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See Tišritum for the Babylonian month.
Elul       Tishrei (תִּשְׁרֵי)       Marcheshvan
Yom Kippur

The holiest day of the Jewish calendar,
Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, takes place
on the 10th of Tishrei.
Month Number:7
Number of Days:30
Gregorian Equivalent:September–October

Tishrei or Tishri (/ˈtɪʃr/ or /ˈtɪʃr/; Hebrew: תִּשְׁרֵי or תִּשְׁרִי‎; from Akkadian tašrītu "Beginning", from šurrû "To begin") is the first month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan) in the Hebrew calendar. The name of the month is Babylonian. It is an autumn month of 30 days. Tishrei usually occurs in September–October on the Gregorian calendar.

In the Hebrew Bible, before the Babylonian Exile, the month is called Ethanim (Hebrew: אֵתָנִים‎ - 1 Kings 8:2).

Edwin R. Thiele has concluded, in The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, that the ancient Kingdom of Judah counted years using the civil year starting in Tishrei, while the Kingdom of Israel counted years using the ecclesiastical new year starting in Nisan. Tishrei is the month used for the counting of the epoch year - i.e., the count of the year is incremented on 1 Tishrei.

Holidays in Tishrei[edit]

1-2 Tishrei - Rosh Hashanah

3 Tishrei - Tzom Gedaliah – (Fast Day) - On Tishrei 4 when Tishrei 3 is Shabbat

10 Tishrei - Yom Kippur – (Fast Day)

15–21 Tishrei - Sukkot/Sukkos

21 Tishrei - Hoshanah Rabbah

22 Tishrei (and 23 outside of Israel) - Shemini Atzeret/Atzeres & Simchat Torah/Simchas Torah

Tishrei in Jewish history[edit]

1 Tishrei - (3760 BCE (gregorian calendar), 2 AM (Hebrew Calendar)) Adam & Eve were created

1 Tishrei - (1923 AD, 5684 AM) - Daf Yomi

2 Tishrei - (1659 AD, 5420 AM) - The kedoshim, HaRav Tuvya and HaRav Yisroel, were murdered in a blood libel in Razino, Hy"d. 3 Tishrei - (582 BCE, 3180 AM) - Assassination of Gedaliah (Fast of Gedalia)

4 Tishrei - (1683 AD) - King Louis XIV expelled the Jews from all French territories in America. 5 Tishrei - (134 AD, 3795 AM) - Rabbi Akiva martyred

6 Tishrei - (1939 AD, 5700 AM) - The Wehrmacht murdered 100 Jews in Lukov, Poland, Hy"d. 7 Tishrei - (1313 BCE, 2449 AM) - Taanit tzaddikim (Orach Chaim 5580:2) commemorating Hashem's decree that the Dor Hamidbar die in the wilderness because of the sin of the Eigel HaZahav / Golden Calf (according to some, (Kol-bo and others), the event took place one day earlier, on 6 Tishrei). 8 Tishrei - (826 BCE, 2936 AM) - Temple dedicated

9 Tishrei - (123 AD, 3884 AM) - Yahrtzeit of the Tanna R' Elazar ben Rab' Shimon. 10 Tishrei - (1313 BCE, 2449 AM) - 2nd Tablets; Day of Forgiveness (Yom Kippur)

11 Tishrei - The Baal Shem Tov writes that the day after Yom Kippur, is an even greater holiday than Yom Kippur itself, a day called "Bshem HaShem" or in Yiddish "Gott's Nomen", literally "The Name of G-d". 16 Tishrei - (1349 AD) - The Jewish population of Krems, Germany, was massacred in the Black Death riots. In the Middle Ages, people were unaware that lack of hygiene caused the spread of bacteria, and the bubonic plague ("Black Death") spread quickly -- killing 25 million people, half the population of Europe. Rumors spread that Jews were poisoning the well water, and riots broke out across Europe. In some cities, Jews were burned alive. Hy"d 25 Tishrei - (1809 CE, 5570 AM) - Death of Rabbi Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev

Other uses[edit]