The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

The Hobbit:
An Unexpected Journey
The Hobbit- An Unexpected Journey.jpeg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byPeter Jackson
Produced by
Screenplay by
Based onThe Hobbit 
by J. R. R. Tolkien
Starring
Music byHoward Shore
CinematographyAndrew Lesnie
Editing byJabez Olssen
Studio
Distributed byWarner Bros. Pictures
Release dates
  • 28 November 2012 (2012-11-28) (Wellington premiere)
  • 12 December 2012 (2012-12-12) (New Zealand)
  • 13 December 2012 (2012-12-13) (United Kingdom)
  • 14 December 2012 (2012-12-14) (United States)
Running time169 minutes[1]
Country
LanguageEnglish
Budget$200–315 million[3]
Box office$1,017,003,568[4]
 
  (Redirected from The Hobbit (2012 film))
Jump to: navigation, search
The Hobbit:
An Unexpected Journey
The Hobbit- An Unexpected Journey.jpeg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byPeter Jackson
Produced by
Screenplay by
Based onThe Hobbit 
by J. R. R. Tolkien
Starring
Music byHoward Shore
CinematographyAndrew Lesnie
Editing byJabez Olssen
Studio
Distributed byWarner Bros. Pictures
Release dates
  • 28 November 2012 (2012-11-28) (Wellington premiere)
  • 12 December 2012 (2012-12-12) (New Zealand)
  • 13 December 2012 (2012-12-13) (United Kingdom)
  • 14 December 2012 (2012-12-14) (United States)
Running time169 minutes[1]
Country
LanguageEnglish
Budget$200–315 million[3]
Box office$1,017,003,568[4]

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey is a 2012 epic fantasy adventure film directed by Peter Jackson. It is the first installment of a three-part film series based on the 1937 novel The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien. It is followed by The Desolation of Smaug (2013) and There and Back Again (2014). The three films together will act as prequels to Jackson's Lord of the Rings film trilogy.

The story is set in Middle-earth sixty years before The Lord of the Rings, and portions of the film are adapted from the appendices to Tolkien's The Return of the King.[5] An Unexpected Journey tells the tale of the hobbit Bilbo Baggins (Martin Freeman), who is convinced by the wizard Gandalf (Ian McKellen) to accompany thirteen dwarves led by Thorin Oakenshield (Richard Armitage) on a quest across Middle-earth to reclaim the Lonely Mountain from Smaug the dragon. The film premiered in New Zealand on 28 November 2012 and was released internationally from 12 December 2012.[6]

The film's screenplay was written by Peter Jackson, his longtime collaborators Fran Walsh and Philippa Boyens (who also co-wrote The Lord of the Rings), and Guillermo del Toro, who was originally chosen to direct the film before leaving the project in 2010.

The Hobbit has grossed over $1 billion at the box office, surpassing both The Fellowship of the Ring and The Two Towers nominally.[7] The film was nominated for three Academy Awards for Best Visual Effects, Best Production Design, and Best Makeup and Hairstyling.[8] It was also nominated for three BAFTA Awards.

Plot[edit]

Approaching his 111th birthday, the hobbit Bilbo Baggins begins writing down the full story of his adventure 60 years earlier for the benefit of his nephew Frodo. Long before Bilbo's involvement, the Dwarf king Thrór brings an era of prosperity for his kin under the Lonely Mountain until the arrival of the dragon Smaug. Destroying the nearby town of Dale, Smaug drives the Dwarves out of their mountain and takes their hoard of gold. Thrór's grandson Thorin sees King Thranduil and his Wood-elves on a nearby hillside, and is dismayed when they take their leave rather than aid his people, resulting in Thorin's everlasting hatred of Elves.

In the Shire, 50-year-old Bilbo is tricked by the wizard Gandalf the Grey into hosting a party for Thorin and his company of dwarves: Balin, Dwalin, Fíli, Kíli, Dori, Nori, Ori, Óin, Glóin, Bifur, Bofur, and Bombur. Gandalf's aim is to recruit Bilbo as the company's "burglar" to aid them in their quest to enter the Lonely Mountain. Bilbo is unwilling to accept at first, but has a change of heart after they leave without him. Traveling onward, the company is captured by three trolls. Bilbo stalls the trolls from eating them until dawn, when Gandalf exposes the trolls to sunlight, which turns them to stone. They search the trolls' cave and find treasure and Elven blades. Thorin and Gandalf each take an Elf-made blade—Orcrist and Glamdring, respectively—with the latter finding an Elven shortsword, which he gives to Bilbo.

The company meets the wizard Radagast the Brown, who tells them of an encounter at Dol Guldur with the Necromancer, a sorcerer who has been corrupting Greenwood with dark magic. The company is then chased by Orcs on wargs. Radagast covers the company's escape as Gandalf leads the company through a stone passage to Rivendell. There, Lord Elrond discloses a hidden indication of a secret door on the company's map of the Lonely Mountain, which will be visible only on Durin's Day. Gandalf later approaches the White Council—consisting of Elrond, Galadriel and Saruman the White—about his involvement with the dwarves. He also presents a Morgul blade Radagast obtained from Dol Guldur as a sign that the Necromancer is linked to the Witch-king of Angmar, despite Saruman's skepticism. When Saruman presses concern to the more present matter of the dwarves and Smaug, requesting that Gandalf put an end to the quest, Gandalf secretly reveals to Galadriel he had anticipated this and had the dwarves move forward on their quest without him.

The company journeys into the Misty Mountains, where they find themselves amid a colossal battle between stone giants. They take refuge in a cave and are captured by Goblins, who take them to their leader, the Great Goblin. Bilbo becomes separated from the dwarves and falls into a cave where he encounters Gollum, who accidentally drops a golden ring while killing a stray goblin to eat. Pocketing the ring, Bilbo finds himself confronted by Gollum. They play a riddle game, wagering that Bilbo will be shown the way out if he wins or eaten by Gollum if he loses. Bilbo eventually wins by asking Gollum what he has in his pocket. Noticing his ring is lost, Gollum suspects that Bilbo possesses it and attacks him. Bilbo discovers that the ring grants him invisibility, but when he has a chance to kill Gollum, Bilbo spares his life out of pity and escapes.

Meanwhile, the Great Goblin reveals to the dwarves that Azog, an Orc war-chief who beheaded Thrór and lost his forearm to Thorin in battle outside the Dwarven kingdom of Moria, has placed a bounty on Thorin's head. Gandalf arrives and leads the dwarves in an escape and kills the Great Goblin. Bilbo exits the mountain and rejoins the company, keeping secret his newly obtained ring. The company is ambushed by Azog and his hunting party, and takes refuge in trees. Thorin charges Azog, but is knocked unconscious and left defenseless on the ground. Bilbo saves Thorin from the Orcs just as the company is rescued by eagles. They fly to the safety of the Carrock where Gandalf is able to revive Thorin. In the distance, the company sees the Lonely Mountain, where the sleeping Smaug is awakened by the knocking sound of a thrush.

Cast[edit]

Before filming began on March 21, 2011, the principal actors trained in sword fighting, riding, and boating for a month. Jackson hoped such activities would allow the cast to bond so chemistry would be evident on screen as well as getting them used to life in Wellington.[9] Some of the films' cast and their respective characters include:

Cameos in the film include director Peter Jackson as an Erebor Dwarf running from the dragon Smaug in the opening prologue, James Nesbitt's then wife Sonia Forbes-Adam as Belladonna Took, Bilbo's mother, his daughters Peggy and Mary as children of Dale, production designer Dan Hennah as the Old Took, Belladonna's father, and Andy Serkis's sons and Peter Jackson's daughter made cameos as Hobbits in the flashback of young Bilbo. Forbes-Adam, Hennah, Louis, Sonny, and Katie's cameos appear only in the extended edition.

Production[edit]

A film adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's novel The Hobbit (1937) was in development for several years after the critical and financial success of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003), co-written, co-produced, and directed by Peter Jackson. Jackson was initially going to produce a two-film adaptation of The Hobbit, which was to be directed by Guillermo del Toro.[19] Del Toro left the project in May 2010, after about two years of working with Jackson and his production team, due to delays caused in part by financial problems at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.[20] Jackson was announced as director that October.[20]

The Hobbit films were produced back to back, like The Lord of the Rings films. Principal photography for The Hobbit films began on 21 March 2011 in New Zealand[21] and ended on 6 July 2012, after 266 days of filming.[22] Pick-ups for An Unexpected Journey were filmed in July 2012 as well.[23] Work on the film was expected to be completed on 26 November, just two days prior to the film's Wellington premiere.[24]

High frame rate[edit]

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey used a shooting and projection frame rate of 48 frames per second, becoming the first feature film with a wide release to do so.[25] The new projection rate was advertised as "High Frame Rate" to the general public. However, the majority of cinemas projected the film at the industry standard 24 fps after the film was converted.[26][27]

Score[edit]

The musical score for An Unexpected Journey was composed by Howard Shore. It was performed by the London Philharmonic Orchestra and featured several vocal soloists. The original song "Song of the Lonely Mountain", sung by Neil Finn, served as the end title theme. The album received nominations for various awards and peaked in the top ten charts in Korea and the United States.

Distribution[edit]

Marketing[edit]

Air New Zealand B-777-300 with "The Airline of Middle-earth" livery to promote the film The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, at London Heathrow Airport

The first trailer for An Unexpected Journey was first screened before the Jackson-produced The Adventures of Tintin in the US on 21 December 2011,[28] and released on the Internet on the same day.[29] Geoff Boucher of the Los Angeles Times said, "While it was all too fleeting there was enough in it to stir the heart of fans."[30] Jen Chaney of The Washington Post stated, "Visually and tonally, this preview for [An Unexpected Journey] looks like a perfect match for the Frodo Baggins tales that released in 2001, 2002 and 2003. […] But plot isn't the main matter at hand in the trailer… This clip is all about reacquainting us with Middle-earth."[29]

Jackson, Freeman, McKellen, Armitage, Serkis, Wood, and co-screenwriter Philippa Boyens appeared at the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con International promoting the film and screening 12 minutes of footage.[31]

On 8 October 2012, Wellington Mayor Celia Wade-Brown announced that for the week of the premiere of The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, the capital of New Zealand would be renamed the "Middle of Middle-earth".[32]

Theatrical release[edit]

A standee outside the Embassy Theatre in Wellington, New Zealand at the world premiere of The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey

The world premiere of The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey took place on 28 November 2012 in Wellington, New Zealand,[33] with a full theatrical release in New Zealand on 12 December. The film was released 13 December 2012 in Europe, 14 December 2012 in India, Canada and United States,[34][35] and 26 December 2012 (Boxing Day) in Australia. It was also screened at the 65th Royal Film Performance in London on 12 December 2012.[36]

Around 100,000 people lined the red carpet on Courtenay Place for the film's premiere, and the entire event was broadcast live on TV in New Zealand, as well as streaming over the internet.[37]

Home media[edit]

The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey was released on DVD, Blu-ray and Blu-ray 3D on March 19, 2013,[38] with an extended edition with 13 minutes of additional footage released on November 5, 2013.[39][40][41][42] In the United Kingdom, the film was released on April 8, 2013.[43]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

An Unexpected Journey grossed $303,003,568 in the United States and Canada and $714 million elsewhere, bringing to a worldwide total of $1,017,003,568.[4] It is the fourth highest-grossing film of 2012,[44] and the 16th highest-grossing film of all time.[45] It scored a worldwide opening weekend of $222.6 million,[46] including $15.1 million from 452 IMAX theaters around the world, which was an IMAX opening-weekend record for December.[47]

United States and Canada

An Unexpected Journey earned $13.0 million during its midnight run, setting a December midnight record[48] (previously held by Avatar).[49] It then topped the box office on its opening day (Friday, December 14, 2012) earning $37.1 million[50] from 4,045 theaters (midnight earnings included), setting a December opening-day record (previously held by The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King).[51] By the end of its first weekend it grossed $84.62 million, finishing in first place and setting a December opening-weekend record (previously held by I Am Legend).[52] 3D showings accounted for 49% of weekend ticket sales while IMAX showings generated $10.1 million (12% of the weekend gross).[52] The film held onto the top spot for a second weekend, despite declining 57% to $36.7 million.[53] An Unexpected Journey remained at the top of the box office during its third weekend, dropping only 11% to $32.9 million.[54]

Other territories

An Unexpected Journey earned $11.2 million on its opening day (Wednesday, December 12, 2012) from 16 markets.[55] Through its first Sunday, it managed a 5-day opening-weekend gross of just under $138.0 million. It topped the box office outside North America on two consecutive weekends. In Sweden, it scored the second-largest 5-day opening with $6.20 million (behind Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2). Its three largest openings occurred in the UK, Ireland and Malta ($18.8 million), Russia and the CIS ($17.8 million), and Germany ($17.1 million).[56][57]

Critical response[edit]

After the New Zealand premiere, Television New Zealand noted that critical responses were "largely positive" but with "mixed responses to the film's technological advances",[58] while the BBC said that reviews for An Unexpected Journey had been "mixed."[59] After the film's international release, Forbes called reviews "unenthusiastic" and the Los Angeles Times said the critical consensus is that the film "stumbles".[60][61] The film holds a 65% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 270 reviews with an average score of 6.6/10.[62] The site's main consensus reads "Peter Jackson's return to Middle-earth is an earnest, visually resplendent trip, but the film's deliberate pace robs the material of some of its majesty."[63] On aggregate review site Metacritic, the film has a score of 58 out of 100, indicating "mixed or average reviews", based on collected reviews from 40 critics.[64] The main contention of debate was regarding the film's length, its controversial High Frame Rate, and whether or not the film matched the level of expectation built from The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, while the film's visual style, special effects, music score and cast were praised, especially the performances of Martin Freeman, Ian McKellen, Richard Armitage and Andy Serkis.[65][66] According to CinemaScore polls the film received an "A+" grade from audiences.[67]

Peter Travers of Rolling Stone criticised the film's use of "48 frames per second… Couple that with 3D and the movie looks so hyper-real that you see everything that's fake about it… The 169 minutes of screen time hurts, since the first 45 minutes of the film traps us in the hobbit home of the young Bilbo Baggins," but continued, "Once Bilbo and the dwarves set on their journey… things perk up considerably. Trolls, orcs, wolves and mountainous monsters made of remarkably pliable stone bring out the best in Jackson and his Rings co-screenwriters Fran Walsh and Philippa Boyens."[68] Robbie Collin of The Telegraph said in a 2-star review "Thank heavens for Andy Serkis, whose riddling return as Gollum steals the entire film. It is the only time the digital effects and smoother visuals underline, rather than undermine, the mythical drama of Bilbo's adventure. As a lover of cinema, Jackson’s film bored me rigid; as a lover of Tolkien, it broke my heart."[69] He felt the film was "so stuffed with extraneous faff and flummery that it often barely feels like Tolkien at all – more a dire, fan-written internet tribute."[70] Time Out magazine's Keith Uhlich praised the film as "A mesmerizing study in excess, Peter Jackson and company's long-awaited prequel to the Lord of the Rings saga is bursting with surplus characters, wall-to-wall special effects, unapologetically drawn-out story tangents and double the frame rate (48 over 24) of the average movie."[71] The Guardian magazine's Peter Bradshaw commented on use of high frame rate technology and length of the film, writing "After 170 minutes I felt that I had had enough of a pretty good thing. The trilogy will test the stamina of the non-believers, and many might feel ... that the traditional filmic look of Lord of the Rings was better."[72] Richard Lawson from The Atlantic Wire commented on the film's "video game"-like visual effects, saying "this is a dismally unattractive movie, featuring too many shots that I'm sure were lovely at some point but are now ruined and chintzified by the terrible technology monster."[73]

Matthew Leyland of Total Film said in a five-star review that it is "Charming, spectacular, technically audacious… in short, everything you expect from a Peter Jackson movie. A feeling of familiarity does take hold in places, but this is an epically entertaining first course."[74] Ed Gonzalez of Slant Magazine awarded the film 3 stars out of 4, and called it "The first of an arguably gratuitous three-part cine-extravaganza."[75] Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter said that "Jackson and his colleagues have created a purist's delight… [And leads to] an undeniably exciting, action-packed climax." McCarthy did however feel that "Though there are elements in this new film that are as spectacular as much of the Rings trilogy was… there is much that is flat-footed and tedious as well, especially in the early going."[76] Kate Muir of The Times gave the film 4 out of 5 stars, saying Martin Freeman "perks up" the film as Bilbo Baggins and that Jackson's use of 48 frames per second 3D technology gives the film "lurid clarity".[77] In a four-star review, Dan Jolin of Empire felt "The Hobbit plays younger and lighter than Fellowship and its follow-ups, but does right by the faithful and has a strength in Martin Freeman’s Bilbo that may yet see this trilogy measure up to the last one". He gave the film 4 out of 5 stars stating "There is treasure here".[78]

Accolades[edit]

The film received three Academy Award nominations for Best Visual Effects, Best Production Design, and Best Makeup and Hairstyling as well as praise from critics organization Broadcast Film Critics Association and from critics groups, such as the Houston Film Critics Society, Phoenix Film Critics Society and Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association. The film's team won an Academy Scientific and Technical Award - the Scientific and Engineering Award for inventing a technique which has made huge advances in bringing to life computer-generated characters such as Gollum in the film to the screen.[79] In January 2013, it was announced The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey was nominated in the Best Live Action Motion Picture category at the Cinema Audio Society Awards, awarded on February 16.[80]

An Unexpected Journey led the nominations at the 39th Saturn Awards with nine, more than The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring which earned eight nominations at the time of its release. These nominations included Best Director (Peter Jackson's eleventh Saturn Award nomination), Best Actor for Martin Freeman, Best Supporting Actor for Ian McKellen (his third nomination for playing Gandalf) and Best Music for Howard Shore.[81][82][83] It won Best Production Design for Dan Hennah, Ra Vincent and Simon Bright.

An Unexpected Journey also earned five nominations at the 18th Empire Awards, winning in two categories, Best Actor for Martin Freeman and Best Science Fiction/Fantasy Film.[84][85][86] It also earned two nominations at the 2013 MTV Movie Awards in the categories Best Scared-as-S**t Performance and Best Hero for Martin Freeman.[87][88] Freeman won the latter award for his performance.[89] It has gathered 6 nominations at the 2013 SFX Awards, including Best Film, Best Director for Peter Jackson and four acting nominations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE HOBBIT – AN UNEXPECTED JOURNEY (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey". BFI. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Masters, Kim (17 October 2012). "'The Hobbit:' Inside Peter Jackson and Warner Bros.' $1 Billion Gamble". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 9 January 2013. "A knowledgeable source says the first two installments cost $315 million each, and that's with Jackson deferring his fee. A studio source insists that number is wildly inflated and, with significant production rebates from New Zealand, the cost is closer to $200 million a movie." 
  4. ^ a b "An Unexpected Journey Box Office". Box Office Mojo. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "'The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey': Your unexpected questions answered". Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Hobbit Worldwide Release Dates". thehobbit.com. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  7. ^ The Economist online (July 11, 2011). "Pottering on, and on". The Economist. Retrieved February 17, 2013. 
  8. ^ "2013 Oscar Nominees | 85th Academy Awards Nominees". Oscar.go.com. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  9. ^ "Dwarf James to get in The Hobbit". Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  10. ^ "Martin Freeman to play Bilbo Baggins in The Hobbit". News (United Kingdom: BBC). 22 October 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2010. 
  11. ^ "Ian McKellen as Gandalf in The Hobbit". McKellen. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "Kiwi actor steps into Hobbit breach". The Dominion Post. 2 May 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  13. ^ "Christopher Lee Talks Saruman in The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey". Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  14. ^ "'The Hobbit': Ian Holm is officially in as old Bilbo". Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  15. ^ "New Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Pics: Elijah Wood Returns as Frodo; Martin Freeman's Bilbo Gets His Sword". Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  16. ^ "Andy Serkis Signed To Reprise Gollum In 'The Hobbit'". Deadline Hollywood. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  17. ^ "Andy Serkis". Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  18. ^ Fleming, Mike. "Benedict Cumberbatch To Voice Smaug in 'The Hobbit'". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  19. ^ Netburn, Deborah (24 April 2008). "Guillermo del Toro to direct 'The Hobbit' and sequel". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  20. ^ a b Alexander, Bryan (5 November 2010). "Guillermo del Toro on Losing the 'Hobbit': 'I Have a Huge Heartbreak'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  21. ^ Trumbore, Dave (20 March 2011). "Production Officially Begins on Peter Jackson’s ''The Hobbit; Plus Two New Images and the Official Synopsis". Collider. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  22. ^ Zakarin, Jordan (6 July 2012). "'The Hobbit' Completes Filming, Peter Jackson Posts Facebook Message (Photo)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  23. ^ Masters, Kim (1 August 2012). "No One Knows How Much Peter Jackson's New 'Hobbit' Film Will Cost". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  24. ^ Watercutter, Angela (26 November 2012). "Peter Jackson Races to Complete The Hobbit in Time for Premiere". Wired. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  25. ^ Carolyn Giardina (November 7, 2012). "Showeast 2012: Major Exhibitors Sign for High Frame-Rate 'Hobbit' Despite Format Challenges". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 8, 2012. 
  26. ^ Trenholm, Rich (2012-11-15). "The Hobbit in 48fps HFR limited to select UK cinemas". CNET. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  27. ^ Jeff Blagdon (2012-11-08). "Peter Jackson's 48fps version of 'The Hobbit' screening at 450 theaters in North America". The Verge. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  28. ^ Eames, Tom (16 December 2011). "'The Hobbit' trailer confirmed to air before 'Tintin' in US". Digital Spy. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  29. ^ a b Chaney, Jen (20 December 2011). "'The Hobbit' trailer: Once more into Middle-earth". Washington Post. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  30. ^ Boucher, Geoff (20 December 2011). "‘The Hobbit’ trailer brings back magic (and not just for fans)". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  31. ^ Vary, Adam B. (14 July 2012). "'The Hobbit' Comic-Con panel: Peter Jackson gifts a bounty of footage upon Hall H". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  32. ^ "Wellington: The Middle of Middle-Earth". The New Zealand Herald. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012 
  33. ^ Bulbeck, Pip (6 June 2012). "New Zealanders to See 'The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey' on Nov. 28". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  34. ^ Facebook 'The Hobbit UK' announcement(19 October 2012). "[1]."
  35. ^ McClintock, Pamela (31 August 2012). "Third 'Hobbit' Film Sets Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  36. ^ Kemp, Stuart (24 September 2012). "'The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey' Gets Royal Appointment". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  37. ^ "Live Stream of the Hobbit Premiere". 3 News NZ. 28 November 2012. 
  38. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  39. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Blu-ray: Extended Edition". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  40. ^ Sims, Andrew (8 December 2012). "'The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey' Extended Edition will run over 3 hours". Hypable. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  41. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Extended Edition Scene Guide". The Onering.net. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  42. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Blu-ray Review (Extended Edition)". Blu-ray.com. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  43. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Blu-ray extras revealed". Total Film. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  44. ^ "2012 Worldwide Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  45. ^ "All Time Worldwide Box Office Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 12 January 2012
  46. ^ All Time Worldwide Opening Weekend Records
  47. ^ "'THE HOBBIT: AN UNEXPECTED JOURNEY' GROSSES $15.1 MILLION IN 452 IMAX THEATRES WORLDWIDE IN ITS OPENING WEEKEND". boxoffice.com. December 17, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  48. ^ McClintock, Pamela (December 14, 2012). "Box Office Report: 'The Hobbit' Grosses $16 Million Overseas on Thursday". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  49. ^ Subers, Ray (December 14, 2012). "Forecast: 'The Hobbit' Expected to Set December Opening Record". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  50. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012) - Daily Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  51. ^ Subers, Ray (December 14, 2012). "Friday Report: 'The Hobbit' Steals $37.5 Million". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  52. ^ a b "Weekend Report: 'Hobbit' Takes December Record, Misses $100 Million". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  53. ^ "Weekend Report: 'Hobbit' Plummets, Holds Off Slew of Newcomers". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  54. ^ "Weekend Report: 'Hobbit' Holds Off 'Django' on Final Weekend of 2012". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  55. ^ "UPDATED: $138 Million for 'The Hobbit' Overseas". boxoffice.com. December 13, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  56. ^ Subers, Ray (December 18, 2012). "Around-the-World Roundup: 'The Hobbit' Collects $138 Million Overseas". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  57. ^ Subers, Ray (December 23, 2012). "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Hobbit' Adds $96 Million Overseas". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  58. ^ "Hobbit gets positive reviews although doubts surface". Television New Zealand. 2012-12-04. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  59. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey gets mixed reviews from critics". BBC News. 2012-12-11. 
  60. ^ "Critics Um, But Audiences In Awe - 'The Hobbit' Wins Huge Opening And High Ratings". Forbes. 2012-12-15. Retrieved 2013-01-15. 
  61. ^ "'The Hobbit' stumbles on first leg of its journey, critics say". Los Angeles Times. 2012-12-14. Retrieved 2013-01-15. 
  62. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey". Rotten Tomatoes. 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  63. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unxpected Journey Movie Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  64. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More". Metacritic. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  65. ^ "Hobbit reviews good, not great". Daily Mail. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  66. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Reviews". ABC News. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  67. ^ "Box Office Report: Peter Jackson's 'The Hobbit' Scores Record $84.8 Million Weekend". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  68. ^ "The Hobbit Review". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 15, 2012. 
  69. ^ "The Hobbit – An Unexpected Journey, film review". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  70. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey gets mixed reviews from critics". BBC News. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  71. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (PG-13)". Time Out. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  72. ^ "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  73. ^ "'The Hobbit': Like One Bad Video Game". theatlanticwire.com. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  74. ^ Leyland, Matthew. "The Hobbit Review". Total Magazine. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  75. ^ Gonzalez, Ed. "The Hobbit Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved December 9, 2012. 
  76. ^ McCarthy, Todd. "The Hobbit Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  77. ^ Muir, Kate. "The Hobbit Review". The Times. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  78. ^ Jolin, Dan. "The Hobbit Review". Empire. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  79. ^ "The Hobbit picks up technical Oscar". BBC News. February 11, 2013. 
  80. ^ "The Hobbit and Les Miserables up for audio awards". 3 News NZ. January 9, 2013. 
  81. ^ "'The Hobbit' leads Saturn Awards with nine nomination". 
  82. ^ "The 39th Saturn Award Nominations". 
  83. ^ "Nominations for 39th annual Saturn Awards unveiled". 
  84. ^ O'Hara, Helen (1 March 2013). "Jameson Empire Awards 2013 Are Go!". Empire. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  85. ^ "Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy – The Hobbit an Unexpected Journey". Empire. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  86. ^ "Best Actor – Martin Freeman". Empire. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  87. ^ "2013 MTV Movie Awards Nominations: Full List". abc.com. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  88. ^ MTV Movie Awards Soars With New Best Hero Category Retrieved April 5, 2013
  89. ^ Check out the winners for the MTV Movie Awards! Retrieved April 14, 2013

External links[edit]