Steven Holcomb (born April 14, 1980 in Park City, Utah) is an American bobsledder who has competed since 1998. [1 ] At the [2 ] 2010 Vancouver Olympics, he won the 4-man bobsled event for the United States, its first gold medal in that event since 1948. At the [3 ] 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, he finished sixth in the four-man event and 14th in the two-man event. [4 ] [5 ] Early career [edit ]
Holcomb was an alpine skier for twelve years. At the
Utah Olympic Park for the 2002 Winter Olympics he then served as a bobsled forerunner, someone who tests the bobsled course prior to competition. Though Holcomb was not competing, the experience did allow him time on an Olympic course in front of fans.
After leaving the military with an honorable discharge in June 2006, Holcomb began to compete on the World Cup circuit. Starting with the 2004–05 season, Holcomb consistently was the second and third ranked American driver. In the 2006–2007 season Holcomb (with team members Jovanovic and Kreitzburg) won the two-man World Cup Championship, while his four-man team (with Jovanovic, Kreitzburg, and Mesler) finished second. As Holcomb rose through the ranks of American bobsledders however, a degenerative eye condition, initially diagnosed in 2002, began to affect his daily life and competitive skills. A non-invasive surgical procedure,
C3-R, provided a measure of correction during the 2007–08 season, allowing him to earn three gold, three silver, and one bronze medals. Keratoconus [edit ]
Yet as Holcomb found greater success on the track, he soon discovered that contact lenses and glasses could no longer adequately address his vision problems. Consequently, he often navigated the courses by feel rather than sight. Before the start of 2008–09, Holcomb was diagnosed with
keratoconus, a degenerative thinning of the cornea that distorts vision. In the past the only answer would have been surgery—a corneal transplant. But Dr. Brian Boxer Wachler told Holcomb he had another choice; a quick painless crosslinking procedure called C3-R in which a vitamin solution is combined with light. "By itself, the vitamin, riboflavin, a B vitamin, does nothing. But when activated by light of a certain wavelength, it has a majlater, according to Boxer Wachler, "We did these revolutionary contact lens implants called the VisianICL, and that's what really restored his vision so that he does not have to wear any lenses at all now." Holcomb’s entire procedure took only 20 minutes. "It's amazing to live life with 20/20 vision, it’s like life in high definition," Holcomb said. In 2010, Dr. Boxer Wachler renamed the C3-R crosslinking procedure as 'Holcomb C3-R' on national TV in Holcomb's honor. [6 ] [7 ] Post-keratoconus career [edit ]
With the procedure behind him, Holcomb and his two-man and four-man teams took home 2 golds, 3 silvers and 2 bronzes and then won the first World Championship in four-man bobsled since 1959. Additionally, he piloted his two-man sled to a bronze medal.
In Vancouver, Holcomb finished 2nd in his four-man sled in the only World Cup race at the newly finished Whistler track. Holcomb and his Night Train (4-man)/Night Hawk (2-man) are competing on the FIBT World Cup circuit. In the first three tour stops to date, his squad with teammates Steve Mesler, Justin Olsen and Curt Tomasevicz has won gold in the 4-man at Lake Placid & Cesana (Torino 2006 Olympic track) and silver in the 4-Man at Lake Placid and bronze in Cesana.
Holcomb won four medals at the
FIBT World Championships: a gold (four-man: 2009) and three bronzes (two-man: 2009, mixed team: 2008, 2009). He also won the 2007 Two-man World Cup title, won the 2007 combined World Cup title, [8 ] and finished second in the 2007 Four-Man World Cup standings. [9 ] He became the first American man to win the [10 ] Two-Man World Cup title. Holcomb also won the 2007 and 2010 Combined World Cup titles, and the 2010 4-Man World Cup title.
It was announced on 17 January 2010 that Holcomb made the US team in both the two-man and four-man events for the
2010 Winter Olympics. On February 17, Holcomb led the four-man US bobsled team to a gold-medal victory, ending a 62-year gold medal drought in US Olympic four-man bobsled competition.
Holcomb qualified for the
2014 Sochi Olympics in both the two-man and four-man bobsled. On February 16, Holcomb and brakeman Steve Langton won the bronze medal in the two-man competition, ending yet another 62-year medal drought in US Olympic two-man competition. [11 ] Military service [edit ]
Holcomb served as a soldier in the
Utah Army National Guard for seven years, from March 1999 until July 2006. During his Army National Guard service, he served as a [12 ] combat engineer in the 1457th Engineering Battalion. He took part in the Army World Class Athlete Program (WCAP) for seven years. At the end of 2006, he received an Honorable Discharge from service. While in the National Guard, he earned the following Medals: Army Achievement Medal; Army Commendation Medal; Good Conduct Medal; Army Presidential Unit Citation; Army Superior Unit Award; Army Service Ribbon. Education [edit ]
The Winter Sports School in Park City, graduating in 1997. Holcomb is working on his bachelor's degree at DeVry University in computer science. His projected graduation date is 2016. Scouting career [edit ]
Steven attained the rank of
Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). [13 ] References [edit ] ^ "Steven Holcomb" ( PDF). Men's Bobsled Biographies. U.S. Bobsled & Skeleton Federation. 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28 . Retrieved 2007-10-12. ^ "Holcomb, Steven (USA)". Results Database. WIGE MEDIA AG. 2006 . Retrieved 2007-10-12. ^ "U.S. claims first four-man gold medal since 1948". Winter Olympic Games 2010 Results. 2010-02-27 . Retrieved 2010-02-27. ^ Krastev, Todor (2006-02-27). "Bobsleigh Fours Olympic Games 2006 Torino (ITA) – Saturday 25.02 Cesana Pariol". Winter Olympic Games 2006 Results . Retrieved 2007-10-12. ^ Krastev, Todor (2006-02-20). "Bobsleigh Doubles Olympic Games 2006 Torino (ITA) – Sunday 19.02 Cesana Pariol". Winter Olympics Games 2006 Results . Retrieved 2007-10-12. ^ Byrd, David (January 5, 2010). "US Bobsledder Holcomb Gains New View on Life". Voice of America . Retrieved June 22, 2012. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1UJPr0694gA&list=PL14E3E9271888A2F4 ^ List of two-man bobsleigh World Cup champions since 1985 ^ List of combined men's bobsleigh World Cup champions: 1985–2007 ^ List of four-man bobsleigh World Cup champions since 1985 ^ http://www.teamusa.org/USA-Bobsled-Skeleton-Federation/Features/2014/February/17/Holcomb-and-Langton-break-two-man-bobsled-Olympic-medal-drought-with-bronze-medal-finish ^ Hipps, Tim (15 January 2009). "Military bobsledders dominate 4-man National Championships". U.S. Army MWR . Retrieved 22 November 2009. ^ http://blog.scoutingmagazine.org/2014/02/14/half-of-team-usas-night-train-bobsled-team-are-eagle-scouts/ External links [edit ]
1930: Italy ( Franco Zaninetta, Giorgio Biasini, Antonio Dorini, Gino Rossi) 1931: Germany ( Werner Zahn, Robert Schmidt, Franz Bock, Emil Hinterfeld) 1933: Not held 1934: Germany ( Hanns Kilian, Fritz Schwarz, Hermann von Valta, Sebastian Huber) 1935: Germany ( Hanns Kilian, Alexander Gruber, Hermann von Valta, Sebastian Huber) 1937: Great Britain ( Frederick McEvoy, David Looker, Charles Green, Byran Black) 1938: Great Britain ( Frederick McEvoy, David Looker, Charles Green, Chris MacKintosh) 1939: Switzerland ( Fritz Feierabend, Heinz Cattani, Alphonse Hörning, Joseph Beerli) 1947: Switzerland ( Fritz Feierabend, Heinz Cattani, Alphonse Hörning, Joseph Beerli) 1949: United States ( Stanley Benham, Patrick Martin, William Casey, William D'Amico) 1950: United States ( Stanley Benham, Patrick Martin, James Atkinson, William D'Amico) 1951: West Germany ( Andreas Ostler, Xavier Leitl, Michael Pössinger, Lorenz Nieberl) 1953: United States ( Lloyd Johnson, Piet Biesiadecki, Hubert Miller, Joseph Smith) 1954: Switzerland ( Fritz Feierabend, Harry Warburton, Gottfried Diener, Heinrich Angst) 1955: Switzerland ( Franz Kapus, Gottfried Diener, Robert Alt, Heinrich Angst) 1957: Switzerland ( Hans Zoller, Hans Theler, Rolf Küderli, Heinz Leu) 1958: West Germany ( Hans Rösch, Alfred Hammer, Theodore Bauer, Walter Haller) 1959: United States ( Arthur Tyler, Gary Sheffield, Parker Voorhis, Thomas Butler) 1960: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Furio Nordio, Sergio Siorpaes, Renzo Alverà) 1961: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Sergio Siorpaes, Furio Nordio, Renzo Alverà) 1962: West Germany ( Franz Schelle, Josef Sterff, Ludwig Siebert, Otto Göbl) 1963: Italy ( Sergio Zardini, Ferruccio Dalla Torre, Renato Mocellini, Romano Bonagura) 1965: Canada ( Vic Emery, Gerald Presley, Michael Young, Peter Kirby) 1966: West Germany ( Toni Pensperger (posthumous), Ludwig Siebert, Helmut Werzer, Roland Ebert) 1967: Cancelled to weather conditions 1969: West Germany ( Wolfgang Zimmerer, Peter Utzschneider, Walter Steinbauer, Stefan Gaisreiter) 1970: Italy ( Nevio de Zordo, Roberto Zandonella, Mario Armano, Luciano de Paolis) 1971: Switzerland ( René Stadler, Max Forster, Erich Schärer, Peter Schärer) 1973: Switzerland ( René Stadler, Werner Carmichel, Erich Schärer, Peter Schärer) 1974: West Germany ( Wolfgang Zimmerer, Peter Utzschneider, Manfred Schumann, Albert Wurzer) 1975: Switzerland ( Erich Schärer, Peter Schärer, Werner Carmichel, Joseph Benz) 1977: East Germany ( Meinhard Nehmer, Bernhard Germeshausen, Hans-Jürgen Gerhardt, Raimund Bethge) 1978: East Germany ( Horst Schönau, Horst Bernhard, Harald Seifert, Bogdan Musiol) 1979: West Germany ( Stefan Gaisreiter, Dieter Gebard, Hans Wagner, Heinz Busche) 1981: East Germany ( Bernhard Germeshausen, Hans-Jürgen Gerhardt, Henry Gerlach, Michael Trübner) 1982: Switzerland ( Silvio Giobellina, Heinz Stettler, Urs Salzmann, Rico Freiermuth) 1983: Switzerland ( Ekkehard Fasser, Hans Märcy, Kurt Poletti, Rolf Strittmatter) 1985: East Germany ( Bernhard Lehmann, Matthias Trübner, Ingo Voge, Steffen Grummt) 1986: Switzerland ( Erich Schärer, Kurt Meier, Erwin Fassbind, André Kisser) 1987: Switzerland ( Hans Hiltebrand, Urs Fehlmann, Erwin Fassbind, André Kisser) 1989: Switzerland ( Gustav Weder, Curdin Morell, Bruno Gerber, Lorenz Schindelholz) 1990: Switzerland ( Gustav Weder, Bruno Gerber, Lorenz Schindelholz, Curdin Morell) 1991: Germany ( Wolfgang Hoppe, Bogdan Musiol, Axel Kühn, Christoph Langen) 1993: Switzerland ( Gustav Weder, Donat Acklin, Kurt Meier, Domenico Semeraro) 1995: Germany ( Wolfgang Hoppe, René Hannemann, Ulf Hielscher, Carsten Embach) 1996: Germany ( Christoph Langen, Markus Zimmermann, Sven Rühr, Olaf Hampel) 1997: Germany ( Wolfgang Hoppe, Sven Rühr, René Hannemann, Carsten Embach) 1999: France ( Bruno Mingeon, Emmanuel Hostache, Éric Le Chanony, Max Robert) 2000: Germany ( André Lange, René Hoppe, Lars Behrendt, Carsten Embach) 2001: Germany ( Christoph Langen, Markus Zimmermann, Sven Peter, Alex Metzger) 2003: Germany ( André Lange, René Hoppe, Kevin Kuske, Carsten Embach) 2004: Germany ( André Lange, Udo Lehmann, Kevin Kuske, René Hoppe) 2005: Germany ( André Lange, René Hoppe, Kevin Kuske, Martin Putze) 2007: Switzerland ( Ivo Rüegg, Thomas Lamparter, Beat Hefti, Cédric Grand) 2008: Germany ( André Lange, René Hoppe, Kevin Kuske, Martin Putze) 2009: United States ( Steven Holcomb, Justin Olsen, Steve Mesler, Curtis Tomasevicz) 2011: Germany ( Manuel Machata, Richard Adjei, Andreas Bredau, Christian Poser) 2012: United States ( Steven Holcomb, Justin Olsen, Steven Langton, Curtis Tomasevicz) 2013: Germany ( Maximilian Arndt, Marko Hübenbecker, Alexander Rödiger, Martin Putze)
1931: Germany ( Hanns Kilian, Sebastian Huber) 1933: Romania ( Alexandru Papană, Dumitru Hubert) 1934: Romania ( Alexandru Frim, Vasile Dumitrescu) 1935: Switzerland ( Reto Capadrutt, Emil Diener) 1937: Great Britain ( Frederick McEvoy, Byran Black) 1938: Germany ( Bibo Fischer, Rolf Thielecke) 1939: Belgium ( René Lunden, Jeans Coops) 1947: Switzerland ( Fritz Feierabend, Stephan Waser) 1949: Switzerland ( Felix Endrich, Friedrich Waller) 1950: Switzerland ( Fritz Feierabend, Stephan Waser) 1951: West Germany ( Andreas Ostler, Lorenz Nieberl) 1953: Switzerland ( Felix Endrich, Fritz Stöckli) 1954: Italy ( Guglielmo Scheibmeier, Andrea Zambelli) 1955: Switzerland ( Fritz Feierabend, Harry Warburton) 1957: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Renzo Alverà) 1958: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Renzo Alverà) 1959: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Renzo Alverà) 1960: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Renzo Alverà) 1961: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Sergio Siorpaes) 1962: Italy ( Rinaldo Ruatti, Enrico de Lorenzo) 1963: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Sergio Siorpaes) 1965: Great Britain ( Anthony Nash, Robin Dixon) 1966: Italy ( Eugenio Monti, Sergio Siorpaes) 1967: Austria ( Erwin Thaler, Reinhold Durnthaler) 1969: Italy ( Nevio de Zordo, Adriano Frassinelli) 1970: West Germany ( Horst Floth, Pepi Bader) 1971: Italy ( Gianfranco Gaspari, Mario Armano) 1973: West Germany ( Wolfgang Zimmerer, Peter Utzschneider) 1974: West Germany ( Wolfgang Zimmerer, Peter Utzschneider) 1975: Italy ( Giorgio Alvera, Franco Perruquet) 1977: Switzerland ( Hans Hiltebrand, Heinz Meier) 1978: Switzerland ( Erich Schärer, Joseph Benz) 1979: Switzerland ( Erich Schärer, Joseph Benz) 1981: East Germany ( Bernhard Germeshausen, Hans-Jürgen Gerhardt) 1982: Switzerland ( Erich Schärer, Max Rüegg) 1983: Switzerland ( Ralph Pichler, Urs Leuthold) 1985: East Germany ( Wolfgang Hoppe, Dietmar Schauerhammer) 1986: East Germany ( Wolfgang Hoppe, Dietmar Schauerhammer) 1987: Switzerland ( Ralph Pichler, Celeste Poltera) 1989: East Germany ( Wolfgang Hoppe, Bogdan Musiol) 1990: Switzerland ( Gustav Weder, Bruno Gerber) 1991: Germany ( Rudolf Lochner, Markus Zimmermann) 1993: Germany ( Christoph Langen, Peer Joechel) 1995: Germany ( Christoph Langen, Olaf Hampel) 1996: Germany ( Christoph Langen, Markus Zimmermann) 1997: Switzerland ( Reto Götschi, Guido Acklin) 1999: Italy ( Günther Huber, Enrico Costa, Ubaldo Ranzi) 2000: Germany ( Christoph Langen, Markus Zimmermann) 2001: Germany ( Christoph Langen, Marco Jakobs) 2003: Germany ( André Lange, Kevin Kuske) 2004: Canada ( Pierre Lueders, Giulio Zardo) 2005: Canada ( Pierre Lueders, Lascelles Brown) 2007: Germany ( André Lange, Kevin Kuske) 2008: Germany ( André Lange, Kevin Kuske) 2009: Switzerland ( Ivo Rüegg, Cédric Grand) 2011: Russia ( Alexandr Zubkov, Alexey Voyevoda) 2012: United States ( Steven Holcomb, Steven Langton) 2013: Germany ( Francesco Friedrich, Jannis Bäcker)