Swiss Cottage

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Swiss Cottage
The current Ye Olde Swiss Cottage public house
The current Ye Olde Swiss Cottage public house
Swiss Cottage is located in Greater London
Swiss Cottage

 Swiss Cottage shown within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ266842
London boroughCamden
Ceremonial countyGreater London
RegionLondon
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtNW3, NW6, NW8
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK ParliamentHampstead and Kilburn
London AssemblyBarnet and Camden
List of places
UK
England
London
 
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Coordinates: 51°32′33″N 0°10′24″W / 51.5424°N 0.1734°W / 51.5424; -0.1734

Swiss Cottage
The current Ye Olde Swiss Cottage public house
The current Ye Olde Swiss Cottage public house
Swiss Cottage is located in Greater London
Swiss Cottage

 Swiss Cottage shown within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ266842
London boroughCamden
Ceremonial countyGreater London
RegionLondon
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtNW3, NW6, NW8
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK ParliamentHampstead and Kilburn
London AssemblyBarnet and Camden
List of places
UK
England
London

Swiss Cottage is a district of the London Borough of Camden in London. [1] The district is located 3.2 miles (5.1 km) north-west of Charing Cross. It is centred on the junction of Avenue Road and Finchley Road and is the location of Swiss Cottage tube station.

Contents

Etymology[edit]

The district is named after an inn called The Swiss Tavern that was built in 1804 in the style of a Swiss chalet and on the site of a former tollgate keeper's cottage. The inn was later renamed Swiss Cottage.[1]

History[edit]

The district formed part of the ancient parish of Hampstead. It developed following the Finchley Road Act 1826, which authorised construction of Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, with The Swiss Tavern built at the junction of the new roads.[2] The neighbourhood around Finchley Road and Avenue Road was redeveloped in 1937 and 1938 with the opening of an Odeon cinema and the Regency Lodge flats. After World War II, local authority housing was constructed by the London County Council in the area.[2]

Transport[edit]

The area is served by Swiss Cottage and Finchley Road tube stations on the Jubilee line of the London Underground and is a local hub for London Buses.[3] Swiss Cottage station was opened by the Metropolitan Railway in 1868; the current station dates from 1939.[4] South Hampstead railway station and Finchley Road & Frognal railway station on London Overground are also nearby.

The original Swiss Cottage
Local bus routes
Bus routeOriginDestinationProviderPerformance
13AldwychGolders Green StationTransdev London[2]
31Camden TownWhite CityFirst Centrewest[3]
46Farringdon StreetLancaster Gate StationMetroline[4]
82Victoria StationNorth FinchleyMetroline[5]
113Marble ArchEdgwareMetroline[6]
187Finchley Road O2 CentreCentral Middlesex HospitalFirst London[7]
268Golders Green Station Bus StationFinchley Road 02 CentreArriva Shires & Essex[8]
603Swiss Cottage StationMuswell HillMetroline
C11ArchwayBrent CrossMetroline[9]
N13AldwychNorth FinchleyTransdev London[10]
N28WandsworthCamden TownFirst London[11]
N31Camden TownClapham Junction StationFirst London[12]

Education[edit]

Swiss Cottage School is located on Avenue Road.[5] Swiss Cottage is also home to the Central School of Speech and Drama.

Politics[edit]

Swiss Cottage is in the Hampstead and Kilburn constituency; formed at the 2010 general election. It was formerly in the Hampstead and Highgate constituency, for which the MP was Glenda Jackson. It forms part of the Barnet and Camden London Assembly constituency.

Notable residents[edit]

Footballer Justin Fashanu, who committed suicide in 1998, lived in the Swiss Cottage area towards the end of his life.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mills, A.D. (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford. pp. 222–223. 
  2. ^ a b 'Hampstead: St. John’s Wood', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9: Hampstead, Paddington (1989), pp. 60-63.
  3. ^ Transport for London - Buses from Swiss Cottage
  4. ^ Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground. Douglas Rose. 
  5. ^ Swiss Cottage School
  6. ^ [1]