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Since March 2011, the time zones are as follows:
|Time Zone Name||Time of day and abbreviation(s)||UTC offset||Area covered|
|Kaliningrad Time||04:13, December 11, 2013 (USZ1) ( )||UTC+03||Kaliningrad Oblast (located in Europe)|
|Moscow Time||05:13, December 11, 2013 (MSK) ( )||UTC+04||Most of European Russia|
|Yekaterinburg Time||07:13, December 11, 2013 (YEKST) ( )||UTC+06||Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast (partly in Europe), Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia|
|Omsk Time||08:13, December 11, 2013 (OMSST) ( )||UTC+07||Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Novosibirsk Oblast, Kemerovo Oblast, Omsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast|
|Krasnoyarsk Time||09:13, December 11, 2013 (KRAST) ( )||UTC+08||Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tuva|
|Irkutsk Time||10:13, December 11, 2013 (IRKST) ( )||UTC+09||Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia|
|Yakutsk Time||11:13, December 11, 2013 (YAKST) ( )||UTC+10||Amur Oblast, western Sakha Republic and Zabaykalsky Krai|
|Vladivostok Time||12:13, December 11, 2013 (VLAST) ( )||UTC+11||Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, central Sakha Republic and Sakhalin Oblast (except its easternmost district in the Kuril Islands)|
|Magadan Time||13:13, December 11, 2013 (MAGST) ( )||UTC+12||Magadan Oblast, eastern Sakha Republic, Severo-Kurilsky District of the Sakhalin Oblast, Chukotka and Kamchatka Krai|
On 8 February 2011, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev issued a decree that Russia would observe year-round DST. Under the decree, all clocks in Russia were advanced one hour on 27 March 2011 as usual, but are not to change back the following October, effectively making Moscow Time UTC+4 permanently.
In the Russian Empire, most of the nation observed solar time. During the late 19th century, Moscow Mean Time was introduced, originally at UTC+02:30. However, when the Soviet Union was created, Moscow Time became UTC+02 and the various other time zones were introduced throughout Russia and the rest of the Soviet Union. On 21 June 1930, the Soviet Union advanced all clocks by one hour, effectively making the nation run on daylight saving time all year. Russia and most republics in the Soviet Union turned their clocks back one hour on 31 March 1991, but Russia reversed this the following year.
In 1992, the Government of Russia issued a resolution establishing the borders of the eleven time zones dividing the country's territory. During the following years, various clauses of the resolution were superseded by other laws, re-assigning various federal subjects to different time zones.
The change occurred during DST effectively changing the offset from UTC+8 to UTC+7, the offset without DST was therefore changed from UTC+7 to UTC+6.
On 28 March 2010, the following changes were introduced, which, in particular, led to abolition of two of the eleven time zones.
Although the Russian government wants to reduce the number of time zones even further, there have been protests in far-eastern Russia on the recent changes, including protests and a 20,000-strong petition in support of Kamchatka returning to UTC+12.
The decree No. 725  (31 August 2011) defines Moscow Time and lists the zones, numbered 1 to 9 and in turn defined relative to Moscow Time. The offsets from UTC are altered, the reference zone, Moscow Time Zone, now uses UTC+04:00. This is similar to the 1930 USSR reform with decree time coming into operation.
As a result some districts of the Sakha Republic switched from Vladivostok Time to Yakutsk Time (Zone 7):
Some districts switched from Magadan Time to Vladivostok Time:
The list below shows the 16 zones for Russia as defined in the file zone.tab of the database. The database aims to identify regions that had the same time offset rules since 1970.
On the last Sunday in October 2011, daylight-saving time ended in tzdata, but all zones moved forward one hour. In other words, the clocks did not change, but the names of the time zones reverted permanently to their standard time variants and there will be no more daylight-saving time going forward.
If available, the change column lists the offset changes that caused a creation of a new zone in the tz database.
"Initial zone" means that in 1970 there was already a difference in time offset from the offsets in any other zone.
|C.c.||Coordinates||tzid||Comments||UTC offset (without DST, permanent since 2011)||Covered area||Split from||Changes|
|RU||+5443+02030||Europe/Kaliningrad||Moscow-01 - Kaliningrad||+03:00||Kaliningrad Oblast||Initial zone|
|RU||+5545+03735||Europe/Moscow||Moscow+00 - west Russia||+04:00||Most of European Russia. Complete list given here.||Initial zone|
|RU||+4844+04425||Europe/Volgograd||Moscow+00 - Caspian Sea||+04:00||Kirov Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, and Astrakhan Oblast||Europe/Samara||1992-03-29 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+04 to UTC+03|
|RU||+5312+05009||Europe/Samara||Moscow+00 - Samara, Udmurtia||+04:00||Samara Oblast and Udmurtia||Initial zone||2010-03-28 Change from UTC+04 to UTC+03|
|RU||+5651+06036||Asia/Yekaterinburg||Moscow+02 - Urals||+06:00||Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia||Initial zone|
|RU||+5500+07324||Asia/Omsk||Moscow+03 - west Siberia||+07:00||Altai Krai, Altai Republic, and Omsk Oblast|
|RU||+5502+08255||Asia/Novosibirsk||Moscow+03 - Novosibirsk||+07:00||Novosibirsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast.|
|RU||+5345+08707||Asia/Novokuznetsk||Moscow+03 - Novokuznetsk||+07:00||Kemerovo Oblast||Asia/Novosibirsk||2010-03-28 Zone creation, causing change from Krasnoyarsk Time to Novosibirsk Time|
|RU||+5601+09250||Asia/Krasnoyarsk||Moscow+04 - Yenisei River||+08:00||Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, and Tuva Republic|
|RU||+5216+10420||Asia/Irkutsk||Moscow+05 - Lake Baikal||+09:00||Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia|
|RU||+6200+12940||Asia/Yakutsk||Moscow+06 - Lena River||+10:00||Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, and western Sakha Republic|
|RU||+4310+13156||Asia/Vladivostok||Moscow+07 - Amur River||+11:00||Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and central Sakha Republic||Initial zone|
|RU||+4658+14242||Asia/Sakhalin||Moscow+07 - Sakhalin Island||+11:00||Sakhalin Island, and western Kuril Islands||Asia/Magadan||1997-03-30 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+11 to UTC+10|
|RU||+5934+15048||Asia/Magadan||Moscow+08 - Magadan||+12:00||Magadan Oblast, eastern Kuril Islands, and eastern Sakha Republic|
|RU||+5301+15839||Asia/Kamchatka||Moscow+08 - Kamchatka||+12:00||Kamchatka Krai||Initial zone||2010-03-28 Change from UTC+12 to UTC+11|
|RU||+6445+17729||Asia/Anadyr||Moscow+08 - Bering Sea||+12:00||Chukotka Autonomous Okrug||Initial zone|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Time zones of Russia.|
|Wikinews has related news: Russia removes two timezones|