Strabismus surgery

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Isolating the inferior rectus muscle
Disinserting the medial rectus muscle

Strabismus surgery is surgery on the extraocular muscles to correct the misalignment of the eyes. With approximately 1.2 million procedures each year, extraocular muscle surgery is the third most common eye surgery in the United States.[1]

The earliest successful strabismus surgery interventions is known to have been performed on 26 October 1839 by Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach on a 7-year-old esotropic child; a few earlier attempts had been performed in 1818 by William Gibson of Baltimore, a general surgeon and professor at the University of Maryland.[2]


Strabismus surgery is a one-day procedure. The patient spends only a few hours in the hospital with minimal preoperative preparation. The average duration of the surgery is variable. After surgery, the patient should expect soreness and redness. In cases of re-operations, more pain is expected. Resection of the muscles is more painful in the post operative period than recession. It also leaves redness that lasts longer and may cause some vomiting in the early post operative period.

The surgeon will provide the patient with a cover for his or her eyes that prevents light from entering. It is advisable for the patient to wear this, since stimulus to the eye (e.g., light, rolling of eyes) will cause discomfort.


  1. ^ Hertle, Richard. "Eye Muscle Surgery and Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome" (Microsoft Word document). American Nystagmus Network. Retrieved 2006-10-10. 
  2. ^ Gunter K. von Noorden: Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility: Theory and management of strabismus, Chapter 26: Principles of Surgical Treatment,
  3. ^ Surgery Encyclopedia - Eye Muscle Surgery
  4. ^ Strabismus Surgery
  5. ^ - Strabismus Surgery
  6. ^ Parikh, RK; Leffler, CT (July 2013). "Loop suture technique for optional adjustment in strabismus surgery". Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 20 (3). 
  7. ^ Eye Procedures > Adjustable Suture Strabismus Surgery -

See also[edit]