Raspberries (band)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Raspberries
OriginCleveland, Ohio, United States
GenresPower pop, pop rock, rock and roll
Years active1970–1975, 2004–2005
LabelsCapitol, Rykodisc
Websitewww.raspberriesonline.com
Members
Eric Carmen
Wally Bryson
Dave Smalley
Jim Bonfanti
Past members
Michael McBride
Scott McCarl
John Aleksic
 
  (Redirected from The Raspberries)
Jump to: navigation, search
Raspberries
OriginCleveland, Ohio, United States
GenresPower pop, pop rock, rock and roll
Years active1970–1975, 2004–2005
LabelsCapitol, Rykodisc
Websitewww.raspberriesonline.com
Members
Eric Carmen
Wally Bryson
Dave Smalley
Jim Bonfanti
Past members
Michael McBride
Scott McCarl
John Aleksic

The Raspberries were an American power pop/pop rock band from Cleveland, Ohio. They had a run of success in the early 1970s music scene with their crisp pop sound, which Allmusic later described as featuring "exquisitely crafted melodies and achingly gorgeous harmonies."[1] The members were known for their clean-cut public image, with short-hair and matching suits, which brought them teenybopper attention as well as scorn from some mainstream media outlets as 'uncool'.[2] The group drew influence from the British Invasion era—especially The Beatles, The Who, The Hollies, and Small Faces—and its mod sensibility.[1] In both the U.S. and the UK, the Raspberries helped pioneer the power pop music style that took off after the group disbanded.[3] They also have a following among professional musicians such as Jack Bruce and Ringo Starr.[4]

The group's 'classic' lineup consisted of Eric Carmen (vocalist/guitarist/bassist), Wally Bryson (guitarist), Jim Bonfanti (drummer), and Dave Smalley (guitarist/bassist). Their best known songs include "Go All the Way", "Let's Pretend", "I Wanna Be with You", "Tonight", and "Overnight Sensation (Hit Record)".[1] Producer Jimmy Ienner was responsible for all four of the Raspberries' albums in the 1970s. The group broke up in 1975 after a five-year run, and Eric Carmen proceeded to a successful career as a solo artist. Bryson and Smalley resurrected the group's name in 1999 for an album,[1] which included singer/songwriter Scott McCarl working as the vocalist.[5] In 2004 the original four-man lineup reunited and undertook a well-received reunion tour in 2005.[4]

Contents

Formation

The group had its roots in two of Cleveland's most successful local bands in the late 1960s, The Choir and Cyrus Erie. The Choir, originally called The Mods and composed of Dann Klawon, Wally Bryson, Dave Burke, Dave Smalley and Jim Bonfanti, had a more extensive repertoire of original songs, notably "It's Cold Outside", which parlayed its massive local success (#1 in Cleveland) into a nationally-charting single (peaking at No. 68 for Roulette Records). The Choir then went through a series of lineup changes, with Smalley and Bonfanti remaining in the various versions, until 1968, when Dave Smalley was drafted and sent to Vietnam,[6] and The Choir disbanded, although it reformed behind Bonfanti and ultimately survived until 1970.

Although The Choir had the hit and a string of singles, Cyrus Erie, founded by brothers Michael McBride and Bob McBride, became the better-drawing local act shortly after Eric Carmen joined in 1967. Carmen persuaded Bryson, who had recently left The Choir, to join. In live shows, Cyrus Erie mainly covered other artists' songs, but signed to Epic Records and recorded two Carmen/Bryson originals ("Get the Message" b/w "Sparrow") as a single. Following this, Bryson quit to return to The Choir, which led to Cyrus Erie disbanding. Carmen and Dann Klawon then formed a new act called The Quick, and recorded a single of two Carmen/Klawon originals for Epic, without much success.

The group's style arose from a variety of rock and roll groups that the members loved, especially The Who. Carmen later said:

"Pete Townshend coined the phrase [power pop] to define what the Who did. For some reason, it didn't stick to the Who, but it did stick to these groups that came out in the `70s that played kind of melodic songs with crunchy guitars and some wild drumming. It just kind of stuck to us like glue, and that was OK with us because the Who were among our highest role models. We absolutely loved the Who." [Italics not in original][4]

1970–1972

After discussions between Carmen and Bonfanti about forming a new group, the first lineup for Raspberries was Eric Carmen (lead vocals, rhythm guitar, piano), Jim Bonfanti (drums), Wally Bryson (lead vocals, lead guitar) and John Aleksic (bass guitar). Aleksic left the group at the end of 1970. In 1971, Dave Smalley (lead vocals, rhythm guitar), just back from Vietnam, became the fourth member of the original recording lineup with Carmen moving to bass. The Raspberries' demo tape went to the desk of producer Jimmy Ienner, for whom Carmen had previously done session work, and after a major-label bidding war,[7] the band signed to Capitol Records.[8]

The Raspberries wore matching ensembles on stage. The group was somewhat ridiculed for making its stage entrance in tuxedos and large bouffant hairdos which, according to Carmen, "complemented the style of our music".[9]

1972–1974

Following the success of "Go All the Way", which peaked at No. 5 in the U.S. in the spring of 1972, sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc,[10] Carmen and Smalley switched instruments, with Carmen moving to rhythm guitar so that he would be upfront on stage, while Smalley took over bass. After two albums, Raspberries and Fresh, both released in 1972, creative tension came to a head sparked largely by Carmen's creative dominance (and commercial success) over the contributions of Bryson and Smalley. Accordingly Side 3 turned out to be a more raw, aggressive effort than its predecessors, typified by the opening track "Tonight". After its release, Smalley was ejected from the band, and Bonfanti departed soon afterwards. They subsequently formed their own band, Dynamite. They were replaced by bassist Scott McCarl and ex-Cyrus Erie drummer Michael McBride for what was to be the fourth and final Raspberries album, Starting Over.[11]

Post-breakup

The band broke up in April 1975, but their sound had been distinctive and their influence was lasting. Bruce Springsteen praised the Raspberries at several stops during his Summer 2005 tour.[12] Springsteen's drummer Max Weinberg said that he based his drum style in that period off of Raspberries drummer Michael McBride (particularly on the Springsteen album Darkness on the Edge of Town).[13] Paul Stanley of Kiss, Tom Petty, and Axl Rose of Guns n' Roses, have all also cited Raspberries as an influence in their songwriting.[2]

Singer-guitarist and primary songwriter Eric Carmen went on to have a successful solo career as a singer and writer of romantic pop ballads. His first solo hit "All By Myself" hit No. 2 nationally, and was successfully covered by Celine Dion in 1996. Carmen later had additional Top Ten singles success with "Hungry Eyes" (from Dirty Dancing, 1987) and "Make Me Lose Control". He also wrote "Almost Paradise" (performed by Mike Reno and Ann Wilson for Footloose, 1984),[14][15] as well as songs that were made major hits by Shaun Cassidy.

In 1999, three of the four Raspberries recorded Raspberries Refreshed, though without Eric Carmen.[16][17] The album's tracks, written by the three remaining members, attempted to re-create the group's original sound.[18]

In November 2004, the House of Blues nightclub chain opened its Cleveland branch with a Raspberries reunion concert. This led to a well-received 2005 mini-tour starting at the Chicago House of Blues, a VH1 Classic special, and a concert broadcast on XM Satellite Radio. A date from the 2005 tour was recorded, and released in 2007 as "Live on Sunset Strip." The double CD and one DVD contained a foreword from Bruce Springsteen, and a 1970s photo of John Lennon wearing a Raspberries 'Just Like Starting Over sweatshirt. Capitalizing on the release, Raspberries played further shows in New York, California, and their hometown of Cleveland.[19]

A biography of the band titled Overnight Sensation - The Story of the Raspberries by Ken Sharp was released in 1993. In 1996, a tribute album to Raspberries called Raspberries Preserved was released by Pravda Records, a Chicago-based indie record label. The album featured 21 cover versions by such acts as The Rubinoos, Bill Lloyd, Brad Jones, Tiny Lights, Rank Strangers, the Gladhands, and The Shambles.

Discography and chart history

Albums

YearTitleLabelUS Chart peak positionWeeks on chart
1972RaspberriesCapitol5130
Fresh3616
1973Side 31387
1974Starting Over1436

Singles

YearTitleB-sideUS Chart peak positionAlbum
1972"Don't Want to Say Goodbye""Rock & Roll Mama"86Raspberries
"Go All the Way""With You In My Life"5
"I Wanna Be with You""Goin' Nowhere Tonight"16Fresh
1973"Let's Pretend""Every Way I Can"35
"Tonight""Hard To Get Over A Heartbreak"69Side 3
"I'm a Rocker""Money Down"94
"Ecstasy""Don't Want to Say Goodbye"--
1973 or 1974"Drivin' Around""Might As Well"--Fresh
1974"Overnight Sensation (Hit Record)""Hands On You"18Starting Over
1975"Cruisin' Music""Party's Over"--

"Go All The Way" was banned by the BBC.

Compilations

Anthology matrix

AlbumRaspberries' Best Featuring Eric CarmenThe Very Best of the Raspberries (UK)Collector's SeriesGreatest Hits (BMG Music Club Version)The Very Best of the RaspberriesThe Very Best of the Raspberries (Japan)Raspberries Greatest
Catalogue #Capitol ST-11524Zap CD1Capitol CDP7921262Capitol ST-C23638Cherry Red CDMRED224ToshibaT OCP-53367Capitol 72438632612-6
FormatVinylCDCDCDCDCDCD
Year1976198719912000200220042005
Bold = SingleTrack #Track #Track #Track #Track #Track #Track #Notes
AlbumTrack #TitleWriter(s)Time
Raspberries1"Go All the Way"Carmen, Bryson3:191212211
Raspberries2"Come Around and See Me"Bryson3:0022092
Raspberries3"I Saw the Light"Carmen, Bryson2:403174
Raspberries4"Rock & Roll Mama"Smalley4:3510
Raspberries5"Waiting"Carmen2:431520
Raspberries6"Don't Want to Say Goodbye"Carmen, Bryson5:001041123
Raspberries7"With You in My Life"Bryson2:4511
Raspberries8"Get It Moving"Smalley2:25Not available on a compilation
Raspberries9"I Can Remember"Carmen8:00535
Fresh1"I Wanna Be with You"Carmen3:054954436
Fresh2"Goin' Nowhere Tonight"Carmen, Smalley2:3012
Fresh3"Let's Pretend"Carmen3:427365348
Fresh4"Every Way I Can"Smalley2:44Not available on a compilation
Fresh5"I Reach for the Light"Carmen4:0177169
Fresh6"Nobody Knows"Carmen, Smalley2:19861310
Fresh7"It Seemed So Easy"Carmen, Smalley3:53Not available on a compilation
Fresh8"Might As Well"Bryson2:2514
Fresh9"If You Change Your Mind"Carmen3:599711
Fresh10"Drivin' Around"Carmen, Smalley3:038410857
Side 31"Tonight"Carmen3:392121196512
Side 32"Last Dance"Bryson3:3612121715
Side 33"Making It Easy"Smalley3:10Not available on a compilation
Side 34"On the Beach"Carmen4:205715
Side 35"Hard to Get Over a Heartbreak"Smalley3:5113
Side 36"I'm a Rocker"Carmen5:10141091613
Side 37"Should I Wait"Smalley3:511118
Side 38"Ecstasy"Carmen3:3736151114614
Side 39"Money Down"Bryson4:018
Starting Over1"Overnight Sensation (Hit Record)"Carmen5:3461161310720
Starting Over2"Play On"Carmen, McCarl3:01Not available on a compilation
Starting Over3"Party's Over"Bryson3:141713819
Starting Over4"I Don't Know What I Want"Carmen4:1313151216
Starting Over5"Rose Coloured Glasses"McCarl3:38141819
Starting Over6"All Through the Night"Carmen, McBride4:30817
Starting Over7"Cruisin' Music"Carmen3:09101914111817
Starting Over8"I Can Hardly Believe You're Mine"Carmen, McCarl3:34Not available on a compilation
Starting Over9"Cry"Carmen, McCarl2:41Not available on a compilation
Starting Over10"Hands On You"Bryson, McCarl2:22
Starting Over11"Starting Over"Carmen4:109162016152018
n/an/a"Please Let Me Come Back" ? ?18Only available on a compilation
n/an/a"Oh Tonight" ? ?19Only available on a compilation

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ankeny, Jason; Prato, Greg. "The Raspberries — Overview". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/p5229. Retrieved August 11, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Adams, Deanna R. (January 2002). Rock 'n' roll and the Cleveland connection. Kent State University Press. pp. 252–261. ISBN 978-0-87338-691-3. 
  3. ^ Gundersen, Edna (October 11, 2007). "Cleveland's The Raspberries are as fresh as ever". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/music/news/2007-10-11-raspberries_N.htm. Retrieved August 11, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c Dan Macintosh (2007-09-04). "With Raspberries reunion, Eric Carmen's no longer all by himself". Ecentral.my. http://ecentral.my/news/story.asp?file=/2007/9/4/music/20070904092526&sec=music. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  5. ^ Prato, Greg. "Play On — Overview". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/r342307. Retrieved August 11, 2009. 
  6. ^ Dave Smalley A warrior At Rest Smalley interview. Notes his experiences as a helicopter gunner in Vietnam
  7. ^ The Raspberries biography Billboard Magazine
  8. ^ ''Allmusic'', by Vladimir Bogdanov, Chris Woodstra, Stephen Thomas Erlewine. Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=xR7MdpuSlAEC&pg=PT302&lpg=PT302&dq=%22The+Raspberries%22+history+bidding+capitol&source=web&ots=bZ5yQQl29u&sig=dKhFJ5P8AodXmZ4aAq5jDK1kdRc&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=8&ct=result. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  9. ^ "Queer Music heritage USA". Queermusicheritage.us. http://queermusicheritage.us/feb2002.html. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 
  10. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 319. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  11. ^ Starting Over LP information and review at Allmusic.com
  12. ^ Bruce Springsteen semi-official fan magazine Backstreets, and also the Backstreets.com website
  13. ^ Let There Be Drums Vol 3: The 70s liner notes
  14. ^ Eric Carmen in Billboard Magazine; Artist Biography
  15. ^ Eric Carmen Billboard Chart History
  16. ^ the Raspberries Refreshed reviews and commentary
  17. ^ Billboard online (see last paragraph)
  18. ^ The Raspberries Refreshed reviews and commentary
  19. ^ Gundersen, Edna (2007-10-11). "USA Today". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/music/news/2007-10-11-raspberries_N.htm. Retrieved 2011-11-02. 

Further reading

Wolff, Carlo (2006). Cleveland Rock and Roll Memories. Cleveland, OH: Gray & Company, Publishers. ISBN 978-1-886228-99-3

External links