The Tin Drum

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The Tin Drum
The Tin Drum cover.gif
AuthorGünter Grass
Original titleDie Blechtrommel
TranslatorRalph Manheim, Breon Mitchell
CountryGermany
LanguageGerman
SeriesDanzig Trilogy
PublisherLuchterhand
Publication date1959
Media typePrint (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages736 pp
ISBNNA
Followed byCat and Mouse
 
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For other uses, see Tin drum (disambiguation).
The Tin Drum
The Tin Drum cover.gif
AuthorGünter Grass
Original titleDie Blechtrommel
TranslatorRalph Manheim, Breon Mitchell
CountryGermany
LanguageGerman
SeriesDanzig Trilogy
PublisherLuchterhand
Publication date1959
Media typePrint (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages736 pp
ISBNNA
Followed byCat and Mouse

The Tin Drum (German: Die Blechtrommel) is a 1959 novel by Günter Grass. The novel is the first book of Grass's Danziger Trilogie (Danzig Trilogy). It was adapted into a 1979 film, which won both the Palme d'Or and the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film that year.

Plot summary[edit]

The story revolves around the life of Oskar Matzerath, as narrated by himself when confined in a mental hospital during the years 1952–1954. Born in 1924 in the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland), with an adult's capacity for thought and perception, he decides never to grow up when he hears his father declare that he would become a grocer. Gifted with a piercing shriek that can shatter glass or be used as a weapon, Oskar declares himself to be one of those "clairaudient infants", whose "spiritual development is complete at birth and only needs to affirm itself". He retains the stature of a child while living through the beginning of World War II, several love affairs, and the world of postwar Europe. Through all this a tin drum that he received as a present on his third birthday remains his treasured possession, and he is willing to kill to retain it.

Oskar considers himself to have two "presumptive fathers"—his mother's husband Alfred, a member of the Nazi Party, and her lover and cousin Jan, a Danzig Pole, who is executed for defending the Polish Post Office in Danzig during the German invasion of Poland. Oskar's mother having died, Alfred marries Maria, a woman who is secretly Oskar's first mistress. After marrying Alfred, Maria gives birth to Oskar's possible son, Kurt. But Oskar is disappointed to find that the baby persists in growing up, and will not join him in ceasing to grow at the age of three.

During the war, Oskar joins a troupe of performing dwarfs who entertain the German troops at the front line. But when his second love, the diminutive Roswitha, is killed by Allied troops in the invasion of Normandy, Oskar returns to his family in Danzig where he becomes the leader of a criminal youth gang (akin to the Edelweiss Pirates). The Russian army soon captures Danzig, and Alfred is shot by invading troops after he goes into seizures while swallowing his party pin to avoid being revealed as a Nazi.

After the war, Oskar, his widowed stepmother and their son have to leave the now Polish city of Danzig and move to Düsseldorf, where he models in the nude with Ulla and works engraving tombstones. Oskar decides to live apart from Maria and her son Kurt after mounting tensions. He decides on a flat owned by the Zeidlers. Upon moving in, he falls in love with Sister Dorothea, a neighbor, but he later fails to seduce her. During an encounter with Klepp, Klepp asks Oskar how he has an authority over the judgement of music. Oskar, willing to prove himself once and for all to Klepp, a fellow musician, picks up his drum and sticks despite his vow to never play again after Alfred's death and plays a measure on his drum. The ensuing events lead Klepp, Oskar, and Scholle, a guitarist, to form the Rhine River Three jazz band. They are discovered by Mr. Schmuh, who invites them to play at the Onion Cellar club. After a virtuoso performance, a record company talent seeker discovers Oskar the jazz drummer and offers a contract. Oskar soon achieves fame and riches. One day while walking through a field he finds a severed finger: the ring finger of Sister Dorothea, who has been murdered. He then meets and befriends Vittlar. Oskar allows himself to be falsely convicted of the murder and is confined to an insane asylum, where he writes his memoirs.

Main characters[edit]

The novel is divided into three books. The main characters in each book are:[1]

Book One:

Book Two:

Book Three:

Style[edit]

Oskar Matzerath is an unreliable narrator, as his sanity, or insanity, never becomes clear. He tells the tale in first person, though he occasionally diverts to third person, sometimes within the same sentence. As an unreliable narrator, he may contradict himself within his autobiography, as with his varying accounts of, but not exclusively, the Defense of the Polish Post Office, his grandfather Koljaiczek's fate, his paternal status over Kurt, Maria's son, and many others.

The novel is strongly political in nature, although it goes beyond a political novel in the writing's stylistic plurality. There are elements of allegory, myth and legend, placing it in the genre of magic realism.

The Tin Drum has religious overtones, both Jewish and Christian. Oskar holds conversations with both Jesus and Satan throughout the book. His gang members call him "Jesus", then he refers to himself and his penis as "Satan" later in the book.[1]

Critical reception[edit]

Initial reaction to The Tin Drum was mixed. It was called blasphemous and pornographic by some, and legal action was taken against it and Grass.[citation needed] However, by 1965 sentiment had cemented into public acceptance, and it soon became recognized as a classic of post-World War II literature, both in Germany and around the world.[1]

Translation[edit]

A translation into English by Ralph Manheim was published in 1961. A new 50th anniversary translation into English by Breon Mitchell was published in 2009.

Adaptations[edit]

Film[edit]

In 1978 a film adaptation was made by Volker Schlöndorff. It covers only Books 1 and 2, concluding at the end of the war. It shared the 1979 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or with Apocalypse Now. It also won the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film of 1979 at the 1980 Academy Awards.

Radio[edit]

In 1996 a radio dramatisation starring Phil Daniels was broadcast by BBC Radio 4.[2] Adapted by Mike Walker, it won the British Writers Guild award for best dramatisation.[3]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Christopher Giroux and Brigham Narins. Vol. 88. Detroit: Gale Research, 1995. pp. 19-40. From Literature Resource Center.
  2. ^ Hanks, Robert (1996-06-03). "radio review". The Independent (Independent News & Media). Retrieved 2008-09-19. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Music Details for Tuesday 4 February 1997". ABC Classic FM. ABC. 2007-02-15. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  4. ^ Return to the Onion Cellar: A Dark Rock Musical

External links[edit]