T Bone Burnett

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T Bone Burnett
Tboneburnettcolor.jpg
T Bone Burnett, 2007
Background information
Birth nameJoseph Henry Burnett
Born(1948-01-14) January 14, 1948 (age 66)
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
OriginFort Worth, Texas, U.S.
GenresAmericana
Roots rock
Rock & roll
Country
Occupationsproducer, Musician, songwriter
Years active1972–present
LabelsUniversal (1972–1976; 1986–1988)
Arista (1976–1980)
Takoma (1980–1982)
Warner Bros. (1982–1984)
Demon (1984–1986)
Columbia (1988–present)
DMZ (2006–present)
Websitewww.tboneburnett.com
 
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T Bone Burnett
Tboneburnettcolor.jpg
T Bone Burnett, 2007
Background information
Birth nameJoseph Henry Burnett
Born(1948-01-14) January 14, 1948 (age 66)
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
OriginFort Worth, Texas, U.S.
GenresAmericana
Roots rock
Rock & roll
Country
Occupationsproducer, Musician, songwriter
Years active1972–present
LabelsUniversal (1972–1976; 1986–1988)
Arista (1976–1980)
Takoma (1980–1982)
Warner Bros. (1982–1984)
Demon (1984–1986)
Columbia (1988–present)
DMZ (2006–present)
Websitewww.tboneburnett.com

Joseph Henry "T Bone" Burnett (born January 14, 1948) is an American musician, songwriter, and soundtrack and record producer. He was a touring guitarist in Bob Dylan's band on the Rolling Thunder Revue. After the tour ended, Burnett and two other members of the backing band formed The Alpha Band, followed by his first solo album in 1980.

Burnett has produced artists such as Roy Orbison, Lisa Marie Presley, John Mellencamp, Los Lobos, Counting Crows, Elton John & Leon Russell, Elvis Costello and his wife Diana Krall, Natalie Merchant and The Wallflowers as well as Tony Bennett and k.d. lang on the A Wonderful World album. Burnett won Grammy Awards for the O Brother, Where Art Thou? soundtrack and for his work with Alison Krauss and Robert Plant. He was nominated for an Academy Award for his songwriting contribution to the film Cold Mountain, and won an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "The Weary Kind" from Crazy Heart. He founded the record label DMZ, an imprint of Columbia, and was involved with Mark Heard and Tonio K in the short-lived What? Records. He oversaw the music for the films Walk the Line and The Big Lebowski.[citation needed]

Early life and musical career[edit]

Burnett was born in St. Louis, Missouri in 1948, and raised in Fort Worth, Texas.[1] He attended R.L. Paschal High School, and is featured in the school's Hall of Honor.[2] He played rhythm guitar in a band called The Shadows. His first significant contribution to the music field was as the manic drummer for the Legendary Stardust Cowboy's novelty hit, "Paralyzed."[3]

T-Bone first appeared on The Unwritten Works of Geoffrey, Etc. as part of the pseudonymous Whistler, Chaucer, Detroit and Greenhill, released in 1968 on Uni Records and on which he also produced and wrote 4 of the 11 tracks.[4] Also, in 1968, he produced 6 songs for a group of friends, called at the time, "The Case Hardy Boys". Later this band would move to Los Angeles and become known first as "The Fare", and later as "El Roacho", and would have songs produced by T-Bone Burnett and Daniel Moore (who sang on T-Bone's most recent album), as well as Steve Katz. In 1972, he moved to Los Angeles and recorded his second album, The B-52 Band and the Fabulous Skylarks.[1] In 1975 and 1976, he toured with Bob Dylan's Rolling Thunder Revue.[1]

When the Revue ended, Burnett and two other members of Dylan's band, David Mansfield and Steven Soles, formed The Alpha Band,[1] which released three albums. The Alpha Band and Spark in the Dark were both released in 1977, while The Statue Makers of Hollywood was released in 1978.[citation needed]

T-bone and singer-songwriter Sam Phillips were married in 1989 and divorced in 2004. He produced many of her albums, including Martinis and Bikinis and Cruel Inventions. He is currently married to screenwriter Callie Khouri.[citation needed]

Solo career[edit]

In 1980, Burnett released his first post-Alpha Band solo album, Truth Decay, produced by Reggie Fisher, on the Takoma Records label. Truth Decay was a roots rock album described by the Rolling Stone Record Guide as "mystic Christian blues". In 1982, his Trap Door EP, (also produced by Reggie Fisher) and released on the Warner Brothers label, yielded the FM radio hit "I Wish You Could Have Seen Her Dance". Burnett toured after the release of Trap Door, opening several dates for The Who, leading a band that featured Mick Ronson on guitar. His 1983 album Proof Through the Night, whose song "When the Night Falls" got some FM airplay, and his 1987 album The Talking Animals were more in the vein of 1980s new wave music, while his self-titled 1986 album was an album of acoustic country music. His 1992 album The Criminal Under My Own Hat, tended toward adult album alternative music. All were critically acclaimed but not big sellers commercially.[citation needed]

Proof Through the Night was reissued by Rhino Records' Handmade Music in a limited-edition of 5,000 on May 29, 2007, in an expanded version. The double CD also included the EPs Trap Door and Behind the Trap Door.[5] In 2006, he released two albums. The True False Identity was his first album of new songs since 1992, and Twenty Twenty – The Essential T-Bone Burnett was a 40-song career retrospective.

Production and other professional activities[edit]

Burnett began producing albums for artists such as Counting Crows' August and Everything After; Los Lobos' How Will the Wolf Survive?; Elvis Costello's King of America and Spike; the Wallflowers' Bringing Down the Horse; Marshall Crenshaw's Downtown; Spinal Tap's Break Like The Wind; Gillian Welch's Revival and Hell Among the Yearlings; David Poe's self-titled debut; the Roy Orbison tribute A Black & White Night Live; two albums for Bruce Cockburn; and nearly everything released by his former wife, Sam Phillips, who has also performed under the name Leslie Phillips.

In 1985, Burnett collaborated with Elvis Costello on a single titled "The People's Limousine," using the moniker "The Coward Brothers." In 1987, he produced Roy Orbison's two-record album, In Dreams: The Greatest Hits and two songs of Mystery Girl. In 1997, he created new songs for the Sam Shepard play, The Tooth of Crime: Second Dance, which premiered in New York City, during the same year in an off-Broadway production that featured Vincent D'Onofrio and Kirk Acevedo. A CD of these songs, Tooth of Crime, was released in May 2008, featuring guitarist Marc Ribot and backing vocals by Sam Phillips and singer/songwriter David Poe, whose self-titled debut Burnett also produced that year. According to Burnett, he was inspired by the music of Skip James, while composing the songs for the updated version of Shepard's play.[6]

In April 2006, he announced that his first concert tour in nearly two decades would begin on May 16 in Chicago at The Vic Theater. Around the same time, jazz singer Cassandra Wilson released an album of blues songs, Thunderbird (2006), which was produced by Burnett. He also wrote one of the album's songs and co-wrote another with Ethan Coen. He produced music for the remake of the film All the King's Men. In 2006, Burnett produced Brandi Carlile's The Story album, the title song of which became a minor hit and was featured on a special broadcast of ABC-TV's Grey's Anatomy. Carlile's guitarist and bassist, twins Tim and Phil Hanseroth, respectively, used instruments from Burnett's private collection during the unique "live" recordings in Vancouver, British Columbia. In early 2007, Burnett earned nominations for two 2006 Grammy Awards, one as Producer of the Year for his work on Cassandra Wilson's Thunderbird album, the soundtrack to Walk the Line and his own The True False Identity. Walk the Line was nominated for Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. Burnett earned another nomination for his efforts as Executive Music Producer and Album Producer on that soundtrack.[citation needed]

In October 2007, the Grammy-winning, Burnett-produced Raising Sand, a collaborative album featuring Alison Krauss and Robert Plant was released. Burnett plays guitar on ten of the 13 tracks.

T-Bone Burnett on stage at Birmingham's NIA, May 5, 2008 with Alison Krauss and Robert Plant

In early 2008, Pete Townshend announced that Burnett was to go into the studio that fall to help produce an all covers album for The Who.[7] However, on a May 15, 2008, episode of the NPR radio show, All Songs Considered, Burnett threw that project into question. He stated that in a blog, Townshend had indicated that he was putting all his projects on hold.[8]

In 2008, it was reported that Burnett "started a new venture called Code, which aims to do for music what THX did for movie-theater sound: set standards that ensure the best possible quality."[9] He is opposed to the trend of brighter and more compressed processing, sufficiently so, that he essentially retired from the music business around 1995–1996 and pursued an opportunity to work in theater with Sam Shepard, leading to his work on several films.[10]

The audio format known as Code, involves the simultaneous release of multiple sound formats, thus avoiding much of the processing which happens when sound is converted from one format to another. Burnett produced John Mellencamp's album Life, Death, Love and Freedom, which was the first Code album when it was released on July 15, 2008.[9] Burnett also produced Mellencamp's follow-up to Life, Death, Love and Freedom, titled No Better Than This.

In 2009, Burnett produced albums for Moonalice and Grace Potter and the Nocturnals.[11] In that same year, he also produced Elvis Costello's album, Secret, Profane & Sugarcane as well as co-writing the song "Sulfur to Sugarcane" with Costello.[12]

Burnett produced a collaboration album by Elton John and Leon Russell. John, Russell, and Bernie Taupin (John's lyricist) wrote songs together in late 2009. The album, which is titled The Union, was recorded in January 2010 and released in October 2010.

In 2010, Burnett produced Gregg Allman's Low Country Blues album (released in January 2011).[13]

Burnett has started production, as of January 2011, on Lisa Marie Presley's third album Storm And Grace in Los Angeles. The album was released on May 15, 2012.

Work in films[edit]

In 1992, Burnett worked on some songs with his friend River Phoenix, for the movie The Thing Called Love. He was the coach of Samantha Mathis.[citation needed]

In 2000, Burnett produced the soundtrack and wrote the score for the Coen Brothers film, O Brother, Where Art Thou?. The award-winning soundtrack featured music from Emmylou Harris, Alison Krauss, Ralph Stanley, Gillian Welch, and others performing traditional American folk music, blues and bluegrass — reminiscent of Burnett's 1986 self-titled release. The album was a hit, garnering numerous industry awards from the Grammys, Academy of Country Music,[further explanation needed] and the Country Music Association.[further explanation needed] The album was as much a commercial success as a critical one and has sold over seven million copies according to the Recording Industry Association of America.[citation needed]

A documentary film, Down from the Mountain, was made of a benefit concert of the soundtrack performed by the artists on the album; Burnett figures prominently in the film. For producing the soundtrack albums for these two films, and for his wife Sam Phillips' Fan Dance album, Burnett won the 2002 Grammy Award for Producer of the Year, Non-Classical. Burnett went on to produce the less popular gospel soundtrack to the Coen's The Ladykillers.

In 2004, under his name "Henry Burnett", he arranged "I Wish My Baby Was Born" and wrote "Like a Songbird That Has Fallen", and "Scarlet Tide" for the movie Cold Mountain. "Scarlet Tide", co-written with Elvis Costello and performed by Alison Krauss, was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song and won BAFTA's Anthony Asquith Award for Achievement in Film Music.

In 2005, he composed the score for Wim Wenders' film Don't Come Knocking.

In 2005, he worked with actors Joaquin Phoenix and Reese Witherspoon for their singing roles as Johnny Cash and June Carter Cash in the film Walk the Line. Witherspoon won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in the film, giving special thanks to Burnett in her speech for "helping her realize her lifelong dream of being a country music singer". He also produced that film's soundtrack album and wrote its score.

In 2009, Burnett collaborated on music for the movie Crazy Heart, winning a Golden Globe, an Academy Award, and a Grammy Award for the song "The Weary Kind" that he composed with Ryan Bingham. T-Bone was also a producer of the film, along with Jeff Bridges and Robert Duvall.[14]

In 2013, he took the role of Executive Music Producer for the Coen brothers' Inside Llewyn Davis.

Awards and accolades[edit]

Academy Awards[edit]

On January 27, 2004, Burnett was nominated for an Academy Award, along with Elvis Costello in the category of Best Original Song for "Scarlet Tide" from the film, Cold Mountain. On March 7, 2010, Burnett and Ryan Bingham won an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "The Weary Kind" from Crazy Heart.[citation needed]

BAFTA Anthony Asquith Award[edit]

On January 26, 2010, Burnett and Crazy Heart collaborator Stephen Bruton received BAFTA's Anthony Asquith Award for Achievement in Film Music for their work on Cold Mountain.[citation needed]

Critics Choice Awards[edit]

On January 15, 2010, Burnett and Ryan Bingham were awarded the prize for Best Song at the 15th annual Critics Choice Awards on Friday night. The awards are bestowed annually by the Broadcast Film Critics Association to honor the finest in cinematic achievement. Burnett and Bingham won the award for writing "The Weary Kind" from Crazy Heart.[citation needed]

Frederick Loewe Award[edit]

On December 10, 2009, Burnett was presented with the Frederick Loewe Award for Film Composing, for his work on Crazy Heart, at the Palm Springs International Film Festival.[citation needed]

Golden Globe Awards[edit]

On January 17, 2010, Burnett and Ryan Bingham were awarded a Golden Globe in the category of Best Original Song for "The Weary Kind" from Crazy Heart. On December 13, 2012, Burnett, Taylor Swift and John-Paul White and Joy Williams of The Civil Wars were nominated in the category of Best Original Song for "Safe And Sound" from The Hunger Games.[citation needed]

Grammy Awards[edit]

On January 7, 1993, Burnett was nominated for a Grammy in the category of Best Contemporary Folk Album for The Criminal Under My Own Hat. On February 27, 2002, Burnett won four Grammys for his work on the soundtrack to O Brother, Where Art Thou?, in the categories of Album of the Year, Best Traditional Folk Album and Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. He was also awarded the Grammy as Producer of the Year, Non-Classical, for his work on the O Brother, Where Art Thou? soundtrack, the Down from the Mountain soundtrack, and the album Fan Dance by his wife, Sam Phillips.[citation needed]

On February 23, 2003, Burnett won a Grammy in the category of Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for his work on A Wonderful World. On February 8, 2006, Burnett won a Grammy in the category of Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media, for his work on Walk the Line. On February 8, 2009, Burnett was awarded Grammys for Album of the Year and Best Contemporary Folk Album for his work on the Robert Plant and Alison Krauss album, Raising Sand; Record of the Year for his work on "Please Read the Letter", also from Raising Sand; and Best Traditional Blues Album for his work on B.B. King's One Kind Favor.[citation needed]

On December 2, 2009, Burnett was nominated for a Grammy in the categories of Best Contemporary Folk Album and Producer of the Year, Non-Classical, for his work on Elvis Costello's Secret, Profane & Sugarcane.

On January 13, 2011, Burnett was awarded Grammys in the categories of Best Compilation Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media, for his work on Crazy Heart, and Best Song Written For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media, along with Stephen Bruton, for "The Weary Kind (Theme From Crazy Heart)".

On December 5, 2012, Burnett was nominated twice in the Grammy category of Best Song Written For Motion Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media; with Win Butler & Régine Chassagne of Arcade Fire for the song "Abraham's Daughter", and with Taylor Swift, John-Paul White and Joy Williams (The Civil Wars) for "Safe and Sound", both from The Hunger Games.

Independent Spirit Awards[edit]

On March 5, 2010, Burnett and fellow Crazy Heart producers Robert Duvall, Rob Carliner and Judy Cairo, along with director Scott Cooper, received Best First Feature honors at the 25th Annual Independent Spirit Awards.

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award[edit]

On January 16, 2010, Burnett and his longtime friend and collaborator on Crazy Heart, Stephen Bruton, were awarded Best Music Score honors for their work on that film by The Los Angeles Film Critics Association at their 35th Annual Awards Ceremony. Bruton died on May 9, 2009, shortly after completing work on the film.[citation needed]

Satellite Award[edit]

On December 20, 2009, Burnett won a Satellite Award from the International Press Academy in the category of Original Song for writing "The Weary Kind", from Crazy Heart, with Ryan Bingham.

Artist discography[edit]

ProjectRelease Date
A Place at the Table Motion Picture soundtrack2013
T-Bone Burnett Presents The Speaking Clock Revue Live From The Beacon Theatre2011
Tooth of Crime2008
Twenty Twenty – The Essential T-Bone Burnett2006
The True False Identity2006
The Criminal Under My Own Hat1992
The Talking Animals1987
T-Bone Burnett1986
Behind the Trap Door (EP)1984
Proof Through the Night1983
Trap Door (EP)1982
Truth Decay1980
The B-52 Band & the Fabulous Skylarks1972

Compilations[edit]

ProjectSongRelease Date
Until the End of the WorldHumans from Earth1991
Where the Pyramid Meets the Eye - Tribute to Roky EricksonNothing In Return1990

Alpha Band discography[edit]

ProjectRelease Date
The Statue Makers of Hollywood1978
Spark in the Dark1977
Alpha Band1976

Record production discography[edit]

ProjectArtistCreditRelease Date
Ghost Brothers of Darkland CountyVariousProducer06/04/2013
Glad Rag DollDiana KrallProducer10/04/2012
Storm & GraceLisa Marie PresleyProducer5/15/2012
The Hunger Games: Songs From District 12 And BeyondSoundtrackProducer03/20/2012
Voice of AgesThe ChieftainsProducer2/21/2012
I'll Never Get Out of This World AliveSteve EarleProducer4/26/2011
Low Country BluesGregg AllmanProducer1/18/2011
National RansomElvis CostelloProducer, Songwriting11/2/2010
The UnionElton John and Leon RussellProducer, Guitar, Songwriting10/19/2010
The Secret SistersThe Secret SistersExecutive Producer10/12/2010
Myth of the HeartSahara SmithProducer8/31/2010
Junky StarRyan BinghamProducer8/31/2010
No Better Than ThisJohn MellencampProducer8/17/2010
We Walk This RoadRobert Randolph & The Family BandProducer, Guitar, Songwriting6/21/2010
Country MusicWillie NelsonProducer4/13/2010
Women and CountryJakob DylanProducer4/6/2010
Crazy HeartSoundtrackProducer1/19/2010
The Diving BoardElton JohnProducer9/24/2013 "(United States)
Secret, Profane & SugarcaneElvis CostelloProducer6/2/2009
MoonaliceMoonaliceProducer4/14/2009
One Kind FavorB.B. KingProducer8/26/2008
akikoAkiko YanoProducer10/22/2008
Life, Death, Love and FreedomJohn MellencampProducer7/15/2008
StillBoDeansProducer3/4/2008
Raising SandRobert Plant and Alison KraussProducer10/23/2007
Across the UniverseSoundtrackProducer9/14/2007
The StoryBrandi CarlileProducer4/3/2007
ThunderbirdCassandra WilsonProducer4/4/2006
Walk the LineSoundtrackProducer11/15/2005
Future PerfectAutoluxProducer10/26/2004
A Boot and a ShoeSam PhillipsProducer4/27/2004
The LadykillersSoundtrackProducer3/23/2004
OllabelleOllabelleProducer3/9/2004
Cold MountainSoundtrackProducer12/16/2003
The Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya SisterhoodSoundtrackProducer5/28/2002
Ralph StanleyRalph StanleyProducer6/11/2002
''A Wonderful WorldTony Bennett and k.d. langProducer11/5/2002
MotherlandNatalie MerchantProducer11/13/2001
Fan DanceSam PhillipsProducer7/31/2001
Down from the MountainSoundtrackProducer7/24/2001
O Brother, Where Art Thou?SoundtrackProducer12/5/2000
Come to Where I'm FromJoseph ArthurProducer4/11/2000
Blue Days Black NightsFreedy JohnstonProducer, Optigan7/20/1999
Songs from the PipeThe SurfersProducer7/21/1998
Hell Among the YearlingsGillian WelchProducer7/28/1998
Horse WhispererSoundtrackProducer6/2/1998
Clay PigeonsSoundtrackProducer9/22/1998
Ole'Tonio KProducer12/23/1997 (recorded 1990)
David PoeDavid PoeBass, Ukulele, Producer, Fuzz bass, Drones9/23/1997
Omnipop (It's Only a Flesh Wound Lambchop)Sam PhillipsProducer, Loops8/20/1996
Stealing BeautySoundtrackProducer5/28/1996
Bringing Down the HorseWallflowersProducer5/21/1996
RevivalGillian WelchProducer4/9/1996
SweetieDaniel TashianGuitar, Producer3/26/1996
Braver Newer WorldJimmie Dale GilmoreGuitar, Producer, Mixing6/25/1996
Bringing on the WeatherJackopierceProducer2/14/1995
Pretty Little LonelyMichael PetakProducer8/16/1994
Martinis & BikinisSam PhillipsProducer3/8/1994
Dart to the HeartBruce CockburnProducer3/1/1994
Go Slow DownBoDeansProducer, Engineer, Executive Producer10/12/1993
August and Everything AfterCounting CrowsGuitar, Producer9/14/1993
A. J. CroceA. J. CroceProducer5/25/1993
Everything You Want (Nothing That You Need)Seven StoriesProducer1993
Five Easy PiecesDirty LooksProducer11/10/1992
LilyWendy MatthewsProducer9/28/1992
Break Like the WindSpinal TapProducer, Mixing3/17/1992
Until the End of the WorldSoundtrackVocals, Producer12/10/1991
Cruel InventionsSam PhillipsGuitar, producer, Chamberlin5/28/1991
Live Two FiveNitty Gritty Dirt BandProducer7/16/1991
Nothing but a Burning LightBruce CockburnProducer11/5/1991
ShuffletownJoe HenryGuitar, Percussion, Producer, Drums8/31/1990
My Father's FaceLeo KottkeOrgan, Guitar, Producer10/25/1990
Third World WarriorKris KristoffersonGuitar, Arranger3/6/1990
Mystery GirlRoy OrbisonGuitar, Producer2/1/1989
SpikeElvis CostelloGuitar, Bass, Producer2/14/1989
Black & White Night: LiveRoy OrbisonGuitar, Producer10/23/1989
The Indescribable WowSam PhillipsGuitar, Producer8/9/1988
"Notes From The Lost Civilization"Tonio KExecutive Producer, Guitar1988
By the Light of the MoonLos LobosProducer7/7/1987
The TurningLeslie PhillipsGuitar, Producer1987
Love & Hope & Sex & DreamsBoDeansGuitar, Producer5/1/1986
King of AmericaThe Costello ShowGuitar, Producer2/21/1986
Romeo UnchainedTonio K.Guitar, Drums, Producer1986
Peter CasePeter CaseGuitar, Producer1986
DowntownMarshall CrenshawSitar, Producer9/16/1985
How Will the Wolf Survive?Los LobosOrgan, Guitar, Producer1/1/1984
Time StepLeo KottkeProducer5/1/1983
Delbert & GlenDelbert McClinton and Glen ClarkProducer1972
Live at the New Bluebird NightclubRobert Ealey and His Five Careless LoversProducer1970
The Legendary Stardust CowboyThe Legendary Stardust CowboyProducer and Drums1968
The Van DykesThe Van DykesProducer1966

Film and television discography[edit]

ProjectMediumCreditRelease Date
True Detective (TV series)TelevisionComposer2014
Another Day, Another Time: Celebrating the Music of Inside Llewyn DavisTelevisionProducer2013 [15]
Inside Llewyn DavisFilmExecutive Music Producer2013
NashvilleTelevisionExecutive Music Producer2012-2013[16]
The Hunger Games film scoreFilmExecutive Music Producer03/26/2012
Tough TradeTelevisionExecutive Producer, Music Producer, Composer2010
Crazy HeartFilmProducer, Songwriter, Composer12/19/2009
Across The UniverseFilmMusic Producer10/12/2007
All the King's MenFilmExecutive Music Producer9/22/2006
Walk the LineFilmExecutive Music Producer, Composer11/18/2005
Don't Come KnockingFilmExecutive Music Producer, Composer8/25/2005
The LadykillersFilmExecutive Music Producer3/26/2004
Cold MountainFilmExecutive Music Producer12/25/2003
The Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya SisterhoodFilmComposer6/7/2002
O Brother, Where Art Thou?FilmMusic Producer, Original Music12/22/2000
The Big LebowskiFilmMusical Archivist3/6/1998
Roy Orbison and Friends: A Black and White NightTV SpecialMusical Director1/3/1988

References[edit]

External links[edit]