The Mortal Instruments

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The Mortal Instruments Series
Miboxed set.jpg
AuthorCassandra Clare
CountryUnited States
GenreFantasy, young-adult fiction, urban fantasy
PublishedMarch 27, 2007 – May 27, 2014
Media typePrint (hardcover and paperback)
Preceded byThe Infernal Devices
Followed byThe Dark Artifices
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The Mortal Instruments Series
Miboxed set.jpg
AuthorCassandra Clare
CountryUnited States
GenreFantasy, young-adult fiction, urban fantasy
PublishedMarch 27, 2007 – May 27, 2014
Media typePrint (hardcover and paperback)
Preceded byThe Infernal Devices
Followed byThe Dark Artifices

The Mortal Instruments is a series of six young adult fantasy novels written by Cassandra Clare, the last of which was published May 27, 2014. The Mortal Instruments is chronologically the third series of a proposed five in The Shadowhunter Chronicles.

Publication history[edit]

  1. City of Bones (published March 27, 2007)
  2. City of Ashes (published March 25, 2008)
  3. City of Glass (published March 23, 2009)
  4. City of Fallen Angels (published April 5, 2011)
  5. City of Lost Souls (published May 8, 2012)
  6. City of Heavenly Fire (published May 27, 2014)

Main characters[edit]

Clarissa "Clary" Adele Fray (also referred to as Fairchild and Morgenstern) is the sister of Jonathan Morgenstern and daughter of Valentine Morgenstern and Jocelyn Fairchild, who, to protect Clary, changes her last name to Fray. She is described as having long, curly red hair, freckles and bright green eyes. She is very small and thin and often viewed as younger than she actually is. Clary is an artist, and in the first book, City of Bones, she believes she is a mundane, a human without angelic powers. It is later revealed she is in fact a Shadowhunter, a human with angelic qualities. Clary is described as being very stubborn and often rushes into dangerous situations without thinking about the consequences. Her best friend in the series is Simon Lewis who is in love with her; however, she is dating Jace. She is devastated when she learns the fact that the boy she loves is actually her supposed brother but later learns that it's not true. Soon a new power is revealed, she can read ancient runes, used by angels, and create her own runes, caused by the extra angel blood she received from Valentine when she was in her mother's womb.

Jonathan Christopher "Jace" Herondale (also referred to as Wayland, Morgenstern, and Lightwood) is described as being tall and muscular with scars across his golden skin from worn-out Runes, or magical marks. He has wavy blond hair and golden eyes, and, like Clary, he is a Shadowhunter. Jace is one of the best fighters the Nephilim have and is always ready to defend his family. Jace is often flirty and insensitive, and is described to have "pretend" arrogance due to his belief that he isn't good enough. Throughout the books, Jace's family remains unknown although he often refers to Isabelle, Alec, and Max as his siblings and Maryse and Robert Lightwood as his parents. In City of Bones, he believes he is a Wayland but at the end of the book Valentine Morgenstern lies to him by saying that he is Jace's father. However, in City of Glass, Jace learns that his biological father is actually Stephen Herondale. But he decides to take the last name of his adoptive family, the Lightwoods. He has since then changed his name back to Herondale upon learning more about his father. He has special powers, as well as Clary, which make him swift and graceful, also caused by the extra angel blood he received when he was in his mother's womb.

Simon Lewis is a thin, tall boy with a mop of brown hair, brown eyes and glasses. He is often seen wearing T-shirts with gamer slogans. In City of Lost Souls, Simon describes himself as being "hipster" but his best friend, Clary, tells him he is a geek. Simon is the only character to begin his life as a mundane, but in City of Ashes he is transformed into a vampire. Since becoming a vampire, he will never age; therefore, will forever retain the appearance of a 16-year-old. In "City of Ashes" Valentine Morgenstern stabs Simon in the throat and cuts his wrists for one fourth the blood needed to convert the Mortal Sword, vampire blood. Jace finds Simon and cuts his wrist to let Simon drink his blood, thus resulting in Simon becoming the Daylighter. Simon is quirky and caring, often putting other people before himself. In City of Fallen Angels, Simon finds himself in a love triangle with the characters of Maia Roberts and Isabelle Lightwood; however, in City of Lost Souls it becomes apparent that he chose Isabelle over Maia, and is now dating her. In "City Of Heavenly Fire" Simon loses his vampiric powers and enters training to become a Shadowhunter.

Isabelle "Izzy" Sophia Lightwood is a Shadowhunter and is described as tall, thin, and beautiful. She has long black hair and dark brown eyes, and is often carrying her trademark gold electrum whip. Isabelle is described as being incredibly girly but with a fierce attitude. She is often considered flirty and never seems committed with relationships, although in City of Lost Souls, she admits to being in love with Simon Lewis.

Alexander "Alec" Gideon Lightwood is the oldest Lightwood sibling. Alec is a Shadowhunter with floppy black hair and blue eyes, similar to William Herondale's appearance from The Infernal Devices. He is described as being quiet but protective of his younger siblings: Isabelle and Max, the latter of whom dies in City of Glass. Alec believes he is in love with Jace in the first book, City of Bones, until he meets Magnus Bane later on. In City of Glass, Alec kisses him in front of his parents, confirming that he is homosexual. In City of Fallen Angels and City of Lost Souls, Alec becomes insecure about his and Magnus's relationship because of Magnus's immortality and considerable romantic history. This insecurity leads him to consider turning Magnus mortal against his will, which causes Magnus to break up with him in City of Lost Souls, however, Magnus and Alec do in fact end up getting back together in City of Heavenly Fire.

Magnus Bane is the High Warlock of Brooklyn. Magnus is an age-is-kinda-fuzzy-but-somewhere-around-800-year-old warlock who appears 19. He is tall and thin with Asian features, jet black hair, and amber and green cat eyes. Magnus Bane is often described to wear glitter and throws countless parties with Shadowhunters and downworlders. Magnus begins a relationship with Alec Lightwood, therefore he feels obliged to become the New York Shadowhunters' "pet" warlock in order to impress Alec. Magnus appears in the prequel to The Mortal InstrumentsThe Infernal Devices—and there is a series of 10 short stories describing some of the events that occurred in Magnus Bane's long life titled The Bane Chronicles.

Luke Garroway ,born Lucian Graymark , is a former Shadowhunter and a former member of the circle. Later, when he is betrayed by Valentine and is bitten by a werewolf, he succumbs to lycanthropy, thus becoming a werewolf himself. He is currently the leader of the Manhattan werewolf pack, and is fiancè of Jocelyn Fairchild and step-father of Clary. He is described as calm, level-headed and righteous. He is also fiercely loyal to his loved ones.

Jocelyn Fray (Fairchild) is a Shadowhunter, a former member of the circle and the mother of Clary and Jonathan Christopher Morgenstern. She used to be married to Valentine but following the birth of their first child, Jonathan, she learned that he had mixed demon blood into her food thus making a monster out of Jonathan. Later Valentine mixed angel blood into Jocelyn's food unaware that she was pregnant with Clary and after he faked his and Jonathan's deaths, Jocelyn left Idris and moved to Brooklyn where she had Clary. Every two years Jocelyn would have Magnus Bane cast a block on Clary's Sight or "inner eye" to protect her from the Shadow world. In City of Bones she puts herself into a coma so Valentine can't try to force her to reveal the whereabouts of the Mortal Cup but she was reawakened in City of Glass. She is currently engaged to her childhood friend Luke Garroway. Her last name, Fray is revealed to have been a portmanteau of her initial last name, Fairchild, and that of Tessa Gray, a warlock who is seen in "City Of Heavenly Fire" and the prequel series, "The Infernal Devices".

Jonathan Christopher (Sebastian) Morgensternis a shadowhunter but was born with demon blood in his veins. He is Clary's brother. He Is described to have pitch black eyes with no whites, a very sharp angled face, and blonde-almost white- hair. However, in "City Of Heavenly Fire" the evil is burnt out of him and it is said that his face was rounder and his eyes where green. He dies soon after admitting and apologizing for his wrongdoings to Clary.

Critical reception[edit]

City of Bones was highly popular at the time of release, reaching #8 on the New York Times Best Seller list (Children's books) in April 2007.[1] City of Ashes was one of the YALSA's top ten teen books for 2009.[2]

Publishers Weekly commented that it "is a sprawling urban fantasy packed with just about every type of creature known to the genre".[3] Locus praised the book as "a highly readable first novel".[4] Booklist said that there was "plenty of romance, loss, honor, and betrayal to make the journey worthwhile. An experienced storyteller, Clare moves the plot quickly to a satisfying end."[5] School Library Journal said "Though the story is hampered by predictability and overblown writing, Clare continues her talent for mixing hip, modern humor with traditional fantasy, and fans eagerly awaiting the series conclusion should come away more than satisfied."[6] A review in the School Library Journal noted that the book contained a variety of narrative flaws including characters that were "sporadically characterized" and whose behavior was predictable. In spite of this they noted that the book was entertaining and would leave readers anticipating the next installment.[7] The series has been in the New York Times Best Sellers List for 102 consecutive weeks as of September 5, 2013, and No. 1 for 9 weeks straight knocking series as The Hunger Games and Percy Jackson and The Olympians off the top spot.[citation needed] The last time The Mortal Instruments spent 100 consecutive weeks on the best sellers list was in May 2012. On August 29, 2013, City of Bones topped the USA Today’s Best Sellers List, which made it the Best Seller Book of the country at the time. Four other Mortal Instruments books also made the list. City of Ashes was No. 8, City of Glass was No. 20, City of Fallen Angels was 35 and City of Lost Souls was No. 46.[citation needed]

Popular culture references[edit]

In City of Ashes, the Faerie Realm and its inhabitants are characters from Holly Black's faerie series, beginning with Tithe: A Modern Faerie Tale. Also, the characters Val and Luis from Valiant: A Modern Tale of Faerie appear in another scene in that book. Within Holly Black's third book, Ironside: A Modern Faery's Tale, there is a reference to the Mortal Cup mentioned in the Mortal Instruments series.

Further books in the series[edit]


Cassandra Clare has written a series of prequels called The Infernal Devices set in the same universe as The Mortal Instruments, but in the Victorian era. This series consists of three books: Clockwork Angel, published on August 31, 2010, Clockwork Prince, published December 6, 2011, and Clockwork Princess, published March 19, 2013.[8] There is a sequel series called "The Last Hours" to The Infernal Devices set in the same universe detailing the adventures of the next generation of Shadowhunters almost two decades after the events of Clockwork Princess. The series will consist of three books: "Chain of Thorns", "Chain of Gold", and "Chain of Iron".[9] One of the main characters from The Infernal Devices also takes part in the last three Mortal Instruments books (with another one joining in the last book), in addition to Magnus Bane that takes part in all Mortal Instruments and Infernal Devices books.


Cassandra Clare has announced a new series of sequels called The Dark Artifices set in the same universe as The Mortal Instruments, but five years in the future. This series will be a trilogy with all new characters (some of which are seen in "City Of Heavenly Fire") and the focus will shift from New York to the Los Angeles Institute. They are to be called Lady Midnight, Prince of Shadows, and The Queen of Air and Darkness. The first book is scheduled to be published in 2015.[10]


Cassandra Clare, Sarah Rees Brennan and Maureen Johnson have written a complementary series of ten short stories called "The Bane Chronicles" that recount the experiences of the Warlock Magnus Bane character from "The Mortal Instruments" series. This series has been published over the course of 2013 and 2014 and consists of "What Really Happened in Peru", "The Runaway Queen", "Vampires, Scones, and Edmund Herondale", "The Midnight Heir", "The Rise of the Hotel Dumort", "Saving Raphael Santiago", "The Fall of The Hotel Dumort", "What to Buy the Shadowhunter Who Has Everything(And Who You're Not Officially Dating Anyway)", "The Last Stand of the New York Institute", and "The Course of True Love (and First Dates)".[11]

Film adaptations[edit]

In 2010, Screen Gems announced that they were going into production on a film adaptation of City of Bones,[12] Harald Zwart was announced as the film's director, with Lily Collins starring as Clary Fray and Jamie Campbell Bower starring as Jace Wayland.[13] The film was released in theaters August 21, 2013.

Constantin announced that the second book in the series City of Ashes would be adapted into a film, with Harald Zwart returning as director. The film was due to start production in 2013, but was delayed to 2014 after the first film failed to recoup its budget. On October 12th, a TV show adaption was announced, and producers deemed it unlikely the movie series would continue. [14] [15]

TV series adaptation[edit]

On October 12th, 2014 at Mipcom, Constantin confirmed that The Mortal Instruments will return as a television series, and has hired showrunner in Los Angeles to start production for next year on at least two or three international shows.[16] Constantin film and TV head Martin Moszkowicz told The Hollywood Reporter that "It actually makes sense to do (the novels) as a TV series" and "There was so much from the book that we had to leave out of the Mortal Instruments film. In the series we'll be able to go deeper and explore this world in greater detail and depth."[17] The producers hope to adapt the entire book series if the TV adaptation proves successful. [16] It has been announced that episodes will be one hour long and start from the beginning of the series. It is currently unknown whether the cast of the movie will reprise their roles.


  1. ^ "Children's Books". April 22, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  2. ^ ALA Teen's Top Ten 2008
  3. ^ "Children's Book Reviews: Week of 4/9/2007". Publishers Weekly. 2007-04-09. Retrieved 2008-01-11. [dead link]
  4. ^ Locus - "The Mortal Instruments, Book One: City of Bones", Faren Miller, June 2007
  5. ^ "Booklist Review: City of Glass". Booklist. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Langhans, Eliza. "Grades 5 & Up". School Library Journal. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Clare, Cassandra. City of Bones.(Brief article)(Children's review)(Book review)". School Library Journal. 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2008-01-11. 
  8. ^ Henderson, William. "Want to Know How Cassandra Clare's Widely Anticipated Clockwork Princess Begins?". Huffington Post. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ Driscoll, Molly (March 15, 2012). "Cassandra Clare offers a few hints about her next Shadowhunters series". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  11. ^
  12. ^ Bettinger, Brendan. "Screen Gems Positioning CITY OF BONES as the First Film in a MORTAL INSTRUMENTS Franchise". Collider. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  13. ^ Meza, Ed (April 20, 2012). "Constantin boards Clare, Black project: 'The Iron Trial' centers on boy magician". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ a b
  17. ^

External links[edit]