Susan Fleming

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Susan Fleming
Susan Fleming Argentinean Magazine AD.jpg
BornSusan Fleming
(1908-02-19)February 19, 1908
New York City, New York
DiedDecember 22, 2002(2002-12-22) (aged 94)
Rancho Mirage, California
Other namesSusan F. Marx
Susan Fleming Marx
OccupationActress
Years active1931-1954
Spouse(s)Harpo Marx
(m.1936-1964; his death)
 
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Susan Fleming
Susan Fleming Argentinean Magazine AD.jpg
BornSusan Fleming
(1908-02-19)February 19, 1908
New York City, New York
DiedDecember 22, 2002(2002-12-22) (aged 94)
Rancho Mirage, California
Other namesSusan F. Marx
Susan Fleming Marx
OccupationActress
Years active1931-1954
Spouse(s)Harpo Marx
(m.1936-1964; his death)

Susan Fleming (February 19, 1908 - December 22, 2002) was an American actress known as the "Girl with the Million Dollar Legs" for a role she played in the W. C. Fields film Million Dollar Legs (1932). Her big stage break which led to her Hollywood career was as one of the famed "Ziegfeld Girls" in the The Great Ziegfeld.

Career[edit]

Fleming was from New York City and went to school in Forest Hills, Queens.[1] After starring in the Ziegfeld Follies productions on Broadway, she started appearing in movies. One of her earliest film roles was a starring role in Range Feud as Judy Walton, the love interest of John Wayne. Fleming combined her dancing and cinematic interests in the 1932 movie Million Dollar Legs, in which she played the daughter of W. C. Fields' character. As part of a publicity stunt for the film, her legs were insured for the eponymous million dollars.[2]

Fleming was unhappy with Hollywood, stating in a 1995 interview that she found "nothing more boring than working on a movie... I hated it!".[2] At a dinner party held in the home of Samuel Goldwyn, she was seated next to Harpo Marx and found him fascinating.[2] Despite his silent persona in films, she found Marx to be "a warm, fun, darling man to talk to".[2] She pursued him relentlessly, dating for four years and proposing marriage to him on three separate occasions before he accepted.[2] She ended her Hollywood career when she married Marx on September 28, 1936.[2] Fleming's wedding to Marx was revealed to the public when President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt sent the couple a telegram of congratulations in November. Marx had sent a thank you letter to Roosevelt in appreciation for a signed photograph of the President, in which Marx had stated that he was "in line for congratulations, too, having been married since September" in an unspecified "little town up North".[1]

Personal life[edit]

Fleming was happy to leave show business, serving as Marx's "valet" and raising their four adoptive children. In addition to his widespread interest in playing musical instruments, including his trademark harp, Fleming helped foster her husband's interest in painting; she would make elaborate frames for his paintings, as well as creating her own works of art. The two collected many artworks, which Fleming donated widely after her husband's death. They moved to Palm Springs, California, a few years after the completion of the 1949 film Love Happy, the last movie the Marx Brothers made together under that name. In Palm Springs, Fleming became active in local community affairs, and was elected to the Palm Springs Unified School District Board of Education.[2]

Marx died at age 75 on September 28, 1964, their 28th wedding anniversary. Following his death, Fleming became more involved in local activities, including the local League of Women Voters. She became an advisory planning commissioner for Rancho Mirage, California, and headed an organization dedicated to preserving development on the fragile desert hillsides. She served a total of 18 years on the district board of education and ran and lost in a campaign for the California State Assembly.[2] Honoring her contributions, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her in 2002.[3]

In a 1981 decision later overruled by the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in a case brought by Fleming, federal judge William C. Conner ruled that the producers of A Day in Hollywood / A Night in the Ukraine had improperly used the Marx Brothers characters in their Broadway theatre production and that the publicity rights of the comedians, even after their deaths, overrode the First Amendment issues raised by the show's creators.[4] In April 1980, Conner refused to issue a preliminary injunction and allowed producer Alexander H. Cohen to open as planned.[5]

Fleming's autobiography, Go Tell, about her life with Harpo Marx, was never published.[2]

Death[edit]

Fleming outlived Marx by almost forty years during which time she was an artist and activist in the Palm Springs area. She died at age 94 on December 22, 2002, of a heart attack at Eisenhower Medical Center in Rancho Mirage. She was survived by a daughter, three sons, five grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren.[2]

Filmography[edit]

Film
YearFilmRoleNotes
1931Lover Come BackSusan
ArizonaDotUncredited
Alternative title: Men Are Like That
A Dangerous AffairFlorence
Range FeudJudy Walton
1932Ladies of the JurySuzanneUncredited
Careless LadyGuest of Captain GirardUncredited
Million Dollar LegsAngela Barret
Heritage of the DesertDance Hall GirlUncredited
Alternative title: When the West Was Young
1933Olsen's Big MomentVirginia WestAlternative title: Olsen's Night Out
He Learned About WomenJoan Allen
I Love That ManMiss Jones, Stenographer
My WeaknessJacqueline Wood
Broadway Through a KeyholeChorineUncredited
1934Now I'll TellBit roleUncredited
Alternative titles: When New York Sleeps
When New York Sleeps
She Learned About SailorsUncredited
Charlie Chan's CourageChorus Girl
Call It LuckAlice Blue
Elinor NortonPublisher's StaffUncredited
1935George White's 1935 ScandalsChorineUncredited
Break of HeartsElise
Navy WifeJennyAlternative title: Beauty's Daughter
1936The Great ZiegfeldZiegfeld GirlUncredited
Star for a NightMildred La Rue
Gold Diggers of 1937Lucille Bailey (Hobart's secretary)
1937God's Country and the WomanGrace Moran, Steve's Secretary
Television
YearTitleRoleNotes
1954Inner SanctumLiz1 episode

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b via Associated Press. "HARPO MARX WEDS; Marriage to Susan Fleming Is Revealed In Wire to Roosevelt", The New York Times, November 5, 1936. Accessed July 20, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Oliver, Myrna. "Obituaries; Susan F. Marx, 94; Widow of Comedian Harpo Marx", Los Angeles Times, December 27, 2002. Accessed July 29, 2009.
  3. ^ Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated
  4. ^ Martin, Douglas. "William Conner, Judge Expert in Patent Law, Dies at 89", The New York Times, July 19, 2009. Accessed July 20, 2009.
  5. ^ Cummings, Judith; Krebs, Albin. "Notes on People: The Marx Musical", The New York Times, April 30, 1980. Accessed July 20, 2009.

External links[edit]