The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written

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The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written: The History of Thought from Ancient Times to Today
Martin Seymour-Smith - The 100 most influential books ever written the history of thought from ancient times to today.jpeg
AuthorMartin Seymour-Smith
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
PublisherCitadel
Publication dateSeptember, 1998
Media typePrint (hardcover and paperback)
ISBN978-0806520001
OCLC Number38258131
 
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The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written: The History of Thought from Ancient Times to Today
Martin Seymour-Smith - The 100 most influential books ever written the history of thought from ancient times to today.jpeg
AuthorMartin Seymour-Smith
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
PublisherCitadel
Publication dateSeptember, 1998
Media typePrint (hardcover and paperback)
ISBN978-0806520001
OCLC Number38258131

The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written: The History of Thought from Ancient Times to Today (1998) is a book of intellectual history written by Martin Seymour-Smith, a British poet, critic, and biographer.[1]

Chronological list[edit]

The one hundred most influential books, according to Seymour-Smith, in the approximate chronological order he gives:

#Author or sourceTitleDatePublic domain?
1Chinese classic textsI Chingc. 11th century BCyes
2Jewish scriptureHebrew Biblec. 10th–5th century BCyes
3HomerIliad and Odysseyc. 8th – early 7th century BCyes
4Hindu scriptureUpanishadsc. 9th century BCyes
5Lao TsuTao Te Chingc. 4th century BCyes
6Zoroastrian scriptureAvestac. 600 BC – 3rd century ADyes
7ConfuciusAnalectsc. 5th–4th century BCyes
8ThucydidesHistory of the Peloponnesian Warc. 5th century BCyes
9HippocratesWorksc. 400 BCyes
10AristotleWorksc. 4th century BCyes
11HerodotusHistoriesc. 5th century BCyes
12PlatoThe Republicc. 380 BCyes
13EuclidElementsc. 280 BCyes
14Theravada Buddhist scriptureDhammapada (Path of the Dharma)c. 252 BCyes
15VirgilAeneidc. 19 BCyes
16LucretiusDe Rerum Naturac. 55 BCyes
17Philo of AlexandriaAllegorical Expositions of the Holy Lawsc. 1st century ADyes
18Christian scriptureNew Testamentc. 1st century ADyes
19PlutarchParallel Livesc. 120 ADyes
20Cornelius TacitusAnnals, From the Death of the Divine Augustusc. 120 ADyes
21ValentinusGospel of Truth (Gnostic text)c. 140 AD-180 ADyes
22Marcus AureliusMeditationsc. 167yes
23Sextus EmpiricusOutlines of Pyrrhonismc. 150–210 ADyes
24PlotinusEnneads3rd centuryyes
25Augustine of HippoConfessions400 ADyes
26Muslim scriptureQuran632 ADyes
27al-KhawarizmiThe Compendious Book on Calculation820 ADyes
28AvicennaThe Canon of Medicine1025yes
29Moses MaimonidesGuide for the Perplexed1190yes
29Text of Judaic mysticismKabbalah12th centuryyes
29Thomas AquinasSumma Theologiae1266–1273yes
30Dante AlighieriThe Divine Comedy1321yes
31Desiderius ErasmusIn Praise of Folly1509yes
32Niccolò MachiavelliThe Prince1532yes
33Martin LutherOn the Babylonian Captivity of the Church1520yes
34François RabelaisGargantua and Pantagruel1532 and 1534yes
35John CalvinInstitutes of the Christian Religion1536yes
36Nicolaus CopernicusOn the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres1543yes
37Michel de MontaigneEssays1580yes
38Miguel de CervantesDon Quixote1605 and 1615yes
39Johannes KeplerHarmony of the Worlds1619yes
40Francis BaconNovum Organum1620yes
41William ShakespeareFirst Folio1623yes
42Galileo GalileiDialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems1632yes
43René DescartesDiscourse on Method1637yes
44Thomas HobbesLeviathan1651yes
45Gottfried LeibnizWorks1663–1716yes
46Blaise PascalPensées1670yes
47Baruch de SpinozaEthics1677yes
48John BunyanPilgrim's Progress1678–1684yes
49Isaac NewtonMathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy1687yes
50John LockeEssay Concerning Human Understanding1689yes
51George BerkeleyTreatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge1710, revised 1734yes
52Giambattista VicoThe New Science1725, revised 1744yes
53David HumeA Treatise of Human Nature1739–1740yes
54Denis Diderot (ed.)Encyclopédie1751–1772yes
55Samuel JohnsonA Dictionary of the English Language1755yes
56VoltaireCandide1759yes
57Thomas PaineCommon Sense1776yes
58Adam SmithThe Wealth of Nations1776yes
59Edward GibbonThe History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire1776–1787yes
60Immanuel KantCritique of Pure Reason1781, revised 1787yes
61Jean-Jacques RousseauConfessions1781yes
62Edmund BurkeReflections on the Revolution in France1790yes
63Mary WollstonecraftA Vindication of the Rights of Woman1792yes
64William GodwinAn Enquiry Concerning Political Justice1793yes
65Thomas Robert MalthusAn Essay on the Principle of Population1798, revised 1803yes
66George Wilhelm Friedrich HegelPhenomenology of Spirit1807yes
67Arthur SchopenhauerThe World as Will and Idea1819yes
68Auguste ComteThe Course in Positive Philosophy1830–1842yes
69Carl von ClausewitzOn War1832yes
70Søren KierkegaardEither/Or1843yes
71Karl Marx and Friedrich EngelsCommunist Manifesto1848yes
72Henry David ThoreauCivil Disobedience1849yes
73Charles DarwinThe Origin of Species1859yes
74John Stuart MillOn Liberty1859yes
75Herbert SpencerFirst Principles1862yes
76Gregor MendelExperiments on Plant Hybridization1866yes
77Leo TolstoyWar and Peace1868–1869yes
78James Clerk MaxwellA Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism1873yes
79Friedrich NietzscheThus Spoke Zarathustra1883–1885yes
80Sigmund FreudThe Interpretation of Dreams1900yes
81William JamesPragmatism1908yes
82Albert EinsteinRelativity1916yes
83Vilfredo ParetoThe Mind and Society1916yes
84Carl JungPsychological Types1921
85Martin BuberI and Thou1923
86Franz KafkaThe Trial1925yes
87Karl PopperThe Logic of Scientific Discovery1934
88John Maynard KeynesGeneral Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money1936yes
89Jean-Paul SartreBeing and Nothingness1943
90Friedrich von HayekThe Road to Serfdom1944
91Simone de BeauvoirThe Second Sex1948
92Norbert WienerCybernetics1948, revised 1961
93George OrwellNineteen Eighty-Four1949
94George GurdjieffBeelzebub's Tales to His Grandson1950
95Ludwig WittgensteinPhilosophical Investigations1953
96Noam ChomskySyntactic Structures1957
97Thomas KuhnThe Structure of Scientific Revolutions1962, revised 1970
98Betty FriedanThe Feminine Mystique1963
99Mao Zedong
(attributed)
Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong (Little Red Book)1966
100B. F. SkinnerBeyond Freedom and Dignity1971

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seymour-Smith, Martin (1998). The 100 most influential books ever written : the history of thought from ancient times to today. Secaucus, N.J.: Carol Publ. Group. ISBN 978-0806520001. OCLC 38258131.