Templeton Prize

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The Templeton Prize
Awarded forOutstanding contributions in affirming life's spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works.
Presented byTempleton Foundation
CountryUnited States
First awarded1973
Official websiteThe Templeton Prize
 
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The Templeton Prize
Awarded forOutstanding contributions in affirming life's spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works.
Presented byTempleton Foundation
CountryUnited States
First awarded1973
Official websiteThe Templeton Prize

The Templeton Prize is an annual award presented by the Templeton Foundation. Established in 1972, it is awarded to a living person who, in the estimation of the judges, "has made an exceptional contribution to affirming life's spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works".[1] The prize is named after Sir John Templeton (1912–2008), an American-born British entrepreneur and businessman, who was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1987 for his philanthropic efforts.[2] Until 2001, the name of the prize was "Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion", and from 2002 to 2008 it was called the "Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities".[3][4] It has typically been presented by Prince Philip in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.[5][6][7]

The monetary value of the prize is adjusted so that it exceeds that of the Nobel Prizes, as Templeton felt "spirituality was ignored" in the Nobel Prizes.[8] At £1,000,000, as of 2009, it is the largest single annual financial prize award given to an individual by a philanthropic organization.[9][10] The prize is awarded "based on the decision of a panel of distinguished judges from various academic disciplines and religious traditions".[11] Hindus, Christians, Jews, Buddhists, Muslims and atheists have been on the panel of judges and have been recipients of the prize.[12]

The prize has been criticized: British biologist Richard Dawkins said in his book The God Delusion that the prize was given "usually to a scientist who is prepared to say something nice about religion".[13] Sean M. Carroll, a research associate in the Department of Physics at the California Institute of Technology, criticized his colleagues for taking Templeton research grants when they did not support Templeton's beliefs.[14] Martinus J. G. Veltman, the 1999 Nobel laureate in physics, suggested the prize "bridg[ed] the gap between sense and nonsense".[15]

The inaugural winner of the prize, in 1973, was Mother Teresa, six years before she received the Nobel Peace Prize. She was cited by the Templeton Foundation "for her extraordinary efforts to help the homeless and neglected children of Calcutta," work which "inspired millions of others around the world".[16]

Contents

Laureates

YearLaureateNotesRef(s)
1973Mother Teresa facing rightBlessed Teresa of CalcuttaFounder, Missionaries of Charity; 1979 Nobel Peace Prize laureate[17]
1974Frère Roger in a group of peopleFrère RogerFounder, Taizé Community[18]
1975Radhakrishnan.jpgDr Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanFormer President of India, advocate of non-aggression with Pakistan[18]
1976Leo Josef Cardinal SuenensPioneer in the Charismatic Renewal movement[19]
1977Chiara Lubich, smiling, surrounded by other smiling peopleChiara LubichFounder, Focolare Movement[20]
1978TF Torrance Sketch.JPGThe Very Rev. Thomas TorranceFormer Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland[19]
1979Statue of Niwano.JPGNikkyō NiwanoCofounder, Risshō Kōsei Kai[19]
1980Ralph Wendell BurhoeFounder, Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science[21]
1981Dame Cicely SaundersFounder, hospice and palliative care movement[22]
1982A black-and-white image of Billy GrahamThe Rev. Billy GrahamEvangelist[23]
1983 A black-and-white image of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn outside a buildingAleksandr SolzhenitsynSoviet dissident novelist; Nobel laureate[23]
1984The Rev. Michael BourdeauxFounder, Keston Institute[18]
1985Sir Alister HardyFounder, Religious Experience Research Centre[24]
1986The Rev. James I. McCordFormer president, Princeton Theological Seminary[25]
1987Father Jaki June 2007.jpgThe Rev. Stanley JakiBenedictine priest; professor of astrophysics, Seton Hall University[23]
1988Inamullah KhanFormer secretary-general, Modern World Muslim Congress[26]
1989Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker.jpgCarl Friedrich Freiherr von WeizsäckerPhysicist and philosopher[19][A]
1989The Very Rev. and Rt. Hon. The Lord MacLeod of FuinaryFounder, Iona Community[27][A]
1990Baba AmteDeveloper of modern communities for people suffering from leprosy[28][B]
1990Charles BirchEmeritus professor, University of Sydney[29][B]
1991Rabbi The Rt. Hon. The Lord JakobovitsFormer Chief Rabbi of Great Britain and the Commonwealth[19]
1992The Rev. Kyung-Chik HanEvangelist and founder, Young Nak Presbyterian Church[30]
1993Chuck Colson.jpgCharles ColsonFounder, Prison Fellowship[18]
1994Michael Novak behind a lectern, speaking at the Foreign Press Center in WashingtonMichael NovakPhilosopher and diplomat[18]
1995 Paul Davies.jpgPaul DaviesTheoretical physicist[31]
1996Bill BrightFounder, Campus Crusade for Christ[32]
1997Pandurang Shastri AthavalePandurang Shastri AthavaleSocial reformer; philosopher; and founder, Swadhyay Movement[32]
1998Sir Sigmund SternbergPhilanthropist; founder, Three Faith Forum[18]
1999Ian BarbourProfessor emeritus of science, technology and society, Carleton College[33]
2000 Freeman Dyson.jpgFreeman DysonProfessor emeritus, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton[33]
2001The Rev. Canon Arthur PeacockeFormer dean, Clare College, Cambridge[5]
2002 Johnpolkinghorne.jpgThe Rev. John PolkinghornePhysicist and theologian[18]
2003 Holmes Rolston III.jpgThe Rev. Holmes Rolston IIIPhilosopher[34]
2004GeorgeEllis-Walking.jpgGeorge F. R. EllisCosmologist and philosopher[35]
2005Charles Townes Nobel.jpgCharles Hard TownesNobel laureate and physicist[17]
2006John D. BarrowCosmologist and theoretical physicist[36]
2007Charles Taylor giving a lecture at the New School in 2007Charles TaylorPhilosopher[13]
2008MKHeller.jpgThe Rev. Michał HellerPhysicist and philosopher[6]
2009Bernard d'EspagnatPhysicist[7]
2010Dr. Ayala.jpgFrancisco J. AyalaBiologist[37]
2011Martin Rees at Jodrell Bank in 2007.jpgThe Rt. Hon. The Lord Rees of LudlowCosmologist and astrophysicist[38]
2012Dalai Lama 1430 Luca Galuzzi 2007crop.jpgHis Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin GyatsoSpiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism, and 1989 Nobel Peace Prize laureate[39]

Footnotes

A. a Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and Lord MacLeod of Fuinary were jointly awarded the prize in 1989.[16]
B. b Baba Amte and Charles Birch were jointly awarded the prize in 1990.[16]

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Templeton Prize". Templeton Foundation. http://www.templetonprize.org. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  2. ^ Cuff, Daniel (July 19, 2002). "Making a Difference; The Suitors Call in Earnest As an 80th Birthday Nears". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/07/19/business/making-a-difference-the-suitors-call-in-earnest-as-an-80th-birthday-nears.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  3. ^ Enman, Charles (July 8, 2008). "Templeton dies". Ottawa Citizen. Canada.com. http://www2.canada.com/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=894efb53-74d6-4b64-b275-ee22c7a296e0. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
  4. ^ Crewe, Daniel (March 15, 2003). "Just because science looks forward, religion isn't backward". The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article1119787.ece. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  5. ^ a b Niebuhr, Gustav (March 9, 2001). "Religion Prize Won by Priest Much Involved With Science". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/09/us/religion-prize-won-by-priest-much-involved-with-science.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  6. ^ a b Hall, John (March 12, 2008). "Cosmologist wins world's largest monetary award". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/cosmologist-wins-largest-monetary-award-794673.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  7. ^ a b Gledhill, Ruth (March 16, 2009). "Bernard d'Espagnat wins £1m Templeton Prize". The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article5918050.ece. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  8. ^ "Obituary - John Templeton". The Economist. July 17, 2008. http://www.economist.com/obituary/displaystory.cfm?story_id=11745591. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  9. ^ "About the prize". Templeton Foundation. http://www.templetonprize.org/abouttheprize.html. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  10. ^ Goodman, Brenda (March 13, 2008). "Priest-Cosmologist Wins $1.6 Million Templeton Prize". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/13/science/13prize.html.
  11. ^ "Nomination procedure". Templeton Foundation. http://www.templetonprize.org/nomination.html. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  12. ^ "Judges". Templeton Foundation. http://www.templetonprize.org/judges.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
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  16. ^ a b c "Previous winners". Templeton Foundation. http://www.templetonprize.org/previouswinner.html. Retrieved July 3, 2007.
  17. ^ a b "US scientist wins religion prize". BBC News. March 9, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4333801.stm. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Akbar, Arifa (March 15, 2007). "Philosopher wins £800,000 award for spiritual focus". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/philosopher-wins-163800000-award-for-spiritual-focus-440262.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  19. ^ a b c d e Templeton, John. The Humble Approach: Scientists Discover God. Templeton Foundation Press. pp. 170–172. ISBN 1-890151-17-3.
  20. ^ "Lubich, Chiara - Italian Roman Catholic lay leader". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/350399/Chiara-Lubich. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  21. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (May 16, 1997). "Ralph Wendell Burhoe, 85; Reconciled Science and Faith". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/05/16/us/ralph-wendell-burhoe-85-reconciled-science-and-faith.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  22. ^ Clark, David. Cicely Saunders - Founder of the Hospice Movement: Selected Letters 1959-1999. Oxford University Press. p. 131. ISBN 0-19-856969-6.
  23. ^ a b c "British physicist wins religious prize". BBC News. March 14, 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1872637.stm. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  24. ^ Hood Jr., Ralph. The Psychology of Religion. The Guilford Press. p. 248. ISBN 1-57230-116-3.
  25. ^ Berger, Joseph (February 27, 1986). "Princeton theologian wins Templeton Prize of $250,000". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1986/02/27/us/princeton-theologian-wins-templeton-prize-of-250000.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  26. ^ Steinfels, Peter (October 30, 1988). "Religion Notes; Prize Winner, Accused Of Bias, Collects Award". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/30/nyregion/religion-notes-prize-winner-accused-of-bias-collects-award.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  27. ^ MacLeod, George. Daily Readings with George Macleod. Fount. p. 15. ISBN 0-00-627513-3.
  28. ^ Pandya, Haresh (February 17, 2008). "Baba Amte, 93, Dies; Advocate for Lepers". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/17/world/asia/17amte.html?n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/Subjects/T/Templeton%20Prize. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  29. ^ "Emeritus Professor Louis Charles Birch". University of Sydney. http://www.usyd.edu.au/senate/committees/advisoryBirch.shtml. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  30. ^ Brozan, Nadine (March 12, 1992). "Chronicle". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/03/12/style/chronicle-516492.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  31. ^ Niebuhr, Gustav (March 9, 1995). "Scientist Wins Religion Prize Of $1 Million". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/03/09/us/scientist-wins-religion-prize-of-1-million.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  32. ^ a b Niebuhr, Gustav (March 6, 1997). "Leader of Spiritual Movement Wins $1.2 Million Religion Prize". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/03/09/us/scientist-wins-religion-prize-of-1-million.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  33. ^ a b Connor, Steve (March 23, 2000). "£600,000 prize for physicist who urges ethics in science". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/pound600000-prize-for-physicist--who-urges-ethics-in-science-723913.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  34. ^ Sewell, Helen (March 19, 2003). "Environmentalist wins $1m prize". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2864845.stm. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  35. ^ Howse, Christopher (March 20, 2004). "Sacred mysteries". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/personal-view/3603898/Sacred-mysteries.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  36. ^ "British scientist wins $1m prize". BBC News. March 15, 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4811266.stm. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  37. ^ Dean, Cornelia (March 25, 2010). "Biologist Wins Templeton Prize". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/26/science/26templeton.html?ref=science. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
  38. ^ Satter, Raphael (April 6, 2011). "UK Astrophysicist Wins $1.6 Million Religion Prize". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wireStory?id=13306742. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
  39. ^ "Dalai Lama Wins 2012 Templeton Prize". Philanthropy News Daily. 30 March 2012. http://foundationcenter.org/pnd/news/story.jhtml?id=375500002. Retrieved 30 March 2012.

External links