Stephen Krashen

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Stephen D. Krashen
Born1941 (1941)
Chicago, Illinois
OccupationLinguist, educational researcher
EmployerUniversity of Southern California
TitleProfessor emeritus
 
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Stephen D. Krashen
Born1941 (1941)
Chicago, Illinois
OccupationLinguist, educational researcher
EmployerUniversity of Southern California
TitleProfessor emeritus

Stephen Krashen is professor emeritus at the University of Southern California,[1] who moved from the linguistics department to the faculty of the School of Education in 1994. He is a linguist, educational researcher, and activist.

Work[edit]

Dr. Krashen has published more than 350 papers and books, contributing to the fields of second-language acquisition, bilingual education, and reading.[2] He is credited with introducing various influential concepts and terms in the study of second-language acquisition, including the acquisition-learning hypothesis, the input hypothesis, the monitor hypothesis, the affective filter, and the natural order hypothesis.[3] Most recently, Krashen promotes the use of free voluntary reading during second-language acquisition, which he says "is the most powerful tool we have in language education, first and second."[4]

Awards[edit]

[6]

Educational activism[edit]

As education policy in Krashen’s home state of California became increasingly hostile to bilingualism, he responded with research critical of the new policies, public speaking engagements, and with letters written to newspaper editors. During the campaign to enact an anti-bilingual education law in California in 1998, known as Proposition 227, Krashen campaigned aggressively in public forums, media talk shows, and conducted numerous interviews with journalists writing on the subject. After other anti-bilingual education campaigns and attempts to enact regressive language education policies surfaced around the country, by 2006 it was estimated that Krashen had submitted well over 1,000 letters to editors.

In a front-page New Times Los Angeles article published just a week before the vote on Proposition 227, Jill Stewart penned an aggressive article titled 'Krashen Burn' in which she characterized Krashen as wedded to the monied interests of a "multi-million-dollar bilingual education industry." Stewart critically spoke of Krashen as the father of bilingual education. Krashen has been widely criticized in conservative and nativist political circles due to his influence on the field of language minority education, second-language acquisition, and his efforts to educate the public on matters related to English language learners in schools.

Krashen has been an advocate for a more activist role by researchers in combating the public's misconceptions about bilingual education. Addressing the question of how to explain public opposition to bilingual education, Krashen queried, "Is it due to a stubborn disinformation campaign on the part of newspapers and other news media to deliberately destroy bilingual education? Or is it due to the failure of the profession to present its side of the story to reporters? There is a great deal of anecdotal evidence in support of the latter." Continuing, Krashen wrote, "Without a serious, dedicated and organized campaign to explain and defend bilingual education at the national level, in a very short time we will have nothing left to defend."^6

Personal[edit]

Dr. Krashen also holds a black belt in Tae Kwon Do,[1] and was the winner of the 1978 Venice Beach Open Incline Press.[7] He spent two years in Ethiopia teaching English and science with the Peace Corps.[citation needed]

Writing[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Stephen Krashen : BIO". District Administration <---- Page Not Found. Need a new reference. 
  2. ^ "2005 NABE Executive Board Election, Regional Representatives, West Region —Candidates’ Statements & Biographies (PDF)". National Association for Bilingual Education. 
  3. ^ Krashen, S. (2003) Explorations in Language Acquisition and Use. Portsmouth: Heimemann.
  4. ^ "Achievement Profile: Stephen Krashen". Scott, R. 
  5. ^ a b "Reading hall of fame". International Reading Association. 
  6. ^ Krashen, Stephen. "Evidence Suggesting That Public Opinion Is Becoming More Negative: A Discussion of the Reasons, and What We Can Do About It". 
  7. ^ Krashen official Facebook page

External links[edit]