|The Templeton Prize|
|Awarded for||Outstanding contributions in affirming life's spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works.|
|Presented by||Templeton Foundation|
|Official website||The Templeton Prize|
The Templeton Prize is an annual award presented by the Templeton Foundation. Established in 1972, it is awarded to a living person who, in the estimation of the judges, "has made an exceptional contribution to affirming life's spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works". The prize is named after Sir John Templeton (1912–2008), an American-born British entrepreneur and businessman, who was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1987 for his philanthropic efforts. Until 2001, the name of the prize was "Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion", and from 2002 to 2008 it was called the "Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities". It has typically been presented by Prince Philip in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.
The monetary value of the prize is adjusted so that it exceeds that of the Nobel Prizes, as Templeton felt "spirituality was ignored" in the Nobel Prizes. At £1,000,000, as of 2009, it is the largest single annual financial prize award given to an individual by a philanthropic organization. The prize is awarded "based on the decision of a panel of distinguished judges from various academic disciplines and religious traditions". Hindus, Christians, Jews, Buddhists, Muslims and atheists have been on the panel of judges and have been recipients of the prize.
The prize has been criticized: British biologist Richard Dawkins said in his book The God Delusion that the prize was given "usually to a scientist who is prepared to say something nice about religion". Sean M. Carroll, a research associate in the Department of Physics at the California Institute of Technology, criticized his colleagues for taking Templeton research grants when they did not support Templeton's beliefs. Martinus J. G. Veltman, the 1999 Nobel laureate in physics, suggested the prize "bridg[ed] the gap between sense and nonsense".
The inaugural winner of the prize, in 1973, was Mother Teresa, six years before she received the Nobel Peace Prize. She was cited by the Templeton Foundation "for her extraordinary efforts to help the homeless and neglected children of Calcutta," work which "inspired millions of others around the world".
|1973||Blessed Teresa of Calcutta||Founder, Missionaries of Charity; 1979 Nobel Peace Prize laureate|||
|1974||Frère Roger||Founder, Taizé Community|||
|1975||Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||Former President of India, advocate of non-aggression with Pakistan|||
|1976||Leo Josef Cardinal Suenens||Pioneer in the Charismatic Renewal movement|||
|1977||Chiara Lubich||Founder, Focolare Movement|||
|1978||The Very Rev. Thomas Torrance||Former Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland|||
|1979||Nikkyō Niwano||Cofounder, Risshō Kōsei Kai|||
|1980||—||Ralph Wendell Burhoe||Founder, Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science|||
|1981||Dame Cicely Saunders||Founder, hospice and palliative care movement|||
|1982||The Rev. Billy Graham||Evangelist|||
|1983|| ||Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn||Soviet dissident novelist; Nobel laureate|||
|1984||—||The Rev. Michael Bourdeaux||Founder, Keston Institute|||
|1985||—||Sir Alister Hardy||Founder, Religious Experience Research Centre|||
|1986||—||The Rev. James I. McCord||Former president, Princeton Theological Seminary|||
|1987||The Rev. Stanley Jaki||Benedictine priest; professor of astrophysics, Seton Hall University|||
|1988||—||Inamullah Khan||Former secretary-general, Modern World Muslim Congress|||
|1989||Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Weizsäcker||Physicist and philosopher||[A]|
|1989||—||The Very Rev. and Rt. Hon. The Lord MacLeod of Fuinary||Founder, Iona Community||[A]|
|1990||Baba Amte||Developer of modern communities for people suffering from leprosy||[B]|
|1990||—||Charles Birch||Emeritus professor, University of Sydney||[B]|
|1991||Rabbi The Rt. Hon. The Lord Jakobovits||Former Chief Rabbi of Great Britain and the Commonwealth|||
|1992||—||The Rev. Kyung-Chik Han||Evangelist and founder, Young Nak Presbyterian Church|||
|1993||Charles Colson||Founder, Prison Fellowship|||
|1994||Michael Novak||Philosopher and diplomat|||
|1995|| ||Paul Davies||Theoretical physicist|||
|1996||Bill Bright||Founder, Campus Crusade for Christ|||
|1997||Pandurang Shastri Athavale||Social reformer; philosopher; and founder, Swadhyay Movement|||
|1998||—||Sir Sigmund Sternberg||Philanthropist; founder, Three Faith Forum|||
|1999||—||Ian Barbour||Professor emeritus of science, technology and society, Carleton College|||
|2000|| ||Freeman Dyson||Professor emeritus, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton|||
|2001||—||The Rev. Canon Arthur Peacocke||Former dean, Clare College, Cambridge|||
|2002|| ||The Rev. John Polkinghorne||Physicist and theologian|||
|2003|| ||The Rev. Holmes Rolston III||Philosopher|||
|2004||George F. R. Ellis||Cosmologist and philosopher|||
|2005||Charles Hard Townes||Nobel laureate and physicist|||
|2006||—||John D. Barrow||Cosmologist and theoretical physicist|||
|2008||The Rev. Michał Heller||Physicist and philosopher|||
|2010||Francisco J. Ayala||Biologist|||
|2011||The Rt. Hon. The Lord Rees of Ludlow||Cosmologist and astrophysicist|||
|2012||His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso||Spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism, and 1989 Nobel Peace Prize laureate|||
- A. a Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and Lord MacLeod of Fuinary were jointly awarded the prize in 1989.
- B. b Baba Amte and Charles Birch were jointly awarded the prize in 1990.
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