Tajikistani somoni

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Tajikistani somoni
Сомонӣ (Tajik)
5 Somoni TJ 2001.png
5 somoni obverse and reverse.
ISO 4217 codeTJS
Central bankNational Bank of Tajikistan
 Websitewww.nbt.tj
User(s) Tajikistan
Inflation6%
 SourceThe World Factbook, 2012 est.
Subunit
 1/100diram
Pluralsomoni
 diramdiram
Coins1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5 somoni
Banknotes1, 5, 20, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 somoni
 
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Tajikistani somoni
Сомонӣ (Tajik)
5 Somoni TJ 2001.png
5 somoni obverse and reverse.
ISO 4217 codeTJS
Central bankNational Bank of Tajikistan
 Websitewww.nbt.tj
User(s) Tajikistan
Inflation6%
 SourceThe World Factbook, 2012 est.
Subunit
 1/100diram
Pluralsomoni
 diramdiram
Coins1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5 somoni
Banknotes1, 5, 20, 50 diram, 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 somoni

The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ, ISO 4217 code: TJS) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

History[edit]

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000;[1] it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.[2]

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.

Coins[edit]

Circulation coins, first issued in 2001 were struck in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 diram composed of brass clad steel and 1, 3, and 5 somoni in nickel clad steel. Bimetallic 3 and 5 somoni coins were first released in 2003. The reverse of all somoni coins are changed annually and commemorate various events. A second issue dated 2011 was issued in June 2012, and included 5, 10, 20, 50 dirams and 1 somoni.[3]

Tajikistan coins are struck by Goznak at the Saint Petersburg Mint in Russia.

The First Series [1]
ImageValueTechnical parametersDescriptionDate of minting
ReverseObverseDiameterThicknessMassCompositionEdgeObverseReverse
5 Dirams TJ 2001.png5 diram16.5 mm1.35 mm2 gbrass-clad steelPlainTajik 7-star crown, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон"1, year of mintingValue2001
10 Dirams TJ 2001.png10 diram17.5 mm1.4 mm2.4 g
20 Dirams TJ 2001.png20 diram18.5 mm1.4 mm2.7 g
25 Dirams TJ 2001.png25 diram19 mm1.4 mm2.76 gBrass
50 Dirams TJ 2001.png50 diram21 mm1.45 mm3.6 g
1 Somoni TJ 2001.png1 somoni24 mm1.6 mm5.2 gSee remark 2Reeded and plain sectionsIsmail Samani, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value,Value and the Tajik 7-star crown, year of minting2001
3 Somoni TJ 2001.png3 somoni25.5 mm1.8 mm6.3 gLetteredCoat of arms, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value
5 Somoni TJ 2001.png5 somoni26.5 mm1.85 mm7 gReeded and plain sections with a starAbuabdullo Rudaki, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", value, "Рӯдакӣ"3
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Remarks[edit]

  1. "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон" = "Republic of Tajikistan"
  2. Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1901–present, 31st ed. states that the composition for 1, 3, and 5 som is cupronickel-zinc, while the Central Bank states cupronickel.
  3. "Рӯдакӣ" = "Rudaki"
The Second Series [2]
ImageValueTechnical parametersDescriptionDate of minting
ReverseObverseDiameterThicknessMassCompositionEdgeObverseReverse
1 diram14.5 mm mm1.3 gBrass clad steelPlainCoat of arms, "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон", year of mintingValue2011
2 diram16 mm mm1.6 g
5 diram18 mm mm2 gCopper clad brass
10 diram20.5 mm mm3 g
20 diram23.5 mm mm4.5 gCorrugated
50 diram26 mm mm5.5 greeded
1 somoni27 mm mm5.2 gCopper-nickel clad steel
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Remarks[edit]

  1. "ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон" = "Republic of Tajikistan"

Banknotes[edit]

The Current Series [3]
ImageValueDimensionsMain ColourDescriptionDate of
ObverseReverseObverseReverseWatermarkprintingissue
1 diram100 × 60 mmBrownSadriddin Ayni Theatre and Opera HousePamir MountainsTwo mountains over rectangle19992000 2010
5 diramBlueArbob Cultural PalaceShrine of Mirzo Tursunzoda
20 diramGreenMeetings Hall of the National Bank of TajikistanMountain road
50 diramPurpleIsmail SamaniMountain valley
TajikistanPNew-1Somonis-1999 f-donatedtk.jpgTajikistanPNew-1Somonis-1999 b-donatedtk.jpg1 somoni141 × 65 mmGreenMirzo TursunzodaNational Bank of TajikistanAs portrait
[4][5]3 somoni141 x 65 mmVioletShirinsho ShotemurMajlisi Oli (parliament) building in Dushanbe20102010
TajikistanP15-5Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb f.jpgTajikistanP15-5Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb b.jpg5 somoni144 × 65 mmBlueSadriddin AyniShrine of Abuabdullo Rudaki19992000 2010 2012 2013
TajikistanP16-10Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb f.jpgTajikistanP16-10Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb b.jpg10 somoni147 × 65 mmRedMir Said Alii HamadoniThe tomb of Mir Said Alii Hamadoni
TajikistanP17-20Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb f.jpgTajikistanP17-20Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedsb b.jpg20 somoni150 × 65 mmYellow-brownAbuali ibn SinoHissar Castle
TajikistanP18-50Somoni-1999-donatedsrb f.jpgTajikistanP18-50Somoni-1999-donatedsrb b.jpg50 somoni153 × 65 mmBlueBobojon GafurovChaikhana (teahouse) Sino
TajikistanP19-100Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedeh f.jpgTajikistanP19-100Somoni-1999(2000)-donatedeh b.jpg100 somoni156 × 65 mmBrownIsmail SamaniPresidential Palace
[6][7]200 somoni159 x 68 mmBrown and YellowNusratullo MakhsumNational Library building in Dushanbe2010 20122010 2012
[8][9]500 somoni162 x 71 mmPurple and GrayAbuabdullo RudakiPalace of Nations in Dushanbe
Current TJS exchange rates
From Google Finance:AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From Yahoo! Finance:AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From XE.com:AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From OANDA.com:AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB
From fxtop.com:AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB

Note: These rates could be substantially different from the rates the central bank publishes

Somoni is the second-highest-valued currency unit in Central Asia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ National Bank of Tajikistan. "Banknotes and coins". Archived from the original on 2007-04-29. Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  2. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Tajikistan". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com. 
  3. ^ http://worldcoinnews.blogspot.com.au/search/label/tajikistan

Sources

External links[edit]

Preceded by:
Tajikistani ruble
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1 somoni = 1000 rubles
Currency of Tajikistan
2000 –
Succeeded by:
Current