Suthep Thaugsuban

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Suthep Thaugsuban
MPCh MWM
สุเทพ เทือกสุบรรณ
Suthep royal.jpg
Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand for Security Affairs
In office
20 December 2008 – 9 August 2011
Prime MinisterAbhisit Vejjajiva
Member of the Thai House of Representatives
In office
22 April 1979 – 11 December 2013
ConstituencySurat Thani Province
Personal details
Born(1949-07-07) 7 July 1949 (age 65)
Phunphin, Surat Thani, Thailand
NationalityThai
Political partyDemocrat Party (1979–2013)
Other political
affiliations
People's Democratic Reform Committee (since 2013)
Domestic partnerSrisakul Promphan[1]
Alma materChiang Mai University,
Middle Tennessee State University
ProfessionPolitician
ReligionBuddhism
 
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Suthep Thaugsuban
MPCh MWM
สุเทพ เทือกสุบรรณ
Suthep royal.jpg
Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand for Security Affairs
In office
20 December 2008 – 9 August 2011
Prime MinisterAbhisit Vejjajiva
Member of the Thai House of Representatives
In office
22 April 1979 – 11 December 2013
ConstituencySurat Thani Province
Personal details
Born(1949-07-07) 7 July 1949 (age 65)
Phunphin, Surat Thani, Thailand
NationalityThai
Political partyDemocrat Party (1979–2013)
Other political
affiliations
People's Democratic Reform Committee (since 2013)
Domestic partnerSrisakul Promphan[1]
Alma materChiang Mai University,
Middle Tennessee State University
ProfessionPolitician
ReligionBuddhism

Suthep Thaugsuban (Thai: สุเทพ เทือกสุบรรณ; RTGS: Suthep Thueaksuban,  [sù.tʰêːp tʰɯ̂ːak.sù.ban]) (born 7 July 1949) is a Thai politician and former Member of Parliament for Surat Thani province. Until 2011, he was secretary-general of the Democrat Party and a deputy prime minister under Abhisit Vejjajiva. He resigned his seat in Parliament in November 2013 to become the self-appointed Secretary-general of the People's Democratic Reform Committee, which was conducting mass protests trying to unseat the government of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra. After the military coup of May 22, 2014, Suthep was temporarily detained and placed under arrest by the new junta.[2]

Background and education[edit]

Suthep was born in Tha Sathon, Phunphin District, Surat Thani Province in Southern Thailand. His father was the sub-district headman (kamnan) of Tambon Tha Sathon.[3] Suthep studied Political Science at Chiang Mai University, before he went to the United States to do a master's degree at Middle Tennessee State University, which he completed in 1975.[4] At the age of 26 he was elected sub-district headman of Tha Sathon, succeeding his father.[5] Suthep and his family own a substantial share of Southern Thailand's oil palm plantations and shrimp farms.[6][7]

Political career[edit]

In 1979, Suthep was elected Member of Parliament, representing Surat Thani province and the Democrat Party. This constituency is a stronghold of the party and he was re-elected in all following elections. From 1986 to 1988, he was deputy minister of agriculture in Prem Tinsulanonda's cabinet, from 1992 to 1994 he held the same position in Chuan Leekpai's first cabinet. When the Democrat Party returned to power in 1997, Suthep was appointed Minister of Transport and Communication, serving until 2001.

Suthep with his common-law wife Srisakul Promphan (left) and Princess Ubol Ratana (right), 2009

When Abhisit Vejjajiva became leader of the Democrats in 2005, he made Suthep secretary-general of the party. After Abhisit was appointed Prime Minister in December 2008, Suthep became Deputy Prime Minister overseeing internal security matters. In the general election on 3 July 2011, the Democrats were defeated, receiving 34% of the votes in contrast to the Pheu Thai Party's 47%. In response, Suthep immediately stepped down as the party's secretary-general. When the government of Pheu Thai Party-leader Yingluck Shinawatra took office on 9 August 2011, his term as deputy prime minister ended.

Corruption scandal, political and criminal offenses[edit]

As part of the Sor Por Kor 4-01 (สปก.4-01) land reform scheme, Suthep gave title deeds to 592 plots of land in Khao Sam Liam, Kamala and Nakkerd hills of Phuket province to 489 farmers. It was later found that members of 11 wealthy families in Phuket were among the recipients. Suthep addressed a huge crowd in his Surat Thani constituency a month before a no-confidence debate and called on his supporters to march on Bangkok in the hundreds of thousands to defend his reputation.[8] The scandal led Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai of the Democrat Party to dissolve the House of Representatives in July 1995 in order to avoid the no-confidence debate.[9] In subsequent elections, Thai Nation Party won a majority, leading to the downfall of Chuan Leekpai's Democrat Party-led government.

Wikileaks diplomatic cables from the US embassy revealed that many members of his own party have long complained of his corrupt and unethical behavior.[10][11][12]

In 2009, Suthep was accused of violating the Constitution of Thailand by holding equity in a media firm that had received concessions from the government. Under the 1997 Constitution of Thailand, which Suthep had supported, Members of Parliament are banned from holding stakes in companies which have received government concessions. In July 2009, the Election Commission announced that it would seek a ruling by the Constitutional Court to disqualify Suthep. Suthep held a press conference a day later, announcing his decision to resign from Parliament. Suthep's resignation as an MP did not affect his status as a Deputy Prime Minister and as a Cabinet member. If his case had been submitted to the Constitution Court, he would have been suspended from duty as Deputy Prime Minister. He insisted his resignation was not a proof that he had done anything wrong but that he was worried about status as Deputy Prime Minister.[13]

After several Criminal court rulings that deaths and injuries sustained by red-shirt protesters during the political unrest in April and May 2010 were the direct result of orders to soldiers given by Suthep Thaugsuban, the director of the Resolution of the Emergency Situation (CRES), the Department of Special Investigation, public prosecutors and police agreed to file murder charges against him.[14][15]

Suthep along with Abhisit was also found responsible by the Court for the assassination of Italian journalist Fabio Polenghi, who was covering the 2010 protests.[16][17]

Protest leader in the 2013–14 political crisis[edit]

Further information: 2013–14 Thai political crisis
Suthep addressing a PDRC rally at Silom on 2 February 2014

Suthep was the most prominent leader of the anti-government protests that started in late October 2013, triggered by a government's proposal for an amnesty bill. On 11 December 2013, Suthep resigned his seat in parliament and quit the Democrat Party,[18] to focus on leading the street protests.[19] Even after the government abandoned the amnesty project, Suthep and his followers continued their protests, calling not only for the resignation of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra which would trigger a snap election, but for a total disempowerment of her brother Thaksin Shinawatra and his allies. After 25 November 2013, Suthep took part in the seizure of government buildings. On the next day the criminal court issued an arrest warrant.[20]

On 29 November 2013, Suthep named himself secretary-general of the People's Democratic Reform Committee (PDRC, or "People's Committee for Absolute Democracy With the King As Head of State"), an umbrella organisation of the protest movement.[21] He strives for a replacement of the government, suspension of parliament, the appointment of a new head of government by the king, and the formation of an unelected "People's Council" to fundamentally reform the country's political system.[22][23][24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinlapalawan, Budsarakham (15 March 2009). "Fast-tracked to fame". The Nation (Thailand). 
  2. ^ "Thai military seizes power in coup, imposes curfew". The Washington Post. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Terry Fredrickson (5 March 2014), Just a country boy, Bangkok Post 
  4. ^ Nauvarat Suksamran (16 November 2013), Suthep gambles all, Bangkok Post 
  5. ^ Hataikarn Treesuwan (24 November 2013), Living up to his convictions, The Sunday Nation 
  6. ^ From village headman to deputy PM to protest leader: Suthep Thaugsuban, The Malaysian Insider, 29 November 2013 
  7. ^ Tan Hui Yee (4 December 2013), Thai protest leader a godfather-like figure in south, The Straits Times 
  8. ^ McCargo, Duncan (February 2004). "Southern Thai Politics: A Preliminary Overview". University of Leeds. p. 15. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  9. ^ "September 13, 1992: Democrats win election". The Nation (Thailand). 10 September 2007. 
  10. ^ The Associated Press (27 November 2013). "Thailand's ex-deputy PM Thaugsuban becomes street fighter". CBC News. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Thai protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban". France24. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  12. ^ The Associated Press (27 November 2013). "Mastermind of Thai protests ditches politics to lead uprising". CTV News. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  13. ^ Srivalo, Piyanart (17 July 2009). "Suthep resigns as MP". The Nation (Thailand). 
  14. ^ "Abhisit, Suthep hit with murder charges". Bangkok Post. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "Abhisit, Suthep face more murder charges over 2010 strife". The Nation. 6 May 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  16. ^ "Thai Court: Troops Killed Italian Reporter". Reuters. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  17. ^ "Military shot Italian journalist, court decides". bangkokpost. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  18. ^ Profile: Suthep Thaugsuban and Thailand's protesters, BBC News, 28 November 2013 
  19. ^ "Suthep, eight other Democrat MPs resign". The Nation. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  20. ^ Thai court approves arrest warrant for protest leader Suthep, The Straits Times, 26 November 2013 
  21. ^ "Suthep declares 'people's revolt'". Bangkok Post. 30 November 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  22. ^ Peter Drysdale (27 January 2014), Resolving Thailand’s deadly political imbroglio, East Asia Forum 
  23. ^ Kim McQuay (14 May 2014), No Sign of Compromise in Thailand’s Deepening Political Crisis, In Asia (The Asia Foundation) 
  24. ^ Gavan Butler (20 January 2014), Beware of throwing out Thai democracy with the government, The Conversation 

See also[edit]