Time in Russia

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"Russian time" redirects here. For the auto racing team known as Russian Time, see Motopark Academy.

There are eleven time zones in Russia, which currently observe times ranging from UTC+02:00 to UTC+12:00.

List of zones[edit]

Since October 2014, the time zones are as follows:[1]

Time Zone NameTime of day and abbreviation(s)UTC offsetArea covered
Kaliningrad Time01:20, October 28, 2014 USZ1 (purge)UTC+02Kaliningrad Oblast (located in Europe)
Moscow Time02:20, October 28, 2014 MSK (purge)UTC+03Most of European Russia
Samara Time03:20, October 28, 2014 SAMT (purge)UTC+04Samara Oblast, Udmurtia
Yekaterinburg Time04:20, October 28, 2014 YEKT (purge)UTC+05Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast (partly in Europe), Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia
Omsk Time05:20, October 28, 2014 OMST (purge)UTC+06Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Novosibirsk Oblast, Omsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast
Krasnoyarsk Time06:20, October 28, 2014 KRAT (purge)UTC+07Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tuva
Irkutsk Time07:20, October 28, 2014 IRKT (purge)UTC+08Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai
Yakutsk Time08:20, October 28, 2014 YAKT (purge)UTC+09Amur Oblast, most of Sakha Republic
Vladivostok Time09:20, October 28, 2014 VLAT (purge)UTC+10Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Magadan Oblast, Primorsky Krai, Sakhalin Oblast (except its easternmost district in the Kuril Islands) and the Oymyakonsky, Ust-Yansky and Verkhoyansky districts of Sakha Republic
Srednekolymsk Time10:20, October 28, 2014 SRET (purge)UTC+11Abyysky, Allaikhovsky, Momsky, Nizhnekolymsky, Srednekolymsky and Verkhnekolymsky districts of the Sakha Republic and Severo-Kurilsky District of the Sakhalin Oblast
Kamchatka Time11:20, October 28, 2014 PETT (purge)UTC+12Chukotka and Kamchatka Krai

Daylight saving time[edit]

Prior to 2011, Russia moved its clocks backward and forward on the same annual cycle as Europe. On 27 March 2011, clocks were advanced as usual, but they did not go back that October, effectively making Moscow Time UTC+4 permanently.[2] On 26 October 2014, following another change in the law, the clocks in most of the country were moved back one hour, but DST was not reintroduced; Moscow Time returned to UTC+3 permanently.[3]

History of zone boundaries[edit]

In the Russian Empire, most of the nation observed solar time. During the late 19th century, Moscow Mean Time was introduced, originally at UTC+02:30. However, when the Soviet Union was created, Moscow Time became UTC+02 and the various other time zones (up to UTC+12) were introduced throughout Russia and the rest of the Soviet Union. On 21 June 1930, the Soviet Union advanced all clocks by one hour, effectively making the nation run on daylight saving time all year (the so-called decree time). In 1980, daylight saving time (two hours ahead of standard time) was introduced; clocks were moved one hour forward on the last Sunday of March and one hour back on the last Sunday of September (October since 1996). Russia and most republics in the Soviet Union abolished the decree time (not moving the clocks) on 31 March 1991, but Russia reversed this the following year.

In 1992, the Government of Russia issued a resolution establishing the borders of the eleven time zones dividing the country's territory.[4] During the following years, various clauses of the resolution were superseded by other laws, reassigning various federal subjects to different time zones (mostly abolishing the decree time).

In November 2009, President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev proposed reducing the number of time zones spanning the country,[5] as well as the abolition of daylight saving time.

1993 zone boundary changes[edit]

On 23 May 1993 00:00:00, Novosibirsk Oblast changed its time zone from MSK+4 to MSK+3.[6]

The change occurred during DST effectively changing the offset from UTC+8 to UTC+7, the offset without DST was therefore changed from UTC+7 to UTC+6.[citation needed]

2002 zone boundary changes[edit]

11 time zones in Russia from 2002 to 2010

In 2002, Tomsk Oblast changed its time zone from MSK+4 to MSK+3.[7][8][9]

2010 zone boundary changes[edit]

April 2010: 9 zones

On 28 March 2010, the following changes were introduced, which, in particular, led to abolition of two of the eleven time zones.

Although the Russian government wants to reduce the number of time zones even further, there have been protests in far-eastern Russia on the recent changes, including protests and a 20,000-strong petition in support of Kamchatka returning to UTC+12.[14]

2011 zone boundary changes[edit]

September 2011: 9 zones, "permanent DST".

The decree No. 725 [15] (31 August 2011) defines Moscow Time and lists the zones, numbered 1 to 9 and in turn defined relative to Moscow Time. The offsets from UTC are altered, the reference zone, Moscow Time Zone, now uses UTC+04:00. This is similar to the 1930 USSR reform with decree time coming into operation. The notions of decree time and daylight saving time were abolished in the law, but in fact, this law mandated permanent daylight saving time (or even double daylight saving time in regions that had not abolished the decree time).

As a result some districts of the Sakha Republic switched from Vladivostok Time to Yakutsk Time (Zone 7):

Some districts switched from Magadan Time to Vladivostok Time:

Blue Yakutsk Time (MSK+6), pink Vladivostok Time (MSK+7), red Magadan Time (MSK+8).

2014 zone boundary changes[edit]

As a result of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, local authorities in the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol decreed that clocks in the newly proclaimed Russian federal subjects should jump ahead two hours at 10 p.m. on 29 March 2014 to switch from Eastern European Time to Moscow Time.[16]

In July 2014, further changes were passed, which took effect on 26 October 2014. All of Russia moved back one hour, except:[17]

Annual DST changes will not be observed.[18]

Time zones in Russia, difference with standard time

Railway time[edit]

All timetables on Russian Railways (except Sakhalin railways) follow Moscow Time.[19] Airports, however, follow local time.[20]

tz database[edit]

For Russia, the tz database contains several zones in the file zone.tab.

List of zones[edit]

The list below shows the 16 zones for Russia as defined in the file zone.tab of the database. The database aims to identify regions that had the same time offset rules since 1970.

Two zones, namely Asia/Omsk and Asia/Novosibirsk, each cover area that did not observe the same rule set since 1970, all now using Omsk Time.

On the last Sunday in October 2011, daylight-saving time ended in tzdata, but all zones moved forward one hour. In other words, the clocks did not change, but the names of the time zones reverted permanently to their standard time variants and there will be no more daylight-saving time going forward.

If available, the change column lists the offset changes that caused a creation of a new zone in the tz database.

"Initial zone" means that in 1970 there was already a difference in time offset from the offsets in any other zone.

C.c.CoordinatestzidCommentsUTC offset (without DST, permanent since 2011)Covered areaSplit from[citation needed]Changes
RU+5443+02030Europe/KaliningradMoscow-01 - Kaliningrad+03:00Kaliningrad OblastInitial zone
RU+5545+03735Europe/MoscowMoscow+00 - west Russia+04:00Most of European Russia. Complete list given here.Initial zone
RU+4844+04425Europe/VolgogradMoscow+00 - Caspian Sea+04:00Kirov Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, and Astrakhan OblastEurope/Samara1992-03-29 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+04 to UTC+03
RU+5312+05009Europe/SamaraMoscow+00 - Samara, Udmurtia+04:00Samara Oblast and UdmurtiaInitial zone2010-03-28 Change from UTC+04 to UTC+03
RU+5651+06036Asia/YekaterinburgMoscow+02 - Urals+06:00Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast, and YamaliaInitial zone
RU+5500+07324Asia/OmskMoscow+03 - west Siberia+07:00Altai Krai, Altai Republic, and Omsk Oblast
RU+5502+08255Asia/NovosibirskMoscow+03 - Novosibirsk+07:00Novosibirsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast.
RU+5345+08707Asia/NovokuznetskMoscow+03 - Novokuznetsk+07:00Kemerovo OblastAsia/Novosibirsk2010-03-28 Zone creation, causing change from Krasnoyarsk Time to Novosibirsk Time[21]
RU+5601+09250Asia/KrasnoyarskMoscow+04 - Yenisei River+08:00Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, and Tuva Republic
RU+5216+10420Asia/IrkutskMoscow+05 - Lake Baikal+09:00Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia
RU+6200+12940Asia/YakutskMoscow+06 - Lena River+10:00Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, and western Sakha Republic
RU+4310+13156Asia/VladivostokMoscow+07 - Amur River+11:00Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and central Sakha RepublicInitial zone
RU+4658+14242Asia/SakhalinMoscow+07 - Sakhalin Island+11:00Sakhalin Island, and western Kuril IslandsAsia/Magadan1997-03-30 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+11 to UTC+10
RU+5934+15048Asia/MagadanMoscow+08 - Magadan+12:00Magadan Oblast, eastern Kuril Islands, and eastern Sakha Republic
RU+5301+15839Asia/KamchatkaMoscow+08 - Kamchatka+12:00Kamchatka KraiInitial zone2010-03-28 Change from UTC+12 to UTC+11
RU+6445+17729Asia/AnadyrMoscow+08 - Bering Sea+12:00Chukotka Autonomous OkrugInitial zone

Deleted zones[edit]

Asia/Ulan Ude was a time zone identifier from the zone file of the tz database. The reference point was Ulan-Ude. It was added in tz version 2011e.[22]

Federal subjects with multiple offsets at the same time[edit]

Per a 2011 law[23] the territories of Sakhalin Oblast and Sakha Republic each observe more than one offset.

Sakha Republic
Sakhalin Oblast

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Russian Time Zones as of August 31, 2011 according to Decree 725 of the Government of the Russian Federation, World Time Zone, August 31, 2011.
  2. ^ "Медведев отменил зимнее время". Lenta.ru. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  3. ^ Russian clocks go back for last time, BBC News, 25 October 2014
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №23 от 8 января 1992 г. «О порядке исчисления времени на территории Российской Федерации». (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #23 of 8 January 1992 On the Procedures of Keeping Time on the Territory of the Russian Federation. ).
  5. ^ "Russian president Dmitry Medvedev wants to cut 11 time zones.". BBC News. 15 November 2009. 
  6. ^ Time changes in year 1993 for Russia – Novosibirsk. Timeanddate.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  7. ^ a b Re: Tomsk wrong timezone. Gmane. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  8. ^ a b Новости NEWSru.com :: С 1 мая Томская область перешла в новый часовой пояс. Newsru.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  9. ^ a b Current Time and Date → Tomsk Oblast → Local Time @ Time Genie. Timegenie.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  10. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №166 от 17 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Удмуртской Республики времени второго часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #166 of 17 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Second Time Zone on the Territory of the Udmurt Republic. ).
  11. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №170 от 19 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Самарской области времени второго часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #170 of 19 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Second Time Zone on the Territory of Samara Oblast. ).
  12. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №740 от 14 сентября 2009 г. «О применении на территории Кемеровской области времени пятого часового пояса». (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #740 of 14 September 2009 On Using the Time of the Fifth Time Zone on the Territory of Kemerovo Oblast. ).
  13. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №171 от 19 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Камчатского края и Чукотского автономного округа времени десятого часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #171 of 19 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Tenth Time Zone on the Territory of Kamchatka Krai and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. ).
  14. ^ "Thousands Protest Time Zone Changes in Russia". 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2011-01-15. 
  15. ^ Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации».
  16. ^ "Crimea switches to Moscow time". Voice of Russia. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  17. ^ New Russian time zones and the corresponding areas from October 26, 2014, World Time Zone, July 22, 2014.
  18. ^ Russia Moving to Permanent Winter Time From October 26, RIA Novosti 22 July 2014, retrieved 26 July 2014
  19. ^ Russian Railways - Time tables
  20. ^ for example http://www.iktport.ru/
  21. ^ proposed time zone package changes. Gmane. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  22. ^ proposeed time zone package changes Chile Russia Irkutsk Buryatia Morocco. Gmane. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  23. ^ "Постановление от 31 августа 2011 г. №725" (in Russian). Government.ru. Retrieved 29 December 2011. [dead link]

External links[edit]