The Fundamentals

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The Fundamentals: A Testimony To The Truth (generally referred to simply as The Fundamentals) is a set of 90 essays published from 1910 to 1915 by the Bible Institute of Los Angeles. The Fundamentals were originally edited by A. C. Dixon and later by Reuben Archer Torrey. Originally published as a 12-volume set, The Fundamentals were later condensed to a four-volume set, but retained all 90 essays in their original form. The 90 essays were written by 64 different authors, representing most of the major Christian denominations.

The essays were designed to affirm, among other things, conservative Protestant beliefs, especially those of the Reformed tradition, and defend against ideas deemed inimical to them. They are widely considered to be the foundation of modern Christian fundamentalism.

The essays were originally financed by Lyman Stewart[1] in 1909[2] to set out what they believed to be the fundamentals of Christian faith.[2] These were to be sent free to ministers, missionaries, Sunday School superintendents and others active in Christian ministry.[3]

The volumes defended orthodox Protestant beliefs and attacked higher criticism, liberal theology, Catholicism (also called Romanism by them), socialism, Modernism, atheism, Christian Science, Mormonism, Millennial Dawn, Spiritualism, and evolutionism.

Contents of The Fundamentals (and authors)[edit]


  1. ^ Marsden, George M. (2006). Fundamentalism and American Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 118. ISBN 0-19-530047-5. OCLC 61445933. 
  2. ^ a b Malone, David (May 29, 2009). "Fundamentals". Wheaton College Archives & Special Collections. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  3. ^ Marsden, George M. (2006). Fundamentalism and American Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 119. ISBN 0-19-530047-5. OCLC 61445933. 
  4. ^

Online copies[edit]

Further reading[edit]