Sungkyunkwan University

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Sungkyunkwan University
성균관 대학교[1]
Sungkyunkwan University logo.png
MottoHumanity, Righteousness, Propriety, Wisdom. (Pursue Truth and Embody Social Justice)
仁義禮智 인의예지
Established1398 establishment of Sungkyunkwan; 1946 introduction of university
PresidentProf. Kim, Jun-Young Ph.D.
Academic staff4,105 (2007)[2][3]
Undergraduates26,542 (2006)[2]
Postgraduates6,747 (2006)[2]
LocationSuwon, Seoul, South Korea
37°35′13.5″N 126°59′38.5″E / 37°17′36″N 126°58′28.5″E
ColorsGreen      and blue     
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Sungkyunkwan University
성균관 대학교[1]
Sungkyunkwan University logo.png
MottoHumanity, Righteousness, Propriety, Wisdom. (Pursue Truth and Embody Social Justice)
仁義禮智 인의예지
Established1398 establishment of Sungkyunkwan; 1946 introduction of university
PresidentProf. Kim, Jun-Young Ph.D.
Academic staff4,105 (2007)[2][3]
Undergraduates26,542 (2006)[2]
Postgraduates6,747 (2006)[2]
LocationSuwon, Seoul, South Korea
37°35′13.5″N 126°59′38.5″E / 37°17′36″N 126°58′28.5″E
ColorsGreen      and blue     
Sungkyunkwan University
Revised RomanizationSungkyunkwan Daehakgyo
McCune–ReischauerSŏngkyunkwan Taehakkyo

Sungkyunkwan University (also known as SKKU or simply Seongdae) is a private research university. It is located in the heart of central Seoul (About this sound listen ) and Suwon, South Korea. Originally, it was authorized as Sungkyunkwan, the foremost educational institution founded by the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. Most Korean culture and Hangul had been archived by Sungkyunkwan scholars over hundreds of years. During the period of Japanese rule, the traditionally higher education Sungkyunkwan had been degraded and then almost closed by the Japanese colonial authority for the new imperial universities. After the liberation from Japanese imperialism, however, internationally unified form of 'university' for the Sungkyunkwan was introduced by the ex rector of the Sungkyunkwan, Kim Changsook. The will of such an attempt is thereafter to be more modernized than the broadly spread occidental approach of mechanical education, and at the same time traditionally to be in succession of the Sungkyunkwan's academic spirit by all Korean Confucians, all Confucian schools of Korea, and the Sungkyunkwan foundation. Today, the university has two campuses: the Humanities and Social Sciences campus in Seoul, and the Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon. Eighteen schools and three colleges offer degrees at the bachelor's level, and twelve graduate schools confer various degrees at both the masters and doctoral levels. The SKKU has advanced as the one of the world's leading business schools[4] and also has progressed as the one of the best medical schools in South Korea, which is affiliated with the world-famous Samsung Medical Center. Thanks to Samsung's financial planning in the period 1965–1977 and 1996–today, with finest research infrastructure and through top management of the human resources, the SKKU is now expected to be higher than ever in the world's higher education ranking.


The Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul is located uphill from the old Sungkyunkwan Confucian institute, on the same hill as Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung, two of Seoul's royal palaces, and Jongmyo. It is at the following coordinates:37°35′13.5″N 126°59′38.5″E / 37.587083°N 126.994028°E / 37.587083; 126.994028.

The Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon is located within walking distance from Sungkyunkwan University Station, in the north west of the city. It is at 37°17′36″N 126°58′28.5″E / 37.29333°N 126.974583°E / 37.29333; 126.974583. The Agricultural Department's fields are at 37°17′21.5″N 126°58′5″E / 37.289306°N 126.96806°E / 37.289306; 126.96806. These are notable for their large prostrate Korean flag and map, which lie 0.56 km from the Natural Sciences Campus main gate to the west.


The 600th Anniversary Building

Sungkyunkwan was established in 1398 to offer prayers and memorials to Confucius and his disciples, and to promote the study of the Confucian canon. It was located in the capital Hanseong, modern-day Seoul. It followed the example of the Goryeo-period Gukjagam, which in its later years was also known by the name "Sungkyunkwan". Sungkyunkwan was Korea's foremost institution of higher learning under the Joseon Dynasty education system.

After the period of Japanese rule, with the emergence of the Republic of Korea, the old Sungkyunkwan was reincorporated as a private institution without the sanction of defunct Joseon Dynasty. As Korea modernized and underwent social and economic reforms, the university grew rapidly to keep up with the diverse demands of the advancing country. In 1946, the entering class numbered 155. The number of graduates now totals approximately 130,000.[citation needed]

Sungkyunkwan now operates two campuses: the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul and the Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon.


SKK Graduate School of Business is launched in collaboration with the MIT Sloan School of Management.


The University's motto, "Humanity, Righteousness, Propriety, and Wisdom" (仁, 義, 禮, 知) reflects the basic spirit of Confucianism. These four cardinal virtues express humankind's four inherent elements of spirit, action, conscience, and intellect. Humanity abides in the heart that loves, righteousness abides in the heart that knows right from wrong, propriety abides in the heart that knows forbearance, and wisdom abides in the heart that perceives. Confucian philosophy attests to man's innate goodness, and at the same time recognizes that this quality must nevertheless be awakened and nurtured. These four principles, which comprise the university's philosophy of instruction, are the basis for higher education's goals of the search for truth and the establishment of social justice, which are, in turn, based on humanity.

University symbol[edit]

The university's symbol is two giant ginkgo trees (Natural Monument No.59). Although these trees are not located on the modern campus of the university, they are considered one of the school's key symbols.[6] Planted in 1519 by Yun Tak, a former president of Sungkyunkwan, they hold symbolic meaning in Confucianism because Confucius is said to have loved reading, pondering, and teaching his disciples under a ginkgo tree. These trees also represent longevity and enlightenment, both held important in Korean culture.

Faculties and enrollment[edit]

Data from April 2008[2]
Full-Time Professors: 1,138 / Emeritus Professors: 137 / Research Professors: 201 / Clinical Professors: 63 / Associate Professors: 1,687 / Lecturers: 633 / Adjunct Professors: 290 / Visiting Professors: 104 / Exchange Professors: 2 / Others: 4

Total: 4,259

Data from March 2008[3] Enrollment of Undergraduate: 27,639 / Master Course: 5,980 / Doctor's Course: 1,210 / Unified Course: 215

Total: 35,044


University rankings
QS (World version)[10]
QS (Asian version)[11]

Humanities and Social Sciences Campus[edit]

The deep roots of the university are so strongly entwined with Seoul that the university cannot be described in isolation from the city. Like the university, Seoul is the center of Korea's remarkable economic growth over the past 40 years with its unique tradition and current modernity. Seoul was the seat of government as early as the Baekje Kingdom for over 1,500 years. However, the city became more important with the establishment of the Joseon Dynasty in 1392, when it became the capital city. The university is located inside Seoul city walls, within the original capital of Joseon.

Located uphill from the original Sungkyunkwan site, the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus is spread over a hill looking down on Jongmyo Royal Shrine, which has been designated by as a National Treasure. Just like Seoul, the university grew rapidly, and the expansion called for a new campus.

The original site was preserved as the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus, while the expanding science programs were moved to a new campus in Suwon. Currently, 6 schools, 3 colleges and many graduate schools call the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus their home. To commemorate the founding philosophy of the university, the 600th Anniversary Memorial Hall, which houses the Academy of East Asian Studies, was constructed on this campus. This new facility has a floor space of 31,930 square meters as well as four underground levels and six above-ground storeys.

Natural Sciences Campus[edit]

Samsung Library at Suwon campus
Natural Sciences Campus Hill

The university's modern Natural Sciences Campus was established in 1978. This campus is situated 45 km away from the south of Seoul, on a 250-acre (1.0 km2) site. The campus is home to 5 schools, 2 colleges and various graduate schools. The management of the Natural Sciences Campus is considered a paragon of educational administration in Korea.[citation needed]

When the new campus was built, the idea of an equal dual campus system was new to Korean higher education; this system remains unique in Korea. Some comprehensive universities located in large cities have tried to meet the need for expansion by founding separate, usually smaller campuses in rural areas. Besides solving the problem of physical expansion, the separate campus system brought the University many opportunities for growth.

Suwon preserves the traditional beauty of the Joseon era (1392–1910), but it also now flourishes as a center for business, education and economic research, due to its proximity to major industrial complexes.

In an effort to serve society by building a bridge between academia and the industrial sector, another initiative, the Science Technology Park (STP), is being developed at this campus. The university, industries in the surrounding area, and the government have combined forces in this project.

Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology[edit]

Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology

SAINT is the abbreviation of Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology. This institute opened on March, 2005.

SAINT was founded on March 1, 2005 as one of the 4 core programs of Sungkyunkwan University’s VISION2010+ plan to be ranked in the top 100 universities in the world. With the financial support from Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), Its goal is to become one of the top 5 nanotechnology-related institutes by the year 2010, Dr. Sumio Iijima who discovered carbon nanotubes is the Dean of SAINT now.

Sungkyun Language Institute[edit]


Sungkyun Language Institute (SLI) is a semi-autonomous division of Sungkyunkwan University. English, Japanese, Mandarin and Korean are all taught, though Mandarin is not taught at the Suwon campus. Korean is taught at 6 levels from beginner to advanced levels. There are 18 lecturers of Korean and 16 foreign lecturers of English at the campus in Seoul, with 14 foreign English lecturers in Suwon, while the 2 Japanese lecturers based in Suwon are themselves Korean. There are also several foreign lecturers of other languages in Seoul and Korean lecturers of English on both campuses. SLI is managed separately from the university and the management follows different systems of organisation on the two campuses, yet they both fall under an umbrella level of administrative management.


Both credit and non-credit classes are taught. The English credit courses are chiefly in Academic Writing and Academic Presentations, though there are also ESP (English for Specific Purposes) classes in Business English, English for Scientific Purposes, English Literature and Current English at the Suwon campus. Non-credit classes are less specialised, and are therefore more typical of ESL environments. These are also open to people who are not registered as students at Sungkyunkwan University to attend. It is not uncommon for members of staff or local residents to attend such classes. For the main courses (Academic Writing and Presentations), SLI produces its own books, which are published by Sungkyunkwan University Press and which have thus far been revised on a yearly basis.


SLI has a "Global Zone" – a room in which students may relax, study, read, browse the web, view online lectures, attend conferences, watch international TV, or seek English assistance from the lecturers – on each site. These are relatively recent additions, that in Seoul having been added in 2004 and that in Suwon in 2005.


Sungkyunkwan University's Department of English Language and Literature is birthplace and home of the Korean affiliate of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment (ASLE-Korea or ASLE-K). ASLE-Korea [1] hosts two conferences a year (Spring and Fall) and publishes Literature and Environment (문학과환경),a journal dedicated to extending ecocritical scholarship, with articles written primarily in Korean and English.

Budget and facilities[edit]

Annual Budget: 428,030,000,000 won (USD 319,783,339.56)

Budget from Tuition: 224,358,000,000 won (52.4%)
Budget from University Foundation: 114,851,000,000 won (26.8%)
Budget from Donation: 34,762,000,000 won (8.1%)
Budget from Incident: 14,432,000,000 won (3.4%)

Current Library Holdings: 1,740,806 (bound volumes)

Central Library: 914,228 / Samsung Library: 610,023
Jongyeonggak Library: 146,187 / Library of Medicine: 11,330 / Law Library: 56,438 / Library of Architecture: 2,600

University Area: 3,593,341 m²

Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 1,394,154 m² / Natural Sciences Campus: 2,199,187 m²
(including Tobong Varsity Teams Training Center: 61,339 m² / Botanical Gardens: 329,222 m² /
Samchuk Seaside Retreat: 2,390 m²)

Building Area: 344,510 m²

Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 141,803 m²
Natural Sciences Campus: 202,707 m²

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Abbreviations of Sungkyunkwan University in Korean: 성대(成大; Seongdae). English: SKKU
  2. ^ a b c d 대학현황 > 교수현황. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
  3. ^ a b 대학현황 > 학생현황. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
  4. ^
  5. ^ ::: 자랑스런 성균관 꽃피우는 유교문화 올바른 인성교육 성균관 예절교실 :::. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
  6. ^ "교목 (은행나무)". Sungkyunkwan University website. Archived from the original on 2005-11-20. Retrieved 2006-04-24. 
  7. ^ "Top 400 – The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013–2014". The Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  8. ^ "QS World University Rankings (2013/14)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities: Global". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  10. ^ "QS World University Rankings (extracting Asian universities from the list for counting this position)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  11. ^ "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°35′14″N 126°59′39″E / 37.58722°N 126.99417°E / 37.58722; 126.99417