Tan Son Nhat International Airport

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Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport
Sân bay Quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất
Tan Son Nhat International Airport.jpg
IATA: SGNICAO: VVTS
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerVietnamese government
OperatorAirports Corporation of Vietnam
ServesHo Chi Minh City, Vietnam
LocationTan Binh District
Hub for
Elevation AMSL10 m / 33 ft
Coordinates10°49′08″N 106°39′07″E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194Coordinates: 10°49′08″N 106°39′07″E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194
WebsiteAirports Corporation of Vietnam
Map
SGN is located in Vietnam
SGN
SGN
Location of the airport in Vietnam
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
07L/25R3,05010,007Concrete
07R/25L3,80012,467Concrete
Statistics (2012)
Passenger movements17,538,000
Airfreight movements in tonnes593,494
Aircraft movements162,349
Sources: GCM,[1] STV[2]
 
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Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport
Sân bay Quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất
Tan Son Nhat International Airport.jpg
IATA: SGNICAO: VVTS
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerVietnamese government
OperatorAirports Corporation of Vietnam
ServesHo Chi Minh City, Vietnam
LocationTan Binh District
Hub for
Elevation AMSL10 m / 33 ft
Coordinates10°49′08″N 106°39′07″E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194Coordinates: 10°49′08″N 106°39′07″E / 10.81889°N 106.65194°E / 10.81889; 106.65194
WebsiteAirports Corporation of Vietnam
Map
SGN is located in Vietnam
SGN
SGN
Location of the airport in Vietnam
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
07L/25R3,05010,007Concrete
07R/25L3,80012,467Concrete
Statistics (2012)
Passenger movements17,538,000
Airfreight movements in tonnes593,494
Aircraft movements162,349
Sources: GCM,[1] STV[2]

Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport (IATA: SGNICAO: VVTS) (Vietnamese: Sân bay quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất, Vietnamese: Cảng hàng không quốc tế Tân Sơn Nhất) is Vietnam’s largest international airport in terms of area (800 ha or 1,977 acres compared with 650 ha or 1,606 acres of Hanoi’s Nội Bài International Airport and Đà Nẵng’s Đà Nẵng International Airport[3][4]). It has a handling capacity of 25 million passengers per year, compared with the capacity of Hanoi - Noi Bai airport of 8 million passengers and Da Nang’s 6 million passengers.[4] It is also the largest airport of Vietnam in terms of passengers handled (with a number of 17,538,000 passengers per year in 2012, accounting for 46.6% of Vietnam’s air passenger traffic),[5] serving Ho Chi Minh City as well as the rest of southeastern Vietnam. Its IATA code, SGN, is derived from the city's former name of Saigon.

History[edit]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport has its origins in the early 1930s, when the French colonial government constructed a small airport with unpaved runways, known as Tân Sơn Nhất Airfield near the village of Tan Son Nhat. By mid-1956, with U.S. aid, a 7,200-foot (2,190 m) runway had been built and the airfield near Saigon became known as South Vietnam's principal international gateway. During the Vietnam War (or Second Indochina War), Tan Son Nhut Air Base (then using the alternative spelling Tân Sơn Nhứt) was an important facility for both the U.S. Air Force and the South Vietnamese Air Force. Between 1968 and 1974, Tan Son Nhut Airport was one of the busiest military airbases in the world. During the last days of South Vietnam, Pan Am schedules from 1973 showed Boeing 747 service was being operated four times a week to San Francisco via Guam and Manila.[6] Continental Airlines operated up to 30 Boeing 707 military charters per week to and from Tan Son Nhut Airport during the 1968–74 period.[7]

Post-war era[edit]

On 9 December 2004, United Airlines became the first U.S. airline to fly to Vietnam since Pan Am's last flight during the Fall of Saigon in April 1975. Flight UA 869, operated using a Boeing 747-400, landed at Ho Chi Minh City, the terminus of the flight that originated from San Francisco via Hong Kong. On 29 October 2006, this service was switched from San Francisco to Los Angeles with a stop in Hong Kong, operating as UA 867 (also using a Boeing 747-400). In 2009, the service UA 869 has resumed once again from San Francisco via Hong Kong International Airport.[8] United ceased the route to San Francisco via Hong Kong on 30 October 2011. The airline resumed the route from Ho Chi Minh City to Hong Kong after its merger with Continental Airlines. It no longer continued to San Francisco and it was flown on a Boeing 737 instead of a 747.

In 2006, Tan Son Nhat International Airport served approximately 8.5 million passengers (compared with 7 million in 2005) with 64,000 aircraft movements.[9] It has recently accounted for nearly two thirds of the arrivals and departures at Vietnam's international gateway airports.[10][11] Due to increasing demand (about 15%-20% per annum), the airport has been continuously expanded by the Southern Airports Corporation.[11]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport served 12.4 million passengers in 2008, compared to 11 million in 2007 and 15.5 million passenger in 2010. In 2010, the domestic terminal handled 8 million passengers which reached its maximum capacity. In the 4th quarter of 2011, the domestic terminal will be expanded to be capable to handle 15 million domestic passengers per annum.[12] According to the new expansion plan announced by the Vietnamese government, the airport will be enlarged to provide facilities and space for approximately 70 aircraft, 23.5 million passengers, and 600,000 tonnes of cargo per annum by 2015.[13][14]

New international terminal[edit]

Passport check in the international terminal (August 2007)

A new international terminal funded by Japanese official development assistance and constructed by a consortium of four Japanese contractors (KTOM, abbreviation of four contractors' names: KajimaTaiseiObayashi CorporationMaeda), opened in September 2007 with a capacity for 8–10 million passengers a year. The new terminal gives the airport a total annual capacity of 15–17 million passengers. The old terminal is now used for domestic flights.[3] After 2020, when Long Thanh International Airport is completed, Tan Son Nhat will remain operational; however, it will mostly serve for domestic flights, a few international flights and no longer serve transit flights.

Facilities[edit]

Indicator screen at the departure area of the International Terminal.

Following the opening of its new international terminal in September 2007, Tan Son Nhat has two major terminal buildings with separate sections for international and domestic flights. The capacity of the new terminal, once fully completed, will be 8 million passengers per annum. When Long Thanh International Airport is completed, Tan Son Nhat will serve domestic passengers only.

The Prime Minister of Vietnam, by Decision 1646/TTg-NN, has approved the addition of 30 hectares (74 acres) of adjacent area to extend the apron and to build a cargo terminal to handle the rapid increase of passenger (expected to reach 17 million in 2010, compared to 7 million and 8.5 million in 2005 and 2006 respectively) and cargo volume at the airport.[10][15]

Terminals, airlines and destinations[edit]

Domestic flights operate from Terminal 1, whilst international flights use Terminal 2.

Tan Son Nhat International Airport terminal building.
Check-In desks at Terminal 2, Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
Level 3 of Terminal 2, Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
Vietnam Airlines Airbus A320 taxiing at Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Airbus A320 at Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
Vietnam Airlines Boeing 777-200/ER taxiing at Tan Son Nhat International Airport.

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
AeroflotMoscow-Sheremetyevo2
Air AstanaAlmaty2
Air ChinaBeijing-Capital2
Air FranceParis-Charles de Gaulle2
AirAsiaKuala Lumpur2
All Nippon Airways
operated by Air Japan
Tokyo-Narita2
Asiana AirlinesSeoul-Incheon2
Cambodia Angkor AirPhnom Penh, Siem Reap2
Cathay PacificHong Kong2
Cebu PacificManila2
China AirlinesTaipei-Taoyuan2
China Eastern AirlinesShanghai-Pudong2
China Southern AirlinesGuangzhou2
Eastar JetCharter: Jeju2
EmiratesDubai-International2
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi2
EVA AirTaipei-Taoyuan2
FinnairSeasonal: Helsinki 12
Hong Kong AirlinesHong Kong (begins 17 March 2014)[16]2
Japan AirlinesTokyo-Haneda (begins 30 March 2014),[17] Tokyo-Narita2
Jetstar Asia AirwaysSingapore2
Jetstar Pacific AirlinesBuon Ma Thuot, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Vinh
Seasonal : Nha Trang
1
Korean AirSeoul-Incheon2
Lao AirlinesPakse, Phnom Penh, Vientiane2
Lion AirJakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Singapore2
LufthansaBangkok-Suvarnabhumi (ends 24 March 2014), Frankfurt (ends 24 March 2014)2
Malaysia AirlinesKuala Lumpur2
Mandarin AirlinesTaichung2
NovairSeasonal: Stockholm-Arlanda2
Philippine AirlinesManila2
Qatar AirwaysDoha, Phnom Penh2
Sichuan AirlinesChengdu, Nanning2
Singapore AirlinesSingapore2
Thai AirAsiaBangkok-Don Mueang2
Thai Airways InternationalBangkok-Suvarnabhumi2
TigerairSingapore2
Transaero AirlinesSeasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo2
Turkish AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Istanbul-Atatürk2
Uni AirKaohsiung2
United AirlinesHong Kong2
VietJet AirBuon Ma Thuot,[18] Da Lat, Da Nang, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hue , Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Qui Nhon, Vinh1
VietJet AirBangkok-Suvarnabhumi2
Vietnam AirlinesBuon Ma Thuot, Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hue, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Qui Nhon, Rach Gia, Thanh Hoa, Vinh1
Vietnam Airlines
operated by VASCO
Ca Mau, Chu Lai, Con Dao, Tuy Hoa1
Vietnam AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Busan, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur, London-Gatwick, Moscow-Domodedovo, Melbourne, Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita, Vientiane, Yangon2
Wind Rose AviationKiev-Boryspil[19]2

Notes:

Cargo airlines[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air France CargoParis-Charles de Gaulle
Air Hong KongHong Kong, Penang
Asiana CargoSeoul-Incheon
CargoluxLuxembourg
Cathay PacificJakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Hong Kong
China Airlines CargoAbu Dhabi, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan
EVA Air CargoPenang, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan
FedEx ExpressGuangzhou, Hanoi, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Hong Kong Airlines CargoHong Kong
Transmile Air ServicesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Korean Air CargoJakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Seoul-Incheon
MASkargoKuala Lumpur
Qantas FreightShanghai-Pudong, Sydney
Saudia CargoDammam, Frankfurt, Jeddah, Hong Kong, Riyadh
Tri-MG Intra Asia AirlinesBangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phnom Penh

Statistics[edit]

Busiest International Flights Out of Tan Son Nhat International Airport by Frequency
RankDestinationsFrequency (Weekly)
1Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore77
2Flag of Thailand.svg Bangkok (Don Mueang + Suvarnabhumi)76
3Flag of Malaysia.svg Kuala Lumpur63
4Flag of Cambodia.svg Siem Reap42
5Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo40
6Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taipei36
7Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong35
7Flag of South Korea.svg Seoul35
9Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Guangzhou28
10Flag of Cambodia.svg Phnom Penh21
10Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Shanghai-Pudong21
12Flag of Australia.svg Sydney18
13Flag of the Philippines.svg Manila14
13Flag of Indonesia.svg Jakarta14
15Flag of Laos.svg Vientiane11
16Flag of the Republic of China.svg Kaohsiung10
18Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taichung9
18Flag of Russia.svg Moscow (Domodedovo + Sheremetyevo)9
19Flag of France.svg Paris8
20Flag of Qatar.svg Doha7
21Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Dubai7
21Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt7
21Flag of Australia.svg Melbourne7
21Flag of South Korea.svg Busan7
21Flag of Japan.svg Osaka7
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Abu Dhabi7
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London3
Busiest Domestic Flights Out of Tan Son Nhat International Airport by Frequency
RankDestinationsFrequency (Weekly)
1Hanoi270
2Da Nang133
3Hai Phong63
4Phu Quoc49
4Vinh49
6Buon Ma Thuot39
7Con Dao35
7Hue35
9Pleiku32
9Nha Trang28
11Da Lat21
11Qui Nhon21

The airport's future[edit]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport is located inside the crowded city of Ho Chi Minh City, making expansions difficult.

Following a recent decision by the Vietnamese Prime Minister, a new airport—Long Thanh International Airport—will replace Tan Son Nhat airport for international departure use. The master plan for the new airport was approved in April 2006. The new airport will be built in Long Thanh county, Dong Nai province, about 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Ho Chi Minh City and 70 km (43 mi) northwest of the petroleum-focused city of Vung Tau, near Highway 51A.

Long Thanh International Airport will be constructed on an area of 50 square kilometers (19 sq mi), and will have four runways (4,000 m x 60 m or 13,100 ft x 200 ft) and be capable of receiving the Airbus A380. The project will be divided in two stages. Stage One calls for the construction of two parallel runways and a terminal with a capacity of 20 million passengers per year, due to be completed in 2020. Stage Two is scheduled for completion in 2035, giving the airport with three passenger terminals and a cargo terminal designed to receive 5 million metric tons of cargo per year. The total invested capital of this project is an estimated $8 billion USD.

Upon completion of Long Thanh International Airport, Tan Son Nhat Airport will serve domestic passengers only. Long Thanh International Airport is expected to be the leading airport on the Indochinese peninsula, and one of the busiest air transportation hubs in the southeast Asian region.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for SGN at Great Circle Mapper.
  2. ^ Airport information for Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport at Search (for) Travel website.
  3. ^ a b Official website of Tan Son Nhat International Airport
  4. ^ a b Vietnam Aviation Magazine (Tạp chí Hàng không), October 2007 issue (a magazine published by the Vietnam Aviation Authority), in article Is that possible for a new international airport in Hai Duong Province ?
  5. ^ Tân Sơn Nhất khai thác đường hạ-cất cánh thứ hai Vietnamplus on 2 July 2013 >Two more Hanoi<>Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on “Vietnamnet.net, access date November 11, 2007, (Vietnamese) [http://vietnamnet.vn/kinhte/2007/11/753468/
  6. ^ Pan Am System Timetable, April 29, 1973
  7. ^ Christian, J. Scott, former Continental employee and manager, Bring Songs to the Sky: Recollections of Continental Airlines, 1970-1986, Quadran Press, 1998.
  8. ^ United Airlines - Flight Timetables, Download to PC, PDA or Blackberry
  9. ^ Official number from Tan Son Nhat Airport Authority at its official website
  10. ^ a b Two more Hanoi<>Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on “Vietnamnet.net, access date November 11, 2007, (Vietnamese) [1]
  11. ^ a b News about Tan Son Nhat International Airport on Official Website of Ministry of Transport of Vietnam, 12 November 2007, Vietnamese[dead link]
  12. ^ "Tan Son Nhat domestic terminal is planned to be expanded" (in Vietnamese). Southern Airports Corporation. 2011-03-25. 
  13. ^ "Tránh quá tải: Mở rộng 2 cảng hàng không lớn nhất" (in Vietnamese). Ministry of Transport of Vietnam. 20 tháng 8 năm 2008. 
  14. ^ "Vietnam aviation sector targets airport expansion". Vietnam News. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2009. [dead link]
  15. ^ Two more Hanoi-Saigon flights per day for Pacific Airlines on “Vietnamnet.net, access date November 11, 2007, (English) [2]
  16. ^ "Hong Kong Airlines Plans Ho Chi Minh City Service from mid-March 2014". Airline Route. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  17. ^ http://press.jal.co.jp/en/release/201401/002783.html
  18. ^ fly-on-vietjetairs-new-route-from-ho-chi-minh-city-to-buon-me-thuot-for-just-vnd390000 - news - VietJetAir.com - Enjoy Flying!. VietJetAir.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  19. ^ WINROSE airlines opens direct flights to Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam)
  20. ^ Củng cố luận chứng xây dựng sân bay Long Thành, Tiên Lãng - Website thông tin Hàng không & Cuộc sống

External links[edit]