Sterling, Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Sterling, Virginia
Census-designated place
Sterling, Virginia is located in Virginia
Sterling, Virginia
Location within the state of Virginia
Coordinates: 39°0′22″N 77°25′43″W / 39.00611°N 77.42861°W / 39.00611; -77.42861Coordinates: 39°0′22″N 77°25′43″W / 39.00611°N 77.42861°W / 39.00611; -77.42861
Country United States of America
State Virginia
County Loudoun
Population (2010)
 • Total27,822
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes20164-20166
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Sterling, Virginia
Census-designated place
Sterling, Virginia is located in Virginia
Sterling, Virginia
Location within the state of Virginia
Coordinates: 39°0′22″N 77°25′43″W / 39.00611°N 77.42861°W / 39.00611; -77.42861Coordinates: 39°0′22″N 77°25′43″W / 39.00611°N 77.42861°W / 39.00611; -77.42861
Country United States of America
State Virginia
County Loudoun
Population (2010)
 • Total27,822
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes20164-20166

Sterling, Virginia is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, Virginia. The population as of the 2010 United States Census was 27,822.[1] It is located northwest of Herndon, east of Ashburn, and west of Great Falls, and includes part of Dulles International Airport and the former AOL corporate headquarters. Sterling is also home to the National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office (serving the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area), as well as the Sterling Field Support Center, the National Weather Service test, research, and evaluation center for weather instruments.

History[edit]

In the beginning of 1962, large farms made up the 1,762 acres (713 ha) of what today is called Sterling Park. Route 7, also known as Leesburg Pike, bordered what used to be Jesse Hughes's dairy farm. Hughes arrived in Loudoun County in the early 20th century and was a longtime head of the county's Democrats. Fred Franklin Tavenner, who was somewhat related to Benjamin Franklin, operated vast stretches of Sterling Farm at the southwest fringes of Sterling Park. Tavenner had purchased land from Albert Shaw, Jr., who had inherited it from his father Albert B. Shaw, editor and publisher of the American Review of Reviews. One of Shaw's spreads, totaling 1,640 acres (660 ha), was called "The Experimental Farm," because it was one of the first area farms to receive a U.S. grant for applying "scientific methods," as Tavenner called them. According to Tavenner, "White Russians," refugees from the Soviet Union, ran the farm while Shaw remained in New York City.[2]

Dulles International Airport and the extension of water and sewer lines to the airport began to change the landscape when construction started in 1959. Land prices rose from an average $125 an acre to $500 an acre. During the same year, Marvin T. Broyhill, Jr., and his father made plans to develop land in the airport area. In late winter 1961, they decided to buy and incorporated Sterling Park Development Corporation with his son Marvin T. Broyhill, president, and a cousin, Thomas J. Broyhill, as vice president. In an eight-month span, between April 28 and December 29 of that year, they purchased 1,762 acres (713 ha) in 14 parcels for $2,115,784. For the 226 acres (91 ha) Hughes farm along Route 7, they paid $1,700 an acre.[2]

The Broyhills learned where the right of way for Route 28 (Sully Road) was to be and hoped to develop Sterling Park on both sides of it, so they would not have to build a road through Sterling Park. However, Powell B. Harrison, who was instrumental in planning Route 28, insisted that road be kept generally free of development for easy access to the airport. Therefore, the Broyhills developed Sterling Park east of Route 28, and had to build their own through road, today's Sterling Boulevard.[2]

Marvin Broyhill, Jr.'s marketing thoughts were as follows: "To put together a prefabricated home marketed by U.S. Steel and sell it for about $17,000 - 3,000 less than a comparable Fairfax County home. All homes to have air-conditioning. Homeowners to have access without membership fees to golf and tennis courts and pools." Air-conditioning was uncommon in homes of that price range at the time. Broyhill's ideas, except for free golf, are realities today. As selling points, Loudoun's taxes were less than half of Fairfax's taxes; Washington was a half-hour away, and the elder Broyhill envisioned commuter trains on the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, which since 1951, had carried only freight. The railroad tracks were the southern boundary of the present Sterling Park.[2]

The original Sterling Park and "Broyhill's Addition" had one thing in common. Residents had to be of the "Caucasian Race”. No board member or speaker before the board raised an objection to the clause, a common one in the United States before the 1960s, when discriminatory housing was outlawed by the Fair Housing Act, which was enacted as a follow-up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. No African American family moved into Sterling Park until August 1966, when the illegality of the clause became apparent. By then, the population of "The Park," as it had come to be known, had reached 5,000.[2]

The Broad Run Bridge and Tollhouse, Vestal's Gap Road and Lanesville Historic District, and Arcola Elementary School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the USGS, Sterling has an average elevation of 289 feet (88 m) above sea level. The USGS has assigned Sterling the geographical coordinates: [39.0062204, -77.4285992].[5] Sterling is part of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed and borders the Potomac River.

Communities[edit]

Economy[edit]

Sterling is home to many businesses and also serves as branch offices for many major companies. According to Manta[dead link], the following companies with annual revenues of $20 million or more, have headquarters in Sterling, Virginia: Neustar, Inc., Electronic Instrumentation and Technology Inc, and Paxfire Inc. Also, companies that have a branch office or headquarters in Sterling, with a total number of employees over 1,000 or more are as follows: Alcatel Networks Inc, Geo Trans Inc, HR Solutions LLC, M C Dean Inc, National Electronics Warranty Corp, N E W Customer Service Companies Inc, and Orbital Science. [15]

At one time, Atlantic Coast Airlines had its headquarters in Sterling.[16]

Education[edit]

Sterling is home to 3 public high schools, serving grades 9-12, named Dominion High School, Park View High School, and Potomac Falls High School. There are 3 public middle schools serving grades 6-8 named River Bend Middle School, Seneca Ridge Middle School, and Sterling Middle School. Also, there are 12 public elementary schools, which serve grades PK-5, named Algonkian Elementary School, Countryside Elementary School, Forest Grove Elementary School, Guilford Elementary School, Horizon Elementary School, Lowes Island Elementary School, Meadlowland Elementary School, Potowmack Elementary School, Rolling Ridge Elementary School, Sterling Elementary School, Sugarland Elementary School, Sully Elementary School. [17]

Higher Education[edit]

Northern Virginia Community College has a Loudoun campus on Harry F. Byrd Highway (Route 7). Nearby, in Ashburn, The George Washington University, has its Virginia Science and Technology Campus, established in 1991.[18]

Transportation[edit]

The main arterial roads serving Sterling are Virginia State Route 28, West Church Road, South Sterling Boulevard, Leesburg Pike, Algonkian Parkway, Potomac View Road, Waxpool Road, and Cascades Parkway.[19]

Recreation[edit]

Claude Moore Park occupies 357 acres (144 ha) in Sterling and offers activities for people of all ages, with three main areas. Claude Moore Recreation Center contains an Olympic-size indoor pool, a children's pool with water features, an exercise area, gymnasium, and several event and meeting rooms.[20] The sportplex includes baseball and softball fields and the nature area includes hiking trails and the park. The last known undeveloped section of the historic Vestal's Gap Road runs across the park. Originally a trail first used by Native Americans, it was a major route for settlers between Alexandria and the Shenandoah Valley. George Washington used the road frequently in his travels between Mount Vernon and the western frontier. General Braddock's troops, including Daniel Boone, traveled Vestal's Gap Road during the French and Indian War.[21][22][23] [24]

Sterling offers the following parks and clubs as recreational areas: Algonkian Regional Park, Dulles Golf Center & Sports Park, Sterling Park Golf Swim & Tennis Club.[25][26]

Public Works & Services[edit]

Fire protection services are provided by the Sterling Volunteer Fire Department. Rescue and Emergency Medical Services are provided by the Sterling Volunteer Rescue Squad. Both are non-governmental 501(c) non-profit organizations that operate as a part of the Loudoun County Fire & Rescue Department, and share two stations, with one located in the Sterling Park community and one located in the Potomac Falls community. Police services are provided by the Loudoun County Sheriff's Office and the Virginia State Police.

Notable residents[edit]

Famous people who were born in or who lived in Sterling include:

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Sterling has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[31]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Virginia Trend Report 2: State and Complete Places (Sub-state 2010 Census Data). Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed March 8, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Scheel, Eugene; Broyhill, Marvin T., III (June 16, 2002). "With 'The Park,' County's Growth Battles Were Just Beginning". The History of Loudoun County, Virginia. Thomas Balch Library. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  4. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/03/13 through 6/07/13. National Park Service. 2013-06-14. 
  5. ^ "GNIS Detail - Sterling". usgs.gov. August 17, 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Broad Run Farms, VA Community Profile". hometownlocator.com. 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Sterling, VA Community Profile". hometownlocator.com. 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Dulles, Clearly On Tech's Radar". The Washington Post. December 13, 2004. 
  9. ^ Roberts, Roxanne (February 14, 2009). "Trump Buys Lowes Island Golf Club in VA". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  10. ^ Washington Post Archives
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "Potomac Falls, VA Community Profile". hometownlocator.com. 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Sterling Park, VA Community Profile". hometownlocator.com. 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Sugarland Run VA Community Profile". hometownlocator.com. 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Sterling, Virginia (VA) companies & businesses". manta.com. June 15, 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. [dead link]
  16. ^ Standard & Poor's Register of Corporations, Directors and Executives, Volume 2. Standard & Poor's, 1998. 1012. Retrieved on January 31, 2011. "Atlantic Coast Airlines Inc., One Export Dr.. Sterling, VA 20164"
  17. ^ "Loudoun County Public Schools' Official Website". loudoun.k12.va.us. June 15, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010. [dead link]
  18. ^ "The George Washington University: Virginia Science and Technology Campus: About the Campus". gwu.edu. 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Sterling, VA Community Profile". hometownlocator.com. August 17, 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Claude Moore Recreation Center". Loudoun County. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  21. ^ http://www.loudoun.gov/default.aspx?tabid=885
  22. ^ The Vestal's Gap Road Marker
  23. ^ Vestal's Gap Road
  24. ^ "Claude Moore Park". loudoun.gov. 2007. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2010. 
  25. ^ ""SuperPages search results for "Recreation in Sterling, VA"". superpages.com. August 17, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority: Algonkian Park". nvrpa.org. August 17, 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Heritage Conservation Plan." Loudoun County, Virginia. 272 (18/22). Retrieved on September 25, 2009.
  28. ^ "Patton Oswalt - Stats". last.fm. 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Hilarie Burton - Biography". imdb.com. 2010. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Power Morphicon 2007- Where are they Now? Part 1 of 6". youtube.com. July 3, 2007. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
  31. ^ Climate Summary for Sterling, Virginia

External links[edit]