Syktyvkar

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Syktyvkar (English)
Сыктывкар (Russian)
Сыктывкар (Komi)
-  City[1]  -
Улица в Сыктывкаре.JPG
A street in Syktyvkar
Map of Russia - Komi Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Komi Republic in Russia
Syktyvkar is located in Komi Republic
Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar
Location of Syktyvkar in the Komi Republic
Coordinates: 61°40′N 50°49′E / 61.667°N 50.817°E / 61.667; 50.817Coordinates: 61°40′N 50°49′E / 61.667°N 50.817°E / 61.667; 50.817
Coat of Arms of Syktyvkar (Komi) (2005).png
Flag of Syktyvkar (Komia).png
Coat of Arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of October 2011)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKomi Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated tocity of republic significance of Syktyvkar[1]
Capital ofKomi Republic[1]
Administrative center ofcity of republic significance of Syktyvkar[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2011)
Urban okrugSyktyvkar Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofSyktyvkar Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Area152 km2 (59 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census)235,006 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 201081st
Density1,546 /km2 (4,000 /sq mi)[5]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Known since16th century[citation needed]
City status since1780[citation needed]
Previous namesUst-Sysolsk (until 1930)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7]167000, 167002, 167004, 167005, 167009, 167011, 167014, 167018, 167023, 167026, 167031
Dialing code(s)+7 8212[citation needed]
Official website
Syktyvkar on WikiCommons
 
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Syktyvkar (English)
Сыктывкар (Russian)
Сыктывкар (Komi)
-  City[1]  -
Улица в Сыктывкаре.JPG
A street in Syktyvkar
Map of Russia - Komi Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Komi Republic in Russia
Syktyvkar is located in Komi Republic
Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar
Location of Syktyvkar in the Komi Republic
Coordinates: 61°40′N 50°49′E / 61.667°N 50.817°E / 61.667; 50.817Coordinates: 61°40′N 50°49′E / 61.667°N 50.817°E / 61.667; 50.817
Coat of Arms of Syktyvkar (Komi) (2005).png
Flag of Syktyvkar (Komia).png
Coat of Arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of October 2011)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKomi Republic[1]
Administratively subordinated tocity of republic significance of Syktyvkar[1]
Capital ofKomi Republic[1]
Administrative center ofcity of republic significance of Syktyvkar[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2011)
Urban okrugSyktyvkar Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofSyktyvkar Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Area152 km2 (59 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census)235,006 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 201081st
Density1,546 /km2 (4,000 /sq mi)[5]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Known since16th century[citation needed]
City status since1780[citation needed]
Previous namesUst-Sysolsk (until 1930)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7]167000, 167002, 167004, 167005, 167009, 167011, 167014, 167018, 167023, 167026, 167031
Dialing code(s)+7 8212[citation needed]
Official website
Syktyvkar on WikiCommons

Syktyvkar (Russian: Сыктывкар, IPA: [sɨktɨfˈkar]; Komi: Сыктывкар) is the capital city of the Komi Republic, Russia. Population: 235,006 (2010 Census);[4] 230,011 (2002 Census);[8] 232,117 (1989 Census).[9]

Etymology[edit]

The city's current name comes from Syktyv, the Komi name for the same river, plus kar, meaning "city".

Geography[edit]

Syktyvkar is located on the Sysola River, which is the origin of its former name Ust-Sysolsk. The city is located near to the point where the Sysola joins the larger Vychegda River, which is itself a branch of the Northern Dvina.

History[edit]

It is believed that there has been a settlement at the city's present site since at least the 16th century.[citation needed] It was granted city status by Catherine the Great in 1780, and later became the administrative center of Komi Autonomous Oblast.[citation needed] It has retained its position as the Komi capital since that point, although a large influx of ethnic Russians in the 20th century has actually left the Komi in a minority there.

The majority of the population were merchants and peasants. The main occupations of the inhabitants were agriculture, cattle-breeding, hunting, fishing, and trade.

By the beginning of the 20th century, the population had grown to 6,000 people. The Tsarist government made the Komi region a place of political exile.

In 1921, Ust-Sysolsk was given the status of administrative center of the newly formed Komi Autonomous Soviet Republic. It was renamed as Syktyvkar, which is Komi for "a town on the Sysola" in 1930, to mark the 150th anniversary of its receipt of city privileges. In 1936, Syktyvkar became the capital of the Komi ASSR.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Syktyvkar is the capital of the republic.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with three urban-type settlements and three rural localities, incorporated as the city of republic significance of Syktyvkar—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Syktyvkar is incorporated as Syktyvkar Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

The Sysola, Vychegda, and Northern Dvina Rivers are navigable and are a major transport route of forestry products from Syktyvkar. Lumber and woodcrafts are the city's largest industries.[citation needed]

Previously Komiinteravia had its head office in Syktyvkar.[10]

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by Syktyvkar Airport and Syktyvkar Southwest airfield. Also the city has a railway station. Syktyvkar is the end point of route R176 (Vyatka Highway).

Culture and education[edit]

Syktyvkar is the center of the cultural life in the republic. The oldest museum of the Republic of Komi, the National Museum, was founded in 1911. Nowadays, the National Museum is the Literature Memorial Museum of Ivan Kuratov and the museum of Viktor Savin.

The National Gallery was founded in Syktyvkar in 1943. It welcomes exhibitions from different museums of the country.

In 1930 Victor Savin, a poet, playwright, stage manager and actor, founded the Drama theater of the Republic of Komi and the theater still carries his name. Nowadays this theater is one of centers of spiritual and artistic culture of all people who live in the republic. Plays by Nicolai Diakonov, Vasili Lecanov, Alexandre Larev and others are familiar to everybody who knows the history of Komi culture. In 1966 the Drama theater was given the status of Academic theater.

The Theater of Opera and Ballet began its history in 1958.

The National Library numbers 2.5 million volumes, including books in the Russian language, foreign languages and in the Komi language.

Syktyvkar State University was founded in 1972 and has over 3,500 full-time students and 250 faculty members.[11]

Sports[edit]

Stroitel[12] which has played many seasons in the highest division of the Russian Bandy League, is now one of only two clubs in a lower division with an artificial ice.[13]

Climate[edit]

Syktyvkar experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with long, cold winters and short, warm summers.

Climate data for Syktyvkar
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)3.8
(38.8)
3.8
(38.8)
13.2
(55.8)
26.7
(80.1)
31.0
(87.8)
35.3
(95.5)
34.4
(93.9)
34.6
(94.3)
27.5
(81.5)
20.4
(68.7)
10.0
(50)
5.2
(41.4)
35.3
(95.5)
Average high °C (°F)−10.8
(12.6)
−8.6
(16.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.1
(44.8)
14.6
(58.3)
20.6
(69.1)
23.2
(73.8)
18.8
(65.8)
12.3
(54.1)
4.3
(39.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
−8.6
(16.5)
5.68
(42.23)
Daily mean °C (°F)−14.2
(6.4)
−12.4
(9.7)
−5.1
(22.8)
1.8
(35.2)
8.5
(47.3)
14.8
(58.6)
17.5
(63.5)
13.7
(56.7)
8.1
(46.6)
1.7
(35.1)
−6.8
(19.8)
−11.7
(10.9)
1.33
(34.38)
Average low °C (°F)−17.8
(0)
−16.1
(3)
−9.3
(15.3)
−2.8
(27)
3.3
(37.9)
9.4
(48.9)
12.4
(54.3)
9.3
(48.7)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−9.5
(14.9)
−15.0
(5)
−2.67
(27.2)
Record low °C (°F)−46.6
(−51.9)
−45.4
(−49.7)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−15.0
(5)
−5.0
(23)
−0.3
(31.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
−8.6
(16.5)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−43.5
(−46.3)
−46.0
(−50.8)
−46.6
(−51.9)
Precipitation mm (inches)41
(1.61)
31
(1.22)
31
(1.22)
33
(1.3)
48
(1.89)
74
(2.91)
74
(2.91)
75
(2.95)
57
(2.24)
59
(2.32)
52
(2.05)
46
(1.81)
621
(24.43)
Avg. rainy days3361319191921221985157
Avg. snowy days24211872000171923122
 % humidity83817567646873798486868477.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours2064125185254278278200103492291,587
Source #1: pogoda.ru.net[14]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[15]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Syktyvkar is twinned with:[16]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #16-RZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #11-RZ
  3. ^ Сайт администрации МО ГО 'Сыктывкар' — Краткая справка
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  8. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Directory: World Airlines. Flight International. 23–29 March 2004. 95. "Sovetskaya Street 69, Skytyvkar, Komi Zone ATD, Russia"
  11. ^ "UNIVERSITY OF SYKTYVKAR". Valdosta State University. Retrieved 2009-09-10. 
  12. ^ rusbandy.ru
  13. ^ rusbandy.ru
  14. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Syktyvkar" (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  15. ^ "Climate Normals for Syktyvkar". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  16. ^ Syktyvkar Regions and cities

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]