Tallmadge, Ohio

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Tallmadge, Ohio
—  City  —
Aerial photo of the Tallmadge Circle, a roundabout located in the center of Tallmadge
Motto: "History Moving Forward"
Location of Tallmadge, Ohio
Location within Summit County, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°5′49″N 81°25′27″W / 41.09694°N 81.42417°W / 41.09694; -81.42417Coordinates: 41°5′49″N 81°25′27″W / 41.09694°N 81.42417°W / 41.09694; -81.42417
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountiesSummit, Portage
Government
 • MayorDavid Kline
Area
 • Total14.0 sq mi (36.2 km2)
 • Land14.0 sq mi (36.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation[1]1,115 ft (340 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total17,537
 • Density1,300/sq mi (480/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code44278
Area code(s)330
FIPS code39-76106[2]
GNIS feature ID1061671[1]
Websitehttp://www.tallmadge-ohio.org/
 
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Tallmadge, Ohio
—  City  —
Aerial photo of the Tallmadge Circle, a roundabout located in the center of Tallmadge
Motto: "History Moving Forward"
Location of Tallmadge, Ohio
Location within Summit County, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°5′49″N 81°25′27″W / 41.09694°N 81.42417°W / 41.09694; -81.42417Coordinates: 41°5′49″N 81°25′27″W / 41.09694°N 81.42417°W / 41.09694; -81.42417
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountiesSummit, Portage
Government
 • MayorDavid Kline
Area
 • Total14.0 sq mi (36.2 km2)
 • Land14.0 sq mi (36.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation[1]1,115 ft (340 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total17,537
 • Density1,300/sq mi (480/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code44278
Area code(s)330
FIPS code39-76106[2]
GNIS feature ID1061671[1]
Websitehttp://www.tallmadge-ohio.org/

Tallmadge play /ˈtælmɨ/ (often mispronounced /ˈtɔːlmɨ/) is a city in Summit and Portage counties in Ohio, United States. It is a suburb of Akron and part of the Akron Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 17,537 at the 2010 census. Tallmadge was founded in 1807 and is the second-oldest city in Summit County, following Hudson, which was founded in 1799.

Contents

History

Historically, Tallmadge was a part of the Connecticut Western Reserve, which was a three million acre plot of land in northeast Ohio. Prior to it being named Tallmadge (after Benjamin Tallmadge), it was part of Town 2, Range 10 in the Western Reserve. In 1807, the Rev. David Bacon founded and organized Tallmadge, placing a square road in the center of town where several other roads met, modeled after New England designs of the time period.[3]

In the nineteenth century, Tallmadge continued to develop around the square as its centerpiece, which years later became a traffic roundabout named the "Tallmadge Circle" (or simply "the Circle"). The Circle as it is today represents New England's role in the settlement of the Ohio Western Reserve.[4] The rest of the city was designed in a grid pattern, with industry tending to develop near the railroad.[5]

No alcohol could be bought or consumed in public in Tallmadge until the early 1990s, when the law was amended to allow the retail sale of alcohol in stores, but public consumption was still illegal. In 2001, the law was repealed and alcohol could be sold and consumed in restaurants, provided that alcohol not account for more than 30% of any establishment's revenue. The first restaurant to offer alcohol in Tallmadge was Delanie's on West Avenue.

Location within Portage County, Ohio

Tallmadge lies within two counties. While the vast majority of the city lies in Summit County, portions on the east side protrude into neighboring Portage County. This phenomenon resulted from the annexation of small portions of a neighboring township, Brimfield.

Geography

Tallmadge is located at 41°05′49″N 81°25′27″W / 41.096956°N 81.424033°W / 41.096956; -81.424033 (41.096956, -81.424033).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.0 square miles (36 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.14%, is water.

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19403,452
19505,82168.6%
196010,24676.0%
197015,27449.1%
198015,238−0.2%
199014,870−2.4%
200016,39010.2%
201017,5377.0%
Est. 201117,473−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 16,390 people, 6,273 households, and 4,711 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,173.9 people per square mile (453.3/km2). There were 6,494 housing units at an average density of 465.1 per square mile (179.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.78% White, 2.08% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 6,273 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,381, and the median income for a family was $56,780. Males had a median income of $44,606 versus $28,056 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,329. About 4.0% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The Tallmadge City Schools (website) provide primary and secondary education for the 2,700 public school students within Tallmadge. Students within the Tallmadge City School district attend Overdale School, Dunbar Primary, Munroe Elementary, Tallmadge Middle School, and Tallmadge High School consecutively from kindergarten through twelfth grade. Tallmadge Christian Academy provides parochial primary and secondary education within the city itself, but many students from Tallmadge seeking a parochial education attend other parochial schools outside of the city.

Among other institutions, Kent State University and the University of Akron provide post-secondary education in the adjacent cities of Kent and Akron; the majority of college-bound students from Tallmadge High School attend one of these two schools after graduation.[citation needed] No colleges or universities currently exist within Tallmadge, but Western Reserve University began its first classes in Tallmadge in 1826 before moving to a permanent facility in nearby Hudson and its current home in Cleveland as part of Case Western Reserve University.[7]

The Tallmadge High School Alumni Association (website) is believed to be one of the oldest active alumni associations in the United States. The first class to graduate, in 1879, had only eight graduates. Following the commencement ceremony, a reception was held, at which time, the Tallmadge High School Alumni Association was organized. Miss Martha Milby, the first principal at Tallmadge High School, was the organizer of the THS Alumni Association. The first minutes of the THS Alumni Association were written in 1889, as no other records prior to this year have been found. Since 1892, all alumni meetings have been held in Tallmadge. Current meetings are held the first Saturday after graduation. Since 1985, The THS Alumni Association has given a scholarship to a deserving graduate each year. To date, over 13,000 students have graduated from Tallmadge High School since 1879.

Sports

Tallmadge athletes have received local, statewide, regional, national, and international recognition. In particular, Little League Baseball teams have represented the city in the 1974 and 2003 Little League World Series. The 1974 team advanced to the semi-final round, finishing in fourth place.

The Tallmadge Blue Devils captured its first baseball state championship in 2002, after knocking off Defiance (for which current Los Angeles Dodger Chad Billingsley threw) and Edison, respectively.

Landmarks

At the center of the town is the Historic Tallmadge Church (built in 1825), recognized as a historic place by the Ohio Historical Society, and was featured on the cover of the November 20, 1944, edition of Life magazine.[8] An intersection surrounds the church and a small park, the Tallmadge Circle Park, on which the church sits. The Circle Park is also home to Tallmadge's Old Town Hall (established 1859), which houses a museum on its second floor. In 2003, a new steeple was placed atop the Old Town Hall, replacing the original which had been removed decades earlier.

The Circle itself, which surrounds the Historic Church, Old Town Hall, and Circle Park, continues to be a notable landmark at the center of the town. While two separate Ohio state routes meet at the intersection (SR 91 and SR 261; at one point SR 18 and SR 532 also met there), the one-lane circle can and regularly does accommodate several dozen vehicles at a time without congestion. The eight roads that meet at the Circle form a spoke design (see image, upper right) that, as they lead away from the Circle, travel in the cardinal and ordinal directions. The roads are named according to the respective directions they travel away from the Circle (e.g. Northwest Avenue); these names are not preserved by the neighboring municipalities into which the eight roads run.[9] 4 of these 8 roads comes to a six-point intersection within the original city, forming a square with the 4 corners in the Northeast,Northwest,Southeast and Southwest roads running through them. In summer 2010, one of these six-point intersections in the northeastern portion of Tallmadge was converted to a roundabout based on the design of the original Circle. Out-of-town drivers are sometimes uncomfortable navigating the intersection because of the lack of stop signs or traffic lights.[citation needed]

Photos

Tallmadge Circle Park panorama, May 2007

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ None (1899). Annals of the Early Settlers Association of Cuyahoga County. 4. Cleveland, Ohio: Early Settlers Association of Cuyahoga County. pp. 469. http://books.google.com/books?id=eg3VAAAAMAAJ&dq=tallmadge%20ohio%20%22public%20square%22&pg=PA469#v=onepage&q=tallmadge%20ohio%20%22public%20square%22&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-18. "The township of Tallmadge being No 2 in tenth range surveyed by Seth Ensign for Rev David Bacon agent for owners as follows A public square of seven and one half acres at the center of the town for a parade ground and site for church and academy and from this square Mr Ensign surveyed into great lots or tracts one and one quarter miles square by running lines through the center of the town to the four cardinal points of the compass then diagonally crossing at the center and terminating at the corners of the township Just one and one fourth miles from the center of the" 
  4. ^ History of Tallmadge, Ohio
  5. ^ http://www.tallmadge-ohio.org/history/history.pdf
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Brown, Ellen (Spring 2001). "The Hudson Years". CWRU Magazine. Case Western Reserve University. http://www.case.edu/pubs/cwrumag/spring2001/features/hudsonyears/textonly/index.shtml?nw_view=1276831406&. Retrieved 2010-06-18. "On October 4, the first class of three began in a facility in Tallmadge, Ohio, ten miles south of Hudson, because the first building wouldn’t be completed until 1827." 
  8. ^ LIFE Magazine Cover hosted at Google
  9. ^ http://www.tallmadge-ohio.org/history/history.pdf