Studio Ghibli

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Studio Ghibli, Inc.
TypeKabushiki gaisha
IndustryMotion pictures
Video games
TV commercials
FoundedTokyo, Japan (June 15, 1985 (1985-06-15))
HeadquartersKoganei, Tokyo, Japan
Key peopleKoji Hoshino
(Executive director, President)
Hayao Miyazaki
Toshio Suzuki
(Executive director)
ProductsAnimated feature films (anime), television films, commercials, live-action films
Net income¥1.426 billion (2011)
Total assets¥15.77 billion (2011)
OwnersTokuma Shoten (1999–2005)
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Studio Ghibli, Inc.
TypeKabushiki gaisha
IndustryMotion pictures
Video games
TV commercials
FoundedTokyo, Japan (June 15, 1985 (1985-06-15))
HeadquartersKoganei, Tokyo, Japan
Key peopleKoji Hoshino
(Executive director, President)
Hayao Miyazaki
Toshio Suzuki
(Executive director)
ProductsAnimated feature films (anime), television films, commercials, live-action films
Net income¥1.426 billion (2011)
Total assets¥15.77 billion (2011)
OwnersTokuma Shoten (1999–2005)

Studio Ghibli, Inc. (株式会社スタジオジブリ Kabushiki-gaisha Sutajio Jiburi?) is a Japanese animation film studio based in Koganei, Tokyo, Japan.[1] The studio is best known for its anime feature films, and has also produced several short films, television commercials, and one television film. It was founded in June 1985 after the success of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), with funding by Tokuma Shoten.

Eight of Studio Ghibli's films are among the 15 highest-grossing anime films made in Japan, with Spirited Away (2001) being the highest, grossing over $274 million worldwide. Many of their works have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award, and four have won the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year. In 2002, Spirited Away won a Golden Bear and an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film in 2003.

On August 3, 2014, Studio Ghibli announced it was temporarily halting production following the retirement of director Hayao Miyazaki.[citation needed]


The name Ghibli was given by Hayao Miyazaki bearing the Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli in mind.[2] The Italian noun "ghibli" is based on the Arabic name for the sirocco, or Mediterranean wind, the idea being the studio would "blow a new wind through the anime industry".[2][3] Although the Italian word is pronounced with a very hard ɡ, the Japanese pronunciation of the studio's name is with a soft g, [dʑíbu͍ɾi] ( )


Hayao Miyazaki, the co-founder of Studio Ghibli and director of many of its films.

Founded in June 1985, the studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on Hols: Prince of the Sun and Panda! Go, Panda!; and Suzuki was an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine.

The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Toei Company. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version.[3][4] Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.

The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondo, Hiroyuki Morita, Gorō Miyazaki, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtracks for most of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films. In their book Anime Classics Zettai!, Brian Camp and Julie Davis made note of Michiyo Yasuda as "a mainstay of Studio Ghibli’s extraordinary design and production team".[5] At one time the studio was based in Kichijōji, Musashino, Tokyo.[6]

In August 1996, Disney and Tokuma Shoten Publishing agreed that Disney would distribute internationally Tokuma's Studio Ghibli animated films.[7]

Many of Ghibli's films in Japan are theatrically distributed by Toho while home video releases are handled by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment Japan.[8] Wild Bunch holds the international sales rights to many of Ghibli's films.[9] Ghibli's main international distribution partners also include Disney (Japan Home Video, Taiwan, North America, France),[8][9] GKIDS (North America),[10] StudioCanal UK, and Madman Entertainment (Australia).

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles on the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works are frequently featured on the cover of the magazine. Between 1999 and 2005 Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary of Tokuma Shoten, the publisher of Animage.

In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Tokyo. It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.

The studio is also known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad due to Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind being heavily edited for the film's release in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. A Studio Ghibli producer is rumoured to have sent an authentic Japanese sword with a simple message: "No cuts".[11]

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996, also helping to release the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.[12] Suzuki still serves on the company's board of directors.

Two Studio Ghibli short films created for the Ghibli Museum were shown at the Carnegie Hall Citywise Japan NYC Festival: "House Hunting" and "Mon Mon the Water Spider" were screened on March 26, 2011.[13]

As of 2012, Takahata is developing a project for release after Gorō Miyazaki's (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) From Up on Poppy Hill. Takahata is working on an adaptation of the tale of The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter. Hayao Miyazaki is developing a project called The Wind Rises which is about the Mitsubishi A6M Zero and its founder.[14]

Sunday, September 1, 2013, Hayao Miyazaki held a press conference in Venice, confirming his retirement saying: "I know I've said I would retire many times in the past. Many of you must think, 'Once again.' But this time I am quite serious."[15]

On January 31, 2014, it was announced that Gorō Miyazaki will direct his first anime TV series, Sanzoku no Musume Rōnya, an adaptation of Astrid Lindgren's Ronia the Robber's Daughter for NHK. The series is computer-animated, produced by Polygon Pictures, and co-produced by Studio Ghibli.[16][17]

In March 2014 Toshio Suzuki retired as a producer and assumed a new position of general manager. Yoshiaki Nishimura replaced Suzuki in the producer role.[18]

On August 3, 2014, Toshio Suzuki announced that Studio Ghibli would take a "brief pause" to re-evaluate and restructure in the wake of Miyazaki's retirement. He stated some concerns about where the company would go in the future.[19]

On November 7, 2014, Hayao Miyazaki stated, "At this point, we're not making a new film. I think we will not be making any feature films to be shown in theaters." This has led to speculation that Studio Ghibli will never produce another feature film again. Although Miyazaki stated that he may direct another short film for the Ghibli Museum.[20]


Significant achievements[edit]


While Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is often considered a Studio Ghibli film, it was produced and released before the studio's official founding.

Feature films

#FilmRelease dateDirectorScreenwriter(s)Producer(s)Music
1Castle in the SkyAugust 2, 1986Hayao MiyazakiHayao MiyazakiIsao TakahataJoe Hisaishi
2Grave of the FirefliesApril 16, 1988Isao TakahataIsao TakahataToru HaraMichio Mamiya
3My Neighbor TotoroHayao MiyazakiHayao MiyazakiJoe Hisaishi
4Kiki's Delivery ServiceJuly 29, 1989Hayao Miyazaki
5Only YesterdayJuly 20, 1991Isao TakahataIsao TakahataToshio SuzukiKatz Hoshi
6Porco RossoJuly 28, 1992Hayao MiyazakiHayao MiyazakiJoe Hisaishi
7Pom PokoJuly 16, 1994Isao TakahataIsao TakahataKōryū, Manto Watanabe, Yōko Ino, Masaru Gotō & Ryōjirō Furusawa
8Whisper of the HeartJuly 15, 1995Yoshifumi KondōHayao MiyazakiYuji Nomi
9Princess MononokeJuly 12, 1997Hayao MiyazakiJoe Hisaishi
10My Neighbors the YamadasJuly 17, 1999Isao TakahataIsao TakahataAkiko Yano
11Spirited AwayJuly 27, 2001Hayao MiyazakiHayao MiyazakiJoe Hisaishi
12The Cat ReturnsJuly 19, 2002Hiroyuki MoritaReiko YoshidaNozomu Takahashi & Toshio SuzukiYuji Nomi
13Howl's Moving CastleNovember 20, 2004Hayao MiyazakiHayao MiyazakiToshio SuzukiJoe Hisaishi
14Tales from EarthseaJuly 29, 2006Gorō MiyazakiGorō Miyazaki & Keiko NiwaTamiya Terashima
15PonyoJuly 19, 2008Hayao MiyazakiHayao MiyazakiJoe Hisaishi
16ArriettyJuly 17, 2010Hiromasa YonebayashiHayao Miyazaki & Keiko NiwaCécile Corbel
17From Up on Poppy HillJuly 16, 2011Gorō MiyazakiSatoshi Takebe
18The Wind Rises[21]July 20, 2013Hayao MiyazakiHayao MiyazakiJoe Hisaishi
19The Tale of the Princess Kaguya[21]November 23, 2013Isao TakahataIsao Takahata & Riko SakaguchiYoshiaki Nishimura & Seiichiro Ujiie
20When Marnie Was There[22]July 19, 2014Hiromasa YonebayashiHiromasa Yonebayashi, Keiko Niwa & Masashi AndoYoshiaki Nishimura & Toshio SuzukiTakatsugu Muramatsu

Television films

Ocean WavesMay 5, 1993Tomomi MochizukiKaori NakamuraToshio Suzuki, Nozomu Takahashi & Seiji OkudaShigeru Nagata

Anime series[edit]

Short films (television, theatrical, Ghibli Museum, OVA)[edit]

Music videos (television and theatrical)[edit]


Video games[edit]

Stage productions[edit]

Other works[edit]

The works listed here consist of works that do not fall into the above categories. All of these films have been released on DVD in Japan as part of the Ghibli Gakujutsu Library.


A selection of layout designs for animated productions was exhibited in the Studio Ghibli Layout Designs: Understanding the Secrets of Takahata and Miyazaki Animation exhibition tour, which started in the Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo (July 28, 2008 to September 28, 2008) and subsequently travelled to different museums throughout Japan and Asia, concluding its tour of Japan in the Fukuoka Asian Art Museum (October 12, 2013 to January 26, 2014) and its tour of Asia in the Hong Kong Heritage Museum (May 14, 2014 to August 31, 2014). Between October 4, 2014 and March 1, 2015 the layout designs were exhibited at Art Ludique in Paris. The exhibition catalogues contain annotated reproductions of the displayed artwork.[23][24][25][26]

Related works[edit]

These works were not created by Studio Ghibli, but were produced by a variety of studios and people who went on to form or join Studio Ghibli. This includes members of Topcraft that went on to create Studio Ghibli in 1985; works produced by Toei Animation, TMS Entertainment, Nippon Animation or other studios and featuring involvement by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata or other Ghibli staffers. The list also includes works created in cooperation with Studio Ghibli.


Cooperative works[edit]

Distributive works[edit]

These Western animated films (plus one Japanese film) have been distributed by Studio Ghibli, and now through their label, Ghibli Museum Library.

Contributive works[edit]

Studio Ghibli has made contributions to the following anime series and movies:

Notable animators and character designers from Studio Ghibli[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "会社情報." Studio Ghibli. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  2. ^ a b ジブリという名前の由来は? (in Japanese). Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  4. ^ "First of Two-part Miyazaki Feature". Animerica 1 (5): 4. July 1993. 
  5. ^ Camp, Brian; Davis, Julie (September 15, 2007). Anime Classics Zettai. Berkeley California: Stone Bridge Press. p. 292. ISBN 978-1-933330-22-8. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "The Animerica Interview: Takahata and Nosaka: Two Grave Voices in Animation." Animerica. Volume 2, No. 11. Page 11. Translated by Animerica from: Takahata, Isao. Eiga o Tsukurinagara, Kangaeta Koto ("Things I Thought While Making Movies") Tokuma Shoten, 1991. Originally published in Animage, June 1987. This is a translation of a 1987 conversation between Takahata and Akiyuki Nosaka. "Kichijoji is the Tokyo area where "Studio Ghibli," frequent Takahata collaborator Hayao Miyazaki's studio, is located.
  7. ^ "August Issue News Section:Disney Will Distribute Japanese Animation". Animation World Magazine. August 1996. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "The Disney-Tokuma Deal". 10 September 2003. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Hopewell, John; Keslassy, Elsa (19 August 2013). "Wild Bunch, Miyazaki Re-Team on The Wind Rises". Variety. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "GKids to distribute 13 Ghibli anime films in US". 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  11. ^ Brooks, Xan (September 14, 2005). "A god among animators". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved May 23, 2007. "There is a rumour that when Harvey Weinstein was charged with handling the US release of Princess Mononoke, Miyazaki sent him a samurai sword in the post. Attached to the blade was a stark message: 'No cuts.' / The director chortles. 'Actually, my producer did that.'" 
  12. ^ スタジオジブリ社長に星野康二氏 (in Japanese). Retrieved February 1, 2008. 
  13. ^ "Miyazaki shorts come to Carnegie Hall for one day only". Asia Pacific Arts. March 4, 2011. 
  14. ^ Ashcraft, Brian (July 23, 2012). "Studio Ghibli’s Next Film is about Japan’s Most Famous Fighter Plane (and the Guy who Designed It)". Kotaku. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  15. ^ Highfill, Samantha. (2013-09-06) Hayao Miyazaki on his retirement: 'This time I am quite serious' | Inside Movies | Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  16. ^ "Goro Miyazaki to Direct Ronia the Robber's Daughter TV Anime". Anime News Network. January 30, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Polygon Pictures to Create Animation Under Goro Miyazaki’s Direction, The Animated TV Series Ronia, the Robber’s Daughter, Premiering on NHK BS in Autumn 2014". Polygon Pictures. January 31, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Ghibli Co-Founder Toshio Suzuki Retires as Producer". Anime News Network. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  19. ^ "Toshio Suzuki スタジオジブリを背負った男。ヒットメーカー・鈴木敏夫のプロデューサー哲学に迫る". MBS. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
    Schilling, Mark (3 August 2014). "Japan’s Studio Ghibli Envisages Short Break, not Imminent Closure". Variety (Penske Business Media, LLC). Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  20. ^ "Hayao Miyazaki isn't making features but is at work on a manga". LA Times. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "Studio Ghibli to release Miyazaki, Takahata films in Summer 2013". The Asahi Shimbun. December 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  22. ^ Ghibli Adapts Joan G. Robinson's When Marnie Was There Novel Into Anime. Anime News Network (2013-12-12). Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  23. ^ "スタジオジブリ・レイアウト展 : 高畑・宮崎アニメの秘密がわかる" [Studio Ghibli Layout Designs:Understanding the Secrets of Takahata/Miyazaki Animation]. Nippon Television Corporation. Yomiuri Shimbun publishing. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  24. ^ "スタジオジブリ・レイアウト展 : 高畑・宮崎アニメの秘密がわかる" [Studio Ghibli Layout Designs:Understanding the Secrets of Takahata/Miyazaki Animation]. Hong Kong Heritage Museum. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  25. ^ "スタジオジブリ・レイアウト展 : 高畑・宮崎アニメの秘密がわかる" [Studio Ghibli Layout Designs:Understanding the Secrets of Takahata/Miyazaki Animation]. Art Ludique – The Museum. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  26. ^ "スタジオジブリ・レイアウト展 : 高畑・宮崎アニメの秘密がわかる" [Studio Ghibli Layout Designs:Understanding the Secrets of Takahata/Miyazaki Animation]. National Diet Library. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  27. ^ "". 
  28. ^ "Michael Dudok De Wit Is Directing A Feature Co-Produced By Studio Ghibli". Cartoon Brew. May 15, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°42′11.5″N 139°31′44.9″E / 35.703194°N 139.529139°E / 35.703194; 139.529139