Time Person of the Year

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Person of the Year (formerly Man of the Year) is an annual issue of the United States newsmagazine Time that features and profiles a person, group, idea or object that "for better or for worse...has done the most to influence the events of the year".[1]


The tradition of selecting a "Man of the Year" began in 1927, with Time editors contemplating news makers of the year. The idea was also an attempt to remedy the editorial embarrassment earlier that year of not having aviator Charles Lindbergh on its cover following his historic trans-Atlantic flight. By the end of the year, it was decided that a cover story featuring Lindbergh as the Man of the Year would serve both purposes.[2][volume & issue needed]

Since then, individual people, classes of people, the computer ("Machine of the Year" in 1982), and "Endangered Earth" ("Planet of the Year" in 1988) have all been selected for the special year-end issue. Despite the magazine's frequent statements to the contrary, the designation is often regarded as an honor, and spoken of as an award or prize, simply based on many previous selections of admirable people.[3] However Time magazine points out controversial figures such as Adolf Hitler (1938), Joseph Stalin (1939 and 1942), Nikita Khrushchev (1957) and Ayatollah Khomeini (1979) have also been granted the title for their impacts.[4]

In 1999, the title was changed to Person of the Year.[5] However, the only women to specifically win the renamed recognition have been "The Whistleblowers" (Cynthia Cooper, Coleen Rowley and Sherron Watkins, in 2002) and Melinda Gates (jointly with Bill Gates and Bono, in 2005). Before that, four women were granted the title as individuals, as "Woman of the Year" – Wallis Simpson (1936), Soong May-ling (1937), Queen Elizabeth II (1952) and Corazon Aquino (1986). "American Women" were recognized as a group in 1975. Other classes of people recognized comprise both men and women, such as "Hungarian Freedom Fighters" (1956), "U.S. Scientists" (1960), "The Inheritors" (1966), "The Middle Americans" (1969), "The American Soldier" (2003), "You" (2006) and "The Protester" (2011, represented on the cover by a woman).

Since the list began, every serving President of the United States has been a Person of the Year at least once with the exceptions of Calvin Coolidge, in office at time of the first issue, Herbert Hoover, the next U.S. president, and Gerald Ford. Most were named Person of the Year either the year they were elected or while they were in office; the only one to be given the title before being elected is Dwight D. Eisenhower, in 1944 as Supreme Commander of the Allied Invasion Force, eight years before his election. He subsequently received the title again in 1959, while in office. Franklin D. Roosevelt is the only person to have received the title three times, first as President-elect (1932) and later as the incumbent President (1934 and 1941).

The last issue of 1989 named Mikhail Gorbachev as "Man of the Decade". The December 31, 1999 issue of Time named Albert Einstein the "Person of the Century". Franklin D. Roosevelt and Mahatma Gandhi were chosen as runners-up.[6]

As a result of the public backlash it received from the United States for naming the Khomeini as Man of the Year in 1979, Time has shied away from using figures that are controversial in the United States due to commercial reasons.[7][volume & issue needed] Time's Person of the Year 2001, immediately following the September 11, 2001 attacks, was New York City mayor Rudolph Giuliani, although the stated rules of selection, the individual or group of individuals who have had the biggest effect on the year's news, made Osama bin Laden a more likely choice. The issue that declared Giuliani the Person of the Year included an article that mentioned Time's earlier decision to elect the Ayatollah Khomeini and the 1999 rejection of Hitler as "Person of the Century". The article seemed to imply that Osama bin Laden was a stronger candidate than Giuliani, as Adolf Hitler was a stronger candidate than Albert Einstein. The selections were ultimately based on what the magazine describes as who they believed had a stronger influence on history and who represented either the year or the century the most. According to Time, Rudolph Giuliani was picked for symbolizing the American response to the September 11th attacks, and Albert Einstein picked for representing a century of scientific exploration and wonder.

Filmmaker Michael Moore claims that director Mel Gibson cost him the opportunity to be Person of the Year alongside Gibson in 2004. Moore's controversial political documentary Fahrenheit 9/11 became the highest-grossing documentary of all time the same year Gibson's The Passion of the Christ became a box-office success and also caused significant controversy. Moore said in an interview "I got a call right after the '04 election from an editor from Time Magazine. He said,' Time Magazine has picked you and Mel Gibson to be Time's Person of the Year to put on the cover, Right and Left, Mel and Mike. The only thing you have to do is pose for a picture with each other. And do an interview together.' I said 'OK.' They call Mel up, he agrees. They set the date and time in LA. I'm to fly there. He's flying from Australia. Something happens when he gets home... Next thing, Mel calls up and says, 'I'm not doing it. I've thought it over and it is not the right thing to do.' So they put Bush on the cover."[8]

Another controversial choice was the 2006 selection of "You", representing most if not all people for advancing the information age by using the Internet (via e.g. blogs, YouTube, MySpace and Wikipedia).[9]

The choice was criticized for being a short-sighted gimmick which ignored other newsmakers of the year. Pundit Paul Kedrosky called it an "incredible cop-out".[10]

Time Magazine held its first online poll to decide the Person of the Year in 1998. Wrestler and activist Mick Foley won with over 50% of votes. Foley was removed from the poll, and the award was given to Clinton and Starr.[11][better source needed] In 2006, the poll winner by a wide margin was Hugo Chávez, with 35% of the votes. The president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad came in second. Time again ignored those results, not mentioning them in the announcement of the Person of the Year.[12] Time continues to annually run an online poll for the "People's Choice", but stresses the decision on who the magazine recognizes is made independently of this poll by the magazine's editors.[13]

Persons of the Year[edit]

1927Charles Lindbergh and the Spirit of Saint Louis (Crisco restoration, with wings).jpgCharles Lindbergh United States1902–1974In 1927, Lindbergh became the first person to fly a plane solo non-stop across the Atlantic, from New York to Paris.

Walter P. Chrysler at White House (cropped).png

Walter Chrysler United States1875–1940In 1928, Chrysler oversaw a merger of his Chrysler Corporation with Dodge before beginning work on the Chrysler Building.
1929Owen D. Young.jpgOwen D. Young United States1874–1962Young chaired a committee which authored 1929's Young Plan, a program for settlement of German reparations after World War I.
1930Portrait Gandhi.jpgMahatma Gandhi India1869–1948Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement. In 1930, he led the Salt Satyagraha, a 240 mile march to protest the imposition of taxes on salt by the British Raj.
1931Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpgPierre Laval France1883–1945Laval was first elected Prime Minister of France in 1931.
1932Franklin D. Roosevelt TIME Man of the Year 1933 color photo.jpgFranklin D. Roosevelt United States1882–1945Roosevelt won the 1932 US Presidential election by a landslide, defeating the incumbent, Herbert Hoover.
1933Hugh S. Johnson.jpgHugh Samuel Johnson United States1882–1942In 1933, Johnson was appointed director of the National Recovery Administration, tasked by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt to bring industry, labor and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices.
1934FDR in 1933.jpgFranklin D. Roosevelt United States1882–1945Roosevelt was President of the United States from 1933–1945.
1935Selassie restored.jpgHaile Selassie I Ethiopia1892–1975Selassie was Emperor of Ethiopia in 1935, when Italian forces invaded Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
1936Wallis Simpson -1936.JPGWallis Simpson United States1896–1986In 1936, Simpson's relationship with King Edward VIII led the king to abdicate his thrones in order to marry her.
1937Chiang Kai-shek(蔣中正).jpgChiang Kai-shek China1887–1975Chiang was Premier of the Republic of China at the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937.
Songmayling.jpgSoong May-ling China1898–2003Soong was wife of Chiang Kai-shek from 1927 until his death in 1975.
1938Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler (cropped).jpgAdolf Hitler Germany1889–1945As German Chancellor, Hitler oversaw the unification of Germany with Austria and the Sudetenland in 1938, after the Anschluss and Munich Agreement respectively.
1939CroppedStalin1943.jpgJoseph Stalin Soviet Union1878–1953In 1939, Stalin was General Secretary of the Communist Party and de facto leader of the Soviet Union. He oversaw the signing of a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany before invading eastern Poland.
1940Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpgWinston Churchill United Kingdom1874–1965Churchill was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the 1940 Dunkirk evacuation and the Battle of Britain.
1941Franklin Roosevelt signing declaration of war against Japan.jpgFranklin D. Roosevelt United States1882–1945Roosevelt was President of the United States in 1941 during the attack on Pearl Harbor, declaration of war against Japan and resulting entry of the United States into World War II.
1942JStalin Secretary general CCCP 1942.jpgJoseph Stalin Soviet Union1878–1953By 1942, Stalin was Premier of the Soviet Union, overseeing the Battle of Stalingrad (1942–1943).
1943General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEGGeorge Marshall United States1880–1959As United States Army Chief of Staff in 1943, General Marshall was instrumental in organizing US actions in World War II.
1944General Dwight D. Eisenhower.jpgDwight D. Eisenhower United States1890–1969General Eisenhower was Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during 1944's Operation Overlord.
1945Harry S. Truman.jpgHarry S. Truman United States1884–1972Truman became President of the United States after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945, authorizing the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1946James Francis Byrnes, at his desk, 1943.jpgJames F. Byrnes United States1879–1972In 1946, Byrnes was United States Secretary of State during the Iran crisis of 1946, taking an increasingly hardline position in opposition to Stalin. His speech, "Restatement of Policy on Germany", set the tone of future US policy, repudiating the Morgenthau Plan economic policies and giving Germans hope for the future.
1947General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEGGeorge Marshall United States1880–1959Appointed United States Secretary of State in 1947, Marshall was the architect of the Marshall Plan.
1948Truman initiating Korean involvement.jpgHarry S. Truman United States1884–1972Truman was elected in his own right as President of the United States in 1948, considered to be the greatest election upset in American history.[14][15][16]
1949Sir Winston S Churchill.jpgWinston Churchill United Kingdom1874–1965Proclaimed as the "Man of the half-century", by 1949 Churchill was Leader of the Opposition.
1950The American fighting-man United StatesRepresenting U.S. troops involved in the Korean War (1950–1953).
1951Mossadegh US04.jpgMohammad Mossadegh Iran1882–1967In 1951, Mossadegh was elected as Prime Minister of Iran, responsible for the Abadan Crisis
1952Elizabeth and Philip 1953.jpgElizabeth IICommonwealth realms[n 1]1926–In 1952, Elizabeth acceded to the thrones of Australia, Canada, Ceylon, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, and the United Kingdom following the death of her father, King George VI
1953Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078072-0004, Konrad Adenauer.jpgKonrad Adenauer West Germany1876–1967In 1953, Adenauer was re-elected as Chancellor of Germany.
1954JohnFosterDulles.jpegJohn Foster Dulles United States1888–1959As United States Secretary of State in 1954, Dulles was architect of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.
1955Harlow Curtice.jpgHarlow Curtice United States1893–1962Curtice was President of General Motors (GM) from 1953–1958. In 1955, GM sold five million vehicles and became the first corporation to earn US$1 billion in a single year.[17]
1956The Hungarian freedom fighter HungaryRepresenting Hungarian revolutionaries involved in the failed 1956 uprising.
1957Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruschtschow.jpgNikita Khrushchev Soviet Union1894–1971In 1957, Krushchev consolidated his leadership of the Soviet Union, surviving a plot to dismiss him by members of the Presidium, and leading the Soviet Union into the Space Race with the launch of Sputnik 1.
1958Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F010324-0002, Flughafen Köln-Bonn, Adenauer, de Gaulle-cropped.jpgCharles de Gaulle France1890–1970De Gaulle was appointed Prime Minister of France in May 1958 and, following the collapse of the Fourth Republic and establishment of the Fifth Republic, was then elected President of France in December.
1959Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959.jpgDwight D. Eisenhower United States1890–1969Eisenhower was President of the United States from 1953–1961.
1960U.S. Scientists United StatesRepresented by George Beadle, Charles Draper, John Enders, Donald A. Glaser, Joshua Lederberg, Willard Libby, Linus Pauling, Edward Purcell, Isidor Rabi, Emilio Segrè, William Shockley, Edward Teller, Charles Townes, James Van Allen and Robert Woodward.
1961John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpgJohn F. Kennedy United States1917–1963Kennedy was inaugurated as President of the United States in 1961, ordering the failed invasion of Cuba by U.S.-trained Cuban exiles.
1962Pope John XXIII - 1959.jpgPope John XXIII  Vatican City
1881–1963John XXIII was head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1958–1963. In 1962, he volunteered as a mediator in the Cuban Missile Crisis, gaining praise from both sides.
1963Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpgMartin Luther King, Jr. United States1929–1968An African-American civil rights leader, King delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech in 1963.
196437 Lbj2 3x4.jpgLyndon B. Johnson United States1908–1973Johnson was elected in his own right as President of the United States in 1964, before securing the passage of the Civil Rights Act, declaring a War on Poverty and escalating U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
1965Gen William C Westmoreland.jpgWilliam Westmoreland United States1914–2005General Westmoreland was commander of U.S. forces in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
1966The InheritorRepresenting a generation of American men and women, aged 25 and under.
196737 Lbj2 3x4.jpgLyndon B. Johnson United States1908–1973Johnson was President of the United States from 1963–1969.
1968Apollo 8 Crewmembers - GPN-2000-001125.jpgThe Apollo 8 astronauts United StatesIn 1968, the crew of Apollo 8 (William Anders, Frank Borman and Jim Lovell) became the first humans to travel beyond low Earth orbit, orbiting the Moon and paving the way for the first manned Moon landings in 1969.
1969The Middle Americans United StatesAlso referred to as the Silent Majority[18]
1970Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpgWilly Brandt West Germany1913–1992As Chancellor of Germany, Brandt was acknowledged for "seeking to bring about a fresh relationship between East and West" through his "bold approach to the Soviet Union and the East Bloc".[19]
1971Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpgRichard Nixon United States1913–1994Nixon was President of the United States from 1969–1974.
1972Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpgRichard Nixon United States1913–1994As President of the United States, Nixon visited China in 1972, the first U.S. President to do so. Nixon later secured the SALT I pact with the Soviet Union before being re-elected in one of the largest landslide election victories in American history
Henry Kissinger.jpgHenry Kissinger United States1923–Kissinger, as Nixon's National Security Advisor, travelled with the President to China in 1972.
1973John Sirica United States1904–1992In 1973, as Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Sirica ordered President Nixon to turn over Watergate-related recordings of White House conversations.
1974King Faisal of Saudi Arabia on on arrival ceremony welcoming 05-27-1971 (cropped).jpgKing Faisal Saudi Arabia1906–1975Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia, was acknowledged in the wake of the oil crisis of 1973–1974, caused by Saudi Arabia withdrawing its oil from world markets in protest at Western support for Israel during the 1973 Arab-Israeli War.
1975American women United StatesRepresented by Susan Brownmiller, Kathleen Byerly, Alison Cheek, Jill Conway, Betty Ford, Ella Grasso, Carla Hills, Barbara Jordan, Billie Jean King, Carol Sutton, Susie Sharp, and Addie Wyatt.
1976JimmyCarterPortrait2.jpgJimmy Carter United States1924–In 1976, Carter was elected President of the United States.
1977Anwar Sadat cropped.jpgAnwar Sadat Egypt1918–1981Sadat, as President of Egypt, traveled to Israel in 1977—the first Arab leader to do so—to discuss normalization of Egypt-Israel relations.
1978DengXiaoping.jpgDeng Xiaoping China1904–1997Deng overthrew Hua Guofeng to assume de facto control over China in 1978, as Paramount Leader.
1979Khomeini portrait.jpgAyatollah Khomeini Iran1902–1989Khomeini led the 1979 Iranian Revolution, establishing himself as Supreme Leader.
1980Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpgRonald Reagan United States1911–2004Reagan was elected President of the United States in 1980.
1981Lech walesa prezydent RP.gifLech Wałęsa Poland1943–Leader of the Polish Solidarity trade union and architect of the Gdańsk Agreement until his arrest and the imposition of martial law in December 1981.
1982The ComputerMachine of the Year
1983Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpgRonald Reagan United States1911–2004In 1983, as President of the United States, Reagan ordered the Invasion of Grenada and championed the Strategic Defense Initiative.
Andropov on Lubyanka.jpgYuri Andropov Soviet Union1914–1984Andropov, as Soviet leader, was a strong critic of the Strategic Defense Initiative. Andropov was hospitalized in August 1983 and died in 1984.
1984Peter Ueberroth.jpgPeter Ueberroth United States1937–Ueberroth orchestrated the organization of the 1984 Summer Olympics, which involved a Soviet-led boycott.
1985DengXiaoping.jpgDeng Xiaoping China1904–1997As Paramount Leader of China, Deng was acknowledged for "sweeping economic reforms that have challenged Marxist orthodoxies".[20]
1986Corazon Aquino 1986.jpgCorazon C. Aquino Philippines1933–2009Aquino was a prominent figure in 1986's People Power Revolution, being elected President of the Philippines.
1987RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpgMikhail Gorbachev Soviet Union1931–As leader of the Soviet Union, Gorbachev oversaw Perestroika political reforms in 1987.
1988Earth Eastern Hemisphere.jpgThe Endangered EarthPlanet of the Year
1989RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpgMikhail Gorbachev Soviet Union1931–Acknowledged as "Man of the Decade". Gorbachev, as Soviet leader, oversaw 1989's first free Soviet elections before the fragmentation of the Eastern Bloc.
1990George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpgGeorge H. W. Bush United States1924–As President of the United States, Bush oversaw U.S. involvement in the Gulf War (1990–1991).
1991Ted Turner LF.JPGTed Turner United States1938–Founder of CNN.
1992Bill Clinton.jpgBill Clinton United States1946–Clinton was elected President of the United States in 1992.
1993The PeacemakersState of Palestine Palestinian Authority
 South Africa
Represented by Yasser Arafat, F.W. de Klerk, Nelson Mandela, and Yitzhak Rabin.
De Klerk, as State President of South Africa, oversaw Mandela's release from prison in 1990. The pair worked together to end the Apartheid system.
Arafat, as President of the Palestinian National Authority, and Rabin, as Prime Minister of Israel, signed the 1993 Oslo Accord, the first face-to-face agreement between Palestinian and Israeli authorities.
1994JohannesPaul2-portrait.jpgPope John Paul II  Vatican City
1920–2005Head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1978–2005.
1995NewtGingrich.jpgNewt Gingrich United States1943–Leader of the "Republican Revolution", a successful Republican party election landslide. Gingrich was elected Speaker of the House as a result.
1996David Ho portrait.JPGDavid Ho Taiwan
 United States
1952–Ho, a scientist, pioneered much AIDS research.
1997Andrew Grove.jpgAndrew Grove Hungary
 United States
1936–In 1997, Grove was Chairman and CEO of Intel, recognized as a pioneer in the semiconductor industry.
1998Bill Clinton.jpgBill Clinton United States1946–As President of the United States, Clinton was impeached in 1998 following the Lewinsky scandal.
Starr-large (1).jpgKen Starr United States1946–Starr, a lawyer investigating various figures within the Clinton administration, published his Starr Report in 1998, opening the door for the impeachment of Bill Clinton.
1999Jeff Bezos' iconic laugh.jpgJeffrey P. Bezos United States1964–Bezos is founder and CEO of Amazon.com.
2000George-W-Bush.jpegGeorge W. Bush United States1946–In 2000, Bush was elected President of the United States.
2001Rudy Giuliani.jpgRudolph Giuliani United States1944–Giuliani was Mayor of New York City at the time of the September 11 attacks in 2001.
2002The Whistleblowers United StatesRepresented by Cynthia Cooper, Coleen Rowley and Sherron Watkins.
In 2001, Watkins uncovered accounting irregularities in the financial reports of Enron, testifying before Congressional committees the following year. In 2002, Cooper exposed a $3.8 billion fraud at WorldCom. At the time, this was the largest incident of accounting fraud in U.S. history. In 2002, Rowley, an FBI agent, gave testimony about the FBI's mishandling of information related to the September 11 attacks of 2001.
2003The American soldier United StatesRepresenting U.S. forces around the world, especially in the Iraq War (2003–2011).
2004George-W-Bush.jpegGeorge W. Bush United States1946–In 2004, Bush was re-elected President of the United States, overseeing U.S. involvement in the Iraq War.
2005The Good Samaritans Ireland
 United States
Represented by Bono, Bill Gates, and Melinda Gates.
Bono, philanthropist and member of the rock band U2, helped to organise the 2005 Live 8 concerts. Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and then-richest person in the world, and his wife Melinda, founded the philanthropic Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
2006You[9]Represented by the individual content creator on the World Wide Web.
2007Vladimir Putin official portrait.jpgVladimir Putin[21] Russia1952–In 2007, Putin was serving as President of Russia.
2008Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpgBarack Obama[22] United States1961–In 2008, Obama was elected President of the United States, becoming the first African-American U.S. President.
2009Ben Bernanke official portrait.jpgBen Bernanke[23] United States1953–Chairman of the Federal Reserve during the Financial crisis of 2007–2008.
2010Mark Zuckerberg at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 037.jpgMark Zuckerberg[24] United States1984–Founder of social-networking website Facebook.
2011The Protester[25]Representing many global protest movements – for example, the Arab Spring, the Indignants Movement, Tea Party movement and Occupy Movement – as well as protests in Greece, India, Russia and Chile among others.
2012President Barack Obama.jpgBarack Obama[26] United States1961–In 2012, Obama was re-elected President of the United States.
2013Pope Francis in March 2013 (cropped).jpgPope Francis[27]  Vatican City
1936–Elected head of the Roman Catholic Church in 2013, following the resignation of Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ No single flag is presented for Elizabeth II as she was in 1952 the sovereign of more than one independent state, specifically the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ceylon, Pakistan, and South Africa
  1. ^ Person of the Year: 75th Anniversary Celebration (Special Collector's Edition ed.). New York: Time Books. 2002. OCLC 52817840. 
  2. ^ Time (2002) p. 1.[volume & issue needed]
  3. ^ Time (2002) pp. 2, 79.
  4. ^ "Person of the Year: A Photo History - Notorious Leaders: Controversial Choices". Time. 2006-12-16. Retrieved 2013-09-27. 
  5. ^ First "Person" of the Year (rather than "Man" of the Year) is Jeff Bezos of Amazon.com.
  6. ^ Golden, Frederic (January 3, 2000). "Person of the Century: Albert Einstein". Time. Retrieved 2008-02-13. 
  7. ^ Time (2002) p. 79.[volume & issue needed]
  8. ^ "Michael Moore Defends Cruise, Slags Gibson". Infectious Greed. 16 September 2006. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  9. ^ a b Lev Grossman (13 December 2006). "You — Yes, You — Are TIME's Person of the Year". Time. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  10. ^ Paul Kedrosky (16 December 2006). "I Call "Market Top" on "You"". Infectious Greed. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  11. ^ Mick Foley Cactus Jack Pro Wrestling Legend Media Man International
  12. ^ "Chavez wins "Person of the Year" poll ... Time magazine ignores result". Hands Off Venezuela. 18 December 2006. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 
  13. ^ Stacey Leasca (19 December 2012). "Time's 'Person of the Year' is Barack Obama". Global Post. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  14. ^ American Experience. "General Article: Presidential Politics". pbs.org. 
  15. ^ Susan Rosegrant (April 18, 2012). University of Michigan, ed. "ISR and the Truman/Dewey upset". isr.umich.edu. 
  16. ^ Ben Cosgrove (2012-10-21). "BEHIND THE PICTURE: ‘DEWEY DEFEATS TRUMAN’". TIME Magazine. 
  17. ^ "Harlow H. Curtice is dead at 69". The New York Times. 4 November 1962. Retrieved 2009-10-06.  (fee for article)
  18. ^ Larsen, Roy (January 5, 1970). "A Letter From The Publisher". Time. 
  19. ^ "Willy Brandt", Time Magazine, 4 January 1971, online archive. Retrieved 11 July 2007
  20. ^ Jennings Parrott (December 30, 1985). "Time Picks China's Deng Xiaoping as Man of the Year". Los Angeles Times. 
  21. ^ "Person of the Year 2007". Time. 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  22. ^ "Person of the Year 2008". Time. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  23. ^ Grunwald, Michael (16 December 2009). "Person of the Year 2009". Time. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  24. ^ Grossman, Lev (15 December 2010). "Person of the Year 2010". Time. Retrieved 15 December 2010. 
  25. ^ Grunwald, Michael (14 December 2011). "Person of the Year 2011". Time. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  26. ^ "Person of the Year 2012". Time. 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  27. ^ "Pope Francis, The People’s Pope". Time. 2013-12-11. Retrieved 2013-12-11. 

External links[edit]