The 100 Best Books of All Time

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The World Library is a list of the 100 best books, as proposed by one hundred writers from fifty-four different countries, compiled and organized in 2002 by the Norwegian Book Club. This list endeavours to reflect world literature, with books from all countries, cultures, and time periods. Eleven of the books included on the list are written by women, eighty-five are written by men and four have unknown authors.

Each writer had to select his or her own list of ten books.

The books selected by this process and listed here are not ranked or categorized in any way; the organizers have stated that "they are all on an equal footing," with the exception of Don Quixote which was given the distinction "best literary work ever written." The following list organizes the works alphabetically by author.[1]

Fyodor Dostoevsky is the author with the most books on the list, with four. William Shakespeare, Franz Kafka, and Leo Tolstoy each have three books on the list.

List of the 100 Best Published Works of All Time as decided by the Norwegian Book Club[edit]

TitleAuthorYearCountryLanguage
Things Fall Appart{{{last}}}, Chinua Achebe[[Chinua Achebe {{{last}}}|Chinua Achebe {{{last}}}]]1958NigeriaEnglish
Fairy talesAndersen, Hans ChristianHans Christian Andersen1835–37DenmarkDanish
The Divine ComedyAlighieri, DanteDante Alighieri1265–1321ItalyItalian
Epic of GilgameshUnknown18th – 17th century BCESumer and Akkadian EmpireAkkadian
Book of JobUnknown6th – 4th century BCEAchaemenid EmpireHebrew
One Thousand and One NightsUnknown700–1500India/Iran/Iraq/Egypt/TajikistanArabic
Njál's SagaUnknown13th centuryIcelandOld Norse
Pride and PrejudiceAusten, JaneJane Austen1813United KingdomEnglish
Le Père Goriotde Balzac, HonoréHonoré de Balzac1835FranceFrench
Molloy, Malone Dies, The Unnamable, a trilogyBeckett, SamuelSamuel Beckett1951–53Republic of IrelandFrench, English
The DecameronBoccaccio, GiovanniGiovanni Boccaccio1349–53RavennaItalian
FiccionesBorges, Jorge LuisJorge Luis Borges1944–86ArgentinaSpanish
Wuthering HeightsBrontë, EmilyEmily Brontë1847United KingdomEnglish
The StrangerCamus, AlbertAlbert Camus1942Algeria, French EmpireFrench
PoemsCelan, PaulPaul Celan1952Romania, FranceGerman
Journey to the End of the NightCéline, Louis-FerdinandLouis-Ferdinand Céline1932FranceFrench
Don QuixoteCervantes, Miguel deMiguel de Cervantes1605 (part 1), 1615 (part 2)SpainSpanish
The Canterbury TalesChaucer, GeoffreyGeoffrey Chaucer14th centuryEnglandEnglish
StoriesChekhov, AntonAnton Chekhov1886RussiaRussian
NostromoConrad, JosephJoseph Conrad1904United KingdomEnglish
Great ExpectationsDickens, CharlesCharles Dickens1861United KingdomEnglish
Jacques the FatalistDiderot, DenisDenis Diderot1796FranceFrench
Berlin AlexanderplatzDöblin, AlfredAlfred Döblin1929GermanyGerman
Crime and PunishmentDostoevsky, FyodorFyodor Dostoevsky1866RussiaRussian
The IdiotDostoevsky, FyodorFyodor Dostoevsky1869RussiaRussian
The PossessedDostoevsky, FyodorFyodor Dostoevsky1872RussiaRussian
The Brothers KaramazovDostoevsky, FyodorFyodor Dostoevsky1880RussiaRussian
MiddlemarchEliot, GeorgeGeorge Eliot1871United KingdomEnglish
Invisible ManEllison, RalphRalph Ellison1952United StatesEnglish
MedeaEuripides431 BCEGreeceGreek
Absalom, Absalom!Faulkner, WilliamWilliam Faulkner1936United StatesEnglish
The Sound and the FuryFaulkner, WilliamWilliam Faulkner1929United StatesEnglish
Madame BovaryFlaubert, GustaveGustave Flaubert1857FranceFrench
Sentimental EducationFlaubert, GustaveGustave Flaubert1869FranceFrench
Gypsy BalladsLorca, Federico GarcíaFederico García Lorca1928SpainSpanish
One Hundred Years of SolitudeMárquez, Gabriel GarcíaGabriel García Márquez1967ColombiaSpanish
Love in the Time of CholeraMárquez, Gabriel GarcíaGabriel García Márquez1985ColombiaSpanish
FaustGoethe, Johann Wolfgang vonJohann Wolfgang von Goethe1832Saxe-WeimarGerman
Dead SoulsGogol, NikolaiNikolai Gogol1842RussiaRussian
The Tin DrumGrass, GünterGünter Grass1959GermanyGerman
The Devil to Pay in the BacklandsGuimarães Rosa, JoãoJoão Guimarães Rosa1956BrazilPortuguese
HungerHamsun, KnutKnut Hamsun1890NorwayNorwegian
The Old Man and the SeaHemingway, ErnestErnest Hemingway1952United StatesEnglish
IliadHomer760–710 BCGreeceGreek
OdysseyHomer8th century BCEGreeceGreek
A Doll's HouseIbsen, HenrikHenrik Ibsen1879NorwayNorwegian
UlyssesJoyce, JamesJames Joyce1922Irish Free StateEnglish
StoriesKafka, FranzFranz Kafka1924AustriaGerman
The TrialKafka, FranzFranz Kafka1925AustriaGerman
The CastleKafka, FranzFranz Kafka1926AustriaGerman
ShakuntalaKālidāsa1st century BCE – 4th century CEIndiaSanskrit
The Sound of the MountainKawabata, YasunariYasunari Kawabata1954JapanJapanese
Zorba the GreekKazantzakis, NikosNikos Kazantzakis1946GreeceGreek
Sons and LoversLawrence, D. H.D. H. Lawrence1913United KingdomEnglish
Independent PeopleLaxness, HalldórHalldór Laxness1934–35IcelandIcelandic
PoemsLeopardi, GiacomoGiacomo Leopardi1818ItalyItalian
The Golden NotebookLessing, DorisDoris Lessing1962United KingdomEnglish
Pippi LongstockingLindgren, AstridAstrid Lindgren1945SwedenSwedish
A Madman's DiaryXun, LuLu Xun1918ChinaChinese
Children of GebelawiMahfouz, NaguibNaguib Mahfouz1959EgyptArabic
BuddenbrooksMann, ThomasThomas Mann1901GermanyGerman
The Magic MountainMann, ThomasThomas Mann1924GermanyGerman
Moby-DickMelville, HermanHerman Melville1851United StatesEnglish
EssaysMontaigne, Michel deMichel de Montaigne1595FranceFrench
HistoryMorante, ElsaElsa Morante1974ItalyItalian
BelovedMorrison, ToniToni Morrison1987United StatesEnglish
The Tale of GenjiShikibu, MurasakiMurasaki Shikibu11th centuryJapanJapanese
The Man Without QualitiesMusil, RobertRobert Musil1930–32AustriaGerman
LolitaNabokov, VladimirVladimir Nabokov1955Russia/United StatesEnglish
Nineteen Eighty-FourOrwell, GeorgeGeorge Orwell1949United KingdomEnglish
MetamorphosesOvid1st century CERoman EmpireClassical Latin
The Book of DisquietPessoa, FernandoFernando Pessoa1928PortugalPortuguese
TalesPoe, Edgar AllanEdgar Allan Poe19th centuryUnited StatesEnglish
In Search of Lost TimeProust, MarcelMarcel Proust1913–27FranceFrench
The Life of Gargantua and of PantagruelRabelais, FrançoisFrançois Rabelais1532–34FranceFrench
Pedro PáramoRulfo, JuanJuan Rulfo1955MexicoSpanish
MasnaviRumi1258–73Iran, Persian EmpirePersian
Midnight's ChildrenRushdie, SalmanSalman Rushdie1981United Kingdom, IndiaEnglish
BostanSaadi1257Persia, Persian EmpirePersian
Season of Migration to the NorthSalih, TayebTayeb Salih1966SudanArabic
BlindnessSaramago, JoséJosé Saramago1995PortugalPortuguese
HamletShakespeare, WilliamWilliam Shakespeare1603EnglandEnglish
King LearShakespeare, WilliamWilliam Shakespeare1608EnglandEnglish
OthelloShakespeare, WilliamWilliam Shakespeare1609EnglandEnglish
Oedipus the KingSophocles430 BCEGreeceGreek
The Red and the BlackStendhal1830FranceFrench
Tristram ShandySterne, LaurenceLaurence Sterne1760EnglandEnglish
Confessions of ZenoSvevo, ItaloItalo Svevo1923ItalyItalian
Gulliver's TravelsSwift, JonathanJonathan Swift1726IrelandEnglish
War and PeaceTolstoy, LeoLeo Tolstoy1865–1869RussiaRussian
Anna KareninaTolstoy, LeoLeo Tolstoy1877RussiaRussian
The Death of Ivan IlyichTolstoy, LeoLeo Tolstoy1886RussiaRussian
Adventures of Huckleberry FinnTwain, MarkMark Twain1884United StatesEnglish
RamayanaValmiki5th century BCE - 4th century BCEIndiaSanskrit
AeneidVirgil29–19 BCERoman EmpireClassical Latin
MahabharataVyasa9th century BCE – 5th century BCEIndiaSanskrit
Leaves of GrassWhitman, WaltWalt Whitman1855United StatesEnglish
Mrs DallowayWoolf, VirginiaVirginia Woolf1925United KingdomEnglish
To the LighthouseWoolf, VirginiaVirginia Woolf1927United KingdomEnglish
Memoirs of HadrianYourcenar, MargueriteMarguerite Yourcenar1951FranceFrench

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List of Authors recently Surveyed[edit]

NameCountry
Aitmatov, ChinghizChinghiz AitmatovKyrgyzstan
Altan, AhmetAhmet AltanTurkey
Appelfeld, AharonAharon AppelfeldIsrael
Auster, PaulPaul AusterUnited States
Azúa, Félix deFélix de AzúaSpain
Barnes, JulianJulian BarnesUnited Kingdom
Behbahani, SiminSimin BehbahaniIran
Bly, RobertRobert BlyUnited States
Brink, AndréAndré BrinkSouth Africa
Brøgger, SuzanneSuzanne BrøggerDenmark
Byatt, A. S.A. S. ByattUnited Kingdom
Carey, PeterPeter CareyAustralia
Cerda, MarthaMartha CerdaMexico
Chang, JungJung ChangChina/United Kingdom
Condé, MaryseMaryse CondéFrance
Couto, MiaMia CoutoMozambique
Crace, JimJim CraceUnited Kingdom
Danticat, EdwidgeEdwidge DanticatHaiti
Dao, BeiBei DaoChina
Djebar, AssiaAssia DjebarAlgeria
Dowlatabadi, MahmoudMahmoud DowlatabadiIran
Echenoz, JeanJean EchenozFrance
Ekman, KerstinKerstin EkmanSweden
Englander, NathanNathan EnglanderUnited States
Enzensberger, Hans MagnusHans Magnus EnzensbergerGermany
Estévez, EmilioEmilio EstévezCuba
Farah, NuruddinNuruddin FarahSomalia
Fløgstad, KjartanKjartan FløgstadNorway
Fosse, JonJon FosseNorway
Frame, JanetJanet FrameNew Zealand
French, MarilynMarilyn FrenchUnited States
Fuentes, CarlosCarlos FuentesMexico
Ghazzawi, IzzatIzzat GhazzawiPalestine
Ghosh, AmitavAmitav GhoshIndia
Gimferrer, PerePere GimferrerSpain
Gordimer, NadineNadine GordimerSouth Africa
Grossman, DavidDavid GrossmanIsrael
Guðmundsson, Einar MárEinar Már GuðmundssonIceland
Heaney, SeamusSeamus HeaneyIreland
Hein, ChristophChristoph HeinGermany
Hemon, AleksandarAleksandar HemonBosnia-Herzegovina
Hoffman, AliceAlice HoffmanUnited States
Hove, ChenjeraiChenjerai HoveZimbabwe
Ibrahim, SonallahSonallah IbrahimEgypt
Irving, JohnJohn IrvingUnited States
Jersild, P. C.P. C. JersildSweden
Kemal, YasarYasar KemalTurkey
Kjærstad, JanJan KjærstadNorway
Kundera, MilanMilan KunderaCzech Republic/France
Lander, LeenaLeena LanderFinland
le Carré, JohnJohn le CarréUnited Kingdom
Lenz, SiegfriedSiegfried LenzGermany
Lessing, DorisDoris LessingUnited Kingdom
Lindgren, AstridAstrid LindgrenSweden
Luik, ViiviViivi LuikEstonia
Maalouf, AminAmin MaaloufLebanon/France
Magris, ClaudioClaudio MagrisItaly
Mailer, NormanNorman MailerUnited States
Martínez, Tomás EloyTomás Eloy MartínezArgentina
McCourt, FrankFrank McCourtIreland/United States
Mehta, GitaGita MehtaIndia
Miranda, AnaAna MirandaBrazil
Mistry, RohintonRohinton MistryIndia/Canada
Munif, Abdel RahmanAbdel Rahman MunifSaudi-Arabia
Müller, HertaHerta MüllerRomania
Naipaul, V. S.V. S. NaipaulTrinidad/United Kingdom
Nooteboom, CeesCees NooteboomNetherlands
Okri, BenBen OkriNigeria/United Kingdom
Pamuk, OrhanOrhan PamukTurkey
Paretsky, SaraSara ParetskyUnited States
Phillips, Jayne AnneJayne Anne PhillipsUnited States
Rasputin, ValentinValentin RasputinRussia
Ribeiro, João UbaldoJoão Ubaldo RibeiroBrazil
Robbe-Grillet, AlainAlain Robbe-GrilletFrance
Rushdie, SalmanSalman RushdieIndia/United Kingdom
Saadawi, Nawal ElNawal El SaadawiEgypt
al-Shaykh, HananHanan al-ShaykhLebanon
Sirees, NihadNihad SireesSyria
Sonnevi, GöranGöran SonneviSweden
Sontag, SusanSusan SontagUnited States
Soyinka, WoleWole SoyinkaNigeria
Späth, GeroldGerold SpäthSwitzerland
Swift, GrahamGraham SwiftUnited Kingdom
Tabucchi, AntonioAntonio TabucchiItaly
al-Tikerly, FouadFouad al-TikerlyIraq
Thomas, D. M.D. M. ThomasUnited Kingdom
Thorpe, AdamAdam ThorpeUnited Kingdom
Thorup, KirstenKirsten ThorupDenmark
Tkachenko, AleksandrAleksandr TkachenkoRussia
Toer, Pramoedya AnantaPramoedya Ananta ToerIndonesia
Tokarczuk, OlgaOlga TokarczukPoland
Tournier, MichelMichel TournierFrance
Toussaint, Jean-PhilippeJean-Philippe ToussaintBelgium
Uzun, MehmedMehmed UzunTurkey
Valkeapää, Nils-AslakNils-Aslak ValkeapääSápmi
Vassilikos, VassilisVassilis VassilikosGreece
Vera, YvonneYvonne VeraZimbabwe
Weldon, FayFay WeldonUnited Kingdom
Wolf, ChristaChrista WolfGermany
Yehoshua, A. B.A. B. YehoshuaIsrael
Zariâb, SpôjmaïSpôjmaï ZariâbAfghanistan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Les 100 meilleurs livres de tous les temps". Retrieved 4 November 2010. 

External links[edit]