Tacloban

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

City of Tacloban
Cuidad han Tacloban
Lungsod ng Tacloban
—  Highly-Urbanized City  —

Seal
City of Tacloban is located in Philippines
City of Tacloban
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°15′N 125°00′E / 11.25°N 125°E / 11.25; 125Coordinates: 11°15′N 125°00′E / 11.25°N 125°E / 11.25; 125
CountryPhilippines
RegionEastern Visayas (Region VIII)
ProvinceLeyte
Districts1st District of Leyte
Barangays138 Barangays
TownBelieved to be in 1770
Capital of the ProvinceFebruary 26, 1830
The Premier City of the provinceJune 12, 1953[1]
City of TaclobanDecember 18, 2008 [2]
Government
 • TypeStrong Mayor-Council
 • City MayorAlfred S. Romualdez
Area
 • Land201.72 km2 (77.88 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total221,174
 • Density1,076.74/km2 (2,788.7/sq mi)
 • DemonymTaclobanon
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP code6500
Area code(s)+63 53
City SymbolsEvery 30th day of June
- Right PortionLeyte
- Left PortionSamar
- CenterGalleon
Websitewww.tacloban.gov.ph
 
  (Redirected from Tacloban City, Leyte)
Jump to: navigation, search
City of Tacloban
Cuidad han Tacloban
Lungsod ng Tacloban
—  Highly-Urbanized City  —

Seal
City of Tacloban is located in Philippines
City of Tacloban
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°15′N 125°00′E / 11.25°N 125°E / 11.25; 125Coordinates: 11°15′N 125°00′E / 11.25°N 125°E / 11.25; 125
CountryPhilippines
RegionEastern Visayas (Region VIII)
ProvinceLeyte
Districts1st District of Leyte
Barangays138 Barangays
TownBelieved to be in 1770
Capital of the ProvinceFebruary 26, 1830
The Premier City of the provinceJune 12, 1953[1]
City of TaclobanDecember 18, 2008 [2]
Government
 • TypeStrong Mayor-Council
 • City MayorAlfred S. Romualdez
Area
 • Land201.72 km2 (77.88 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total221,174
 • Density1,076.74/km2 (2,788.7/sq mi)
 • DemonymTaclobanon
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP code6500
Area code(s)+63 53
City SymbolsEvery 30th day of June
- Right PortionLeyte
- Left PortionSamar
- CenterGalleon
Websitewww.tacloban.gov.ph

The City of Tacloban (Waray: Syudad han Tacloban, Tagalog or Filipino: Lungsod ng Tacloban) is a located approximately 360 miles (580 km) southeast of Manila. It is the first city in Eastern Visayas to be classified as "highly urbanized." It is the capital of the Philippine province of Leyte, and is the largest city in terms of population[3] in Eastern Visayas. It is also considered the regional center of the Region VIII. Tacloban was briefly the seat of the Philippine Commonwealth Government, from October 20, 1944 to February 27, 1945.

In an extensive survey conducted by the Asian Institute of Management Policy Center and released in July 2010, Tacloban City was ranked among the top ten most competitive cities in the Philippines. Tacloban ranked fifth overall, and second in the emerging cities category.

Contents

History

Tacloban was first known as Kankabatok, an allusion to the first inhabitants of the place – Kabatok. They established their dwelling in the vicinity of the present day Sto. Niño Church. Others who came later were Gumoda, Haraging and Huraw who erected their own settlements in nearby sites. Huraw’s domain is the hill where the city hall now sits. The combined settlements acquired the name Kankabatok, meaning Kabatok’s property.

By the end of the 16th century, Kankabatok was under the political administration of Palo and part of the parish of Basey, Samar. It was discovered in 1770, by the Augustinian Mission, who were superseded by the Franciscans in 1813. During this period, Kankabatok was renamed to Tacloban.

Street performers carrying Taklub on their backs. Tacloban got its name from these taklubs.

The change of the name came about in this manner: Kankabatok was a favorite haunt of fishermen. They would use a bamboo contraption called "Taklub" to catch crabs, shrimps or fish. When asked where they were going, the fishermen would answer, "(to) Tarakluban", which meant the place where they used the devise to catch these marine resources. Eventually, the name Tarakluban or Tacloban took prominence.

It is not known when Tacloban became a municipality because records supporting this fact were destroyed during a typhoon. It is commonly believed that Tacloban was officially proclaimed a municipality in 1770. In 1768, Leyte and Samar were separated into two provinces, each constituting as a politico-military province. Due to its strategic location, Tacloban became a vital trading point between the two provinces.

The capital of Leyte was transferred from one town to another with Tacloban as the last on February 26, 1830. The decision to make Tacloban the capital was based on the following reasons: 1) ideal location of the port and 2) well-sheltered and adequate facilities. On June 20, 1953,[1] Tacloban was proclaimed a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act No. 760.

The arrival of Colonel Murray in 1901 made him the first military governor of Leyte. His first official act was the opening of Tacloban port to world commerce. Before World War II, Tacloban was the commercial, education, social and cultural center of the Province of Leyte. Copra and abaca were exported in large quantities. The leading institutions were: The Leyte Normal School, Leyte High School, Leyte Trade School, Holy Infant Academy and the Tacloban Catholic Institute.

On May 25, 1941, Japanese forces landed in Tacloban - signaling the beginning of their two-year occupation of Leyte. They fortified the city and improved its airfield. Since San Pedro Bay was ideal for larger vessels, the Japanese Imperial Naval Forces made Tacloban a port of call and entry. This time was considered the darkest in the history of Tacloban and the country due to the incidences of torture among civilians, including the elderly. In response, guerrilla groups operated in Leyte - the most notable of which was the group of Colonel Ruperto Kangleon.

Leyte was the first to be liberated by the combined Filipino and American troops. General Douglas MacArthur’s assault troops landed in the Tacloban and Palo beaches (White Beach and Red Beach, respectively) and in the neighboring town of Dulag (Blue Beach) on October 20, 1944. These landings signaled the eventual victory of the Filipino and American forces and the fulfillment of MacArthur’s famous promise: "I Shall Return."

Three days later, on the 23rd, at a ceremony at the Capitol Building in Tacloban, General MacArthur accompanied by President Sergio Osmeña made Tacloban the temporary seat of the Commonwealth Government and subsequently the temporary capital of the Philippines until the complete liberation of the country. The provincial government of Leyte and the municipal government of Tacloban were re-established.

Atty. Paulo Jaro was the Liberation Mayor of Tacloban. The first mayor of this capital upon inauguration of the Philippine Republic was Hon. Epifanio Aguirre. On January 8, 1960, General Douglas MacArthur made his "sentimental" journey to Leyte.

It displays the fortune and previous properties of the first dicatator of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos.

The city has been proclaimed as a highly-urbanized city by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on October 4, 2008[4] and ratified by the people on December 18, 2008 [5]

Geography

Tacloban is located on Cancabato Bay, in the San Juanico Strait which divides the islands of Leyte and Samar.

Points of interest

Tacloban is a tourism hub and the primary gateway to Eastern Visayas. The region is world-renowned for its natural ecological beauty and diversity and for its historical significance in the Second World War.

San Juanico Bridge

The San Juanico Bridge, which is 2.16 km long and connects the islands of Leyte and Samar across the San Juanico Strait, is considered the longest bridge in the Philippines. To many bridge enthusiast San Juanico Bridge is the most beautiful bridge in the country.

Santo Niño Shrine

The library maintains a collection of books around the globe of different cultures, a compilation of law books, French, Spanish and English literature.

Santo Niño Shrine and Heritage Muesuem. Home of the Marcos Family, It displays the fortune and previous properties of the first dicatator of the Philippines. It is located at Real Street.

People Center Library

Price Mansion

The People’s Center Library houses volumes of books from the US, Europe and other countries. Frequented by local students as well as researchers, it is located at the grounds of Real Street next to St. Niño Shrine.

Balyuan Park

Balyuan Park is located at the grounds of Magsaysay Boulevard. The historical exchange of images between Barrio Buscada of Basey Samar and Sitio Kankabatok, now Tacloban City. In the old days, Sitio Kankabatok was a small barrio under the jurisdiction of Basey town in Samar. During the Feast of Sto. Niño, the residents of Sitio Kankabatok would borrow the bigger image of the saint from the chapel of Barrio Buscada in Basey. Sto. Niño is the revered patron saint of both Kankabatok and Barrio Buscada. The image is returned promptly after the festivities. When Kankabatok grew into a barrio of its own, the local Catholic authorities decided that the bigger Sto. Niño image be retained in prospering village. Stories of the image missing in Buscada and turning up in Kankabatok aided to this decision. The Basey Flotilla bearing the church and government leaders goes on a fluvial procession along San Pedro Bay. A kara (shell) call announces the sight of the flotilla off Kankabatok Bay.

Madonna of Japan

Along Magsaysay Boulevard will encounter "Madonna Maria Kanon" (also known as: Madonna of Japan), a symbol of friendship between the Japanese and Filipinos. It is located at the Kanhuraw Hill near City Hall, facing Kankabato Bay. During the Second World War, the place became a campground for the Japanese soldiers. Many of the folks here gave their lives at stake just to help in liberating the subjugated Philippine islands. Young men were forced to become soldiers in favor of the Americans. Women were also enjoined to look after and take care of the young men in the battlefield. Those years indeed brought dreadful experiences to the people of Leyte. During those years, the Japanese soldiers were considered enemies. They were the subject of revulsion among Filipino people. Anybody who sees Japanese would yell out in disdain. However, as years pass by, the Japanese government and its people tried to establish comradeship with the Filipinos. Thus, Japan and the Philippines became friends and started to support each other for progress.

Price Mansion

The Price mansion is an example of American colonial homes built in the 1900s. It was the official residence and headquarters of General Douglas MacArthur during the Liberation period in 1944.

Crucified Christ

On the slope of Kanhuraw Hill is a small park with the statue of the Crucified Christ at its center. The same image can be found in the provincial map of Leyte.

Leyte Provincial Capitol

The Leyte Provincial Capitol is a neoclassical building built in 1907. Located at the corner of Sen. Enage Street and Magsaysay Boulevard the “Capitolio”, is the seat of the provincial government of Leyte. It was also the seat of the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines when President Sergio Osmeña came in 1944 with the WW II Liberation Forces.

Santo Niño Church

The Santo Niño Church is considered the most important religious site in the province. It houses the miraculous image of Sto. Niño which is the patron saint of Tacloban.

Redona Residence

The Redona Residence is one of the remaining house built in the turn of the 19th century. It is a showcase of Filipino craftsmanship, and architecture. This historic mansion is in need of serious restoration for the legacy of historical architecture. It was the official residence of President Sergio Osmeña, Sr. in 1944, when Leyte was the seat of the Philippine government during the Liberation from the Japanese campaign until Philippine Commonwealth was re-established in Manila.

Demography

Based on the official results of the 2010 census, Tacloban City has a Population of 221,174 inhabitants, up from 178,639 in the year 2000.

Tacloban is a dominantly Waray-speaking city. The language is also officially called Lineyte-Samarnon ("Leyte-Samarnon"). Tacloban is culturally and linguistically diverse. A decade before the end of the Spanish sovereignty, the place was dominantly a typical colonial community. Most of its residents were either pure Iberian families or the new generations of Spanish-Filipino blood. Today’s population consists of a healthy mix of Spanish and Chinese mestizos, foreign expatriates and the native Leyteños.

Religion

Upper estimates suggest that 70 percent of the Tacloban's population are Roman Catholics. 25 percent are Protestant\evangelical Christians Other studies have suggested that only 0.12 percent of the population are Muslims.

Government

Leyte Provincial Capitol. The Capitol Building of the Philippines 1944-1945. It became the seat of Philippine Commonwealth Government from October 23, 1944 to February 27, 1945.
Kanhuraw - metonym for the city hall or the city government. Also the name of the hill where the city hall building is situated.

The executive power of the City Government is vested on the mayor. The Sangguniang Panlungsod or the city council has the legislative power to create city ordinances. It is a unicameral body composed of ten (10) elected councilors and certain numbers of ex officio and sectoral representatives. It is presided by the vice-mayor,The City Mayor and the elected city councilors are elected-at-large every three (3) years.

The city government ceased to become under the supervision of the provincial government after it became a Highly Urbanized City in 2008. The city is under the direct supervision of the national government

Barangays

The City of Tacloban is divided into 138 barangays,[6] each having its own government.

Only some of the barangays are neighborhoods with individual names. These include the following:

^ Barangay 87 (San Jose)

Official Seal of The City of Tacloban

The Official Seal of Tacloban City is the Symbol of the City's identity where its meaning is inscribed when it became a City under Republic Act No. 760 on June 20, 1952.

The City's emblem stands for the following physical attributes and character:

Right Portion - Leyte side, where Tacloban City is Located

Left Portion - Symbolizes the province of Samar, major supplier of agricultural and marine products to the city, stabilizing its volume of business and trade.

Center - Stands for the beautiful and scenic San Juanico Strait

The Galleon - Illustrates the ship of Ferdinand Magellan who discovered the island of Limasawa where the first Christian mass was held in Philippine soil.

Education

Tacloban has a variety of educational institutions both public and private. Foremost of these are the Sacred Heart School, University of the Philippines in the Visayas - Tacloban College, Eastern Visayas State University, the Leyte Progressive High School and a provincial branch of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, the Leyte Normal University and the Liceo del Verbo Divino formerly known as the Divine Word University of Tacloban.

Health Facilities

Tacloban as the regional center of Eastern Visayas offers quality healthcare services. There are lots of hospitals and other medical institutions serving the city's population.

Transportation

Tacloban is served by Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport, the Tata multicabs, M. Lhuillier Taxi, Jeepneys, and Bus. Currently, the Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport has plans (for many years) to upgrade into an newly International Airport.

Economy

World-class handicrafts

Tacloban is the economic center of Eastern Visayas region, with an economy largely focused on commerce, tourism, education, culture, and government in the region. Several regoinal broadcasters are based in the city, including ABS-CBN, GMA Network, TV5, Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation and Net 25.

Favorite pasalubong or take home treats (Left yellow basket: Front and Back left- Moron, back right - Sagmani; Right yellow basket: Binagol)

Economically, Tacloban is one of the fastest growing cities in the Philippines. It has one of the lowest poverty incidence rates in the country (at roughly 9%, while the national poverty incidence stands at 30%), and is the richest local government unit in Eastern Visayas.

The Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport also make the city a key regional transportation hub.

In the mid-90's, Tacloban City worked out the acquisition of 237 hectares for its Economic Zone, which was finally realized and approved by the Philippine Economic Zone Authority, by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 1210 on April 23, 1998. The Eastern Visayas Agri-Industrial Growth Center (EVRGC) was then officially registered as an Eco-Zone with the City Government of Tacloban as the developer/operator.

Culture

Subiran Regatta

Subiran Regatta is a race of one-man native sailboats with outriggers locally called “subiran” along scenic and historic Leyte Gulf. The race is done without using a paddle but only skills and techniques to manoeuvre the sail. The Subiran Regatta is now on its 32nd year and counting. This contest is done annually on that weeklong celebration of the Tacloban City Fiesta. The race aims to preserve the art of sailing with the wind alone, and to showcase the mastery of this art by local boatmen.

Balyuan

This is a re-enactment of the historical exchange of images between Barrio Buscada of Basey Samar and Sitio Kankabatok, now Tacloban City. In the old days, Sitio Kankabatok was a small barrio under the jurisdiction of Basey town in Samar. During the Feast of Sto. Niño, the residents of Sitio Kankabatok would borrow the bigger image of the saint from the chapel of Barrio Buscada in Basey. Sto. Niño is the revered patron saint of both Kankabatok and Barrio Buscada. The image is returned promptly after the festivities. When Kankabatok grew into a barrio of its own, the local Catholic authorities decided that the bigger Sto. Niño image be retained in prospering village. Stories of the image missing in Buscada and turning up in Kankabatok aided to this decision. The Basey Flotilla bearing the church and government leaders goes on a fluvial procession along San Pedro Bay. A budyong (shell) call announces the sight of the flotilla off Kankabatok Bay.

Sangyaw Festival

Sangyaw is an archaic Waray word which means to herald the news. The Sangyaw Festival was created by the former First Lady Imelda Marcos in the 80's. The Festival has been revived in 2008 by her nephew and current city Mayor Alfred Romualdez. The Sangyaw Festival invites contingents of different performing groups of various festivals in the country to compete in this side of the region. Huge cash prizes and trophies are at stake as the Sangyaw Festival grooms itself to be a big festival to watch out in the succeeding years. Sto. Niño de Leyte Fiesta (June 30; Tacloban City) The weeklong celebrations peaks on the 30th of June, the Grand fiesta of Tacloban celebrated with the traditional turn-over ceremonies of the “Teniente” made by the immediate past Hermano Mayor to the incoming Hermano Mayor. This is accompanied by the ritual of giving the medallion containing the names of all Hermanos Pasados and the Standartes. Fireworks and grand parades mark the occasion. Every house in the city prepares a feast and opens its doors to guests and well wishers.

Media

Sister city

External links

References