The Reformation - The 17th century was the time of the Reformation when the breakdown of religious orders meant that monasteries, hospitals and nursing care facilities were closed in most Protestant areas.
1848 -The Yarra Bend Asylum was opened so that those mentally ill could be moved out of gaol. This Asylum was later known as Melbourne. (Crisp, J., &Taylor, C.(2009).''Fundamentals of nursing(3rd ed.,p. 4).Chatswood, Australia: Elsevier Australia)
1850 – Florence Nightingale, a pioneer of modern nursing, begins her training as a nurse at the Institute of St. Vincent de Paul at Alexandria, Egypt 
1851 - Florence Nightingale completed her nursing training at Kaiserwerth, Germany, a Protestant religious community with a hospital facility. She was there for approximately 3 months, and at the end, her teachers declared her trained as a nurse. Wojnar, D. (2010). Florence Nightingale. In Martha Raile Alligood & Anne Marriner Tomey (Eds.), Nursing theorists and their work (7th ed., pp. 71–90).
1853 – Florence Nightingale went to Paris to study with the Sisters of Charity and was later appointed superintendent of the English General Hospitals in Turkey. (Crisp and Taylor 2009) 
1854 - The first lunatic asylum built. Opened in Wellington, New Zealand.(Crisp & Taylor,2009)
1854 – Florence Nightingale and 38 volunteer nurses are sent to Turkey on October 21 to assist with caring for the injured of the Crimean War.
1854 - In a letter written November 15, 1854, to Dr Bowman, Florence Nightingale gives definite statistics: on Thursday last [i.e.Nov8]we had 1715 sick and wounded in this hospital (among whom, 120 cholera patients) and 650 serverly wounded in...the General Hospital...when a message came to me to prepair for 510 wounded.... Seymer, L. R. (1932). A general history of nursing. London, England: Faber and Faber
1855 – Mary Seacole leaves London on January 31 to establish a "British Hotel" at Balaklava in the Crimea.
1856 – Biddy Mason is granted her freedom and moves to Los Angeles. She works as a nurse and midwife and becomes a successful businesswoman.
1856- The Melbourne lying-in Hospital and Infirmary for diseases Peculiar to Women and Children established. Daly, J. Speedy, S. & Jackson, D. (2010) Contexts of Nursing Chatswood, Australia
1857 - The sisters of Charity opened the first St Vincent's Hospital at Sydney's Pott's Point. Today, the St Vincent's hospitals provide a considerable proportion of public health services.
1859 - Florence Nightingale published her views on nursing care in "Notes on Nursing" The basis of nursing practice was based on her idea's from this (Wesley, 1994)
1860 - In May 1860 advertisements appeared seeking young lady nurses for training, but responses where not overwhelming; however, in July 1860 15 hand-picked probationers entered the Nightingale Training School, and the pattern for modern nursing came into being.
1860 - Florence Nightingale publishes "Note on Nursing: What it is and what it is not" 
1860 -Crisp & Taylor (2010) state that the Nightingale training school for nurses in England at the St Thomas' hospital, London was established at this time.
1860-1883 - As 16,000 single women emigrated to New Zealand 582 identified their occupation as a nurse (including monthly nurse, sick nurse, trained nurse, nurse girl, midwife, hospital nurse or professional nurse.)
1868 - Lucy Osburn and her four Nightingale nurses arrived at Sydney Infirmary(to become Sydney Hospital).(Crisp, J., & Taylor, C.(2009)Milestones in nursing history. Potter & Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing(3rd ed., p. 4).Chatswood, Australia: Elsevier Australia.
1868 - Sir Henery Parkes requested that Nightingale is to provide trained nurses for New South Wales. (Crisp, J., & Taylor, C. (2009) Milestones in nursing history. Potter & Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing(3rd ed., p. 4).Chatswood, Australia: Elsevier Australia.
1868 - Cathinka Guldberg, who had trained as a Deaconess at Kaiserswerth, started the first nursing school in Norway at the Deaconess Institute of Christiania and became its first director ( Seymer,1932,p. 148).
1870 - New Zealand had 37 hospitals as a result of the population increase of the gold rush.(Potter and Perry's fundamentals of nursing,Crisp and Taylor.2009.p. 4)
1871 - Nightingale-trained matron appointed to the Alfred Hospital, Melbourne.
1873 – Linda Richards is graduated from the New England Hospital for Women and Children Training School for Nurses and officially becomes America's First Trained Nurse.
1873 – The nation's first nursing school, based on Florence Nightingale's principles of nursing, opens at Bellevue Hospital, New York City
1876 – The Japanese term ("Kangofu" or nurse) is used for the first time. 
1879 – Mary Eliza Mahoney is graduated from the New England Hospital for Women and Children Training School for Nurses and becomes the first black professional nurse in the U.S. 
1881 - Created the first Portuguese Nursing School at Coimbra, Portugal
1884 – Mary Agnes Snively, the first Ontario nurse trained according to the principles of Florence Nightingale, assumes the position of Lady Superintendent of the Toronto General Hospital’s School of Nursing.
1885 - Following the Hospital and Charitable Aids Act, conditions improved (MacDonald,1990).
1885 – The first nurse training institute is established in Japan, thanks to the pioneering work of Linda Richards. 
1886 - The first regular training school in India is established in Bombay, with funds provided by the governor general.
1886 – The Nightingale, the first American nursing journal, is published.
1886 – Spelman Seminary establishes the first nursing program specifically for African-Americans.
1890 – Kate Marsden, founder of the St. Francis Leprosy Guild, travels to Yakutia, Siberia in search of a herb reputed to cure leprosy. 
1891 - Cape Colony establishes the 1st nursing registration in the British Empire 
1891 - The Hampton UniversitySchool of Nursing began as the Hampton Training School for Nurses in conjunction with The Kings Chapel Hospital for Colored and Indian Boys and the Abbey Mae Infirmary. This school was started on the campus of Hampton Institute at Strawberry Banks in what is now the City of Hampton, Virginia. On this campus sits the Emancipation Oak, the site of the first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation in the South. Alice Bacon was instrumental in starting the Hampton Training School for Nurses. The school was commonly called Dixie Hospital, now known as the Sentara Hampton CarePlex, and its first graduate was Anna DeCosta Banks. Elnora D. Daniel, the first Black nurse to serve as the president of a university [Chicago State University] was Dean of Hampton University School of Nursing in the 1980s. 
1882 - Inspector of hospitals in New Zealand sent for Nightingale nurses from Britain.
1893 - Ellen Dougherty (New Zealand's first State Registered Nurse) begun working as Matron of Palmerston North Hospital. Kellaway, J., & Maryan, M. (1993). A century of care: Palmerston North Hospital 1893- 1993. Double Bay: Focus Books.
1897 – The American Nurses Association holds its first meeting in February, as the "Associated Alumnae of Trained Nurses of the United States and Canada".
1906 The first nursing school Union Mission Hospital Training School for Nurses/Iloilo Mission Hospital training school for Nurses, now Central Philippine University-College of Nursing, is established in the Philippines.
1906 - In Korea Severance School opens, the 1st of many training schools.
1917 - Mrs. Annie Kamauoha is recognized as Hawaii's first graduate Nurse from the Queen's Hospital Training School for Nurses. Her Pin was designed by Queen Liliuokalani and was presented to her by the Queen before the Queen died later that year.
1917 - Sandra Lewensen examined the position of nursing history within
the standardized curriculum established by the National League for Nursing Education in 1917, as well as teaching strategies used over the 20th century, pointing out that history was always part of the curriculum but declined in emphasis and time dedicated to it (Lewenson, S.. (2004)Inegrating nursing history into the cirriculum. Journal of Professional Nursing 20(6) 376–77.)
1918 – Lenah Higbee is awarded the Navy Cross for distinguished service in the line of her profession and unusual and conspicuous devotion to duty as superintendent of the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps. She is the first living woman to receive this honor.
1919 – The UK passes the Nursing Act of 1919, which provides for registration of nurses, but it will not become effective until 1923. The first name entered in the register as SRN 001 was Ethel Gordon Fenwick.
1921 – Sophie Mannerheim, a pioneer of modern nursing in Finland, accepts the chairmanship of the Finnish Red Cross.
1922 - Filipino Nurses Association was founded.The FNA was admitted as member of the International Council of Nurses (ICN) in 1929.The FNA which was renamed Philippine Nurses Association (PNA) in 1962 continues to uphold its vision to uplift the ideals and spirit of the nursing profession in the country and to win for the profession the respect and recognition of the international community
1923 – The Nursing Act of 1919 becomes effective and Ethel Gordon Fenwick is the first nurse registered in the UK.
1923 – Yale School of Nursing becomes the first autonomous school of nursing in the U.S. with its own dean, faculty, budget, and degree meeting the standards of the University. The curriculum was based on an educational plan rather than on hospital service needs. 
1925 - New Zealand attempted to have a nursing programme avaialable at the University of Otago (Crisp, Taylor, Douglas & Rebeiro, 2013)
1926 - 20 July New Zelands's first sister was appointed by the board at Auckland hospital New Zealand.References:Brown, M., Masters, D., & Smith, B. (1994). Nurses of Auckland: The History of the General Nursing Programme in the Auckland School of nursing. Auckland, New Zealand. Authors.
1942 - Beveridge Report recommends comprehensive health care funded through National Insurance.
1943 - Mary Elizabeth Lancaster (Carnegie) is appointed the acting director of the Division of Nursing Education at Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia. Through her direction the first baccalaureate nursing program in the Commonwealth of Virginia is created.
1951 – Males join the United Kingdom same register of nurses as females for the first time.
1951 – [National Association for Practical Nurse Education and Service]NAPNES along with professional nursing organizations and the U.S. Department of Education created Vocational Nursing standards for education and the LPN / LVN level of nursing was created in the United States.
1952 - Hildegard Peplau presents Interpersonal Relations Theory. (Nursing Theorists, 2002) Tomey, A., & Alligood, M., (2002). Nursing Theorists and their work (5th ed). United States of America: Missouri.
1953 - The National Students Nurses' Association (NSNA) is established. (Fundamentals of Nursing, 2013)
1971 – Florence Wald and her associates found Hospice, Inc., thus establishing the hospice movement in the United States of America
1971 - The Carpenter report was released, this was a review released by New Zealand centered around the nursing education system, the report advocated training nurses in an educational environment. The government however decided that polytechs not universities were more appropriate for this, however the consequences of this were that nurses were only diploma level not degree level. (Crisp & Taylor: Potter and Perry's fundamentals of nursing 3e 2009)
1973 - Christchurch and Wellington Polytechnics offer diploma-level nursing education; Massey and Victoria Universities (Wellington) start their post-registration bachelor degrees.
1974 - The classic definition of health which has endured for many years, was actually provided by the World Health Organization (Crisp. J & Taylor. C Potter and Perry's fundamentals of nursing 3e(2009))
1975 - First nursing diploma program in Australia in a College of Advanced Education (CAE) in Melbourne, followed quickly by programs in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia.
1976 - Roy Adaptation Theory published, Sister Callista Roy nursing theorist
1977 - The M. Elizabeth Carnegie Nursing Archives is created by Dr. Patricia E. Sloan at the Hampton University School of Nursing. This is the only repository for memorabilia on minority nurses in the United States. The focus of the archives is African American nurses.
1982 - Florence Nightingale Trust was created where they had Florence Nightingales letters, artifacts and publications made viewable to the public and protected at the Florence Nightingale Museum [Florence nightingale museum. (2012). Nursing History Review, 20209-211. ] doi:10.1891/1062-8061.20.209
2003 - Primary Health Care framework document is released by New Zealand Ministry of Health.
2004 – The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) recommends that all advanced practice nurses earn a Doctor of Nursing Practice degree.
2004 - The Health Practitioners Competence Assurance (2003) Act comes into full power on the 18 September, in New Zealand, these cover the requirements for nurses to have current competences relating to their scope of practice.
2008 - National Council for State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) issues final report: "NCSBN Consensus Model for APRN Regulation: Licensure, Accreditation, Certification & Education." 
2009 - Carnegie Foundation releases the results of its study of nursing education, "Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation". 
2010 - Institute for the Future of Nursing (IFN) releases evidence-based recommendations to lead change for improved health care. 
2010 - A national regestration for all nurses and midwives came into force in Australia in July 2010. (Daly, Speedy & Jackson, 2010)
2010 - Nurses' Health Study 3 begins enrolling: Female RNs, LPNs, and nursing students 20-46 are encouraged to join this long-term women's health study. Study remains open until 100,000 nurses are enrolled. Join and learn more at www.nhs3.org 
^Orchard, S. (1997). More ‘ woman of good character’: Nurses who came to new Zealand as immigrant settlers during the period 1860 to 1883. In N.Chick & J.Rodgers (Eds.) Looking back, moving forward: Essays in the history of New Zealand nursing and midwifery (pp. 5–16). Palmerston North: Department of Nursing and Midwifery Massey University.
^Seymer.R.L. (1932). A general history of nursing. London; Faber & Faber Limited.
^. Crisp, J., Taylor, C. (2013). Potter and perry's fundamentals of nursing(4th ed). Chatswood, Australia: Elsevier.
^ abcBullough and Bullough, The Emergence of Modern Nursing (1969) p 144
^Adlam, K; Dotchin, M. Hayward, S. (2009). "Nursing first year of practice, past, present and future: documenting the journey in New Zealand". Journal Of Nursing Management17: 570.Cite uses deprecated parameters (help)
^Crisp. J & Taylor. C (2009) Potter & Perry's fundamentals of nursing (3rd ed) 4. Australia, Mosby Inc, Elsevier Inc.
^Crisp, J., Taylor, C., Douglas, C., & Rebeiro, G. (2013). Potter & Perry's Fundamentals of nursing (4th ed). NSW, Australia: Mosby Elsevier. ISBN 9780729541107