctly different from real history as noted below.

Op-Center universe[edit]

  1. Op-Center (1995)
  2. Mirror Image (1995)
  3. Games of State (1996)
  4. Acts of War (1996)
  5. Balance of Power (1998)
  6. State of Siege (1999)
  7. Divide and Conquer (2000)
  8. Line of Control (2001)
  9. Mission of Honor (2002)
  10. Sea of Fire (2003)
  11. Call to Treason (2004)
  12. War of Eagles (2005)

Net Force universe[edit]

  • Net Force (1999)
  • Hidden Agendas (1999)
  • Night Moves (1999)
  • Breaking Point (2000)
  • Point of Impact (2001)
  • CyberNation (2001)
  • State of War (2003)
  • Changing of the Guard (2003)
  • Springboard (2005)
  • The Archimedes Effect (2006)

Net Force Explorers universe[edit]

Power Plays series[edit]

  • Politika (novel, 1997)
    • Politika (video game) by Red Storm Entertainment
    • Politika (board game)
  • ruthless.com (novel, 1998)
    • ruthless.com (video game, 1998) by Red Storm Entertainment
  • Shadow Watch (novel, 1999) by Jerome Preisler
  • Bio-Strike (novel, 2000) by Jerome Preisler
  • Cold War (novel, 2001) by Jerome Preisler
  • Cutting Edge (novel, 2002) by Jerome Preisler
  • Zero Hour (novel, 2003) by Jerome Preisler
  • Wild Card (novel, 2004) by Jerome Preisler

Ghost Recon universe[edit]

EndWar universe[edit]

H.A.W.X universe[edit]

Non-fiction[edit]

Guided Tour

Study in Command

Other

Video games[edit]

In 1996, Clancy co-founded the video game developer Red Storm Entertainment and ever since he has had his name on several of Red Storm's most successful games. Red Storm was later bought by publisher Ubisoft Entertainment, which continued to use the Clancy name, though the extent of Clancy's actual involvement with creation of the games and development of intellectual properties, if any, was unclear. This game series includes:

Rainbow Six series

Rainbow Six series: Squad-based first-person shooters, based on the novel of the same name, typically taking place in closed urban environments. 18 Rainbow Six games have been produced so far.

Ghost Recon series

Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon series: Squad-based first- and third-person shooters. As opposed to the Rainbow Six games, Ghost Recon usually takes place in larger, outdoor environments. There have been 13 Ghost Recon games so far.

Splinter Cell series

Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell series: Third person stealth games, lately spawned a line of books written by a series of different authors, all writing under the pseudonym David Michaels.

EndWar series

EndWar series: Franchise set in a speculative World War III, taking place in 2020.

H.A.W.X. series

H.A.W.X series: Air combat

Board games[edit]

Achievements and awards[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Bosman, Julie (2013-10-02). "Tom Clancy, Best-Selling Novelist of Military Thrillers, Dies at 66". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  2. ^ a b c d Clancy, Tom (October 31, 1997). "alt.books.tom-clancy". groups.google.com. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kaltenbach, Chris (2013-10-02). "Clancy invented 'techno-thriller,' reflected Cold War fears". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Tom Clancy: Bibliography and list of works". Biblio.com. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Arnold, Laurence. "Tom Clancy, Whose Novels Conjured Threats to U.S., Dies at 66". Bloomberg. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Woo, Elaine (2013-10-02). "Tom Clancy dies at 66; insurance agent found his calling in spy thrillers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d Rasmussen, Frederick N. (2013-10-03). "Tom Clancy, 'king of the techno-thriller'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Lippman, Laura (1998-06-13). "THE CLANCY COLD WAR". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  9. ^ Anderson, Patrick (1 May 1988). "King of the Techno-thriller". New York Times Magazine. 
  10. ^ a b Quinn, Judy (24 August 1997). "$100M Mega-Deals for Clancy". Publishers Weekly 243 (34). 
  11. ^ Mark Hyman; Jon Morgan (22 Apr 1993). "Tom Clancy offers to bid for Orioles with other locals Author would join Angelos, Knott". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 8 Nov 2013. 
  12. ^ Dean Jones Jr (2 Oct 2013). "Best-selling author Tom Clancy's ties to Orioles date to 1993". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 8 Nov 2013. 
  13. ^ Vito Stellino (17 May 1998). "Clancy's Vikings ownership in a holding pattern". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 9 Nov 2013. 
  14. ^ Chris Strauss (2 Oct 2013). "Tom Clancy nearly owned the Minnesota Vikings". USA Today. Retrieved 9 Nov 2013. 
  15. ^ Mitchell, Richard (2008-03-25). "Clancy name bought by Ubisoft, worth big bucks. SOURCE: www.chatwave.in". Xbox360fanboy.com. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  16. ^ David, Leonard (2013-10-16). "How Late Author Tom Clancy Supported Private Spaceflight". Space.com. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  17. ^ a b "Tom Clancy". NNDB. 1999-06-26. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  18. ^ 23 October 2007. "Tom Clancy on Sept 11 2001 & WTC 7 Collapse". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  19. ^ "An hour about the 9/11 attacks". Charlierose.com. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  20. ^ Paperback Writer, The New Republic, May 25, 2004.
  21. ^ LaPierre, Wayne (1994). Guns, Crime, and Freedom. HarperPerennial. p. xiii. ISBN 978-0-06-097674-3. 
  22. ^ a b Christy, Marian (1994-08-19). "Tom Clancy makes it look so simple". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  23. ^ Schindehette, Susan (15 June 1998). "Storm Rising". People Magazine 49 (23): 141. 
  24. ^ Jones, Brent (27 August 2008). "Reconsider Clancy case ruling". Baltimore Sun. 
  25. ^ "Case No. 04-C-03-000749 OC". Circuit Court for Calvert County. Retrieved March 23, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Alexandra Llewellyn, Tom Clancy," The New York Times, June 27, 1999.
  27. ^ Kennedy, John R. (2013-10-02). "Author Tom Clancy dead at 66 - Okanagan". Globalnews.ca. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  28. ^ a b c Carlson, Peter (1993-06-27). "What ticks Tom Clancy off?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  29. ^ "The Cold War of Clancy vs. Clancy". Los Angeles Times. June 30, 1998. 
  30. ^ "Tom Clancy, best-selling author, dead at 66". cbsnews. October 2, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Tom Clancy, author, dead at 66". Chicago Tribune. October 2, 2013. 
  32. ^ US Naval Institute Staff (2013-10-03). "Tom Clancy Dies at 66". US Naval Institute. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  33. ^ "Command Authority by Tom Clancy". Barnesandnoble.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  34. ^ Ryan, Michael E. (12 April 2000). "Shadow Watch". Gamespot. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  35. ^ Totilo, Stephen (May 12, 2011). "Ghost Recon: Future Soldier Will Rival the Shooter Heavyweights, but is Getting Far Out of the Way". Kotaku. Retrieved May 12, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Tom Clancy's Politika | Board Game". BoardGameGeek. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  37. ^ "Washington Post". Washington Post. 1997-06-01. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  38. ^ "Rensselaer Magazine: Summer 2004: At Rensselaer". Rpi.edu. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  39. ^ By Christopher Bucktin Tom Clancy dead: Best-selling author of Jack Ryan novels dies in hospital aged 66 The Mirror http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/tom-clancy-dead-jack-ryan-2331255
  40. ^ "TC Post: Clancy Speaks Again Briefly". Clancyfaq.com. 2000-06-25. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  41. ^ Wolf, Ian. "Deep Trouble — Production Details, Plus Regular Cast and Crew". British Comedy Guide. Retrieved October 4, 2009. 
  42. ^ http://download.lardlad.com/sounds/season15/diatribe20.mp3

External links[edit]

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Literary reviews and criticism[edit]