Temperature in Canada

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Climate data for Canada
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)22.2
(72)
26.5
(79.7)
31.2
(88.2)
37.2
(99)
42.2
(108)
43.5
(110.3)
45.0
(113)
43.3
(109.9)
40.6
(105.1)
38.3
(100.9)
25.0
(77)
45.0
(113)
Record low °C (°F)−61.2
(−78.2)
−62.8
(−81)
−55.6
(−68.1)
−48.9
(−56)
−35.0
(−31)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−7.2
(19)
−16.7
(1.9)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−41.7
(−43.1)
−54.0
(−65.2)
−61.7
(−79.1)
−62.8
(−81)
Source: Climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca[1]

Averages[edit]

The average maximum/minimum temperatures of Canada of various cities across Canada, based on the climate period from 1981-2010 for the months of January and July (generally the lowest/highest average temperature months, but not in all cases).

The vast majority of the Canadian population live within the humid continental climate zone with varying characteristics, a similar climate to interior continental Europe and Russia, but with more extreme winters at more southern latitudes, due to the dominance of the Polar Jetstream even on the Atlantic Ocean coastline during winter with a limited Gulf stream influence on Eastern Canada. Some of these climates as with Calgary are drier and sunnier with great temperature fluctuations possible during the winter months. Pockets of the Canadian Prairies and interior British Columbia have semi-arid climates. The only major Canadian city that falls outside the continental climate schema is Vancouver, which experiences an oceanic climate with a marked summer dry season. Of the eight largest Canadian cities, Ottawa, Montreal and Toronto have the warmest summers, Winnipeg the coldest winters, with Vancouver's winters are far milder than any other large city in Canada.

Central and north Canada experiences subarctic and arctic climates, much of them arid. Those areas are not heavily populated due to the severe climate, where it does not exceed -20° C on most winter days and has a very brief summer season.

The table can be reordered by clicking on the box in each column.

CityJanuary
(Avg. High °C)
January
(Avg. Low °C)
July
(Avg. High °C)
July
(Avg. Low °C)
Winnipeg, MB−11.9−21.425.913.5
Saskatoon, SK−10.1−20.725.311.6
Regina, SK−9.3−20.125.811.9
Quebec City, QC−7.0−16.124.714.0
Edmonton, AB−6.3−17.722.89.5
Ottawa, ON−5.8−14.426.615.7
Calgary, AB−0.9−13.223.29.8
Montreal, QC−5.3−14.026.316.1
Halifax, NS−0.1−8.223.115.1
St. John's, NL−0.8−8.220.710.9
Toronto, ON−0.7−6.826.618.0
Windsor, ON−0.3−7.328.117.9
Vancouver, BC6.81.322.113.7
Kamloops, BC0.4-5.928.914.2
Yellowknife, NT−21.6−29.521.312.6
Iqaluit, NU−22.8−30.912.34.1
Moncton, NB−3.7−14.024.712.9
Charlottetown, PEI−3.4−12.123.314.1
Whitehorse, YT−11.0−19.220.68.0
CityJanuary
(Avg. High °F)
January
(Avg. Low °F)
July
(Avg. High °F)
July
(Avg. Low °F)
Winnipeg, MB10.6−6.578.456.3
Saskatoon, SK13.8−5.377.552.9
Regina, SK15.3−4.278.253.4
Quebec City, QC19.43.076.557.2
Edmonton, AB20.70.173.049.1
Ottawa, ON21.66.179.960.3
Calgary, AB30.48.273.849.6
Montreal, QC22.56.879.361.0
Halifax, NS31.817.273.659.2
St. John's, NL30.617.269.351.6
Toronto, ON30.719.879.964.4
Windsor, ON31.518.982.664.2
Vancouver, BC44.234.371.856.7
Kamloops, BC32.721.484.057.6
Yellowknife, NT−6.9−21.170.354.7
Iqaluit, NU−9.0−23.654.139.4
Moncton, NB25.36.876.555.2
Charlottetown, PEI25.910.273.957.4
Whitehorse, YT12.2−2.669.146.4

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca" (in English). Retrieved May 7, 2013. 

External links[edit]