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Since October 2014, the time zones are as follows:
|Time Zone Name||Time of day and abbreviation(s)||UTC offset||Area covered|
|Kaliningrad Time||01:20, October 28, 2014 USZ1 ()||UTC+02||Kaliningrad Oblast (located in Europe)|
|Moscow Time||02:20, October 28, 2014 MSK ()||UTC+03||Most of European Russia|
|Samara Time||03:20, October 28, 2014 SAMT ()||UTC+04||Samara Oblast, Udmurtia|
|Yekaterinburg Time||04:20, October 28, 2014 YEKT ()||UTC+05||Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast (partly in Europe), Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia|
|Omsk Time||05:20, October 28, 2014 OMST ()||UTC+06||Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Novosibirsk Oblast, Omsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast|
|Krasnoyarsk Time||06:20, October 28, 2014 KRAT ()||UTC+07||Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tuva|
|Irkutsk Time||07:20, October 28, 2014 IRKT ()||UTC+08||Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai|
|Yakutsk Time||08:20, October 28, 2014 YAKT ()||UTC+09||Amur Oblast, most of Sakha Republic|
|Vladivostok Time||09:20, October 28, 2014 VLAT ()||UTC+10||Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Magadan Oblast, Primorsky Krai, Sakhalin Oblast (except its easternmost district in the Kuril Islands) and the Oymyakonsky, Ust-Yansky and Verkhoyansky districts of Sakha Republic|
|Srednekolymsk Time||10:20, October 28, 2014 SRET ()||UTC+11||Abyysky, Allaikhovsky, Momsky, Nizhnekolymsky, Srednekolymsky and Verkhnekolymsky districts of the Sakha Republic and Severo-Kurilsky District of the Sakhalin Oblast|
|Kamchatka Time||11:20, October 28, 2014 PETT ()||UTC+12||Chukotka and Kamchatka Krai|
Prior to 2011, Russia moved its clocks backward and forward on the same annual cycle as Europe. On 27 March 2011, clocks were advanced as usual, but they did not go back that October, effectively making Moscow Time UTC+4 permanently. On 26 October 2014, following another change in the law, the clocks in most of the country were moved back one hour, but DST was not reintroduced; Moscow Time returned to UTC+3 permanently.
In the Russian Empire, most of the nation observed solar time. During the late 19th century, Moscow Mean Time was introduced, originally at UTC+02:30. However, when the Soviet Union was created, Moscow Time became UTC+02 and the various other time zones (up to UTC+12) were introduced throughout Russia and the rest of the Soviet Union. On 21 June 1930, the Soviet Union advanced all clocks by one hour, effectively making the nation run on daylight saving time all year (the so-called decree time). In 1980, daylight saving time (two hours ahead of standard time) was introduced; clocks were moved one hour forward on the last Sunday of March and one hour back on the last Sunday of September (October since 1996). Russia and most republics in the Soviet Union abolished the decree time (not moving the clocks) on 31 March 1991, but Russia reversed this the following year.
In 1992, the Government of Russia issued a resolution establishing the borders of the eleven time zones dividing the country's territory. During the following years, various clauses of the resolution were superseded by other laws, reassigning various federal subjects to different time zones (mostly abolishing the decree time).
The change occurred during DST effectively changing the offset from UTC+8 to UTC+7, the offset without DST was therefore changed from UTC+7 to UTC+6.
On 28 March 2010, the following changes were introduced, which, in particular, led to abolition of two of the eleven time zones.
Although the Russian government wants to reduce the number of time zones even further, there have been protests in far-eastern Russia on the recent changes, including protests and a 20,000-strong petition in support of Kamchatka returning to UTC+12.
The decree No. 725  (31 August 2011) defines Moscow Time and lists the zones, numbered 1 to 9 and in turn defined relative to Moscow Time. The offsets from UTC are altered, the reference zone, Moscow Time Zone, now uses UTC+04:00. This is similar to the 1930 USSR reform with decree time coming into operation. The notions of decree time and daylight saving time were abolished in the law, but in fact, this law mandated permanent daylight saving time (or even double daylight saving time in regions that had not abolished the decree time).
As a result some districts of the Sakha Republic switched from Vladivostok Time to Yakutsk Time (Zone 7):
Some districts switched from Magadan Time to Vladivostok Time:
As a result of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, local authorities in the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol decreed that clocks in the newly proclaimed Russian federal subjects should jump ahead two hours at 10 p.m. on 29 March 2014 to switch from Eastern European Time to Moscow Time.
In July 2014, further changes were passed, which took effect on 26 October 2014. All of Russia moved back one hour, except:
Annual DST changes will not be observed.
The list below shows the 16 zones for Russia as defined in the file zone.tab of the database. The database aims to identify regions that had the same time offset rules since 1970.
On the last Sunday in October 2011, daylight-saving time ended in tzdata, but all zones moved forward one hour. In other words, the clocks did not change, but the names of the time zones reverted permanently to their standard time variants and there will be no more daylight-saving time going forward.
If available, the change column lists the offset changes that caused a creation of a new zone in the tz database.
"Initial zone" means that in 1970 there was already a difference in time offset from the offsets in any other zone.
|C.c.||Coordinates||tzid||Comments||UTC offset (without DST, permanent since 2011)||Covered area||Split from||Changes|
|RU||+5443+02030||Europe/Kaliningrad||Moscow-01 - Kaliningrad||+03:00||Kaliningrad Oblast||Initial zone|
|RU||+5545+03735||Europe/Moscow||Moscow+00 - west Russia||+04:00||Most of European Russia. Complete list given here.||Initial zone|
|RU||+4844+04425||Europe/Volgograd||Moscow+00 - Caspian Sea||+04:00||Kirov Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, and Astrakhan Oblast||Europe/Samara||1992-03-29 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+04 to UTC+03|
|RU||+5312+05009||Europe/Samara||Moscow+00 - Samara, Udmurtia||+04:00||Samara Oblast and Udmurtia||Initial zone||2010-03-28 Change from UTC+04 to UTC+03|
|RU||+5651+06036||Asia/Yekaterinburg||Moscow+02 - Urals||+06:00||Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia||Initial zone|
|RU||+5500+07324||Asia/Omsk||Moscow+03 - west Siberia||+07:00||Altai Krai, Altai Republic, and Omsk Oblast|
|RU||+5502+08255||Asia/Novosibirsk||Moscow+03 - Novosibirsk||+07:00||Novosibirsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast.|
|RU||+5345+08707||Asia/Novokuznetsk||Moscow+03 - Novokuznetsk||+07:00||Kemerovo Oblast||Asia/Novosibirsk||2010-03-28 Zone creation, causing change from Krasnoyarsk Time to Novosibirsk Time|
|RU||+5601+09250||Asia/Krasnoyarsk||Moscow+04 - Yenisei River||+08:00||Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, and Tuva Republic|
|RU||+5216+10420||Asia/Irkutsk||Moscow+05 - Lake Baikal||+09:00||Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia|
|RU||+6200+12940||Asia/Yakutsk||Moscow+06 - Lena River||+10:00||Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, and western Sakha Republic|
|RU||+4310+13156||Asia/Vladivostok||Moscow+07 - Amur River||+11:00||Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and central Sakha Republic||Initial zone|
|RU||+4658+14242||Asia/Sakhalin||Moscow+07 - Sakhalin Island||+11:00||Sakhalin Island, and western Kuril Islands||Asia/Magadan||1997-03-30 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+11 to UTC+10|
|RU||+5934+15048||Asia/Magadan||Moscow+08 - Magadan||+12:00||Magadan Oblast, eastern Kuril Islands, and eastern Sakha Republic|
|RU||+5301+15839||Asia/Kamchatka||Moscow+08 - Kamchatka||+12:00||Kamchatka Krai||Initial zone||2010-03-28 Change from UTC+12 to UTC+11|
|RU||+6445+17729||Asia/Anadyr||Moscow+08 - Bering Sea||+12:00||Chukotka Autonomous Okrug||Initial zone|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Time zones of Russia.|
|Wikinews has related news: Russia removes two timezones|