Tillamook, Oregon

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Tillamook, Oregon
—  City  —
Aerial view of Tillamook
Nickname(s): Land of Many Waters; Land of Cheese, Trees, and Ocean Breeze
Motto: "Gateway to the Oregon Coast"
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°27′19″N 123°50′33″W / 45.45528°N 123.8425°W / 45.45528; -123.8425Coordinates: 45°27′19″N 123°50′33″W / 45.45528°N 123.8425°W / 45.45528; -123.8425
Country WP:USCITYUnited States
StateOregon
CountyTillamook
Incorporated1891
Government
 • MayorSuzanne Weber
Area
 • Total1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Land1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation24 ft (7.3 m)
Population (2006)
 • Total4,675
 • Density2,818.8/sq mi (1,091.1/km2)
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code97141
Area code(s)503
FIPS code41-73700[1]
GNIS feature ID1151220[2]
Websitewww.tillamookor.gov
 
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Tillamook, Oregon
—  City  —
Aerial view of Tillamook
Nickname(s): Land of Many Waters; Land of Cheese, Trees, and Ocean Breeze
Motto: "Gateway to the Oregon Coast"
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°27′19″N 123°50′33″W / 45.45528°N 123.8425°W / 45.45528; -123.8425Coordinates: 45°27′19″N 123°50′33″W / 45.45528°N 123.8425°W / 45.45528; -123.8425
Country WP:USCITYUnited States
StateOregon
CountyTillamook
Incorporated1891
Government
 • MayorSuzanne Weber
Area
 • Total1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Land1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation24 ft (7.3 m)
Population (2006)
 • Total4,675
 • Density2,818.8/sq mi (1,091.1/km2)
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code97141
Area code(s)503
FIPS code41-73700[1]
GNIS feature ID1151220[2]
Websitewww.tillamookor.gov

The city of Tillamook play /ˈtɪləmʊk/ is the county seat of Tillamook County, Oregon, United States. The city is located on the southeast end of Tillamook Bay on the Pacific Ocean. The population was 4,352 at the 2000 census. The 2006 estimate is 4,675 residents.[3]

Contents

History

The city is named for the Tillamook people, a Native American tribe speaking a Salishan language who lived in this area until the early nineteenth century.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,352 people, 1,758 households, and 1,105 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,818.8 people per square mile (1,091.1/km²). There were 1,898 housing units at an average density of 1,229.3 per square mile (475.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.56% White, 0.16% African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.42% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.12% of the population.

There were 1,758 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population dispersal was 29.2% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,875, and the median income for a family was $36,351. Males had a median income of $28,458 versus $20,801 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,160. About 11.8% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Historically, the Tillamook economy has been based primarily on dairy farms. The farmland surrounding the city is used for grazing the milk cattle that supply the Tillamook County Creamery Association's production of cheese, particularly cheddar, gourmet ice cream and yogurt, and other dairy products. Approximately one million people visit the cheese factory (located north of Tillamook on Highway 101) each year.[4]

There is also a large lumber industry that is experiencing a comeback from the replanting that followed the famous Tillamook Burn forest fires of the mid-20th century. Burned remains of some of the trees can still be found in the forests surrounding Tillamook.

Tillamook also serves tourists on their way to the ocean beaches and as a location for second homes.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all of it land.[5] The Tillamook area is also home to five rivers, the Tillamook, Trask, Wilson, Kilchis, and the Miami just north of the city.

Climate

Tillamook has a typical Pacific Northwest climate, receiving rainy winters and warm summers. Every winter residents prepare for the rain and storms, which almost every year flood the dairy fields and downtown.

Climate data for Tillamook, Oregon
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)51.2
(10.7)
53.3
(11.8)
55.2
(12.9)
57.7
(14.3)
61.2
(16.2)
64.4
(18.0)
67.5
(19.7)
68.7
(20.4)
68.3
(20.2)
62.2
(16.8)
54.8
(12.7)
50.1
(10.1)
59.6
(15.3)
Daily mean °F (°C)44.3
(6.8)
45.0
(7.2)
46.7
(8.2)
48.8
(9.3)
52.5
(11.4)
56.0
(13.3)
58.8
(14.9)
59.3
(15.2)
57.4
(14.1)
52.4
(11.3)
47.2
(8.4)
43.2
(6.2)
51.0
(10.6)
Average low °F (°C)37.4
(3.0)
36.8
(2.7)
38.1
(3.4)
40.0
(4.4)
43.7
(6.5)
47.6
(8.7)
50.1
(10.1)
50.0
(10.0)
46.5
(8.1)
42.7
(5.9)
39.6
(4.2)
36.2
(2.3)
42.4
(5.8)
Precipitation inches (mm)13.52
(343.4)
9.69
(246.1)
9.74
(247.4)
7.12
(180.8)
4.77
(121.2)
3.57
(90.7)
1.35
(34.3)
1.33
(33.8)
3.00
(76.2)
6.93
(176)
13.84
(351.5)
13.08
(332.2)
87.94
(2,233.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in.)22.818.321.718.715.912.37.06.59.816.022.722.0193.8
Source: NOAA [6]

Arts and culture

Museums and other points of interest

The Tillamook Air Museum, featuring over 30 combat aircraft, is located just south of the city. It is housed in a former hangar built for blimps during World War II, as part of the Naval Air Station Tillamook. The hangar is now leased by the American Blimp Corporation. The sister hangar was destroyed by fire in 1992. The hangars were built with old-growth trees and one can see the huge seamless beams inside the buildings.

Tillamook Cheese Factory

Tillamook Creamery and Museum
Inside the Tillamook Cheese Factory
Tillamook plant small cheese block processing lines

The Tillamook Cheese Factory, located at 4185 U.S. 101 North in Tillamook, Oregon, is the Tillamook County Creamery Association's original cheese production facility. The Tillamook Cheese Factory also serves as a Visitor Center and hosts over 1 million tourists each year. Visitors can learn about the cheesemaking process, cheese packaging process, and the ice cream-making process from a viewing gallery over the main production floor. Tours are self-guided and self-paced, and are augmented by video presentations and interactive kiosks.[7] Tours inside the actual cheese processing area of the plant were discontinued in 1967 due to health and safety regulations.[8]

Media

The city's weekly newspaper is the Headlight-Herald.

Transportation

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ PSU:Population Research Center
  4. ^ "Oregon Travel News". Oregon Tourism Commission. March 2003. p. 7. Archived from the original on March 14, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060314065241/http://otc.traveloregon.com/factsfigs/0303_TravelNews.pdf. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.nws.noaa.gov/climate/xmacis.php?wfo=pqr. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  7. ^ Catherine Crawford. "Savoring Tillamook’s Cheese and Coastal Beauty". 52perfectdays.com. http://www.52perfectdays.com/articles/savoring-tillamooks-cheese-and-coastal-beauty. 
  8. ^ http://www.tillamookcheese.com/FAQS/Visitors_Center.aspx
  9. ^ "Biography". Bridget Marquardt Blog. BridgetMarquardt .com. http://bridgetmarquardt.com/blog/biography/. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  10. ^ Ho, Sally (July 13, 2008). "Babies stole the show at county fair". Statesman Journal (Salem, Oregon): p. C1. "Actor Jacob Young served as the sole male judge, among five female judges. After the contest, Young spoke to a crowd of 100 about growing up in the Northwest in Tillamook, and playing J.R. Chandler on the soap opera All My Children." 

External links