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Stillwater is a town in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 7,522 at the 2000 census. The town contains a village called Stillwater. The town is at the eastern border of the county, southeast of Saratoga Springs and borders both Rensselaer and Washington counties. Saratoga National Historical Park is located within the town's limits.
In 1709, Peter Schuyler built Fort Ingoldsby in town because of its location on the frontier of the French and Indian Wars. A replica of Schuyler's fort currently serves as the Stillwater Blockhouse Museum.
Settlers began arriving after 1730.
During the American Revolution, residents participated in the war, and part of the Battle of Stillwater was fought in the town so that the town now refers to itself as the turning point of the American Revolution.
The Stillwater Free Library was established in 1949 by Barbara Alexik and Elizabeth Beiter in the building formerly home to the St.John's Episcopal Church.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.6 square miles (112.8 km²), of which, 41.4 square miles (107.1 km²) of it is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km²) of it (5.07%) is water.
US Route 4, partly conjoined with New York State Route 32 follows the Hudson River through the town. New York State Route 423 is an east-west highway in the northern part of Stillwater. New York State Route 9P is a north-south highway in the northwestern part of the town by Saratoga Lake. New York State Route 67 runs along the south town line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,522 people, 2,786 households, and 2,109 families residing in the town. The population density was 181.9 people per square mile (70.2/km²). There were 3,054 housing units at an average density of 73.8 per square mile (28.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.21% White, 0.41% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.
There were 2,786 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,579, and the median income for a family was $53,023. Males had a median income of $37,428 versus $27,257 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,291. About 5.3% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
Students attend school at Stillwater High School (New York). The school is located in the village of Stillwater and serves grades K through 12 in two buildings.