Sultan Kudarat

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Sultan Kudarat
Province
The new provincial capitol
The new provincial capitol
Flag of Sultan Kudarat
Flag
Official seal of Sultan Kudarat
Seal
Map of the Philippines with Sultan Kudarat highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Sultan Kudarat highlighted
Coordinates: 6°33′N 124°17′E / 6.550°N 124.283°E / 6.550; 124.283Coordinates: 6°33′N 124°17′E / 6.550°N 124.283°E / 6.550; 124.283
Country Philippines
RegionSOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)
FoundedNovember 22, 1973
CapitalIsulan
Government
 • TypeProvince of the Philippines
 • GovernorSuharto Mangudadatu (Independent)
 • Vice GovernorErnesto Matias (UNA)
Area
 • Total5,251.3 km2 (2,027.5 sq mi)
Area rank20th out of 80
Population (2007)
 • Total675,644
 • Rank39th out of 80
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Density rank56th out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities0
 • Component cities1
 • Municipalities11
 • Barangays249
 • Districts1st and 2nd districts of Sultan Kudarat
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
Spoken languagesHiligaynon, Ilokano, Cebuano, Maguindanao
Website[1]
 
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Sultan Kudarat
Province
The new provincial capitol
The new provincial capitol
Flag of Sultan Kudarat
Flag
Official seal of Sultan Kudarat
Seal
Map of the Philippines with Sultan Kudarat highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Sultan Kudarat highlighted
Coordinates: 6°33′N 124°17′E / 6.550°N 124.283°E / 6.550; 124.283Coordinates: 6°33′N 124°17′E / 6.550°N 124.283°E / 6.550; 124.283
Country Philippines
RegionSOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)
FoundedNovember 22, 1973
CapitalIsulan
Government
 • TypeProvince of the Philippines
 • GovernorSuharto Mangudadatu (Independent)
 • Vice GovernorErnesto Matias (UNA)
Area
 • Total5,251.3 km2 (2,027.5 sq mi)
Area rank20th out of 80
Population (2007)
 • Total675,644
 • Rank39th out of 80
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Density rank56th out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities0
 • Component cities1
 • Municipalities11
 • Barangays249
 • Districts1st and 2nd districts of Sultan Kudarat
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
Spoken languagesHiligaynon, Ilokano, Cebuano, Maguindanao
Website[1]

Sultan Kudarat is a province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. Its capital is Isulan and borders Maguindanao and Cotabato to the north, South Cotabato and Sarangani to the south, and Davao del Sur to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the west.

Geography[edit]

Subdivisions[edit]

Sultan Kudarat is subdivided into 11 municipalities and 1 city. Three of the municipalities (Kalamansig, Lebak, and Palimbang) are coastal towns, while the rest of the province are located inland.

Tacurong City is the smallest unit in the province in terms of land area, but it is the most urbanized, and is considered to be the province's commercial center. Other growth centers are Lebak and Isulan, the latter being the provincial capital. Bagumbayan is the largest town in terms of land area.

The 11 municipalities and Tacurong City are further subdivided into 249 barangays.

City[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

Physical[edit]

Sultan Kudarat is located on the southwestern part of the island of Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by the provinces of Maguindanao and Cotabato; on the south by South Cotabato; on the east by Davao del Sur; and on the west by the Celebes Sea. The province's total land area is 4783.1898 square kilometres.

The three coastal towns on the province's western side are lined with mountain ranges that wall the central part of the province from the sea. There are also mountains on the eastern side, leaving flat land in between.

The climate is characterized by a short dry season lasting from one to three months. Unlike most other provinces in the country, Sultan Kudarat is generally free from typhoons and rainfall is more evenly distributed throughout the year.

History[edit]

Sultan Kudarat was once a part of the former empire province of Cotabato. It was created as a separate province along with Maguindanao and North Cotabato on November 22, 1973 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 341 signed by former Pres. Ferdinand E. Marcos.

The purpose of dividing Cotabato into three (3) smaller provinces is clearly stated in Presidential Decree No. 341, which pertinently provided, to wit: “Whereas, the province of Cotabato is one of the largest and richest provinces of the Philippines;

Whereas, the potentials of the province have not been fully developed due to the magnitude of the task of provincial development and troubles that have long plagued the area;

Whereas, the many conflicting political, social and economic interests that have limited the progress of the province must be resolved in order to promote the stability and accelerate the development of Cotabato; and

Whereas, there is a need for dividing the present province into smaller units which can be more effectively administered and developed”.

The name Sultan Kudarat given to the province was derived from a Muslim ruler, the late Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat who begun to assert his leadership in the year 1619 and reigned the Sultanate of Maguindanao from January 1625 to 1671 AD.

He was a virtuous leader who embodied the idea of basic unity, oneness and freedom among the diverse people scattered throughout its Sultanate. For this reason, he was considered as one of the National heroes of the country and for his honour this province was named after him.

People[edit]

Panorama of city with mixture of five- to ten-story buildings
The new provincial capitol.

As of the 2000 census, Sultan Kudarat has a total population of 586,505. The province formerly had a Muslim majority, but Christian migrants now outnumber Muslims and highlanders. The Ilonggos constitute the majority of the Christian population, with their native language which is Hiligaynon and Kinaray-a as the province's dominant language. Ilocano and Cebuano are also spoken in some municipalities. Maguindanao is the local language of the Muslim population. Ilocanos and Ilonggos are relative newcomers to the province; Cebuanos inhabited the island around 17th to 18th century.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Sultan Kudarat is predominantly agricultural. With a large agricultural potential, the output consists of practically all types of crops grown in the country, including rice, corn, beef, coffee, and vegetables. The province is self-sufficient in poultry, swine, and root crops, and is one of the few producers of Irish potatoes in the Philippines. The southern Philippines Grain Complex in Tacurong is the largest grains-processing complex in the country. There are more than 200 rice mills in the province.

Fishing is an expanding industry. Tuna caught along the coasts along the Celebes Sea are exported to Japan and Europe.

Other economic activities include the cottage industry, which includes crafts made of rattan and other types of wood.

Musical Heritage[edit]

The native Maguindanaon have a culture that revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.

Government officials[edit]

The elected provincial officials for 2010-2013 are:

Elected Officials 2007-2010

Elected Officials 2004-2007

Elected Officials 1998-2000; 2000–2004

Elected Officials 1995-1998

Elected Officials 1992-1995

External links[edit]