A Studio school is a type of secondary school in England that is designed to give students practical skills in workplace environments as well as traditional academic and vocational courses of study. Like traditional schools, studio schools teach the National Curriculum and offer academic and vocational qualifications. However studio schools also have links to local employers and offer education related to the world of work.
Studio schools are part of the academies programme, and are funded by the taxpayer, non-selective, free to attend and not controlled by a local authority. While this is also true of most other academies and free schools, studio schools are collectively distinctive in a number of ways. Studio schools all have local businesses and employers as sponsors. Existing schools cannot convert to become a studio school - all studio schools have to be newly founded schools with no direct transfer intake of pupils. Studio schools are also designed to be small, with a maximum of 300 students.
Like University Technical Colleges, studio schools are designed for students aged 14–19, whereas free schools and other academies can choose the age range of their pupils. However, some studio schools operate as a sixth form only, for students aged 16+. Other studio schools which operate in areas with a three-tier school system have intakes for students aged 13.
The name 'studio school' is derived from the concept of the Renaissance studio which existed in Europe from 1400 to 1700. Students at these studios were taught by an experienced master in the same place in which the master created and produced his work. Modern-day studio schools aim to give students skills required by employees and businesses in the local area, in an environment which simulates genuine workplaces. As part of this, studio schools are open all year round and have a 9am to 5pm school day.
The establishment of studio schools has been criticised by some teaching unions, who claim they will cause further fragmentation state school provision. The age intake range of studio schools have also been criticised, with some unions arguing that 14 is too early an age for most children to receive such a specialised education.