Sundsvall

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Sundsvall
Top:Panorama view of downtown Sundsvall, Stenstaden and South Stadsberget, 2nd left:Mid Sweden University (Mittuniversitetet), 2nd right:Court of Appeal for Lower Norrland in Bunsouska Pond, 3rd left:North Gate Arena and Gustav Adolf Curch, 3rd right:Sundsvall Theater, Bottom:Kulturmagasiret, Sundsvall Museum and Library
Top:Panorama view of downtown Sundsvall, Stenstaden and South Stadsberget, 2nd left:Mid Sweden University (Mittuniversitetet), 2nd right:Court of Appeal for Lower Norrland in Bunsouska Pond, 3rd left:North Gate Arena and Gustav Adolf Curch, 3rd right:Sundsvall Theater, Bottom:Kulturmagasiret, Sundsvall Museum and Library
Sundsvall is located in Sweden
Sundsvall
Coordinates: 62°24′N 17°19′E / 62.400°N 17.317°E / 62.400; 17.317Coordinates: 62°24′N 17°19′E / 62.400°N 17.317°E / 62.400; 17.317
CountrySweden
ProvinceMedelpad
CountyVästernorrland County
MunicipalitySundsvall Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total27.46 km2 (10.60 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total50,712
 • Density1,847/km2 (4,780/sq mi)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
 
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Sundsvall
Top:Panorama view of downtown Sundsvall, Stenstaden and South Stadsberget, 2nd left:Mid Sweden University (Mittuniversitetet), 2nd right:Court of Appeal for Lower Norrland in Bunsouska Pond, 3rd left:North Gate Arena and Gustav Adolf Curch, 3rd right:Sundsvall Theater, Bottom:Kulturmagasiret, Sundsvall Museum and Library
Top:Panorama view of downtown Sundsvall, Stenstaden and South Stadsberget, 2nd left:Mid Sweden University (Mittuniversitetet), 2nd right:Court of Appeal for Lower Norrland in Bunsouska Pond, 3rd left:North Gate Arena and Gustav Adolf Curch, 3rd right:Sundsvall Theater, Bottom:Kulturmagasiret, Sundsvall Museum and Library
Sundsvall is located in Sweden
Sundsvall
Coordinates: 62°24′N 17°19′E / 62.400°N 17.317°E / 62.400; 17.317Coordinates: 62°24′N 17°19′E / 62.400°N 17.317°E / 62.400; 17.317
CountrySweden
ProvinceMedelpad
CountyVästernorrland County
MunicipalitySundsvall Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total27.46 km2 (10.60 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total50,712
 • Density1,847/km2 (4,780/sq mi)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)

Sundsvall (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈsɵn(d)sˈvalː]) is a city and the seat of Sundsvall Municipality in Västernorrland County, Sweden. It has a population of 50,712 as of 2010; more than 95,000 live in the surrounding municipal area.

History[edit]

Sundsvall circa 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna.

The town was chartered in 1621, and a first urban plan for Sundsvall was probably created by Olof Bure in 1642, less likely in 1623.[2] It has a port by the Gulf of Bothnia, and is located 395 km north of Stockholm. The city has burned down and been rebuilt four times.[3] The first time, in 1721, it was set on fire by the Russian army during the Great Northern War. The last fire, in 1888, was the largest in Sweden's history. It is presumed that the fire was caused by a spark from a steamship. After that fire, the city centre was rebuilt only with stone buildings. Sundsvall's centre is therefore nicknamed Stenstaden (the stone city).

According to one historian,[who?] Swedish industrialism started in Sundsvall when the Tunadal sawmill bought a steam-engine driven saw in 1849. In the early 20th century Sundsvall was an even greater centre of forestry industry in Sweden than it is today. The first large Swedish strike was the "Sundsvall strike" in 1879.[4] The industrial heritage makes social democrat and socialist sympathies more prevalent in the Sundsvall region than in Sweden as a whole.

Today Sundsvall is not only dominated by the pulp and paper industry, and the aluminium production. There are also banks, insurance companies, telecommunications administration and a number of large public data-processing centres such as the national social insurance board. The main campus of the newly established Mid Sweden University is also located in the city.

Esplanaden, which famous for main street in Sundsvall

Culture[edit]

Each July the town holds a large, commercial music festival in the city called Gatufesten. There are two theatres and various musical venues. There is also a small guitar festival and a larger heavy metal festival every autumn called Nordfest. Sundsvall is also home to the unique festival Musikschlaget which is an alternative song contest for groups around Sweden with disabilities.

Transport[edit]

Its airport is Sundsvall-Härnösand Airport also called Midlanda.

Sport[edit]

Notable people[edit]


Sister communities and adopted cities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Sundsvall.jpgSundsvall in Sweden from above.jpgGustav Adolfs kyrka Sundsvall.jpg
Sundsvall viewed from aboveSundsvall City CentreGustav Adolfskyrkan

Climate[edit]

Sundsvall has a climate which is on the border between subarctic and cold continental. Temperatures are made significantly milder and regulated by the influence from the Gulf Stream.

Climate data for Sundsvall
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−5
(23)
−3
(27)
2
(36)
7
(45)
14
(57)
19
(66)
21
(70)
19
(66)
14
(57)
9
(48)
2
(36)
−2
(28)
8.1
(46.6)
Average low °C (°F)−15
(5)
−13
(9)
−8
(18)
−2
(28)
2
(36)
8
(46)
10
(50)
9
(48)
5
(41)
1
(34)
−5
(23)
−11
(12)
−1.6
(29.1)
Rainfall mm (inches)38
(1.5)
28
(1.1)
30
(1.18)
32
(1.26)
35
(1.38)
41
(1.61)
58
(2.28)
64
(2.52)
64
(2.52)
52
(2.05)
53
(2.09)
46
(1.81)
541
(21.3)
Avg. precipitation days161313111111141415151516164
Source: World Meteorogical Organization[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Nils Ahlberg, Stadsgrundningar och planförändringar : Svensk stadsplanering 1521–1721, avhandling vid Institutionen för landskapsplanering Ultuna och Konstvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet 2005, s. 550
  3. ^ http://www.algonet.se/~hogman/slhist_l.htm
  4. ^ http://www.popularhistoria.se/o.o.i.s?id=43&vid=612
  5. ^ World Meteorogical Organization: WWIS: Sundsvall

External links[edit]