The Arrow

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The Arrow
The Arrow (mini series).jpg
Directed byDon McBrearty
Produced byAaron Kim Johnston
Eric Jordan
Paul Stephens
Mary Young Leckie
Written byKeith Ross Leckie
StarringDan Aykroyd
Sara Botsford
Michael Ironside
Music byChristopher Dedrick
CinematographyRene Ohashi
Edited byRalph Brunjes
Production
company
The Film Works
Tapestry Pictures
Distributed byMorningstar Entertainment
Release dates12 January 1997 (Canada)
Running time180 min.
CountryCanada
LanguageEnglish
 
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For other uses, see Arrow (disambiguation).
The Arrow
The Arrow (mini series).jpg
Directed byDon McBrearty
Produced byAaron Kim Johnston
Eric Jordan
Paul Stephens
Mary Young Leckie
Written byKeith Ross Leckie
StarringDan Aykroyd
Sara Botsford
Michael Ironside
Music byChristopher Dedrick
CinematographyRene Ohashi
Edited byRalph Brunjes
Production
company
The Film Works
Tapestry Pictures
Distributed byMorningstar Entertainment
Release dates12 January 1997 (Canada)
Running time180 min.
CountryCanada
LanguageEnglish

The Arrow is a four-hour miniseries produced for CBC Television in 1996, starring Dan Aykroyd as Crawford Gordon, experienced wartime production leader during World War II and president of A. V. Roe Canada during its attempt to produce the Avro Arrow supersonic jet interceptor. The film also stars Michael Ironside and Sara Botsford. The mini-series is noted as the highest viewership ever for a CBC program.

Other significant individuals in the program, portrayed in the series, include RCAF pilot Flight Lieutenant Jack Woodman (Ron White) who conducted test flights on Avro aircraft but was supplanted by Janusz Żurakowski (Lubomir Mykytiuk) for the first few flights; Jim Chamberlin (Aidan Devine) and James Floyd (Nigel Bennett) in the design team; Edward Critchley (Ian D. Clark) who would be asked to develop an engine for the Arrow when other models became unavailable.

The film also boasted cameos by Michael Moriarty as U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Michael Ironside as the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, and Christopher Plummer as the Canadian Minister of Transport George Hees.

Cast[edit]

Principal roles as appearing in screen credits (main roles identified):[1]

ActorRole
Dan AykroydCrawford Gordon Jr
Sara BotsfordKate O'Hara (fictional)
Ron WhiteJack Woodman (pilot)
Aidan DevineJim Chamberlin
Nigel BennettJames (Jim) Floyd
Jonathan WhittakerFred Smye
Ian D. ClarkEdward Critchley
David Brown (as Dave Brown)Joe Paloffski (fictional)
Catherine FitchRuby Paloffski (fictional)
Robin GammellC.D. Howe
Robert HaleyPrime Minister John Diefenbaker
Michael MoriartyPresident Dwight D. Eisenhower
Michael IronsideCIA Director (fictional)
Christopher PlummerGeorge Hees
Mauralea AustinJune Callwood

Production[edit]

Although the miniseries is based on history, it is a work of fiction, employing composite characters, and depicting some events that actually did not take place. It acknowledges that there is no hard evidence to support the fictional final scenes, depicting one Arrow that escaped the torches used to tear the other Arrows apart, in accord with allegations attributed to reporter June Callwood. There are errors in illustrations, such as the wing design (the classified design does not appear on the models used, other than on one model the morning after Jim Chamberlin made his modifications); during the "destruct and dispose" operation, an Apollo lunar module is shown in its final configuration, although that design was arrived at by Grumman Aircraft in the later 1960s out of sheer necessity to reduce weight.

Wetaskiwin resident Allan Jackson's efforts to build a full-scale model of the Arrow were discovered during the research phase of pre-production. An offer was made to complete the model and use it in the miniseries. A CBC crew of model makers and set designers completed the full-scale model in time for principal photography that took place in Winnipeg. The production eventually used a combination of archival film, remote-control flying models and computer animation for the static, ground and flying sequences.

Movie model[edit]

The full-scale Arrow model differs slightly from those built in 1957-59. It was featured throughout the movie but the wing structure had a pronounced outer panel dihedral that was "corrected" by CGI work. The wing design was seen on-screen "only" on a wind tunnel model crafted after an "all-nighter" by Chamberlin that was stable at Mach 2.5 and higher.

At the end of film production, Jackson's model was returned but had to be cut into sections in order to fit on the flat-bed trucks used to transport the model to Alberta. After arriving at the Reynolds Alberta Museum in Wetaskawin, Jackson and a team of volunteers reconstructed the model for display at the Abbotsford Air Show in 1997. A wind gust damaged the tail of the model in 1999 leading to its removal from an outside display area of the museum to be repaired indoors at the museum storage facility. Presently, students and instructors from Edmonton's NAIT's Aircraft Structures program have volunteered close to 400 hours restoring the full-scale model to be displayed at the Reynolds-Alberta Museum in 2009 as part of celebrations marking the 100th anniversary of powered flight in Canada and the 50th anniversary of the cancellation of the Avro Arrow. The restored model remains in storage in 2010 and is not accessible to the public.

Reception[edit]

Although highly acclaimed, receiving praise from film historian and former Avro employee Elwy Yost[2] and winner of numerous awards including the Gemini that year,[3] the mini-series was also criticized for its "docu-drama" style and departing from a strict factual account, as well as idealizing the Arrow.[4] The continued rebroadcasts and accompanying DVD releases have served to re-animate the controversy over the Arrow's cancellation and introduce the story to a new generation.[5]

Post-production[edit]

Scenes from the mini-series were used to create a Heritage Minute about the Arrow.

Awards[edit]

Canadian Society of Cinematographers Awards in 1997

Gemini Awards in 1998

Motion Picture Sound Editors, USA in 1998

Writers Guild of Canada in 1998

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ " 'The Arrow' (1997) Full credits." imdb. Retrieved: 25 September 2010.
  2. ^ "The Avro Arrow: Canada's Broken Dream." shaw.ca, 2006. Retrieved: 25 September 2010.
  3. ^ "The Arrow: Awards." IMDb. Retrieved: 25 September 2010.
  4. ^ Bliss. Michael. "Arrow That Doesn't Fly: The CBC's mini-series about the interceptor that wasn't, is good to look at but ungrounded in facts." Time Magazine, 27 January 1997. Retrieved: 28 March 2010.
  5. ^ Gainor 2007, p. 208.
Bibliography
  • Gainor, Chris. Who Killed the Avro Arrow? Edmonton: Folklore Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-894864-68-8.
  • Zuk, Bill. Janusz Zurakowski: Legends in the Sky. St. Catharine's, Ontario: Vanwell, 2004. ISBN 1-55125-083-7.

External links[edit]