The Wind Rises

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Kaze Tachinu
(The Wind Rises)
Kaze Tachinu poster.jpg
Japanese theatrical poster
Directed byHayao Miyazaki
Produced byToshio Suzuki
Written byHayao Miyazaki
Based onKaze Tachinu 
by Hayao Miyazaki
StarringHideaki Anno
Miori Takimoto
Hidetoshi Nishijima
Masahiko Nishimura
Steve Alpert
Morio Kazama
Keiko Takeshita
Mirai Shida
Jun Kunimura
Shinobu Otake
Nomura Mansai
Music byJoe Hisaishi
CinematographyAtsushi Okui
Editing byTakeshi Seyama
StudioStudio Ghibli
Distributed byToho (Japan)
Touchstone Pictures (US)
Release dates
  • 20 July 2013 (2013-07-20)
Running time126 minutes[1]
CountryJapan
LanguageJapanese
Italian
German
English
BudgetUS$30 million[2]
Box office$127,313,690[3][4]
 
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Kaze Tachinu
(The Wind Rises)
Kaze Tachinu poster.jpg
Japanese theatrical poster
Directed byHayao Miyazaki
Produced byToshio Suzuki
Written byHayao Miyazaki
Based onKaze Tachinu 
by Hayao Miyazaki
StarringHideaki Anno
Miori Takimoto
Hidetoshi Nishijima
Masahiko Nishimura
Steve Alpert
Morio Kazama
Keiko Takeshita
Mirai Shida
Jun Kunimura
Shinobu Otake
Nomura Mansai
Music byJoe Hisaishi
CinematographyAtsushi Okui
Editing byTakeshi Seyama
StudioStudio Ghibli
Distributed byToho (Japan)
Touchstone Pictures (US)
Release dates
  • 20 July 2013 (2013-07-20)
Running time126 minutes[1]
CountryJapan
LanguageJapanese
Italian
German
English
BudgetUS$30 million[2]
Box office$127,313,690[3][4]

The Wind Rises — released in Japan as Kaze Tachinu (風立ちぬ?) — is a 2013 Japanese animated historical drama film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, and adapted from his own manga of the same name which was loosely based on the 1937 short story The Wind Has Risen by Tatsuo Hori, a writer, poet, and translator from mid-20th century (Showa period) Japan.[5] The film is a fictionalized biography of Jiro Horikoshi (1903–1982), designer of the Mitsubishi A5M and its successor, the Mitsubishi A6M Zero; both aircraft were used by the Empire of Japan during World War II.

The film was released by Toho on July 20, 2013, in Japan, and was released by Touchstone Pictures in North America, first with a limited release on February 21, 2014, then a wide release on February 28, 2014.[6][7]

The Wind Rises was the highest-grossing Japanese film in Japan in 2013 and received critical acclaim from film critics. It won and was nominated for several awards, including nominations for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film, and the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year.

Plot[edit]

In early 1918, a young boy living in a provincial town, Jiro Horikoshi, has a dream about climbing up onto his roof and flying away in a bird-like airplane, while wearing aviator goggles. After a while, a large, monstrous ship emerges from the clouds, and drops some anthropomorphic bombs on him. His plane is destroyed, and he plummets to the ground, then wakes up. Borrowing an English-language aviation magazine, he diligently studies it with an English dictionary, then has another dream where he meets Italian plane designer [[Giovanni Battista Caproni|Caproni], who is surprised that a Japanese boy has intruded in what he thought was his own dream, then realizes that airplanes are a shared dream they both have. Caproni tells Jiro that he can't fly a plane with glasses, but that building planes is better than flying them. Jiro wakes up and decides he will build planes.

Five years later, Jiro is at university to study engineering. On traveling back to Tokyo from a holiday, he meets a young girl named Naoko, who is traveling with her maid. At this time, the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 hits, which stops the train and causes Naoko's maid to break her leg. Jiro delivers Naoko and her maid to Naoko's family, then walks away without giving his name. He arrives at his university and fights to save engineering books as Caproni's voice cheers him on.

Jiro begins working at an airplane manufacturer, assigned to a fighter design team. Their project ends in failure, with the company losing the design contract to a rival company. With no immediate projects to take on, he is sent to Germany to do technical research and to obtain a production license for a Junkers aircraft. He argues with German soldiers and witnesses a night raid by German secret police. During the journey, he again dreams of Caproni, who asks him, "Do you prefer a world with pyramids, or with no pyramids?" implying that airplanes, like pyramids, are a thing of beauty and wonder. Even if mankind might inevitably twist them to ugly purposes, Caproni believes that the world is better for having that beauty.

In 1932, he is promoted to chief designer for a fighter plane competition sponsored by the Navy, which ends in a failure. Disappointed, Jiro visits a summer resort where he runs into Naoko again; they are engaged soon after. A German man privately critical of Adolf Hitler assists the romance before fleeing a feared arrest by Japanese authorities. Naoko is afflicted with tuberculosis, and refuses to marry until she recovers.

After some months, Jiro is assigned again as chief designer for another Navy competition, living at his supervisor's home to evade unwanted police attention. At the same time, Naoko is recuperating in an alpine sanatorium obliquely related to the locale of The Magic Mountain, but she cannot bear being apart from Jiro and resolves to return and marry him. Jiro's hosts perform an impromptu traditional wedding. Jiro's sister complains that his marriage to Naoko will end badly, as, having become a doctor, she is well aware of the incurable nature of tuberculosis. Jiro counters with the argument that every day is precious to Naoko and that what he does, he does for her.

Even though Naoko's health continues to deteriorate, she and Jiro enjoy their life together, the one lending strength to the other, right up to the day of the test flight of the prototype of what would become his first successful aircraft, the Mitsubishi A5M. On that day, after Jiro leaves for the factory, Naoko informs the company housing manager's wife that she feels strong enough to take a walk. Her departure is witnessed by Jiro's sister, who fears that this represents a desire on Naoko's part to spare Jiro the horror of her final dissolution in the coils of the disease – a fear which is borne out in three letters which Naoko leaves for her husband, family, and friends. At the test site, Jiro is interrupted by a burst of wind – seemingly implying that his wife has died.

The film ends in a dream sequence with Jiro emerging from the horror of war, feeling regret for his inventions and the deaths they caused. Caproni tells him his dreams were nonetheless realized. Naoko appears in this dream one last time, exhorting her husband to live on in the trust she has in him.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The Wind Rises is directed by Hayao Miyazaki, whose previous works include groundbreaking films such as My Neighbor Totoro and Spirited Away.[10] It is the first film that Miyazaki has solely directed in five years; his last work was the 2008 film Ponyo.[11] After Ponyo, Miyazaki wanted his next film to be Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea II, but producer Toshio Suzuki convinced him to make The Wind Rises instead.[12] This film is based on a manga by Hayao Miyazaki, which was serialized in the monthly magazine Model Graphix in 2009.[10] The story of the manga is in turn loosely based on Tatsuo Hori's short novel The Wind Has Risen, written in the late 1930s.[13] Although the story in the film follows the historical account of Horikoshi's aircraft development chronologically, the rendition of his private life is entirely fictional. The character of Hans Castorp is borrowed from Thomas Mann's novel The Magic Mountain.

Miyazaki was inspired to make the film after reading this quote from Horikoshi: "All I wanted to do was to make something beautiful".[14]

Music[edit]

Singer-songwriter Yumi Matsutoya's 1973 song "Hikōki-gumo" (ひこうき雲?) is used as the film's theme song.

Release[edit]

The Wind Rises was to be released simultaneously with The Tale of Princess Kaguya, another Studio Ghibli film by Isao Takahata, in Japan in mid-2013.[11] This would have been the first time that the works of the two directors were released together since the release of the films My Neighbor Totoro and Grave of the Fireflies in 1988.[11] In the event, Kaguya-hime was delayed until 23 November 2013.[15] The Wind Rises was released on July 20, 2013.[14]

The film played in competition at the 70th Venice International Film Festival.[16][17] It had its official North American premiere at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival,[18] although a sneak preview of the film was presented earlier at the 2013 Telluride Film Festival (the film screened outside the official program).[19]

Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures distributed the film in North America through its Touchstone Pictures label.[6] The film's English dubbing was directed by Gary Rydstrom.[20] Disney held a one-week release window in the Los Angeles theatrical circuit for the film beginning on 8 November 2013, so that it could qualify for Academy Awards consideration.[21] The film was released theatrically on 21 February 2014 in select cities, with wide release on 28 February.[22] The film will be released in the United Kingdom on 9 May 2014 with distribution by StudioCanal.[23]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

The film grossed ¥11.6 billion (US$113 million)[24] at the Japanese box office, becoming the highest grossing film in Japan in 2013.[25]

Critical response[edit]

The Wind Rises received critical acclaim from film critics; Rotten Tomatoes sampled 123 reviews and judged 88% of them to be positive, giving the film a "Certified Fresh" rating. The consensus states: "The Wind Rises is a fittingly bittersweet swan song for director Hayao Miyazaki".[26] Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score, rated the film an 83/100 based on 39 reviews, citing "universal acclaim".[27]

Film critic David Ehrlich rated the film 9.7/10 and called the film, "Perhaps the greatest animated film ever made". Ehrlich further writes, "While initially jarring, Miyazaki's unapologetic deviations from fact help 'The Wind Rises' to transcend the linearity of its expected structure, the film eventually revealing itself to be less of a biopic than it is a devastatingly honest lament for the corruption of beauty, and how invariably pathetic the human response to that loss must be. Miyazaki’s films are often preoccupied with absence, the value of things left behind and how the ghosts of beautiful things are traced onto our memories like the shadows of a nuclear fallout, and 'The Wind Rises' looks back as only a culminating work can."[28]

The Japan Times gave the film a 3 12 stars out of 5, and states "A visually sumptuous celebration of an unspoiled prewar Japan."[29] In a review for The Asia-Pacific Journal, Matthew Penney wrote "What Miyazaki offers is a layered look at how Horikoshi's passion for flight was captured by capital and militarism", and "(the film) is one of Miyazaki's most ambitious and thought-provoking visions as well as one of his most beautifully realized visual projects".[30]

Film critic J. Hoberman writes "As a movie, 'The Wind Rises' is at once beautifully restrained and wildly problematic".[31] Hoberman further writes: "True, the final scenes show a green field strewn with twisted fuselage wreckage. Cruel destruction… in Japan, that is. I don’t doubt the sincerity of Miyazaki’s pacifism but I’m appalled by his abstract vision. Like, how many tens or hundreds of thousands of real people in Asia and the Pacific were de-animated thanks to Horikoshi’s dreams?"[31]

A common misconception (as evident in the aforementioned review by Matthew Penney) is to think that the prototype Jiro is developing in the latter half of film is for the Zero, when it is actually a prototype of the Type 96 Fighter, the predecessor of the Zero.

Controversy[edit]

On release in Japan, the film received criticism from both the political left and right, as well as from an anti-smoking group.[14][32] Miyazaki himself added to the controversy by publishing an article in which he criticized Japan's conservative party's proposed changes to the constitution, which irritated nationalists.[14][32] Leftists were unhappy that a war-plane designer was the film's protagonist.[32] Some questioned why Miyazaki would make a flattering film about a man who "built killing machines", and others pointed out that some of the laborers who built the planes were Korean and Chinese people who were forced into labor.[33] The film has also received criticism from part of the South Korean public.[32]

In an interview with the Asahi Shimbun, Miyazaki said he had "very complex feelings" about the war, but regarding the Zero, he said it "represented one of the few things we Japanese could be proud of – they were a truly formidable presence, and so were the pilots who flew them."[32]

Accolades[edit]

Awards
AwardDate of ceremonyCategoryRecipients and nomineesResult
Academy Awards[34]March 2, 2014Best Animated FeatureHayao Miyazaki, Toshio SuzukiNominated
Alliance of Women Film Journalists[35]December 19, 2013Best Animated FeatureHayao MiyazakiWon
Annie Awards[36][37][38]February 1, 2014Best Animated FeatureThe Wind Rises
Studio Ghibli, Touchstone Pictures
Nominated
Character Animation in a Feature ProductionKitaro KosakaNominated
Writing in an Animated Feature ProductionHayao MiyazakiWon
Asia Pacific Screen AwardsDecember 12, 2013Best Animated Feature FilmToshio Suzuki, JapanNominated
Boston Online Film Critics AssociationDecember 7, 2013Best Animated FilmWon:
Tied with Frozen
Boston Society of Film CriticsDecember 8, 2013Best Animated FilmWon
Chicago Film Critics AssociationDecember 16, 2013Best Foreign - Language FilmNominated
Best Animated FeatureWon
Critics' Choice Movie Award[39]January 16, 2014Best Animated FeatureNominated
Dallas-Fort Worth Film CriticsDecember 16, 2013Best Foreign Language FilmNominated
Denver Film Critics Society[40][41]January 13, 2014Best Animated FeatureNominated
Florida Film Critics CircleDecember 18, 2013Best Animated FeatureRunner-up
Georgia Film Critics Association[42]January 10, 2014Best Animated FeatureNominated
Golden Globe Awards[43][44]January 12, 2014Best Foreign Language FilmNominated
Houston Film Critics Society[45]December 15, 2013Best Animated FeatureNominated
IGN's Best of 2013 Awards[46]January 10, 2014Best Animated MovieNominated
Indiana Film Critics Association[47]December 19, 2013Best Animated FeatureRunner-up
International Cinephile Society[48]February 23, 2014Best Animated FilmRunner-up
Iowa Film Critics[49]January 10, 2014Best Animated FeatureNominated
Japan Academy Prize[50][51]March 7, 2014Animation of the YearWon
Best Music ScoreJoe HisaishiWon
Las Vegas Film Critics SocietyDecember 18, 2013Best Animated FeatureNominated
Los Angeles Film Critics AssociationDecember 8, 2013Best AnimationRunner-up
Mill Valley Film FestivalOctober 13, 2013Audience Favorite – AnimationHayao MiyazakiWon
National Board of ReviewJanuary 7, 2014Best Animated FilmWon
New York Film Critics CircleDecember 3, 2013Best Animated FilmWon
New York Film Critics OnlineDecember 8, 2013Best Animated FeatureWon
New York Film FestivalOctober 13, 2013Grand Marnier Fellowship Award for Best FilmNominated
Online Film Critics SocietyDecember 16, 2013Best PictureNominated
Best DirectorHayao MiyazakiNominated
Best Animated FeatureWon
Best Film Not in the English LanguageNominated
Best Adapted ScreenplayHayao MiyazakiNominated
Phoenix Film Critics SocietyDecember 17, 2013Best Animated FilmNominated
San Diego Film Critics SocietyDecember 17, 2013Best Animated FilmWon
San Francisco Film Critics Circle[52]December 15, 2013Best Animated FeatureWon
San Sebastián International Film FestivalSeptember 20, 2013Audience AwardNominated
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics AssociationDecember 16, 2013Best Animated FeatureRunner-up
Satellite AwardsFebruary 23, 2014Best Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed MediaWon
Southeastern Film Critics Association[53]December 16, 2013Best Animated FeatureNominated
Toronto Film Critics Association[54][55]December 17, 2013Best Animated FeatureWon
Toronto International Film FestivalSeptember 15, 2013People's Choice Award for Best Drama Feature FilmNominated
Utah Film Critics Association[56]December 20, 2013Best Animated FeatureRunner-up:
Tied with From Up on Poppy Hill
Venice Film FestivalSeptember 7, 2013Golden LionNominated
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics AssociationDecember 9, 2013Best Animated FeatureNominated
Women Film Critics CircleDecember 16, 2013Best Animated FeatureNominated
Best Family FilmWon

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE WIND RISES (12A)". StudioCanal. British Board of Film Classification. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Robles, Manuel (2013). Antología Studio Ghibli: Volumen 2. Barcelona: Dolmen Editorial. p. 80. ISBN 978-8415296935. 
  3. ^ Box Office Mojo
  4. ^ "Internation Total Gross". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Russ Fischer (2012-11-21). "Studio Ghibli Titles New Films From Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata; ‘Grave of the Fireflies’ Picked Up For US Re-Release". slashfilm.com. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  6. ^ a b Cunningham, Todd (27 August 2013). "Disney Will Release Hayao Miyazaki's 'The Wind Rises' in U.S.". The Wrap. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.comingsoon.net/movies.php?year=2014&month=02
  8. ^ "Newspaper: Evangelion's Hideaki Anno to Star in Ghibli's Kaze Tachinu Film". Anime News Network. 
  9. ^ Truitt, Brian (16 December 2013). "Gordon-Levitt, Blunt head up 'The Wind Rises' U.S. cast". USA Today. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "ジブリ新作、2作一挙公開!宮崎駿&高畑勲作品でジブリ史上初!". Cinema Today. 2012-12-13. Retrieved 2012-12-27. 
  11. ^ a b c "Ghibli Announces Miyazaki's Kaze Tachinu, Takahata's Kaguya-hime no Monogatari". Anime News Network. 2012-12-13. Retrieved 2012-12-27. 
  12. ^ "Producer: Miyazaki Wanted to Make 'Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea 2' Instead of The Wind Rises". Anime News Network. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "ジブリ新作は宮崎駿「風立ちぬ」&高畑勲「かぐや姫の物語」 2013年夏2本同日!" (in Japanese). ITmedia. December 13, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d Keegan, Rebecca (15 August 2013). "'The Wind Rises': Hayao Miyazaki's new film stirs controversy". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Isao Takahata's Kaguya-hime Film Delayed to This Fall". Anime News Network. 2013-02-05. Retrieved 2013-03-25. 
  16. ^ "Venezia 70". labiennale. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Venice film festival 2013: the full line-up". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  18. ^ http://tiff.net/filmsandschedules/festival/2013/windrises
  19. ^ http://www.telluridefilmfestival.org/news
  20. ^ Hill, Jim (26 February 2014). "Joseph Gordon-Levitt Loves How Hayao Miyazki's 'The Wind Rises' Celebrates the Magic of Normal, Everyday Life". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  21. ^ Lumenick, Lou (7 November 2013). "‘The Wind Rises’ another stunning animated masterpiece". The New York Post. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  22. ^ Keegan, Rebecca (11 September 2013). "Miyazaki's 'The Wind Rises' to get Oscar-qualifying run in November". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  23. ^ Williams, Mike (7 February 2014). "The Wind Rises confirms UK release date". Yahoo!. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  24. ^ Box Office Mojo. "October 26–27, 2013 Japan Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  25. ^ Kevin Ma (1 January 2014). "The Wind Rises tops 2013 Japan B.O.". Film Business Asia. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  26. ^ "The Wind Rises". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 
  27. ^ "The Wind Rises". Metacritic. Retrieved December 12, 2013. 
  28. ^ http://www.film.com/movies/the-wind-rises-review
  29. ^ Film/Reviews. "Kaze Tachinu (The Wind Rises)". The Japan Times.
  30. ^ Penney, Matthew (August 5, 2013). "Miyazaki Hayao’s Kaze Tachinu (The Wind Rises)". The Asia-Pacific Journal 11 (30, No. 2). Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  31. ^ a b Hoberman, J. (November 8, 2013). "Miyazaki’s 'Wind Rises' Briefly". Artinfo. 
  32. ^ a b c d e McCurry, Justin (August 23, 2013). "Japanese animator under fire for film tribute to warplane designer". The Guardian. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  33. ^ Fujii, Moeko (July 26, 2013). "Miyazaki’s Film ‘The Wind Rises’ Spurring Mixed Emotions". The Wall Street Journal. 
  34. ^ Staff (January 16, 2014). "2013 Academy Awards Nominations and Winners by Category". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  35. ^ "2013 EDA Award Nominess". Alliance of Women Film Journalists. December 11, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  36. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (December 2, 2013). "‘Frozen’ & ‘Monsters University’ Dominate Annie Awards Nominations With 10 Each". Indiewire. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  37. ^ Derks, David (December 2, 2013). "41st #AnnieAwards Nominations Announced". ASIFA-Hollywood. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Hayao Miyazaki Wins Annie Award for Writing The Wind Rises". Anime News Network. 2 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  39. ^ "American Hustle, 12 Years A Slave Lead BFCA’s Critics Choice Movie Awards Nominations". Deadline.com. December 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
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  41. ^ Adams, Ryan (January 13, 2014). "Denver Film Critics Society Award Winners". Awards Daily. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  42. ^ "2013 Georgia Film Critics Association Nominations". HitFix. December 6, 2013. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  43. ^ Davis, Clayton. "2014 Golden Globe Nominations Announcement". AwardsCircuit.com. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  44. ^ Lee, Kim. "Miyazaki "The Wind Rises" Nominated For "Best Foreign Language Film" Golden Globe". 247AsianMedia.com. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  45. ^ Stone, Sasha (December 15, 2013). "12 Years a Slave wins Pic, Cuaron Director for Houston Film Critics". Awards Daily. Retrieved December 15, 2013. 
  46. ^ "IGN: Best Animated Movie". IGN. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  47. ^ "Indiana Film Journalists Association Award Winners". The Hollywood News. December 19, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2013. 
  48. ^ Joey Magidson (January 13, 2014). "International cinephile society nominations". Awardscircuit. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  49. ^ Adams, Ryan (January 10, 2013). "12 Years a Slave wows Iowa Critics". Awards Daily. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  50. ^ Loo, Egan. "The Wind Rises, Madoka, Lupin vs. Conan, Harlock, Kaguya Earn Japan Academy Prize Nods". Anime News Network. Christopher Macdonald. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  51. ^ Seto, Shintaro. "日本アカデミー賞にスタジオジブリ2作品、ハーロック、まどかマギカ、ルパンvsコナンの5本". AnimeAnime.jp. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  52. ^ Stone, Sasha (December 13, 2013). "San Francisco Film Critics Nominations". Awards Daily. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  53. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (December 16, 2013). "2013 Southeastern Film Critics Association winners". HitFix. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  54. ^ Lacey, Liam (December 17, 2013). "Toronto film critics name Coen brothers movie the best of 2013". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  55. ^ Szklarski, Cassandra (December 17, 2013). "Toronto critics pick Inside Llewyn Davis". Metron News. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  56. ^ Adams, Ryan (December 20, 2013). "Utah Film Critics ###.". Awards Daily. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 

External links[edit]