The Wind Rises

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Kaze Tachinu
(The Wind Rises)
Kaze Tachinu poster.jpg
Japanese theatrical poster
Directed byHayao Miyazaki
Produced byToshio Suzuki
Written byHayao Miyazaki
Based onKaze Tachinu 
by Hayao Miyazaki
StarringHideaki Anno
Miori Takimoto
Hidetoshi Nishijima
Masahiko Nishimura
Steve Alpert
Morio Kazama
Keiko Takeshita
Mirai Shida
Jun Kunimura
Shinobu Otake
Nomura Mansai
Music byJoe Hisaishi
CinematographyAtsushi Okui
Edited byTakeshi Seyama
Production
company
Distributed byToho (Japan)
Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures

(North America)
Release dates
  • July 20, 2013 (2013-07-20)
Running time126 minutes[1]
CountryJapan
LanguageJapanese
Budget$30 million[2]
Box office$134,965,832[3][4]
 
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Kaze Tachinu
(The Wind Rises)
Kaze Tachinu poster.jpg
Japanese theatrical poster
Directed byHayao Miyazaki
Produced byToshio Suzuki
Written byHayao Miyazaki
Based onKaze Tachinu 
by Hayao Miyazaki
StarringHideaki Anno
Miori Takimoto
Hidetoshi Nishijima
Masahiko Nishimura
Steve Alpert
Morio Kazama
Keiko Takeshita
Mirai Shida
Jun Kunimura
Shinobu Otake
Nomura Mansai
Music byJoe Hisaishi
CinematographyAtsushi Okui
Edited byTakeshi Seyama
Production
company
Distributed byToho (Japan)
Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures

(North America)
Release dates
  • July 20, 2013 (2013-07-20)
Running time126 minutes[1]
CountryJapan
LanguageJapanese
Budget$30 million[2]
Box office$134,965,832[3][4]

The Wind Rises (風立ちぬ Kaze Tachinu?) is a 2013 Japanese animated historical drama film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki and animated by Studio Ghibli. It was released by Toho on July 20, 2013 in Japan, and by Touchstone Pictures in North America on February 21, 2014[5][6] and the UK on May 9, 2014.

The Wind Rises is a fictionalized biography of Jiro Horikoshi (1903–1982), designer of the Mitsubishi A5M and its successor, the Mitsubishi A6M Zero; both aircraft were used by the Empire of Japan during World War II. The film is adapted from Miyazaki's manga of the same name, which was in turn loosely based on the 1937 short story The Wind Has Risen by Tatsuo Hori.[7] It was the final film directed by Miyazaki before his retirement in September 2013.[8]

The Wind Rises was the highest-grossing Japanese film in Japan in 2013 and received critical acclaim. It won and was nominated for several awards, including nominations for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film, and the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year.

Plot[edit]

In Japan 1918, Jiro Horikoshi, a young boy living in a provincial town, dreams of being a fighter pilot, but his poor eyesight forbids it. After he reads an aviation magazine, Jiro dreams he meets the famous Italian aircraft designer Giovanni Battista Caproni, who tells him that building planes is better than flying them.

Five years later, Jiro is traveling to Tokyo by train to study engineering. He meets a young girl named Nahoko traveling with her maid; when the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 hits, Nahoko's maid breaks her leg, and Jiro carries her to Nahoko's family. He leaves without giving his name.

Jiro graduates in 1927 and begins work at aircraft manufacturer Mitsubishi, assigned to a fighter design team. He is sent to Germany to carry out technical research and obtain a production license for a Junkers aircraft. He argues with German soldiers and witnesses a night raid by the Gestapo. He dreams again of Caproni, who tells him that the world is better for the beauty of planes, even if humankind might put them to ugly purposes.

In 1932, Jiro is promoted to chief designer for a fighter plane competition sponsored by the Navy, which ends in failure. Disappointed, Jiro visits a summer resort where he meets Nahoko again. They become engaged, but Nahoko has tuberculosis, and refuses to marry until she recovers. A German visitor privately critical of the Nazi regime, Hans Castorp, assists the romance before fleeing arrest by Japanese authorities.

Nahoko suffers a lung hemorrhage, worrying Jiro. Wanted in connection with Castorp, Jiro hides at his supervisor's home while he works on a new navy project. Nahoko recuperates in an alpine sanatorium, but cannot bear being apart from Jiro, and returns to marry him; Jiro's hosts hold a traditional wedding. Jiro's sister, a doctor, warns Jiro that his marriage to Nahoko will end badly, as tuberculosis is incurable. Though Nahoko's health deteriorates, she and Jiro enjoy their time together.

Jiro leaves for the test flight of his new prototype, the Mitsubishi A5M aircraft. Sensing that she will soon die, Nahoko secretly returns to the sanatorium and leaves letters for her husband, family, and friends. At the test site, Jiro is distracted from his success by a gust of wind, sensing Nahoko's death.

During Japan's involvement in World War II, Jiro visits Caproni in another dream and tells him he regrets that his aircraft were used for war. Caproni comforts him, saying Jiro's dream of building beautiful aircraft was nonetheless realized. A group of Zeros fly past and their pilots salute Jiro. Nahoko appears, exhorting her husband to live his life to the fullest.

Cast[edit]

Original Japanese cast[edit]

English dub cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The Wind Rises is directed by Hayao Miyazaki, whose previous films include My Neighbor Totoro, Princess Mononoke and Spirited Away.[11] It is the first film that Miyazaki has solely directed since the 2008 film Ponyo.[12] Miyazaki wanted his next film to be Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea II, but producer Toshio Suzuki convinced him to make The Wind Rises instead.[13] The film is based on a manga by Hayao Miyazaki, which was serialized in the monthly magazine Model Graphix in 2009.[11] The story of the manga is in turn loosely based on Tatsuo Hori's short novel The Wind Has Risen, written in the late 1930s.[14] Although the story in the film follows the historical account of Horikoshi's aircraft development chronologically, the rendition of his private life is entirely fictional. The character of Hans Castorp is borrowed from Thomas Mann's novel The Magic Mountain.

Miyazaki was inspired to make the film after reading this quote from Horikoshi: "All I wanted to do was to make something beautiful".[15]

Music[edit]

The film's score was composed and conducted by Joe Hisaishi, and performed by the Yomiuri Nippon Symphony Orchestra. The film also includes singer-songwriter Yumi Matsutoya's 1973 song "Hikōki-gumo" (ひこうき雲?).

The Wind Rises soundtrack was released in Japan on July 17, 2013 by Tokuma Japan Communications.[16]

Track[17]
1旅路(夢中飛行)? A Journey (A Dream of Flight)
2流れ星? A Shooting Star
3カプローニ(設計家の夢)? Caproni (An Aeronautical Designer's Dream)
4旅路(決意)? A Journey (A Decision)
5菜穂子(出会い)? Nahoko (The Encounter)
6避難? The Refuge
7恩人? The Lifesaver
8カプローニ(幻の巨大機)? Caproni (A Phantom Giant Aircraft)
9ときめき? A Heart Aflutter
10旅路(妹)? A Journey (Jiro's Sister)
11旅路(初出社)? A Journey (First Day at Work)
12隼班? The Falcon Project
13? The Falcon
14ユンカース? Junkers
15旅路(イタリアの風)? A Journey (Italian Winds)
16旅路(カプローニの引退)? A Journey (Caproni Retires)
17旅路(軽井沢の出会い)? A Journey (An Encounter at Karuizawa)
18菜穂子(運命)? Nahoko (Her Destiny)
19菜穂子(虹)? Nahoko (A Rainbow)
20カストルプ(魔の山)? Castorp (The Magic Mountain)
21? The Wind
22紙飛行機? Paper Airplane
23菜穂子(プロポーズ)? Nahoko (The Proposal)
24八試特偵? Prototype 8
25カストルプ(別れ)? Castorp (A Separation)
26菜穂子(会いたくて)? Nahoko (I Miss You)
27菜穂子(めぐりあい)? Nahoko (An Unexpected Meeting)
28旅路(結婚)? A Journey (The Wedding)
29菜穂子(眼差し)? Nahoko (Together)
30旅路(別れ)? A Journey (A Parting)
31旅路(夢の王国)? A Journey (A Kingdom of Dreams)
32Hikōki-gumo (ひこうき雲?, Japanese for "Contrail")

Release[edit]

The Wind Rises was to have been released simultaneously with The Tale of Princess Kaguya, another Studio Ghibli film by Isao Takahata, in Japan in mid-2013.[12] This would have been the first time that the works of the two directors were released together since the release of the films My Neighbor Totoro and Grave of the Fireflies in 1988.[12] However, Kaguya-hime was delayed until 23 November 2013 and[18]The Wind Rises was released on July 20, 2013.[15]

The film played in competition at the 70th Venice International Film Festival.[19][20] It had its official North American premiere at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival,[21] although a sneak preview of the film was presented earlier at the 2013 Telluride Film Festival (the film screened outside the official program).[22]

Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures distributed the film in North America through its Touchstone Pictures label.[5] The film's English dubbing was directed by Gary Rydstrom.[23] Disney held a one-week release window in the Los Angeles theatrical circuit for the film beginning on 8 November 2013, so that it could qualify for Academy Awards consideration.[24] The film was released theatrically on 21 February 2014 in select cities, with wide release on 28 February.[25] The film was released in the United Kingdom on 9 May 2014 with distribution by StudioCanal.[26]

The Wind Rises will be released by Touchstone Home Entertainment on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on November 18, 2014.[citation needed]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

The film grossed ¥11.6 billion (US$113 million)[27] at the Japanese box office, becoming the highest grossing film in Japan in 2013.[28]

Critical response[edit]

The Wind Rises received critical acclaim from film critics; Rotten Tomatoes sampled 157 reviews and judged 89% of them to be positive, giving the film a "Certified Fresh" rating. The consensus states: "The Wind Rises is a fittingly bittersweet swan song for director Hayao Miyazaki".[29] Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score, rated the film an 83/100 based on 41 reviews, citing "universal acclaim".[30]

Film critic David Ehrlich rated the film 9.7/10 and called the film, "Perhaps the greatest animated film ever made". Ehrlich further writes, "While initially jarring, Miyazaki's unapologetic deviations from fact help 'The Wind Rises' to transcend the linearity of its expected structure, the film eventually revealing itself to be less of a biopic than it is a devastatingly honest lament for the corruption of beauty, and how invariably pathetic the human response to that loss must be. Miyazaki’s films are often preoccupied with absence, the value of things left behind and how the ghosts of beautiful things are traced onto our memories like the shadows of a nuclear fallout, and 'The Wind Rises' looks back as only a culminating work can."[31]

The Japan Times gave the film a 3 12 stars out of 5, and states "A visually sumptuous celebration of an unspoiled prewar Japan."[32] In a review for The Asia-Pacific Journal, Matthew Penney wrote "What Miyazaki offers is a layered look at how Horikoshi's passion for flight was captured by capital and militarism", and "(the film) is one of Miyazaki's most ambitious and thought-provoking visions as well as one of his most beautifully realized visual projects".[33]

Controversy[edit]

In Japan, The Wind Rises received criticism from both the political left and right, and from an anti-smoking group.[15][34] Miyazaki added to the controversy by publishing an article in which he criticized the proposal by Japan's conservative Liberal Democratic Party to change the Constitution of Japan, which irritated nationalists.[15][34] Leftists were unhappy that a warplane designer was the film's protagonist,[34] and questioned why Miyazaki would make a flattering film about a man who "built killing machines"; others pointed out that some who built the planes were Korean and Chinese forced laborers.[35] The film has also received criticism from part of the South Korean public.[34]

In an interview with the Asahi Shimbun, Miyazaki said he had "very complex feelings" about World War II since, as a pacifist, he felt militarist Japan had acted out of "foolish arrogance". However, Miyazaki also said that the Zero plane "represented one of the few things we Japanese could be proud of – [Zeros] were a truly formidable presence, and so were the pilots who flew them".[34]

Accolades[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE WIND RISES (12A)". StudioCanal. British Board of Film Classification. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Robles, Manuel (2013). Antología Studio Ghibli: Volumen 2. Barcelona: Dolmen Editorial. p. 80. ISBN 978-8415296935. 
  3. ^ Box Office Mojo
  4. ^ "Internation Total Gross". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Cunningham, Todd (27 August 2013). "Disney Will Release Hayao Miyazaki's 'The Wind Rises' in U.S.". The Wrap. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Movie Trailers, New Movies, Upcoming Movies, Movies, 2014 Movies, Films, DVD, Blu-ray, TV, Videos, Video, Game, Clips. ComingSoon.net. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  7. ^ Russ Fischer (2012-11-21). "Studio Ghibli Titles New Films From Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata; ‘Grave of the Fireflies’ Picked Up For US Re-Release". slashfilm.com. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  8. ^ Akagawa, Roy (September 6, 2013). "Excerpts of Hayao Miyazaki's news conference announcing his retirement". Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Newspaper: Evangelion's Hideaki Anno to Star in Ghibli's Kaze Tachinu Film". Anime News Network. 
  10. ^ Truitt, Brian (16 December 2013). "Gordon-Levitt, Blunt head up 'The Wind Rises' U.S. cast". USA Today. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "ジブリ新作、2作一挙公開!宮崎駿&高畑勲作品でジブリ史上初!". Cinema Today. 2012-12-13. Retrieved 2012-12-27. 
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  13. ^ "Producer: Miyazaki Wanted to Make 'Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea 2' Instead of The Wind Rises". Anime News Network. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "ジブリ新作は宮崎駿「風立ちぬ」&高畑勲「かぐや姫の物語」 2013年夏2本同日!" (in Japanese). ITmedia. December 13, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2012. 
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External links[edit]