Timeline of vaccines

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This is a timeline of the development of prophylactic human vaccines. Early vaccines may be listed by the first year of development or testing, but later entries usually show the year the vaccine finished trials and became available on the market. Although vaccines exist for the diseases listed below, only smallpox has been eliminated worldwide. The other vaccine-preventable illnesses continue to cause millions of deaths each year.[1] Currently, polio and measles are the targets of active worldwide eradication campaigns.

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

21st century[edit]


  1. ^ Vaccine Preventable Deaths and the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy, 2006--2015, MMWR, CDC, 12 May 2006
  2. ^ Hand, foot and mouth disease: First vaccine, BBC News, James Gallagher, 28 May 2013