Terrier Group

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Terrier Group is the name of a breed Group of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds. In general, a Terrier Group includes one particular type of dog, the Terrier, although other types may be included in a kennel club's Terrier Group. Most major English-language kennel clubs include a Terrier Group although different kennel clubs may not include the same breeds in their Terrier Group. The international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, includes Terriers in Group 3 Terrier, which is then further broken down into four Sections based on the type of terrier and breed history.

Terrier dogs[edit]

Main article: Terrier

Terriers were originally kept to hunt vermin, especially mice, rats, rabbits, otters, stoats and weasels. Some Terriers were designed to go down the holes of the European fox and other agricultural pest animals in order to chase them out for the hunter, and the name terrier is from the Latin terra, meaning earth, in reference to the dogs going underground.[1] Today, the majority of modern breeds developed from the old terrier types are pets and companions. A few are still used as working terriers, and some terriers are large enough to be kept as guard dogs.

Terrier Group breeds[edit]

Kennel clubs assign breeds traditionally identified as terriers to their Terrier Group. Some kennel clubs prefer to use another category such as the Toy Group, Companion Group, Utility Group or Non-Sporting Group for certain terriers or terrier-like breeds, but most terriers are placed in the Terrier Group.

The United Kennel Club (US) is unusual in that it recognises Pinschers and Feists in its Terrier Group, along with other US breeds not recognised elsewhere. The United Kennel Club also lists the Hollandse Smoushond with the Terriers, which it resembles, but is elsewhere considered a Schnauzer-type breed. Another Schnauzer, the miniature Schnauzer (or Zwergschnauzer), is sometimes placed in a kennel club's Terrier Group. The Boston Terrier is usually listed by kennel clubs in the Companion Group or the Non-Sporting Group.

The American Kennel Club does recognize the Russell Terrier, although currently the breed is listed within the Foundation Stock Service (FSS) which is not categorized into the Terrier group.[2] Additionally, the United Kennel Club (UKC)changed the classifications of the different types of Russells starting in 2009. The Jack Russell Terrier prior to this time was really a Parson Russell Terrier (by AKC's standards) with an over 12" and under 12" breed types offered. The traditional Parson Russell Terriers were classified within the over 12" category while the traditional Jack Russell Terriers were classified within the under 12" category. The Russell Terrier, prior to 2009, included the shorter legged and longer backed variations of the breed. When the classifications were changed, the dogs within the Jack Russell Terrier breed that were over 12" tall at the withers were moved into the Parson Russell Terrier breed. Any dog in the Jack Russell Terrier breed at this time (within the UKC) may not be over 12" tall. The Russell Terrier breed has been blended into the Jack Russell Terrier breed within the UKC.[3]

Comparison of Terrier Group breeds of major kennel clubs[edit]

Terrier Group breeds of major kennel clubs[4]
The Kennel Club (UK) Terrier GroupCanadian Kennel Club Terrier Dogs GroupAmerican Kennel Club Terrier GroupAustralian National Kennel Council Terrier Dogs GroupNew Zealand Kennel Club Terrier GroupUnited Kennel Club (US) Terrier Group
Airedale TerrierAiredale TerrierAiredale TerrierAiredale TerrierAiredale TerrierAiredale Terrier
Australian TerrierAmerican Staffordshire TerrierAmerican Staffordshire TerrierAmerican Staffordshire TerrierAmerican Staffordshire TerrierAmerican Hairless Terrier
Bedlington TerrierAustralian TerrierAustralian TerrierAustralian TerrierAustralian TerrierAmerican Pit Bull Terrier
Border TerrierBedlington TerrierBedlington TerrierBedlington TerrierBedlington TerrierAustralian Terrier
Bull TerrierBorder TerrierBorder TerrierBorder TerrierBorder TerrierAustrian Pinscher
Bull Terrier (Miniature)Bull TerrierBull TerrierBull TerrierBull TerrierBedlington Terrier
Cairn TerrierBull Terrier (Miniature)Cairn TerrierBull Terrier (Miniature)Bull Terrier (Miniature)Border Terrier
Cesky TerrierCairn TerrierCesky TerrierCairn TerrierCairn TerrierBull Terrier
Dandie Dinmont TerrierCesky TerrierDandie Dinmont TerrierCesky TerrierCesky TerrierCairn Terrier
Fox Terrier (Smooth)Dandie Dinmont TerrierGlen of Imaal TerrierDandie Dinmont TerrierDandie Dinmont TerrierCesky Terrier
Fox Terrier (Wire)Fox Terrier (Smooth)Irish TerrierFox Terrier (Smooth)Fox Terrier (Smooth)Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Glen of Imaal TerrierFox Terrier (Wire)Kerry Blue TerrierFox Terrier (Wire)Fox Terrier (Wire)Dutch Smoushond
Irish TerrierIrish TerrierLakeland TerrierGerman Hunting TerrierGerman Hunting TerrierGerman Pinscher
Kerry Blue TerrierKerry Blue TerrierManchester TerrierGlen Of Imaal TerrierGlen Of Imaal TerrierGlen of Imaal Terrier
Lakeland TerrierLakeland TerrierMiniature Bull TerrierIrish TerrierIrish TerrierIrish Terrier
Manchester TerrierManchester TerrierMiniature SchnauzerJack Russell TerrierJack Russell TerrierJagdterrier
Norfolk TerrierNorfolk TerrierNorfolk TerrierKerry Blue TerrierKerry Blue TerrierJapanese Terrier
Norwich TerrierNorwich TerrierNorwich TerrierLakeland TerrierLakeland TerrierKerry Blue Terrier
Parson Russell TerrierParson Russell TerrierParson Russell TerrierManchester TerrierManchester TerrierKromfohrlander
Scottish TerrierSchnauzer (Miniature)Rat TerrierNorfolk-TerrierNorfolk TerrierLakeland Terrier
Sealyham TerrierScottish TerrierRussell TerrierNorwich TerrierNorwich TerrierManchester Terrier
Skye TerrierSealyham TerrierScottish TerrierParson Russell TerrierParson Russell TerrierMiniature Bull Terrier
Soft Coated Wheaten TerrierSkye TerrierSealyham TerrierScottish TerrierScottish TerrierMiniature Schnauzer
Staffordshire Bull TerrierSoft-Coated Wheaten TerrierSkye TerrierSealyham TerrierSealyham TerrierNorfolk Terrier
Welsh TerrierStaffordshire Bull TerrierSmooth Fox TerrierSkye TerrierSkye TerrierNorwich Terrier
West Highland White TerrierWelsh TerrierSoft Coated Wheaten TerrierSoft Coated Wheaten TerrierSoft Coated Wheaten TerrierParson Russell Terrier
West Highland White TerrierStaffordshire Bull TerrierStaffordshire Bull TerrierStaffordshire Bull TerrierJack Russell Terrier
Welsh TerrierTenterfield TerrierTenterfield TerrierPatterdale Terrier
West Highland White TerrierWelsh TerrierWelsh TerrierRat Terrier
Wire Fox TerrierWest Highland White TerrierWest Highland White TerrierRussell Terrier
Scottish Terrier
Sealyham Terrier
Silky Terrier
Skye Terrier
Smooth Fox Terrier
Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
Sporting Lucas Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Teddy Roosevelt Terrier
Toy Fox Terrier
Treeing Feist
Welsh Terrier
West Highland White Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier

Terriers by Fédération Cynologique Internationale Sections[edit]

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale breaks down their Terrier and Companion Group (Group 3) into Sections by general dog type; within the sections the dogs are listed by their country or area of origin. Also included in the Sections are variants and colours that have to do with how they are organised during dog shows.

Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognised Terrier breeds are sorted into four sections, shown below (with their identification number.)[5]

Fédération Cynologique Internationale Terrier breeds by Section
Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers
Brazilian terrier.JPG
341 Brazilian Terrier
(Terrier Brasileiro)
103 Deutscher Jagdterrier7 Airedale Terrier
Bedlington Terriers.jpg
Border Terrier.jpg
9 Bedlington Terrier10 Border Terrier12 Fox Terrier (Smooth)
Foxterrier im Wald (Winter).jpg
Lakeland Terrier.jpg
Mancherster Terrier.jpg
169 Fox Terrier (Wire)70 Lakeland Terrier71 Manchester Terrier
Parson Russell Terrier.jpg
Adult Glen of Imaal terrier.jpg
339 Parson Russell Terrier78 Welsh Terrier302 Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier
Irish terrier sitting.jpg
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier 600.jpg
139 Irish Terrier3 Kerry Blue Terrier40 Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Section 2: Small-sized Terriers
Australian Terrier2.jpg
Jack Russell Terrier.jpeg
8 Australian Terrier345 Jack Russell Terrier4 Cairn Terrier
Dandie Dinmont Terrier 600.jpg
Norfolk show.jpg
168 Dandie Dinmont Terrier272 Norfolk Terrier72 Norwich Terrier
Scotish terrier burleska 2005.jpg
Skye terrier 800.jpg
73 Scottish Terrier74 Sealyham Terrier75 Skye Terrier
West Highland White Terrier.JPG
Missing dog photo.png
85 West Highland White Terrier259 Nihon Teria
(Japanese Terrier)
246 Cesky Terrier
Section 3: Bull-type Terriers
Bull terrier 2.jpg
Bulterier i miniatura LM.jpg
11 Bull Terrier359 Miniature Bull Terrier76 Staffordshire Bull Terrier
American Staffordshire Terrier.jpg
286 American Staffordshire Terrier
Section 4: Toy Terriers
English Toy Terrier 600 01.jpg
Yorkshire Terrier WA Mozart Dolce Sinfonia.jpg
236 Australian Silky Terrier13 English Toy Terrier (Black and Tan)86 Yorkshire Terrier

Photographs of other terriers, not Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognised, provisionally recognised, or recognised in some Fédération Cynologique Internationale Group other than Terrier are shown below:

Miniature schnauzer blackandsilver.jpg
American Pit Bull Terrier - Seated.jpg
Schnauzer (Miniature) (Group 2, Schnauzer) placed in the Terrier Group by many kennel clubsTenterfield TerrierAmerican Pit Bull Terrier
Hollandsche smoushonden 2.JPG
American Hairless TerrierDutch Smoushond (Group 2, Schnauzer)Patterdale Terrier
Rat Terrier bark.jpg
Great speciman.jpg
Rat TerrierRussell TerrierTeddy Roosevelt Terrier
Czarny terier rosyjski 64.jpg
BostonTerrierBrindleStand w.jpg
DanskSvenskGaardshund (bearbeitete Version).png
Russian Black Terrier (Group 2, Schnauzer)Boston Terrier (Group 9, Toy)Danish Swedish Farmdog (Group 2, Pinscher - provisional)
Missing dog photo.png
Tibet Terrier.jpg
Miniature Fox TerrierToy Manchester TerrierTibetan Terrier (Group 9, Toy)
Toy Fox Terrier 2.jpg
Pinczer austiacki 675.jpg
Toy Fox TerrierAustrian Pinscher (Group 2, Pinscher)Russkiy Toy (Group 9, Toy - provisional)

Other clubs[edit]

Most kennel clubs in non-English speaking countries include a Terrier Group.

Terriers are also included in the listings of the enormous and ever-expanding number of specialty registries, minor kennel clubs, dog sports clubs, breed clubs, rare dog registries, and internet based dog clubs and businesses. Each will have its own definition of what breeds belong in their own Terrier Group.

Terriers, especially the smaller breeds, have been used for crossbreeding to create what are called designer dogs, bred either accidentally or to enhance the marketability of puppies, often with cute portmanteau names created from syllables of each breed name. Although there are clubs willing to "register" such designer dogs, they are not breeds of dog. Breeders may call designer dogs terriers but they are not part of the Terrier Group of any major kennel club.

The Jack Russell Terrier is notable in that its primary breed club, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America, specifically regulates inbreeding and linebreeding to a 16% coefficient of relationship. However, it is still a modern purebred dog breed, descended from known ancestors, and crossbred (with another breed of dog) dogs are not registerable.

See also[edit]