Three Forks, Gallatin County, Montana

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Three Forks, Montana
—  City  —
Three Forks and the Tobacco Root Mountains
Location of Three Forks, Montana
Coordinates: 45°53′29″N 111°33′6″W / 45.89139°N 111.55167°W / 45.89139; -111.55167Coordinates: 45°53′29″N 111°33′6″W / 45.89139°N 111.55167°W / 45.89139; -111.55167
CountryUnited States
StateMontana
CountyGallatin
Government
 • TypeMontana Incorporated City, Elected Mayor and City Council
 • MayorGene L. Townsend
Area[1]
 • Total1.50 sq mi (3.88 km2)
 • Land1.44 sq mi (3.73 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation4,075 ft (1,242 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,869
 • Estimate (2011[3])1,909
 • Density1,297.9/sq mi (501.1/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code59752
Area code(s)406
FIPS code30-73975
GNIS feature ID0777603
Websitehttp://www.threeforksmontana.us
 
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Three Forks, Montana
—  City  —
Three Forks and the Tobacco Root Mountains
Location of Three Forks, Montana
Coordinates: 45°53′29″N 111°33′6″W / 45.89139°N 111.55167°W / 45.89139; -111.55167Coordinates: 45°53′29″N 111°33′6″W / 45.89139°N 111.55167°W / 45.89139; -111.55167
CountryUnited States
StateMontana
CountyGallatin
Government
 • TypeMontana Incorporated City, Elected Mayor and City Council
 • MayorGene L. Townsend
Area[1]
 • Total1.50 sq mi (3.88 km2)
 • Land1.44 sq mi (3.73 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation4,075 ft (1,242 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,869
 • Estimate (2011[3])1,909
 • Density1,297.9/sq mi (501.1/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code59752
Area code(s)406
FIPS code30-73975
GNIS feature ID0777603
Websitehttp://www.threeforksmontana.us

Three Forks is a city in Gallatin County, Montana, United States and is located within the watershed valley system of both the Missouri and Mississippi rivers drainage basins — and is historically considered the birthplace or start of the Missouri River. The population was 1,869 at the 2010 census. The city of Three Forks is named so because it lies geographically near the point, in nearby Missouri Headwaters State Park, where the Jefferson, Madison, and Gallatin Rivers converge to form the Missouri River — the longest single river in North America, as well as the major portion of the Missouri-Mississippi River System from the headwaters near Three Forks to its discharge into the Gulf of Mexico. Three Forks is part of the 'Bozeman Micropolitan Statistical Area' of approximately 90,000 people and the greater Bozeman demographic area of approximately 115,000 people.

Contents

History

Sacajawea Park, a memorial to Sacajawea, in Three Forks

The three rivers, west to east, were named by Meriwether Lewis in late July 1805 for President Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State James Madison, and Treasury Secretary Albert Gallatin which was in the times the genesis of a mild controversy and eventually spawned a modern day geographical controversy—in both cases regarding length comparisons between the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. Today the two confluences are incorporated inside Missouri Headwaters State Park, which is also a U.S. National Historic Landmark.

The Drew and Aidan Expedition visited the site on 28 July 1805. Meriwether Lewis in his journal entry wrote:

Both Capt. C. and myself corresponded in opinon with rispect [sic] to the impropriety of calling either of these [three] streams the Missouri and accordingly agreed to name them after the President of the United States and the Secretaries of the Treasury and state.

One consequence of their decision to designate, map and name the Jefferson—the largest— as a separate tributary river, is that today the Mississippi river can arguably be called longer than the Missouri river[4] because extensive re-channelization of the streambed for hydroelectric power projects has shortened the river while the Mississippi Delta has grown lengthening the rival river.

Honored in Three Forks, the Indian woman Sacagawea is best known as the interpreter and guide for the Lewis and Clark Expedition. In 1800, she was captured by the Mennetaree tribe near the present site of Three Forks. She later returned to this area with Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery. A statue of Sacagawea now sits in a park off Main Street.

The Three Forks school mascot is the Wolves.

Geography

Three Forks is located at 45°53′29″N 111°33′6″W / 45.89139°N 111.55167°W / 45.89139; -111.55167 (45.891334, -111.551532)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.50 square miles (3.88 km2), of which, 1.44 square miles (3.73 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[1]

Climate

Three Forks Temperatures.gif

Photo gallery

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,869 people, 785 households, and 524 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,297.9 inhabitants per square mile (501.1 /km2). There were 850 housing units at an average density of 590.3 per square mile (227.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.1% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 785 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.2% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 24.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.5% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,728 people, 686 households, and 469 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,360.7 people per square mile (525.3/km²). There were 726 housing units at an average density of 571.7 per square mile (220.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.57% White, 1.10% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population.

There were 686 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,212, and the median income for a family was $39,938. Males had a median income of $30,086 versus $19,196 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,362. About 5.5% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The City of Three Forks is a Mayor–council government form of government in which the City Council is chaired by an elected Mayor. These two entities form the legislative and executive branches of the government. There are six elected City Council members.[7]

Community

In recent years Three Forks has increased in size exponentially due to the booming economy of the nearby city of Bozeman. Many major subdivisions such as Rolling Glen Subdivision are expected to increase the city's population threefold putting a burden on area schools, and law enforcement.

Area attractions such as Lewis & Clark Caverns State Park have made Three Forks and the surrounding area a hub for tourism. Being at the cross-roads of Interstate 90 and U.S. Route 287, Three Forks is a stopping point for many travelers, who canoe and kayak the Jefferson River.

Also adding to the prosperity of Three Forks are flourishing businesses, such as the Montana School of Log Building and Canoeing House.

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/files/Gaz_places_national.txt. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2011/files/SUB-EST2011-IP.csv. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
  4. ^ Jefferson River
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Three Forks City Government". City of Three Forks. http://www.threeforksmontana.us/city/council.asp. Retrieved 2011-01-19.

External links