Taurus (♉) is the second astrological sign in the Zodiac. It spans the 30-60th degree of the zodiac, between 27.25 and 54.75 degree of celestial longitude, which the Sun transits this area on average between April 20 to May 20 each year.
In Sidereal astrology, the sun currently transits the constellation of Taurus from May 16th to June 15th (approximately). Individuals born during these dates, depending on which system of astrology they subscribe to, may be called Taureans.
In Greek myth, Taurus was identified with the bull whose form Zeus took to rape Europa, a legendary Phoenician princess. In illustrations, only the front portion of this constellation are depicted; in Greek mythology this was sometimes explained as Taurus being partly submerged as he carried Europa out to sea. Greek mythographer Acusilaus marks the bull Taurus as the same that formed the myth of the Cretan Bull, one of The Twelve Labors of Hercules. Liz Greene associates the Taurus myth with that of King Theseus and the Minotaur, saying "within each Taurean is this basic conflict between the human, heroic side and the bestial side with its rampant appetites."
Definitions and Associations
|Glyph meaning: (♉)||The round face and horned head of the bull.:13|
|Quality||Negative: inwardly reflective.|
|Mode (quadruplicity)||Fixed: the element in its most intense form - associated with stability and strength.:15|
|Body part||Neck and Throat|
Generally, the qualities of Taurus are considered, due to their likeness,  to be most compatible with those of the other earth signs: Virgo, Capricorn and Cancer, even though Cancer is a water sign. To a lesser extent with the other signs: Pisces, Scorpio and Libra (due to the influence of Venus on both signs). Taurus is semi-compatible to other fixed signs: Leo and Aquarius. However, compatibility based on sun-sign alone is considered to be only a very general guideline. The branch of astrology dealing with interpersonal relationships is called Synastry. In this, astrologers analyze the horoscopes of both parties being considered with particular reference to the positions of the Sun and Moon and Mars and Venus.
- ^ Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved17 August 2011.
- ^ Liz Greene, Astrology for Lovers, p.160. Weiser Books, 2009. ISBN 978-1-57863-426-2.
- ^ a b c Joanna watters, Astrology for today. London: Carroll & Brown, 2003. ISBN 1-903258-69-3.
- ^ Sasha Fenton, Astrology for Living, p.12. Readers Digest, 1999. ISBN 978-0-7621-0230-3.
- ^ a b There are three signs for each element which are related to each other across the zodiac by the shape of the triangle; therefore these are traditionally known as 'triplicities'. Marcus Manilius, (c.10 AD.) Astronomica 2.270-295. Translated by G.P. Goold. Harvard University Press, 1977. ISBN 0-674-99516-3.
- ^ Hopewell, Joyce. "Zodiac Signs and Body Parts". http://joycehopewell.blogspot.com/2007/11/zodiac-signs-and-body-parts.html.
- ^ William Lilly, (1647) Christian Astrology. Republished as facsimilie, London: Regulus, 1985. ISBN 0-948472-01-4.
- ^ http://astrology.about.com/od/foundations/p/EarthElement.htm
- ^ , "http://cafeastrology.com/astrology_of_relationships.html."
- ^ Linda Goodman, Linda Goodman's Love Signs: A New Approach to the Human Heart. Harper Paperbacks; 1st edition (1991) ISBN 0-06-096896-6 p.8 "Even between two individuals whose Sun and Moon Signs harmonize, there are always some planets in their mutual nativities which clash causing periodic friction and tension."