Thomas A. Bailey

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Thomas A. Bailey
BornThomas Andrew Bailey
(1902-12-14)December 14, 1902
near San Jose, California, U.S.
DiedJuly 26, 1983(1983-07-26) (aged 80)
Menlo Park, California, United States
Doctoral advisorEdgar Eugene Robinson
Other academic advisorsHerbert E. Bolton[1]
Doctoral studentsRaymond G. O'Connor, Betty Miller Unterberger, Alexander DeConde
 
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Thomas A. Bailey
BornThomas Andrew Bailey
(1902-12-14)December 14, 1902
near San Jose, California, U.S.
DiedJuly 26, 1983(1983-07-26) (aged 80)
Menlo Park, California, United States
Doctoral advisorEdgar Eugene Robinson
Other academic advisorsHerbert E. Bolton[1]
Doctoral studentsRaymond G. O'Connor, Betty Miller Unterberger, Alexander DeConde

Thomas Andrew Bailey (December 14, 1902 – July 26, 1983) was a professor of history at his alma mater, Stanford University, and authored many historical monographs on diplomatic history, including the widely used American history textbook, The American Pageant.[2] He was known for his witty style and clever terms he coined, such as "International Gangsterism." He popularized diplomatic history with his entertaining textbooks and lectures, the presentation style of which followed Ephraim D. Adams.[3] Bailey contended foreign policy was significantly affected by public opinion, and that current policymakers could learn from history.

Biography[edit]

Bailey received his B.A. (1924), M.A. (1925), and Ph.D (1927) from Stanford University, where was also elected to Phi Beta Kappa. His doctoral work was in U.S. political history, and switched his emphasis towards diplomatic history while teaching at the University of Hawaii.[4] Aside from this three-year stint at Hawaii, he taught American history for nearly 40 years at Stanford and also served as a visiting professor at Harvard, Cornell, the University of Washington, and the National War College in Washington, D.C. He retired in 1968.

Bailey authored a number of articles in the 1930s that indicated the historical techniques that Bailey would use throughout his career. While not groundbreaking, they remain noteworthy for the care with which Bailey systematically overturned received myths about U.S. diplomatic history by a careful reexamination of the underlying sources.[5] His first book was a study of the diplomatic crisis between the United States and Japan during the Theodore Roosevelt administration over racial issues.[6] He delivered the Albert Shaw Lectures on Diplomatic History at Johns Hopkins on the Wilson administration's policy towards neutrals in 1917-1918, later published in 1942.[7] While the theme of the impact of public opinion on the making of foreign policy was a theme through most of his works, he laid it out most clearly in The Man in the Street, published in 1948.

He trained more than twenty doctoral students in his career.[8] One of Bailey's students from the 1940s, Betty Miller Unterberger, was elected president of the SHAFR in 1986, the first woman in the position at a time when the organization was 99 percent male. It was Bailey who introduced Unterberger to the subject of one of her prime interests, the Russian Civil War between 1918 and 1920.[9]

He was married to Sylvia Dean, daughter of a former Stanford University president.

Honors and awards[edit]

In 1960 he served as president of the Pacific Coast Branch of the American Historical Association. In 1968, he was elected to the presidencies of both the Organization of American Historians and the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations. The Commonwealth Club awarded him gold medals in 1940 for his Diplomatic History of the American People and 1944 for his Woodrow Wilson and the Lost Peace.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lester D. Langley, "The Diplomatic Historians: Bailey and Bemis," The History Teacher, Vol. 6, No. 1 (November 1972): 52.
  2. ^ http://histsoc.stanford.edu/pdfmem/BaileyT.pdf
  3. ^ DeConde, Alexander, "Thomas A. Bailey: Teacher, Scholar, Popularizer," Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 56, No. 2 (May 1987): 166
  4. ^ DeConde, "Thomas A. Bailey," 174.
  5. ^ Langley, "The Diplomatic Historians," p. 52-54.
  6. ^ Bailey, Theodore Roosevelt and the Japanese-American Crisis: An Account of the International Complications Arising from the Race Problems on the Pacific Coast (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1934).
  7. ^ Bailey, The Policy of the United States Toward the Neutrals, 1917-1918 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1942)
  8. ^ Alexander DeConde, "Thomas A. Bailey: Teacher, Scholar, Popularizer," Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 56, No. 2 (May 1987): 161-193.
  9. ^ "Lee W. Formwalt, "From Scotland to India: A Conversation with American Historian Betty Unterberger." August 2005". oah.org. Retrieved October 23, 2010. 
  10. ^ Commonwealth Club list of California Book Award winners, 1931-2006, http://www.commonwealthclub.org/events/special-events/california-book-awards

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]