Syrian cuisine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search
The Fetté, one of the most typical dishes of Damascus

Syrian cuisine is a diffusion of the cultures of civilizations that settled in Syria, particularly during and after the Islamic era beginning with the Arab Umayyad conquest, then the eventual Persian-influenced Abbasids and ending with the strong influences of Turkish cuisine, resulting from the coming of the Ottoman Turks. It is in many ways similar to other (Greater Syria) Levantine cuisines, mainly Lebanese, Palestinian and Jordanian and Iraqi.

The Syrian cuisine includes dishes like kibbeh, kebab halabi, wara' enab, hummus, tabbouleh, fattoush, labneh, shawarma, mujaddara, shanklish, pastırma, sujuk and ba'lawa. Syrians often serve selections of appetizers, known as meze, before the main course. Za'atar, minced beef, and cheese manakish are served as hors d'oeuvres. Arabic flat bread is always eaten together with meze.

Syrians also make cookies to usually accompany their cheese called ka'ak. These are made of farina and other ingredients, rolled out, shaped into rings and baked. Another form of a similar cookie is to fill with crushed dates mixed with butter to eat with their jibbneh mashallale, a string cheese made of curd cheese pulled and twisted together.

A spice mixture called baharat mshakale is endemic to Syrian cuisine.

Kebab Halabi[edit]

Kebab hindi from Aleppo

A kind of kebab served with a spicy tomato sauce and Aleppo pepper, very common in Syria and Lebanon, named after the city of Aleppo (Halab). Kebab halabi has around 26 variants[1] including:

Kibbeh[edit]

A variety of Syrian dishes made with bulgur and minced lamb are called kibbeh. The northern Syrian city of Aleppo (Halab) is famous for having more than 17 different types.[2] These include kibbeh prepared with sumac (kәbbe sәmmāʔiyye), yogurt (kәbbe labaniyye), quince (kәbbe safarjaliyye), lemon juice (kәbbe ḥāmḍa), pomegranate sauce, cherry sauce, and other varieties, such as the "disk" kibbeh (kәbbe ʔrāṣ), the "plate" kibbeh (kәbbe bәṣfīḥa or kәbbe bṣēniyye) and the raw kibbeh (kәbbe nayye).

However, Kubbat Halab is an Iraqi version of kibbeh made with a rice crust and named after Aleppo.

Mehshi[edit]

Kousa Mehshi

Mehshi is a famous dish served in Syria, it is essentially Kousa or Eggplants stuffed with ground beef, rice and nuts. The northern city of Aleppo is known in the Arabic world as "Halab, the mother of Mehshis and Kebbehs (Arabic: حلب أم المحاشي و الكبب‎) " [3]

Sweets[edit]

Syrians are renowned for producing dried apricot paste

Beverages[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]