The Little Match Girl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

"The Little Match Girl"
The Little Match Girl - Bayes 1889.jpg
A. J. Bayes illustration, 1889
AuthorHans Christian Andersen
Original title"Den Lille Pige med Svovlstikkerne"
CountryDenmark
LanguageDanish
Genre(s)Short story
Published inDansk Folkekalender for 1846
Media typePrint
Publication dateDecember 1845
 
Jump to: navigation, search
For the 1928 French film, see The Little Match Girl (1928 film). For the 2006 Disney animated short film, see The Little Matchgirl (2006 film).
"The Little Match Girl"
The Little Match Girl - Bayes 1889.jpg
A. J. Bayes illustration, 1889
AuthorHans Christian Andersen
Original title"Den Lille Pige med Svovlstikkerne"
CountryDenmark
LanguageDanish
Genre(s)Short story
Published inDansk Folkekalender for 1846
Media typePrint
Publication dateDecember 1845

The Little Match Girl (Danish: Den Lille Pige med Svovlstikkerne, meaning "The little girl with the matchsticks") is a short story by Danish poet and author Hans Christian Andersen. The story is about a dying child's dreams and hope, and was first published in 1845. It has been adapted to various media including animated film, and a television musical.

Plot summary[edit]

On a cold New Year's Eve, a poor girl tries to sell matches in the street. She is already shivering from cold and early hypothermia.[1] Still she is afraid to go home because her father will beat her for not selling any matches. She shelters in a nook and sits down.[2]

The girl lights the matches to warm herself. In their glow, she sees several lovely visions including a Christmas tree and a holiday feast. The girl looks skyward and sees a shooting star; she then remembers her dead grandmother saying that such a falling star means someone is dying and is going to Heaven. As she lights the next match, she sees a vision of her grandmother, the only person to have treated her with love and kindness. She strikes one match after another to keep the vision of her grandmother alive for as long as she can.

Running out of matches, the child dies and her grandmother carries her soul to Heaven. The next morning, passers-by find the child dead in the nook and feel pity for her.

Source[edit]

The source for the story was a widely popular woodcut illustration by the Danish artist Johan Thomas Lundbye depicting a poor child selling matches printed in a calendar for 1843; several illustrations had been sent to Andersen by the editor of an almanac requesting him to write a story around one.[3]

Publication[edit]

"The Little Match Girl" was first published December 1845 in Dansk Folkekalender for 1846. The work was re-published 4 March 1848 as a part of New Fairy Tales. Second Volume. Second Collection. 1848. (Nye Eventyr. Andet Bind. Anden Samling. 1848.), and again 18 December 1849 as a part of Fairy Tales. 1850. (Eventyr. 1850.). The work was also published 30 March 1863 as a part of Fairy Tales and Stories. Second Volume. 1863. (Eventyr og Historier. Andet Bind. 1863.)[4]

Adaptations[edit]

Live-action film[edit]

Animated[edit]

Music[edit]

16mm short subject[edit]

Television[edit]

Literature[edit]

Other[edit]

The Little Match Girl in the Fairy Tale Forest, Efteling, Netherlands.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ Tatar, Maria (2008). The Annotated Hans Christian Andersen. W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-06081-2. 
  4. ^ "Hans Christian Andersen: The Little Match Girl". Hans Christian Andersen Center. 
  5. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2634370/?ref_=fn_al_tt_3
  6. ^ "The Song is a Fairytale". magle.dk. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  7. ^ "The Little Match Girl Opera". 
  8. ^ "7 En Musique". 
  9. ^ Nick Smurthwaite (21 March 2005). "Million pound notes – Keith Strachan". The Stage. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  10. ^ "INTERVIEW: West End director Keith Strachan takes Dancing In The Streets on tour". This is London. 20 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  11. ^ VanderWerff, Todd (19 November 2009). "Matchless: A Christmas Story". AV Club. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  12. ^ McGonagall, William. "The Little Match Girl." Poetry Foundation.2010. Web. 26 February 2010.
  13. ^ Efteling – 'The Little Match Girl' in Fairy tale forest (Het meisje met de zwavelstokjes) (video)

External links[edit]