The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory

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The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
Studio album by Makaveli
ReleasedNovember 5, 1996
RecordedAugust 1-7, 1996; Can-Am Studios, (Tarzana, Los Angeles)
GenreWest coast hip hop, gangsta rap
Length59:24
LabelDeath Row, Makaveli, Interscope Records
ProducerSuge (Simon) Knight , Makaveli (exec.)
Darryl Harper, Hurt-M-Badd, Reggie Moore, Dametrius Ship, Kevin Lewis* Additional production by Tommy D. Daugherty, Lance Pierre, and Justin Isham*
Makaveli chronology
All Eyez on Me
(1996)
The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
(1996)
R U Still Down? (Remember Me)
(1997)
Singles from The 7 Day Theory
  1. "Toss It Up"
    Released: September 26, 1996
  2. "To Live & Die in L.A."
    Released: September 26, 1996
  3. "Hail Mary"
    Released: February 11, 1997
 
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The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
Studio album by Makaveli
ReleasedNovember 5, 1996
RecordedAugust 1-7, 1996; Can-Am Studios, (Tarzana, Los Angeles)
GenreWest coast hip hop, gangsta rap
Length59:24
LabelDeath Row, Makaveli, Interscope Records
ProducerSuge (Simon) Knight , Makaveli (exec.)
Darryl Harper, Hurt-M-Badd, Reggie Moore, Dametrius Ship, Kevin Lewis* Additional production by Tommy D. Daugherty, Lance Pierre, and Justin Isham*
Makaveli chronology
All Eyez on Me
(1996)
The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
(1996)
R U Still Down? (Remember Me)
(1997)
Singles from The 7 Day Theory
  1. "Toss It Up"
    Released: September 26, 1996
  2. "To Live & Die in L.A."
    Released: September 26, 1996
  3. "Hail Mary"
    Released: February 11, 1997
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic2.5/5 stars[1]
Entertainment WeeklyD[2]
MVRemixReview(9/10)[3]
RapReviews(7.5/10)[4]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide3/5 stars[5]
XXL5/5 stars[6]

The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory (commonly shortened to The 7 Day Theory or Don Killuminati and sometimes called Makaveli) is the fifth and final studio album by Tupac Shakur. Released under the new stage name Makaveli, it was his first studio album to be posthumously released.[7] The album was completely finished in a total of seven days during the month of August 1996.[8] The lyrics were written and recorded in only three days and mixing took an additional four days. These are among the very last songs Shakur recorded before his fatal shooting on September 7, 1996. The album was originally due for release in March 1997, but due to his death, Suge Knight released it four months earlier.

In 2005, MTV.com ranked The 7 Day Theory at #9 on their greatest hip hop albums of all time list[9] and, in 2006, recognized it as a classic.[10] The emotion and anger showcased on the album has been admired by a large part of the hip-hop community, including other rappers.[11] Ronald "Riskie" Brent is the creator of The 7 Day Theory cover painting.[12] George "Papa G" Pryce, Former Head of Publicity for Death Row, claimed that "Makaveli which we did was a sort of tongue-in-cheek, and it was not really to come out, [but] after Tupac was murdered, it did come out... Before that, it was going to be a sort of an underground."[13] The album peaked at number one on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart and the Billboard 200.[14] The album generated the second-highest debut-week sales total of any album that year,[15] selling 664,000 within its first week in stores. The album was certified 3x platinum in April 1997 and then 4x Platinum on June 15, 1999.[16]

It had sold 3,911,787 copies in the United States by 2011.[17]

Concept[edit]

Though Shakur had been using the name Makaveli as far back as All Eyez On Me, the Makaveli album was conceived as a sort of introduction for Shakur's alternate stage name. Thus, the album’s sleeve contains the text, "Exit 2Pac, Enter Makaveli".

The album cover, which features Shakur on the cross in an attempt to convey his crucifixion by the media, is intended to imply an artistic resurrection. Within the next year in 1997, a music video entitled Smile by Scarface of the Geto Boys on his album The Untouchable featured Shakur as a performer, some showing his name listed as Makaveli. The video showed him depicted in a very similar type of crucifixion resembling the cover of this album.

While All Eyez on Me was considered by Shakur "a celebration of life"[citation needed], The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory is a much darker album[citation needed]. Makaveli's style of rapping is still emotional, but is intensified throughout this album. Some songs on the album contain both subtle and direct insults to Shakur's rivals at the height of the East Coast–West Coast feud. Rappers insulted on the album include Nas, The Notorious B.I.G., Puff Daddy, Mobb Deep, Jay-Z & Dr. Dre. Although Shakur insulted rapper Nas on "Intro/Bomb First (My Second Reply)" and "Against All Odds", rapper Young Noble, who appeared on several songs on The 7 Day Theory, stated in an interview that the Nas song "I Gave You Power" served as a main inspiration for Shakur's "Me and My Girlfriend".[18] Nas was to appear on Makaveli: 7 day theory, due to his and Shakur's reconciliation in 1996; Shakur was murdered before any collaboration could occur. The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory was recorded and mixed in a mere 7 days in August 1996. It was released November 5, 1996 and debuted at number one on both the pop album and R&B/Hip-Hop album charts, with 663,000 albums sold in its first week.

The album was recorded at Can-Am Studios in Tarzana, Los Angeles, California over 7 days in the month of August 1996.[citation needed] During those seven days 21 songs were completed, 12 of which made the final product. The album did not feature the star-studded guest list that All Eyez on Me did. Most of the guest verses are supplied by Shakur's group The Outlawz. The only verse that was not from one of the Outlawz was from Bad Azz. Young Noble of the Outlawz recalled:

We had started writing the shit and we was taking long. 'Pac was like, "Who got something? Bad Azz you got something?" and it fit perfect, so it was meant for Bad Azz to be on that song. We had already been on a million 'Pac songs. That was his way of motivating us like, "If y'all ain't ready, then you don't make the song."[19]

Production[edit]

Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory has also gained praise for its production. Although many of Shakur's usual producers were not involved in the project, the producers still managed to come through for the project. The only producer with whom Shakur had worked prior to this album was QD3, the son of Quincy Jones and brother of Shakur's girlfriend Kidada Jones. Shakur also co-produces three tracks on the album. The other two producers were Hurt-M-Badd and Darryl “Big D” Harper. E.D.I. Mean of the Outlawz recalls:

At the time Hurt-M-Badd, who was just an up-and-coming producer at Death Row, and Darryl Harper, who was an R&B producer - Suge had him working on all the R&B projects - they had a green room up in Can-Am [Studios] which everybody around Death Row called the "wack room" because they said "Ain't nothing but wack shit come out of there." But we was up in the studio one day and we trying to get music done - ain't none of us producers - we see them two niggas in the "Wack room" and 'Pac like, "Go get them niggas." So niggas go bring them, 'Pac just putting niggas to work like, "I need a beat here, I need y'all to do this, do that." And these are niggas that nobody at Death Row was fucking with. They'll tell you themselves.[20]

Makaveli Records: before Tupac's death Tupac wanted to start his own record label Makaveli Records. Tupac did his three albums in Death row quickly to go from Death Row Records and starting Makaveli Records. According to Frank Alexander, Napoleon Tupac didn`t like Death Row Records. Makaveli Records should be started after Tupac's fifth Studio album The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory. Artists that tupac was going to have in Makaveli Records was himself, The Outlawz, Storm, Bad Azz & more artists.

Track listing[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."Bomb First (My Second Reply)" (featuring E.D.I. and Young Noble)
  • Makaveli[22]
  • Darryl "Big D" Harper
4:57
2."Hail Mary" (featuring The Outlawz)
Hurt-M-Badd5:09
3."Toss It Up" (featuring Danny Boy, Aaron Hall, K-Ci & JoJo)
  • Dametrius Ship
  • Moore
5:06
4."To Live and Die In L.A." (featuring Val Young)
QDIII4:33
5."Blasphemy"  
  • Makaveli
  • Wrice
  • Ital Joe
Hurt-M-Badd4:38
6."Life of an Outlaw" (featuring The Outlawz)
  • Makaveli
  • Big D
4:54
7."Just Like Daddy" (featuring The Outlawz)
  • Makaveli
  • Wrice
  • E.D.I.
  • Noble
  • Kadafi
Hurt-M-Badd5:08
8."Krazy" (featuring Bad Azz)
Big D5:15
9."White Man'z World" (featuring Big D)
  • Makaveli
  • Big D
Big D5:38
10."Me and My Girlfriend"  
  • Makaveli
  • Ricky Rouse
  • Wrice
  • Big D
  • Makaveli
  • Big D
  • Hurt-M-Badd
5:08
11."Hold Ya Head" (featuring Tyrone Wrice)
  • Makaveli
  • Wrice
Hurt-M-Badd3:58
12."Against All Odds"  
  • Makaveli
  • Wrice
  • Hurt-M-Badd
  • Makaveli[a]
4:38
Total length:
59:07
Notes
Sample credits

Personnel[edit]

Credits for The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day of Theory adapted from Allmusic.[23]

  • 2Pac, Makaveli — composer, primary artist, producer
  • Simon, Suge Knight — executive producer
  • Tommy D. Daugherty — Chief Engineer, mixer, additional production
  • Steve Anarden — engineer
  • Bad Ass — composer
  • Ronald "Riskie" Brent — paintings
  • Danny Boy — featured artist
  • Yaki Kadafi - Featured artist
  • Kastro - Featured artist
  • E.D.I. — composer, featured artist
  • Fetal Embrace — composer
  • Scott Gutierrez — associate engineer
  • Cedric "K-Ci" Hailey — composer, featured artist
  • Joel "JoJo" Hailey — composer, featured artist
  • Aaron Hall — composer, featured artist
  • Darryl Harper — producer
  • Hurt-M-Badd — producer
  • Justin Isham — digital editing
  • Marika Kastrouni — composer
  • Reggie Moore — composer, producer
  • John Morris — associate engineer
  • Napoleon — composer
  • Outlawz — featured artist
  • Lance Pierre — associate engineer
  • Ricky Rouse — composer
  • Dametrius Ship — mixing, producer
  • Guy Snider — engineer, track engineer
  • Troy Staton — mixing, producer, unknown contributor role
  • Tyrone Wrice — composer, featured artist
  • Young Noble — composer, featured artist
  • Val Young — composer, featured artist

Chart positions[edit]

Charts (1996)Peak
positions
Australian Albums Chart[24]7
Deutsche Alternative Charts[25]5
Dutch Albums Chart[26]6
New Zealand Albums Chart[27]1
Swedish Albums Chart[28]8
UK Albums Chart[29]3
US Billboard 200[30]1
US Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums[30]1
Preceded by
Anthology 3 by The Beatles
Billboard 200 number-one album
November 23–30, 1996
Succeeded by
Tha Doggfather by Snoop Doggy Dogg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (1996-11-05). "The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory - 2Pac, Makaveli : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ Browne, David (1996-11-22). "Music Review: 'The Don Killuminati/The 7 Day Theory' Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2012-10-12. 
  3. ^ Low Key. "MVRemix Urban Album Reviews: Makaveli - The 7 Day Theory | Online Hip Hop, Rap and Soul Magazine | US and Canadian Mainstream and Underground - exclusive interviews, articles". Mvremix.com. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  4. ^ Juon, Steve "Flash" (2002-05-14). "2Pac/Makaveli :: The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory :: Death Row Recordintroduction of s/Interscope". Rapreviews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  5. ^ The New Rolling Stone Album Guide - Nathan Brackett, Christian Hoard - Google Books. Google Books. Retrieved 2012-06-26.  Portions posted at "Tupac Shakur: Album Guide". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-10-12. 
  6. ^ XXL (2007). "Retrospective: XXL Albums". XXL Magazine, December 2007 issue. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ XXL Magazine, October 2003 issue
  9. ^ "The Greatest Hip-Hop Albums Of All Time". MTV.com. 2006-03-09. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  10. ^ "The Greatest MCs Of All Time". MTV.com. 2006-03-09. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  11. ^ XXL Magazine, October 2006 issue
  12. ^ "Airbrush Artists Memorialize Tupac at Amoeba Hollywood at the Amoeblog". Amoeba.com. 2011-09-14. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  13. ^ "Tupac The Workaholic. (MYCOMEUP.COM)". YouTube. 2010-02-11. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  14. ^ The Don Killuminati chart peaks on Allmusic.
  15. ^ Crowe, Jerry (1996-11-14). "All Eyes on Shakur's 'Don Killuminati'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  16. ^ "Recording Industry Association of America". RIAA. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  17. ^ "Tupac Month: 2Pac’s Discography". Retrieved May 27, 2013. 
  18. ^ 2Pac."The Making of Makaveli, the 7 Day Theory "The Making of Makaveli, the 7 Day Theory XXL Magazine
  19. ^ XXL Magazine, October 2003 issue, Page 118Marissa is A Hottie
  20. ^ XXL Magazine, October 2003 issue, Page 111
  21. ^ http://www.2pacworld.co.uk/images/2pac-makaveli-The-Don-Killuminati-The-7-Day-Theory-inlay.jpg
  22. ^ http://ru.scribd.com/doc/126284/The-Making-of-Makaveli-The-7-Day-Theory
  23. ^ Album credits.
  24. ^ Steffen Hung. "Makaveli - The Don Killuminati - The 7 Day Theory". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  25. ^ "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche". musicline.de. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  26. ^ Steffen Hung. "Makaveli - The Don Killuminati - The 7 Day Theory". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  27. ^ Steffen Hung. "Makaveli - The Don Killuminati - The 7 Day Theory". charts.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  28. ^ Steffen Hung. "Makaveli - The Don Killuminati - The 7 Day Theory". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  29. ^ "2PAC". Official Charts. Retrieved 2012-08-19. 
  30. ^ a b "2Pac". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-02-14.