Telisha

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Telisha ketana/gedola
תְּלִישָא קְטַנָּה
 תְּ֠לִישָא גְדוֹלָה
 ֠
֩ 
וְאִם־אַ֠תָּה
מִקְנֶה֩
cantillation
Sof passuk׃ paseq׀
etnahta֑ segol֒
shalshelet֓ zaqef qatan֔
zaqef gadol֕ tipeha֖
revia֗ zarqa֘
pashta֙ yetiv֚
tevir֛ geresh֜
geresh muqdam֝ gershayim֞
qarney para֟ telisha gedola֠
pazer֡ atnah hafukh֢
munach֣ mahapakh֤
merkha֥ merkha kefula֦
darga֧ qadma֨
telisha qetana֩ yerah ben yomo֪
ole֫ iluy֬
dehi֭ zinor֮

Telisha (Hebrew: תְּלִישָא) is one of two cantillation marks found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible. There are two versions of the Telisha: Telisha ketana (תְּלִישָא קְטַנָּה) and Telisha gedola (תְּלִישָא גְּדוֹלָה), the latter of which has a longer melody and higher peak. The Telisha trope can occur independently or can follow a Pazer or one of several other trope sounds. The Telisha ketana must be followed by a Kadma[1].

The Hebrew word  תְּ֠לִישָא translates into English as detached. This is because they are never linked to the following note as a single phrase. קְטַנָּה refers to little (the shorter note) and גְדוֹלָה to great (the longer note).

The Telisha gedola can be found in the Torah 266 times[2]. The Telisha ketana occurs 451 times[3].

Contents

Total occurrences

BookTelisha
ketana
Telisha
gedola
Torah451[4]266[4]
   Genesis92[4]51[4]
   Exodus87[4]42[4]
   Leviticus71[4]56[4]
   Numbers88[4]50[4]
   Deuteronomy113[4]67[4]
Nevi'im413[5]238[5]
Ketuvim350[5]335[5]


Melody

While the names "Telisha Ketana" and "Telisha Gedola" are 6 syllables each, they are usually applied to words with far fewer syllables, often just one. In one-syllable words, only the notes leading to and from the peak are included. In multiple-syllable words, the additional syllables are recited at the level of the first note leading up to the peak.

Telisha Ketana

Telishaketana.jpg

Telisha Gedola

Telishagedola.jpg


References

  1. ^ A compendious grammar of the Hebrew language By G. F. R. Weidemann, page 49
  2. ^ Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 241
  3. ^ Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  5. ^ a b c d Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5