Talladega, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Talladega, Alabama
City
Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District
Location in Talladega County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 33°26′5″N 86°6′5″W / 33.43472°N 86.10139°W / 33.43472; -86.10139
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyTalladega
Government
 • MayorLarry Barton
Area
 • Total24.1 sq mi (62.3 km2)
 • Land24.0 sq mi (62.1 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation558 ft (170 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total15,591
 • Density654/sq mi (252.4/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes35160-35161
Area code(s)256
FIPS code01-74592
GNIS feature ID0160707
Websitewww.talladega.com
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Talladega, Alabama
City
Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District
Location in Talladega County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 33°26′5″N 86°6′5″W / 33.43472°N 86.10139°W / 33.43472; -86.10139
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyTalladega
Government
 • MayorLarry Barton
Area
 • Total24.1 sq mi (62.3 km2)
 • Land24.0 sq mi (62.1 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation558 ft (170 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total15,591
 • Density654/sq mi (252.4/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes35160-35161
Area code(s)256
FIPS code01-74592
GNIS feature ID0160707
Websitewww.talladega.com

Talladega /ˌtæləˈdɪɡə/ is a city in Talladega County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 15,676.[1] The city is the county seat of Talladega County.[2] Talladega is approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of Birmingham, Alabama.

The city is home to the Alabama Institute for the Deaf and Blind and the Talladega Municipal Airport, a public general aviation airport. The Talladega Superspeedway, Talladega College and the International Motorsports Hall of Fame are located nearby. The First National Bank of Talladega is the oldest bank in the State of Alabama, being founded in 1848.

The name Talladega is derived from a Muscogee (Creek) Native American word Tvlvteke, from the Creek tålwa, meaning "town", and åtigi, or "border" -- "Border Town"—a town indicating its location on the boundary between the lands of the Creek tribe and those of the Cherokee and Chickasaw.[3] While the town's name is pronounced /ˌtæləˈdɪɡə/ by local inhabitants, the racetrack's name is pronounced /ˌtæləˈdɡə/ by auto racing fans.

Geography[edit]

Talladega is located at 33°26′5″N 86°6′5″W / 33.43472°N 86.10139°W / 33.43472; -86.10139 (33.434728, -86.101299)[4].

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.1 square miles (62.3 km2), of which 24.0 square miles (62.1 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.30%, is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
18501,320
18701,933
18801,233−36.2%
18902,06367.3%
19005,056145.1%
19105,85415.8%
19206,54611.8%
19307,59616.0%
19409,29822.4%
195013,13441.3%
196017,74235.1%
197017,662−0.5%
198019,1288.3%
199018,175−5.0%
200015,143−16.7%
201015,6763.5%
Est. 201215,591−0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,143 people, 5,836 households, and 3,962 families residing in the city. The population density was 634.4 people per square mile (244.9/km²). There were 6,457 housing units at an average density of 270.5 per square mile (104.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.15% White, 42.28% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,836 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,617, and the median income for a family was $36,296. Males had a median income of $27,951 versus $21,326 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,733. About 14.1% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Talladega includes a number of properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the J. L. M. Curry House and Swayne Hall, both listed as National Historic Landmarks.[7][8] The main listed historic districts are the Silk Stocking District, which includes the Dr. Samuel Welch House, Talladega College Historic District, and Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District.[9] Also included is the Talladega Superspeedway, which is a 2.66 miles (4.28 km) long race track. It hosts two NASCAR races annually.

Notable people[edit]

The Talladega Municipal Airport was renamed Boswell field in honor of Eastaboga resident Lewis Archer Boswell. Local legend has it that Boswell made the first successful flight, before the Wright Brothers.

Aerial photo of Talladega Superspeedway in 2007

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Talladega has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Talladega city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Jack Martin and Margaret McKane Mauldin, A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000), s.vv. "Tvlvtēke," "Talladega."
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Curry, J. L. M., Home". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  8. ^ "Swayne Hall, Talladega College". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  10. ^ "Alabama Governor William Woodward Brandon". National Governors Association. Retrieved Aug. 29, 2013. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Talladega, Alabama

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Coordinates: 33°26′05″N 86°06′05″W / 33.434728°N 86.101299°W / 33.434728; -86.101299