Texas State Highway 87

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State Highway 87 marker

State Highway 87
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length:249.39 mi[1] (401.35 km)
Existed:by 1939 – present
Major junctions
South end:I-45.svg I-45 in Galveston
 US 69.svgUS 96.svgUS 287.svg US 69/US 96/US 287 in Port Arthur
I-10.svgUS 90.svg I-10/US 90 in Orange
US 190.svg US 190 in Newton
North end:US 59.svgUS 84.svg US 59/US 84/Loop 470 at Timpson
Highway system
US 87SH 88
 
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State Highway 87 marker

State Highway 87
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length:249.39 mi[1] (401.35 km)
Existed:by 1939 – present
Major junctions
South end:I-45.svg I-45 in Galveston
 US 69.svgUS 96.svgUS 287.svg US 69/US 96/US 287 in Port Arthur
I-10.svgUS 90.svg I-10/US 90 in Orange
US 190.svg US 190 in Newton
North end:US 59.svgUS 84.svg US 59/US 84/Loop 470 at Timpson
Highway system
US 87SH 88

State Highway 87 or SH 87 runs for 249.4 miles (401.4 km) between Galveston, Texas (at a terminus shared with Interstate 45 and Spur 342) to U.S. Highway 59 and U.S. Highway 84 in Timpson, Texas.

Highway 87 has a notable stretch between Sea Rim State Park and High Island, Texas that has been washed out repeatedly over the decades and has been closed continuously since 1990.[2] Portions of this stretch were less than 100 feet (30 m) away from high tide in the 1990s. The storm surge from Hurricane Jerry which made landfall on October 15, 1989, left the highway in a state of disrepair.

While talk about rebuilding the destroyed segment of State Highway 87 happens from time to time (for example, in 1998), there is no serious effort underway to do so.

History[edit]

SH 87 approaching Gilchrist with damage from Hurricane Ike

SH 87 was originally designated in 1926[3] from Orange to Milam. The route was the previously proposed SH 8A before being renumbered. By 1928,[4] it extended to Port Arthur. By 1933, it extended again, this time to High Island. In 1939, it was extended to its current terminus in Timpson, and replaced the section of SH 124 from High Island to Galveston. In 1970, road machinery used in its construction accidentally dug up several cannonballs and crumbling kegs of black powder about 10 miles west of Sabine Pass. Further excavation eventually produced more kegs of black powder and several hundred cannonballs. The ammunition had been buried there by Confederate soldiers in what were the ditches of Fort Manhassett in 1865. Fort Manhassett was a series of earthworks constructed by the Confederacy in 1863 to defend the western approaches to Sabine Pass.[5]

Future work[edit]

Two ferries currently operate on Galveston Bay, taking passengers from Port Bolivar to Galveston Island. Because of increasing traffic, especially during summer months, TxDOT was studying the possibility of building a bridge to connect Galveston Island or Pelican Island to the Bolivar Peninsula; however, the decision was made not to build the bridge.

Junction list[edit]

CountyLocationMileJunctionNotes
GalvestonGalveston I-45
SH 275 (Harborside Drive)
SH 168
Bolivar Peninsula Loop 108
High Island SH 124
Chambersno intersections
JeffersonPort Arthur SH 82 (W Levee Drive)
Spur 215 (Savannah Avenue)
US 69 / US 96 / US 287
SH 347
SH 73South end of SH 73 concurrency
OrangeRainbow Bridge (southbound) and Veterans Memorial Bridge (northbound) over the Neches River
Bridge City SH 62 / SH 73North end of SH 73 concurrency
Orange
US 90 Bus. west
West end of US 90 Bus. concurrency

US 90 Bus. east
East end of US 90 Bus. concurrency
I-10 / US 90
NewtonDeweyville SH 12
Newton Loop 505 (Kaufman Street)
US 190 (Court Street)
Loop 505
Burkeville SH 63
SabineHemphill SH 184 (Main Street)
Milam SH 21
Shelby SH 147
Center Loop 500
SH 7 (Cora Street)
US 96 (Hurst Street)
Timpson Loop 470 (Bear Drive)
US 59 / US 84
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, [1]
  2. ^ http://www.texasfreeway.com/statewide/Statewide/abandoned/TX87_closed/87_eroded.shtml
  3. ^ Texas 1926 highway map
  4. ^ Texas 1928 highway map
  5. ^ Fort Manhassett: A Forgotten Chapter in the History of Sabine Pass, Texas