(generally referred to simply as The Fundamentals: A Testimony To The Truth ) is a set of 90 essays published from 1910 to 1915 by the The Fundamentals Bible Institute of Los Angeles. The Fundamentals were edited by A. C. Dixon and later by Reuben Archer Torrey. The Fundamentals was first published as a 12-volume set, and later as a four-volume set retaining all 90 essays. The 90 essays were written by 64 different authors, representing most of the major Protestant Christian denominations.
The essays were written to affirm conservative
Protestant beliefs, especially those of the Reformed tradition, and defend against ideas deemed inimical to them. They are widely considered to be the foundation of modern Christian fundamentalism.
The project was initially conceived in 1909 by California businessman
Lyman Stewart and his brother Milton. They anonymously provided funds for collecting essays to set out what they believed to be the fundamentals of Christian faith, and for printing and distributing copies of the collected essays. [1 ] [2 ] The Fundamentals was sent free to ministers, missionaries, professors of theology, YMCA and YWCA secretaries, Sunday School superintendents, and other Protestant religious workers in every English-speaking country. Over three million volumes (250,000 sets) were sent out. [3 ]
The volumes defended orthodox Protestant beliefs and attacked
higher criticism, liberal theology, Catholicism (also called Romanism by them), socialism, Modernism, atheism, Christian Science, Mormonism, Millennial Dawn, Spiritualism, and evolutionism. [edit ]
NOTE: The arrangement shown below is from the original 12-volume set.
Volume I: Volume II: The Testimony of the Monuments to the Truth of the Scriptures - George Frederick Wright The Recent Testimony of Archaeology to the Scriptures - M. G. Kyle Fallacies of the Higher Criticism - Franklin Johnson Christ and Criticism - Robert Anderson Modern Philosophy - Philip Mauro Justification by Faith - H. C. G. Moule Tributes to Christ and the Bible by Brainy Men not Known as Active Christians Volume III: Inspiration of the Bible—Definition, Extent, and Proof - James M. Gray The Moral Glory of Jesus Christ a Proof of Inspiration - William G. Moorehead God in Christ the Only Revelation of the Fatherhood of God - Robert E. Speer The Testimony of Christian Experience - E. Y. Mullins Christianity No Fable - Thomas Whitelaw My Personal Experience with the Higher Criticism - J. J. Reeve The Personal Testimony of Charles T. Studd Volume IV: The Tabernacle in the Wilderness: Did it Exist? - David Heagle The Testimony of Christ to the Old Testament - William Caven The Bible and Modern Criticism - F. Bettex Science and Christian Faith - James Orr A Personal Testimony - Philip Mauro Volume V: Life in the Word - Philip Mauro The Scriptures - A. C. Dixon The Certainty and Importance of the Bodily Resurrection of Jesus Christ from the Dead - R. A. Torrey Observations of the Conversion and Apostleship of St. Paul - Lord Lyttleton (analyzed and condensed by J. L. Campbell) A Personal Testimony - H. W. Webb-Peploe Volume VI: The Testimony of Foreign Missions to the Superintending Providence of God - Arthur T. Pierson. Is There a God? - Thomas Whitelaw Sin and Judgment to Come - Robert Anderson The Atonement - Franklin Johnson The God-Man - John Stock The Early Narratives of Genesis - James Orr The Person and Work of Jesus Christ - John L. Nuelsen The Hope of the Church - John McNicol Volume VII: The Passing of Evolution - George Frederick Wright Inspiration - L. W. Munhall The Testimony of the Scriptures to Themselves - George S. Bishop Testimony of the Organic Unity of the Bible to its Inspiration - Arthur T. Pierson One Isaiah - George L. Robinson The Book of Daniel - Joseph D. Wilson Three Peculiarities of the Pentateuch - Andrew Craig Robinson Millennial Dawn: A Counterfeit of Christianity - William G. Moorehead Volume VIII: Old Testament Criticism and New Testament Christianity - W. H. Griffith Thomas Evolutionism in the Pulpit - Anonymous Decadence of Darwinism - Henry H. Beach Paul's Testimony to the Doctrine of Sin - Charles B. Williams The Science of Conversion - H. M. Sydenstricker The Doctrinal Value of the First Chapters of Genesis - Dyson Hague The Knowledge of God - James Burrell "Preach the Word" - Howard Crosby Mormonism: Its Origin, Characteristics, and Doctrines - R. G. McNiece Volume IX: The True Church - Bishop Ryle The Mosaic Authorship of the Pentateuch - George Frederick Wright The Wisdom of this World - A. W. Pitzer Holy Scripture and Modern Negations - James Orr Salvation by Grace - Thomas Spurgeon Divine Efficacy of Prayer - Arthur T. Pierson What Christ Teaches Concerning Future Retribution - William C. Procter A Message from Missions - Charles A. Bowen Eddyism: Commonly Called Christian Science - Maurice E. Wilson Volume X: Why Save the Lord's Day? - Daniel Hoffman Martin The Internal Evidence of the Fourth Gospel - Canon G. Osborne Troop The Nature of Regeneration - Thomas Boston Regeneration—Conversion—Reformation - George W. Lasher Our Lord's Teachings About Money - Arthur T. Pierson Satan and His Kingdom - Mrs. Jessie Penn-Lewis The Holy Spirit and the Sons of God - W. J. Erdman Consecration - Henry W. Frost The Apologetic Value of Paul's Epistles - E.J. Stobo What the Bible Contains for the Believer - George F. Pentecost Modern Spiritualism Briefly Tested by Scripture - Algernon J. Pollock Volume XI: The Biblical Conception of Sin - Thomas Whitelaw At-One-Ment by Propitiation - Dyson Hague The Grace of God - C. I. Scofield Fulfilled Prophecy A Potent Argument for the Bible - Arno C. Gaebelein The Coming of Christ - Charles R. Erdman Is Romanism Christianity? - T. W. Medhurst Rome, The Antagonist of the Nation - J. M. Foster Volume XII: Doctrines that Must be Emphasized in Successful Evangelism - L. W. Munhall Pastoral and Personal Evangelism, or Winning Men to Christ One-by-One - John Timothy Stone The Sunday School's True Evangelism - Charles Gallaudet Trumbull Foreign Missions or World-Wide Evangelism - Robert E. Speer What Missionary Motives Should Prevail? - Henry W. Frost The Place of Prayer in Evangelism - R. A. Torrey The Church and Socialism - Charles R. Erdman The Fifteen Books Most Indispensable for the Minister or the Christian Worker References [edit ] Online texts [edit ] Further reading [edit ]